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with them other treasures and the materials of the bridges, in order to dedicate them in the temples; and during this year nothing more was done.

122. Artembares, the grandfather of this Artayctes who was hoisted aloft, was the person who originated a remark which the Persians adopted and conveyed to Cyrus, in these terms: “Since Jupiter has given the sovereign power to the Persians, and among men, to you, O Cyrus, by overthrowing Astyages; as we possess a small territory, and that rugged, come, let us remove from this, and take possession of another, better. There are many near our confines, and many at a distance. By possessing one of these, we shall be more admired by most men; and it is right that those who bear rule should do so; and when shall we have a better opportunity, than when we have the command of many nations, and of all Asia P” Cyrus having heard these words, and not admiring the proposal, bade them do so; but when he bade them he warned them to prepare henceforward not to rule, but to be ruled over; for that delicate men spring from delicate countries, for that it is not given to the same land to produce excellent fruits and men valiant in war. So that the Persians, perceiving their error, withdrew and yielded to the opinion of Cyrus; and they chose rather to live in a barren country, and to command, than to cultivate fertile plains, and be the slaves of others.

THE END.

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A BAE, a city of Phocis, with a temple of
Apollo, i. 46; viii. 27, 33, 134
Abantes, a people who migrated from
Euboea to Ionia, i. 146
Abaris, an Hyperborean, iv. 36
Abdera, a town in Thrace, i. 168; vi. 46;
vii. 109, 126; viii. 120
Abrocomes, son of Darius, vii. 224
Abronychus, an Athenian, son of Lysicles,
viii. 21
Abydoni, the, vii. 44
Abydos, a city on the Asiatic side of the
Hellespont, where Xerxes threw over
the bridge of boats, v. 117; vii. 32, 33,
34, 43, 174
Acanthians, the, vii. 22, 117
Acanthus, a city of Macedonia, vi. 44;
vii. 116
Acarnania, in Epirus, ii. 10
Aceratus, a prophet at Delphi, viii. 37
Aces, a river in Asia, iii. 117
Achaeans, twelve states of, i. 145; viii. 73.
, of Phthiotis, vii. 132, 197
Achaemenes, son of Darius, iii. 12; vii. 7,
97, 236

, father of Teispes, and an-
cestor of Darius, vii. 11
Achaemenidae, the royal family of the
Persians, i. 125; iii. 65
Achaia, of the Peloponnesus, i. 145; of
Thessaly, vii. 173; viii. 36
Achelous, a river of Ætolia, ii. 10; vii. 126
Acheron, a river of Thesprotia in Epirus,
v. 92, (7.); viii. 47
Achilleian Course, a district near the Bo-
rysthenes in Scythia, iv. 55, 76
Achilleium, a town near Sigeum in the
Troad, v. 94
Acraephia, a city in Boeotia, viii. 135
Acrisius, father of Danae, vi. 53
Acrothoon, a town on Mount Athos, vii.
22
Adicran, an African king, iv. 159
Allos, father of Aristeas of Corinth,
i. 137

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AEsanius, father of Grinus, iv. 150
AEschines, son of Nothon, vi. 100
AEschreas, father of Lycomedes, viii. 11
AEschrionians, a tribe in Samos, iii. 26
AEschylus, the poet, ii. 156
AEsop, the fabulist, ii. 134
AEthiopia, ii. 22, 29, 100, 110; iii. 114
AFthiopians, ii. 29, 30, 32, 104; iii. 17–25,
94, 97; iv. 183, 197; vii. 69, 70, 79
Aetion, son of Echecrates,v.92, (2.)
AEtolia, vi. 127
Africa, ii. 26, 82; iv. 17, 41, 42,44. See
Libya -
Agaeus, an Elian, father of Onomastus, vi.
127
Agamemnon, i. 67; vii. 159
Agarista, daughter of Clisthenes, vi. 126,
127, 130, 131
, mother of Pericles, vi. 131
Agasicles, of Halicarnassus, i. 144
Agathyrsi, a Scythian people, iv. 49, 100,
102, 103, 125
Agathyrsus, son of Hercules, iv. 10
Agbalus, father of Merbalus, vii. 98
Agbatana, see Ecbatana
Agenor, father of Cilix, a Phoenician, vii.
91
Agesilaus, son of Doryssus, vii. 204
—, son of Hippocratides, viii. 131
Agetus, son of Alcides, vi. 61, 62
Agis, father of Menares, vi. 65
, king of Sparta, vii. 204
Aglauros, daughter of Cecrops, viii. 53
Aglomachus, of Cyrene, iv. 164
Agora, a town of Thrace, vii. 58
Agrianes, v. 16
Agrianis, a river of Thrace, iv. 90
Agrigentimes, a people of Italy, vii. 170
Agron, king of Sardis, i. 7
Agyllaeans, i. 167
Ajax, father of Philaeus, vi. 35
—, son of Telamon, v. 66; viii. 64, 121
Alabanda, a city of Phrygia, viii. 136
Alabandians, a people of Caria, vii. 195
Alalia, a city of Corsica, i. 165
Alarodians, a people of Pontus, iii. 94;
vii. 79
Alazir, king of Barca, iv. 164
Alazones, a Scythian nation, iv. 17, 52
Alcaeus, the poet, v. 95
, son of Hercules, i. 7
Alcamenes, son of Telecles, vii. 204
Alcetes, father of Amyntas, viii. 39
Alcibiades, father of Clinias, viii. 17
Alcides, father of Agetus, vi. 61
Alcimachus, father of Euphorbus, vi. 101
Alcinor and Chromius, Argives, i. 82
Alcmaeon, father of Megacles, i. 59
, son of Megacles, vi. 125, 127
Alcmaeonidae, the, i. 61, 64; v. 63, 66,
69–73; vi. 121–131
Alcmena, mother of Hercules, ii. 43, 145
Alcon, a Molossian, vi. 127
Aleades, v. Cleades.
Alea Miners, a temple of Tegea, i. 66;
ix.

Aleium, a plain of Cilicia, vi. 95
Aletes, v. 92, (2.)
Aleuadae, Thessalian chiefs, vii. 6, 130,
172; ix. 58
Alexander, king of Macedonia, v. 19, 20,
22; vii. 137, 173; viii. 121, 136, 139, 140;
ix. 44, 45
, son of Priam, i. 3; ii. 113–117
Alilat, Arabian Urania, iii. 8
Alitta, the Venus of the Arabians, ii. 131
Alopecac, a village in Attica, v. 63
Alpeni, a town near Thermopylae, vii.
176,229
Alpheus, and Maron, vii. 227
Alpis, a river falling into the Ister, iv. 49
Alus, a city of Thessaly, vii. 173, 197
Alyattes, king of Sardis, i. 16–22, 25, 73,
74, 91, 92
Amasis, king of Egypt, i. 30, 77, 181; ii.
154, 161–163, 169, 172–176, 178, 181,
182; iii. 1, 10, 16, 39—43, 47
, a Persian general, iv. 167, 201,
203
Amathus, a city of Cyprus, v. 104–108
Amathusians, v. 104,114
Amazons, in Scythia, iv. 110–117, 193;
ix. 27
Amestris, wife of Xerxes, vii. 61, 114; ix.
108, 111
Amiantus, vi. 127
Amilcar, king of Carthage, vii. 165–167
Aminias, an Athenian captain, viii. 84, 87,
93
Aminocles of Sepias, vii. 190
Amitres, or Ithamitres, a Persian general,
viii. 130
Ammon, a Libyan oracle, i. 46; ii. 32, 55
Ammonians, a Libyan people, ii. 32,42;
iii. 25, 26; iv. 181, 185
Amompharetus, a Spartan, ix. 53–57, 71,
85
Amorges, a Persian general, i. 121
Ampe, a city on the Red Sea, vi. 20
Ampelus, a promontory of Torone, vii. 122
Amphiaraus, father of Amphilochus, iii.
91
, his oracular temple at Thebes,
i. 46, 49, 52; viii. 134
Amphicae, a city of Phocis, viii. 33
Amphicrates, king of Samos, iii. 59
Amphictyons, seat and council of, ii. 180;
v. 62; vii. 208, 213, 228
Amphilochus, son of Amphiaraus, iii. 91;
vii. 91
Amphilytus, a seer, i. 62
Amphimnestus, of Epidamnus, vi. 127
Amphion, of Corinth, v. 92
Amphipolis, v. 126; vii. 114
Amphissa, a city of the Locrians, viii. 32
Amphitryon, father of Hercules, ii. 43; v.
59; vi. 53
Ampracia, a city of Epirus, viii. 47; ix.
28, 31
Amyntas, son of Alcetas, v. 17–21, 94;
vii. 173; viii. 136, 139
, son of Bubares, viii. 136

Amyrgian Scythians, vii. 64
Amyris, called the sage, vi. 127
Amyrtaeus, king of Egypt, ii. 140; iii. 15,
16
Amytheon, father of Melampus, ii. 49
Anacharsis, a Scythian sage, iv. 46, 76, 77
Anacreon, the poet, iii. 121
Anactorians, of Epirus, ix. 28, 65
Anaphes, leader of the Cissians, vii. 62
Anaphlystus, a village of Attica, iv. 99
Amaua, a city of Phrygia, vii. 30
Anaxagoras, i. 103; ii. 21 ; iii. 108
Anaxander, son of Eurycrates, vii. 204
Anaxandrides, king of Sparta, i. 67; v.
39–41; vii. 204, 205
—, son of Theopompus, viii. 131
Anaxilaus, son of Archidamus, viii. 131
, tyrant of Rhegium, vi. 23; vii.
165
Anchimolius, a Spartan, v. 63.
Andreas, ancestor of Clisthenes, vii. 126
Andrians, viii. 66, 111
Androbulus, father of Timon, vii. 161
Androcrates, a hero, ix. 25
Androdamas, father of Theomestor, viii.
85; ix. 90
Andromeda, wife of Perseus, vii. 61, 150
Androphagi, iv. 18, 102, 106, 119, 125
Androsphinxes, ii. 175
Andros, one of the Cyclades, iv. 33; v.
31, 33; viii. 111
Aneristus, father of Sperthias, vii. 134
, son of Sperthias, vii. 137
Angites, a river flowing into the Strymon,
vii. 113
Angrus, a river of Illyria, iv. 49
Anopaea, a mountain path at Thermopylae,
vii. 216
Antacaeus, a fish, iv. 53
Antagoras, of Coos, father of Hegetorides,
ix. 76
Antandrus, a city of Troas, v.26; vii. 42
Anthela, a city near Thermopylae, vii. 176,
200
Anthemus, a city of Macedonia, v. 94
Anthylla, a city of Egypt, ii. 98
Antichares, an Elian, v.43
Anticyra, a city of Thessaly, vii. 198
Antidorus, a Lemnian, viii. 11
Antiochus, father of Tisamenes, ix. 33
Antipater, a Thasian, vii. 118
Antiphemus, general of the Lindians, vii.
153
Anysis, king of Egypt, ii. 137, 140
, a city of Egypt, ii. 137, 166
Anysus, father of Tetramnestus, vii. 98
Aparytes, a people of Asia, iii. 91 -
Apaturian festival, i. 147
Aphetae, a port of Magnesia, vii. 193; viii.
4, 6

Aphidnae, a town of Attica, viii. 125; ix. 73
Aphrodisias, an island on the coast of
Libya, iv. 169
Aphthis, a district in Egypt, ii. 166
Aphytis, a city of Pallene, vii. 123
Apia, a Scythian divinity, iv. 59

Apidanus, a river of Thessaly, vii. 129, 196
Apis, an Egyptian god, ii. 153; iii. 27
Apollo, the Egyptian Orus, ii. 83, 144, 155,
156; iv. 15, 158; vii. 26. Ismenian, i.
52, 92; v. 59. Ptoan, viii. 135. Scythian,
iv. 59; Triopian, i. 144
Apollonia on the Euxine, iv. 90
— on the Ionian gulf, ix. 92, 93
Apollophanes, father of Bisaltes, vi. 26
Apries, king of Egypt, ii. 161, 169; iv. 159
Apsinthians, or Absinthians, a people of
Thrace, vi. 34; ix. 119
Apulia, iii. 138; iv. 99
Arabia, ii. 8, 12; iii. 107, 112; iv. 39; vii. 69
Arabians, i. 198; iii. 8, 9, 86, 88, 97; vii.
69, 86
Arabian gulf, ii. 11; iv. 39
Aratus, a river of Scythia, iv. 48
Araxes, a river of Scythia, i. 126, 202, 205;
iii. 36; iv. 11, 40
Arcadians, i. 66, 146; ii. 171; v. 49; vi.
74; vii. 202; viii. 26, 73
Arcesilaus, son of Battus, iv. 159
—, son of Battus the lame, iv. 162
Archander, son of Achaeus, ii. 98
—, a city in Egypt, ii. 97
Archelaeans, a tribe of Sicyon, v. 68
Archelaus, of Sparta, vii. 204
Archestratidas, a Samian, ix. 90
Archias, a Spartan, iii. 55
—, a Samian, iii. 55
Archidamus, of Sparta, viii. 131
Archidice, a courtesan, ii. 135
Archilochus, a Parian poet, i. 12
Ardericca, a town of Assyria, i. 185
— in Cissia, vi. 114
Ardys, king of Sardis, i. 15
Areopagus, viii. 52
Argadas, son of Ion, v. 66
Argaeus, king of Macedonia, viii. 139
Arganthonius, king of Tartessus, i. 163
Arge and Opis, Hyperborean virgins, iv. 35
Argia, wife of Aristodemus, vi. 52
Argilus, a city of Bisaltia, vii. 115
Argiopius, near the Asopus, ix. 57
Argippaei, a people bordering on Scythia,
iv. 23

Argives, people of Peloponnesus, i. 61, 82;
iii. 131; v. 86; vi. 78, 83, 92, 93; vii.
148–152; ix. 27, 35
Argo, the ship of Jason, iv. 179; vii. 193
Argolis, in Peloponnesus, i. 82
Argonauts, companions of Jason, i. 3; iv.
145, 179
Argos, city of Peloponnesus, i. 1; v. 67;
vi. 83; vii. 150
Argus, a hero, vi. 80
Ariabignes, son of Darius, vii. 97; viii. 89
Ariantas, a Scythian king, iv. 81
Ariapithes, a Scythian king, iv. 76, 78
Ariaramnes, a Persian, viii. 90
Aridolis, tyrant of Alabanda, vii. 195
Arians, a people of Asia, iii. 93. Ancient
name of the Medes, vii. 62, 66
Arimaspians, a people of northern Europe,
iii. 116; iv. 13

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Arimnestus, a Plataean, ix. 72
Ariomardus, general of the Caspians, vii.67
—, son of Darius, vii. 78
Arion, a poet, i. 23, 24
Ariphron, father of Xantippus, vi. 131,
134; vii. 33; viii. 131
Arisba, a city of Lesbos, i. 151
Aristagoras, tyrant of Cyme, iv. 138; v.
37, 38
of Cyzicus, iv. 138
—, tyrant of Miletus, v. 30–51,
94, 98, 100, 124, 126; vii. 8
, father of Hegesistratus, ix. 90
Aristeas, a poet of Proconnesus, iv. 13–15
, a Corinthian, vii. 137
Aristides, the Just, an Athenian, vii. 79,
82; viii. 79, 81, 95; ix. 28
Aristocrates, father of Casambus, vi. 73
Aristocyprus, king of Solias, v. 113
Aristodemus, king of Sparta, iv. 147; vi.
52; vii. 204; viii. 131
—, a Spartan, vii.229,231; ix.71
Aristodicus, of Cyme, i. 158, 159
Aristogiton and Harmodius, v. 55; vii.
109, 123
Aristolaides, an Athenian, i. 59
Aristomachus, father of Aristodemus, vi.
52; vii. 204; viii. 131
Ariston of Byzantium, iv. 138
, king of Sparta, i. 67; vi. 61–63, 69
Aristonice, the Pythian, vii. 140
Aristonymus of Sicyon, vii. 126
Aristophantus, father of Cobon, vi. 66
Aristophilides, king of Tarentum, iii. 136
Arizanti, a Median tribe, i. 101
Arizus, a Persian prince, vii. 82
Armenians, i. 194; iii. 93; v. 49; vii. 73
Armenius, Mount, i. 72
Arpoxais, ancestor of the Scythians, iv. 5,6
Arsamenes, son of Darius, vii. 68
Arsames, grandfather of Darius, i. 209;
vii. 11, 224
Arsanes, son of Darius, vii. 68
Artabanus, uncle of Xerxes, iv. 83; vii.
10, 11, 17, 46–53, 66, 67, 75
Artabates, a Persian, vii. 65
Artabazanes, eldest son of Darius, vii. 2
Artabazus, a Persian general, vii. 66; viii.
126–129; ix. 41, 66, 89
Artace, a city of the Propontis, iv. 14; vi. 33
Artachaees, a Persian general, vii. 117, 122
Artachaeus, father of Artayntes, viii. 130
, father of Otaspis, vii. 63
Artaeans, ancient name of the Persians,
vi. 98; vii. 61
Artasus, father of Artachaeus, vii. 22
, father of Azanes, vii. 66

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Artayctes, a Persian general, vii. 33, 78;
ix. 116, 118–120
Artaynta, niece of Xerxes, ix. 108
Artayntes, a Persian admiral, viii. 130; ix.
102, 107
Artazostra, daughter of Darius, vi. 43
Artembares, a Mede, i. 114–116
, a Persian, ix. 122
Artemisia, queen of Halicarnassus, vii.
99; viii. 68, 87, 88, 93, 101–103
Artemisium, a port of Euboea, iv. 35; vii.
175, 176, 195; viii. 9–11, 14–17
Artimpasa, Scythian Venus, iv. 59
Artiscus, a Scythian river, iv. 92
Artochmes, son-in-law of Darius, vii. 73
Artontes, father of Bagaeus, iii. 128
, son of Mardonius, ix. 84
Artybius, a Persian commander, v. 108,
110
Artyntes, a Persian general, vii. 67; viii.
130 -
Artyphius, brother of Ariomardus, vii. 66,
67
Artystone, daughter of Cyrus, iii. 88; vii.
69
Aryandes, prefect of Egypt, iv. 166, 167,
200
Aryenis, daughter of Alyattes, i. 74
Asbystae, a Libyan people, iv. 170
Ascalon, a city of Palestine, i. 105
Asia, wife of Prometheus, iv. 45
—, geography of, iv. 37–40
Asian tribe at Sardis, iv. 45
Asias, son of Cotys, iv. 45
Asinarius, vi. 68
Asine, a city of Peloponnesus, viii. 73
Asonides, a captain of Ægina, vii. 181
Asopians, a people of Boeotia, ix. 15
Asopodorus, a Theban commander, ix. 69
Asopus, a river of Boeotia, vi. 108; vii.
199, 200, 216; ix. 15, 29, 43, 51
Aspathines, a Persian prince, iii. 70, 78;
vii. 97
Assa, a city of Mount Athos, vii. 122
Assesus, a town of the Milesians, i. 19
Assyria, i. 102, 106, 177; ii. 17; iv. 39
Assyrians, i. 95, 102, 103, 106, 177; ii. 141;
vii. 62, 63
Astacus, father of Melanippus, v. 67
Aster, father of Anchimolius, v. 63
Astrabacus, a hero of Sparta, vi. 69
Astyages, king of the Medes, i. 46, 73–75,
107, 108, 123, 127–130, 139
Asychis, king of Egypt, ii. 136
Atarantes, a Libyan people, iv. 184
Atarbechis, a city of Egypt, ii. 141
tarneus, or Atarnea, a city and territory
of Mysia, i. 160; vi. 28, 29; vii. 42';
viii. 106
Atarnes, a river of Thrace, iv. 49
Athamas, son of Æolus, vii. 197
Athenades, a Trachinian, vii. 213
Athenagoras, a Samian, ix. 90
Athens and Athenians, passim
Athos, Mount, vi. 44, 95; vii. 21, 22
Athribis, a district in Egypt, ii. 166

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