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therein are, and the earth, and therein, that there should be time the things that therein are, and no longer : the sea, and the things which are 7 But in the days of the voice be time no longer. — That is, that there The truth, then, to which the mighty should be time no longer before the angel [the Lord Jesus] swore was, judgment transpired which had been that the time had come for the first described; or, in other words, that covenant to pass away, and for the there should be no more delay; for city of Jerusalem and the nation of chronos signifies sometimes delay. the Jews to fall. “ Jerusalem was Donnegan says, Chronos signifies compassed with armies,” Luke xxi. "time, duration, frequently a long 20, as was shown in the notes on the time, — also delay." “ Chronon em- 9th chapter; every preparation was poiein, to cause delay.” Hence the made; the people would not repent; words may signify there shall be de- and the Son of God, in whom dwelt
no longer. The sentence is, “all the fulness of the Godhead bodOti chronos ouk estai eti, literally, ily,” made solemn declaration, that " that time not shall be further,” or “there should be no more delay," or there shall be no further time. The “that no more time should elapse end had come; the end of the age, the before the holy city should “be trodlast days, the passing away of the old den under foot of the Gentiles.” The heaven and earth. These things had sense which we have given to this come; there should be no further verse will be rendered more apparent delay. Adam Clarke is correct on by what is said on the following this passage.
After quoting the verse. words, " That there should be time 7. In the days of the voice of the no longer," he adds, “ That the seventh angel. - This is offered in exgreat counsels relative to the events planation of the great fact stated in already predicted should be imme. the preceding verse, that time should diately fulfilled; and that there should be no more, or that no more time be no longer delay. This has no ref- should elapse previously to the conerence (he adds) to the day of judg: summation to which the revelator
Again he adds, “The word was hastening in his description. In chronos, in the above place, seems to proof that no more time should elapse, signify delay simply, and probably the revelator adds, that in the days refers to the long-suffering of God of the voice of the seventh angel being ended in reference to Jerusa- (whose sounding is described in the lem; for I all along take for proba- following chapter) the mystery of ble, that this book was written pre- God should be finished. The end was viously to the destruction of that city.” near. The 'revelator had already
-(Note at the end of the 10th chapter.) shown “ Jerusalem compassed with Lightfoot says, “He sware by him armies ;” ch. ix. That point and the that liveth forever, that there should finishing of the mystery of God were be delay of time no longer.” And almost simultaneous; hence, as the he adds, “At last Christ swears that mystery of God was about to be finthere shall be no more delay; the ished, there could be “time no longword chronos must be taken so here." er.” The mystery of God should be
(Harmony of New Testament.) finished. What was this “ mystery Wakefield translates the words, “that of God ?" See the verse already rethere should be no longer delay.” | ferred to, viz., xi. 15 : “And the sev. There is a valuable note in Ham- enth angel sounded; and there were mond, which we will not take up great voices in heaven, [i. e., most
room to quote here, the facts we have important truths were announced, to 5 given being deemed amply sufficient. I wit,] saying, The kingdoms of this
of the seventh angel, when he from heaven spake unto shall begin to sound, the mys- again, and said, Go, and take tery of God should be finished, the little book which is open in as he hath declared to his ser- the hand of the angel which vants the prophets.
standeth upon the sea, and
upon 8 And the voice which I heard the earth.
world are become the kingdoms of our sians this mystery was? See the Lord, and of his Christ, and he shall passage already pointed out, and it reign forever and ever." This, then, will appear that the mystery was, was the mystery of God, viz., the final “That the Gentiles should be fellowprevalence of the gospel and the es heirs, and of the same body, and par. tablishment of the kingdom of Christ takers of his promise in Christ by over all the kingdoms of the earth. the gospel." Hence Paul “preached This was the reign of God, and the among the Gentiles the unsearchable opening of his SPIRITUAL TEMPLE, riches of Christ,” and labored “to after the outward temple upon Mount make all men see what is the fellowZion had been levelled with the dust; ship of the mystery which from the xi. 19. Now that this very consum- beginning of the world had been hid mation is throughout the Bible styled in God, who created all things by the mystery of God, will be apparent Jesus Christ.” There is no dispute, to every one who will make the ex- then, that the mystery of God was amination. It is styled a mystery the conversion of the Jews and Gennot because it is unintelligible and tiles; the breaking down of the midincomprehensible, but because it had dle wall of partition, which was done not before been fully known. See most effectually when the first covethe very important remarks of Park- nant, the peculiar distinction of the hurst, in his Lexicon, under the word Jews, passed away, and the kingdom muserion, or mystery. This mystery of God came with power. | Declared of God is spoken of by Paul, in Rom. to his servants the prophets. — This xi. 25, 26, “For I would not, brethren, mystery of God has been the subject that ye should be ignorant of this matter of all the prophets. St. Paul, MYSTERY, (lezt ye should be wise in in referring to the mystery, shows your own conceits,) that blindness in that he quoted from one of the prophpart is happened to Israel, until the ets. “ As it is written, [i. e., in Isaiah fulness of the Gentiles be come in. lix. 20,] there shall come out of Sion And so all Israel shall be saved : as the Deliverer,” &c.
The mystery it is written, There shall come out was to be fully disclosed; and the of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn great purpose of God to make Jews away ungodliness from Jacob.” and Gentiles as one, in respect to Here we have the great fact of the divine things, was to commence to go kingdoms of the world becoming the into effect. The gospel was to be set kingdoms of our Lord and of his up, in its most enlarged operation; Christ, asserted by Paul, and declared and in this way the kingdoms of this by him to be the mystery of God. world were to become the kingdoms See also the language of Paul in of Christ, who was to gain the vicEph. iii. 3—9. “ By revelation he tory, over the potentates of the made known unto me the mystery, earth. which in other ages was not made 8. And the voice which I heard, viz., known unto the sons of men, as it is the voice mentioned in verse 4. This now revealed unto the holy apostles voice spake again to the revelator, and prophets by the spirit.” And and directed him to go and take what does St. Paul assure the Ephe- I the little book out of the hand of the
9 And I went unto the angel, but it shall be in thy mouth and said unto him, Give me the sweet as honey. little book. And he said unto 10 And I took the little book me, Take it, and eat it up; and out of the angel's hand, and ate it shall make thy belly bitter, it up; and it was in my mouth angel, who had heaven and earth effect that might have been expected under his feet.
from a right understanding of the 9. Eat it up.
- The figure of eat- events that were to occur at the time ing the roll, or book, seems to be of the destruction of the Jewish state. taken from Ezekiel. See ii. 8—10: My belly was bitter. – Take the “But thou, son of man, hear what I facts, and they show the propriety of say unto thee; Be not thou rebellious this description. To the Christians, like that rebellious house : open thy the coming of the kingdom of God mouth, and eat that I give thee. And with power, and the consequent dewhen I looked, behold, a hand was struction of Jerusalem, were very sent unto me; and lo, a roll of a book desirable events, in one view of the was therein; and he spread it before case. The Christians, when those me: and it was written within and events transpired, were promised de. without: and there was written there- liverance from their enemies. All in lamentations, and mourning, and afflicted and cast down as they had
Here, we perceive, that eating been, they had seen days of great the book signified being made fully affliction. Would not the news of acquainted with the contents thereof. their deliverance then be sweet ? But " He spread it before me.” It is a no sooner had they read this in the common metaphor of our times, to counsels of God, than they came to say of the reader who is zealously a frightful counterpart to their own intent on reading a work, that he eats joys, - we mean the terrible sufferor devours it. Jeremiah says, “Thy ings of their enemies.
No tongue words were found, and I did eat them; can describe the miseries that the and thy word was unto me the joy Jews brought upon
themselves. and rejoicing of my heart;" xv. 16. Every benevolent heart must have | Make thy belly bitter. — The book been filled with bitter sorrow that was said to be in the belly bitter but contemplated them. The book therein the mouth sweet as honey. The fore was sweet in the mouth, sweet figure is evidently drawn from Ezek. at the first contemplation; but bitter iii. 3: “And he said unto me, Son as more fully known and considered. of man, cause thy belly to eat, and 11. Thou must prophesy again. fill thy bowels with this roll that I “ Thou must prophesy again," as if a give thee.
Then did I eat; and it new series of prophecy were about to was in my mouth as honey for sweet- commence. The revelator was evi
This agrees in part with the dently drawing towards the end of his revelator's description of the little first 'series of annunciations. The book. | In thy mouth sweet as honey. events which we have noticed show See under next verse.
that some important crisis, or closing 10. In my mouth sweet as honey. - up of events, was at hand; (and what What is intended by the figure it is that crisis was will be seen in the not difficult to see. The revelator next chapter, where we have an took the book out of the angel's hand, account of the fall of the city and the and found it to contain in part words temple, and the opening of the new of great consolation, and in part spiritual temple of the gospel, the things that gave him great concern judging of the dead, small and great, and sorrow. Such was precisely the &c., &c.) The eleventh chapter is a
sweet as honey: and as soon as I Thou must prophesy again behad eaten it my belly was bitter. fore many peoples, and nations,
11 And he said unto me, and tongues, and kings.
very important one, and closes the in spirit and in truth ;" John iv. 21, second great section of the Apoca- 22 ; i. e., in the kingdom of heaven, lypse, – the first extending from the under the new covenant, the spiritbeginning of the book to the end of ual Jerusalem, or heavenly temple. the third chapter, and containing the Before many peoples and nations, &c. addresses to the seven churches; - At the end of the eleventh chapter, second commencing at the beginning the prophecy, so far as it respects the of the fourth chapter and extending to destruction of Jerusalem, will close; the end of the eleventh, and containing but the revelation to St. John will not a description of the tumults, trials, close. All that was revealed to him wars, suffering and destruction of the he had not disclosed. He was to Jews, in the order observed by our begin another series of prophecy, of a Lord, in his celebrated prophecy, more general nature. The former recorded in the 24th chapter of Mat- had been confined principally to the thew. We have a description in the Jews; the latter was to embrace tenth chapter of the great events many other nations in its compass. which foreshow the end of the Jewish “Thou must prophesy again, before
The mighty angel descends many peoples, and nations, and tongues, "in the clouds of heaven;" he has and kings,” referring doubtless to the dominion upon the land and upon the Roman empire, composed of many sea; he swares that there shall be no nations and tongues, prefigured, in more delay; and that in the days of chap. xii., by the beast with seven the voice of the seventh angel, (who heads and ten horns. There is no was about to sound, melle salpizein,) difficulty in explaining this figure of the mystery of God should be finished, the beast. “ The seven heads are as spoken by the prophets. To our seven mountains, on which the woman mind this clearly refers to the closing [Rome) sitteth;" Rev. xvii. 9; “ And up of the Jewish dispensation, and the ten horns which thou sawest are the solemn circumstances by which ten kings;" xvii. 12; and "the that event was distinguished. The waters which thou sawest [for the seventh trumpet was to follow the beast rose «up out of the sea, xiii. 1) sixth quickly ; see xi. 14; and when are people, and multitudes, and nathe seventh angel sounded, then the tions, and tongues," xvii. 15, which gospel should prevail over Judaism ; are the same to whom it is said the kingdoms of the world should the revelator should prophesy, viz., become the kingdoms of Christ; the “ before many peoples, and nations, dead small and great should be and tongues, and kings :" x. 11. judged; the old temple on Zion If commentators had been willing, should be levelled with the dust; and in explaining the book of Revelation, thereafter neither on Zion nor Gerizim to let one part elucidate another, and should people worship God, but every- to bring the prophets to their aid, where, in his spiritual temple, (xi. 19,) instead of forcing in their own visions should their prayers and praises he and schemes, that book would never heard. So the Son of God foretold : have been regarded as so mysterious • The hour cometh [is about to come) a book as it has been thought to be. when ye shall neither in this moun- It is not unexplainable, if we will tain, (Gerizim,] nor yet at Jerusalem, permit the sacred writers to be their worship the Father ; but the true own interpreters. worshippers shall worship the Father One thing more, and we close.
CHAPTER XI. the angel stood, saying, Rise,
and measure the temple of God. ND there was given me a and the altar, and them that
The events recorded in the 12th chap- and measure the temple of God. — Thus, ter and onwards, are not necessarily it will be seen, the temple was yet posterior, in point of time, to those standing. And as, in laying the plan events referred to in the preceding of a city, the place is measured and chapters. Some may think, not under marked off, so here, as Jerusalem is standing the plan of the book, that about to be destroyed, it is measured because they are described in succeed- and marked off for destruction. The ing chapters, therefore they must suc- laying out of the city forms a very ceed regularly in the order of time. I prominent subject in the prophecy of But it may appear, on examination, Ezekiel; see chapters xl., xli., xlii., that the revelator goes back, when he xliii., xliv., &c. In taking a momen. begins his new prophecy, to the rise tary retrospection of the history of of Christianity in connection with the that city, this matter came up to the Roman empire, as he had taken it up revelator's mind. He employs the in previous chapters in connection figure, therefore, in marking out the with the Jewish nation. But we city for destruction ; and it will also shall see.
be seen that he uses the same metaCHAPTER XI.
phor, in describing the holy city, new
Jerusalem, which came down from We saw, in the preceding chapter, God out of heaven; xxi. 15—21. A that the revelator had come, in his command to measure shows that he description, to the destruction of who gives the command has the right Jerusalem. The mighty angel had to repair, or to throw down. Hence, descended from heaven, and with one when God, in the metaphorical lanfoot on the land and the other on the guage of the Jews, is said to be about sea, had sworn that the end had to destroy the earth, he in the first
(i. e., the end of the Jewish place measures it. « Before him went world or age ;) that there should no the pestilence, and burning coals went more time elapse before that event, forth at his feet. He stood, and measor, in other words, that there should ured the earth ; he beheld, and drove be no more delay. All this we think asunder the nations; and the everwas accompanied by a strength of lasting inountains were scattered, the evidence, which cannot be resisted. perpetual hills did bow;" Hab. iii. 5, With the expectation, then, of finding 6. | And the altar. - So Ezekiel a description of the fall of Judaism, measured ; xliii. 13. We see, then, and the triumph of Christianity, let that, in the style of the sacred writers, us enter upon the examination of the to measure a city signifies simply to chapter.
mark it out, for any purpose whatso1. Reed like unto a rod. - This was And we shall have occasion to for the purpose of measurement, - a show, on Rev. xxi. 15—21, that even reed, or staff, like a measuring rod. the conversion of the people or a city, The description is taken from Eze- and their return to God, is described kiel: “And he brought me thither, as the rebuilding of a city, and this and behold, there was a man, whose of course would be denoted by the appearance was like the appearance re-measuring of it. of brass, with a line of flax in his 2. Court which is without the temple. hand, and a measuring reed; and he - The court of the Gentiles was in stood in the gate;" xl. 3. | Rise, I the large space of about twenty acres