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And gave you Beauty, but deny'd the Pelf
That buys your sex a Tyrant o'er itself,
The gen'rous God, whe Wit and Gold refines,
And ripens Spirits as he ripens Mines,

260 Kept Dross for Duchesses, the world fall know it, To you gave sense, Good-humour, and a Poet.

together is, that the two rareft things in all Nature are a PISINTERESTED MAN, and a REASONABLE WOMAN,

K4

MORAL ESSAYS,

E L I S T L E III.

TO

ALLEN, Lord BATHURST.

ARGUMEN T.

Of the Use of Roches.

THAT it is known to fer, most falling into one of the

extremes, Avarice or Profusion, ver. I, etc. The Point difcuffed, whether the invention of Money has been more commodicus or pernicious to Mankind, ver. 21 to 77. That Riches, either to the Avaricious or the Prodigal, cannot afford Happiness, scarcely Necrfaries, ver. 89 to 160. That A-varice is an absolute Frenzy, without an End or Purpose, ver. 113, etc. 152. Conjectures aboui the Motives of Avaricia ous men, ver. 121 to 153; That the conduct of men, with respect to Riches, can only be accounted for by the Order of Providence, which works the

gee neral Good out of Extremes, and brings all to its griat End hy perpetual Revolutions, ver. 161 to 178. How

a Miser acts upon Principles ub'ch appear 10 him reaJonable, ver. 179. How a Prodigal does tbe anc, ver. 199.

The due Mediuni, and true ife of Riches, ver. 219.

The Man of Ross, ver. 250. The fate of the Profuse and the Covetous, in two exan:ples ; both miserable in- Life and in Dearl, ver. 300, etc: The Stary of Sir Balaam, ver. 339 to the end.

E PIS T L E III.

P. W like

HO shall decide, when Doctors disagree,

me?

You hold the word, from Jove to Momus giv'n,
That Man was made the standing jeft of Heav'n;

EPISTLE III.] This Epistle was written after a violent outcry against our Author, on a supposition that he had ridi. culed a worthy nobleman merely for his wrong taste. He justified himself upon that article in a letter to the Earl of Burlington ; at the end of which are these words: “ I have “ learnt that there are some who would rather be wicked than. " ridiculous ; and therefore it may be safer to attack vices “ than follies. I will therefore leave my betters in the quiet

possession of their idols, their groves, and their high places ; ” and change my subject from their pride to their meanness, “ from their vanities to their miseries ;. and as the only certain way to avoid misconstructions, to lessen offence, and

not to multiply ill-natured applications, I may probably, in my next, make use of real names instead of fictitious “ ones.”

VER. 3. Momus givx,] Amongst the earliest abuses of reason, one of the first was to cavil at the ways of Providence. But as, in those times, every Vice as well as Virtue, had its Patron-God, Momus came to be at the head of the old Free. thinkers. Him, the Mythologists very ingeniously made the Son of Sleep and Night, and so, consequently, half-brother to Dulness. But having been much employed, in after-ages, by the Greek Satirists, he came, at last, to pass for a Wit; and under this idea he is to be considered in the place before us,

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