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The Holy City of Jew, Moslem, and Christian-A Summary of its History-Situation–Jerusalem of To-day-Popula

tion- Religious Sects-The Walls and Gates-Streets and Bazaars-A Scene near the Jaffa Gate-The Tower of Hippicus-The Church of the Holy Sepulchre-Chapels in the Church-The Holy Fire-Legends-Golgotha - The Via Dolorosa-The Haram-esh-Sherif-Associations—The Dome of the Rock-The Cave-Holy Places of the Moslems-The Mosque El-Aksa-The Dome of the Chain-The Place of Judgment--The Golden Gate-The Throne of Solomon-The First Explorer-Recent Explorations—The Cradle of Christ-Solomon's Stables-Walls of the Haram-Robinson's Arch-Water-Supply-The Jews' Wailing-Place-Hospital of the Knights of St. John -Tomb of David- The Conaculum. ENVIRONS: Valley of Gihon-Valley of Hinnom-Aceldama-Job's WellEn-Rogel--Pool of Siloam-Fountain of the Virgin-Pyramid of Zacharias-Grotto of St. James-Tomb of Jehoshapbat--Tomb of Absalom-Mount of Olives-View-Bethany-Garden of Gethsemane- Tomb of the VirginTombs of the Kings (or Helena)—Damascus Gate-Quarries-Philanthropic Institutions

1

BRUSSELS AND THE CITIES OF BELGIUM.

A Miniature Paris --Its Foundation and Growth-Walls-Sieges-Population-The Market-Place - Halls - Hôtel de

Ville--Bourse-The Halles-Boulevards-Post Office-Galerie St. Hubert-Palaces-New Palace of Justice-Picture Galleries—The Musée Wiertz-Zoological and Botanical Gardens - The Park and Bois de la Cambre-Statues of Patriots, Warriors, Statesmen, &c.-The Cathedral-Notre Dame de la Chapelle--Church of St. James - Palace of Laeken-Road to Waterloo. ANTWERP:-On the Scheldt-Van Speyk-Early History and Progress-Commercial Importance-English Residents-Tyndale and his Labours-Decline of the City-Incorporation into the Kingdom of Belgium-Return of Prosperity-The Cathedral and Churches - Art Treasures-Rubens-Van Dyck-The Printing Press-Place Verte-Hôtel de Ville-Bourse. BRUGES :-An Old-world Town-Its Splendour and Decay-The Cathedral-Notre Dame and its Tombs - The Hospital of St. John-The Grande Place and the Belfry Tower-Hôtel de Ville-Chapel of the Holy Blood-Canals-Trade. GHENT:-Jacques and Philip van Artevelde-Rise and Fall of Ghent–The Manchester of Belgium-Market Day-Cathedral-Belfry-The Vane of the Belfry-Hôtel de Ville–The Marché du Vendredi-Church of St. Nicholas-Gardens-The Beguinages of Ghent; their Past and Present History. LIÈGE :-Picturesque Belgium-The Ardennes-Memories of Liège- The Walloons-Manufactories-Cathedral and Churches—The Palace of Justice-Gardens-Citadel

33

ATHENS.

The Piræus-The Long Walls-A Wayside Inn-Modern Athens-Fifty Years ago-Plan of the City-Costumes-The

Palace and Gardens-House of Parliament-University-Academy-Education-The Metropolitan Church--St. Theodore-The Kapnikarea-Bazaars-Public Funerals-A Curious Custom-Ancient Athens-The OlympieiumGate of Hadrian-The Jlissus-Stadium-Monument of Lysicrates-Theatre of Dionysus-Odeum of Herodes Atticus - The Acropolis-Propylæa-Temple of Athene Nike-Erechtheium-The Agora-Mars Hill-The Pnyx-Monument of Philopappus - Tower of the Winds-A Buried Cemetery-Temple of Theseus–Lycabettus-Academy of PlatoThe Colonus-Eleusis-Athens and Edinburgh

65

.

PHILADELPHIA. (By M. F. SWEETSER.)

The Ancient Navigators—The Swedish Colony-William Penn, the Founder of the City-The Dreary Morning

Revolutionary Annals-A Capua for Britain's Hannibal — The Area of the City--Fairmount Waterworks—The
Monotony of Comfort-Co-operative Building-A Mosaic of Nationalities-Leagues of Factories–Markets and
Bridges-Chestnut Street-Inns, New and Old-Independence Hall-The Libraries-Carpenters' Hall—The Exchange
and the Banks-The Post-Office and Mint-Tender Charities Catalogued-Anglicanism in Quakerdom-Gloria Dei-
The Swedish Pioneers-Christ Church--St. Peter's—The Grand Avenues—The Public Building—The Masonic
Temple-The Clubs-Roman Catholicism and its great Cathedral --Protestant Shrines--- The Fine Arts-- The
Academy and its Collections Music and Theatres—The University and Girard College--A Group of Prisons-
Fairmount Park-The Great Pictures--The Schuylkill Navy-The International Exhibition of 1876–Stately Old
Mansions-Lemon Hill and Sweet Brier, Lansdowne and Belmont-Laurel-Hill Cemetery – The American Clyde-
The Battle of the Kegs-Pirates—The Cradle of Steam Navigation—The Navy Yard - The Lazaretto-Pennsylvania
Dutch-A Pleasant Legend-Germantown and its Battle-The Wooden Walls of England --Summer Joys of the
Philadelphians-The Vanished Race

92

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The Holy City of Jew, Moslem, and Christian-A Summary of its History-Situation–Jerusalem of To-day-Popula

tion- Religious Sects—The Walls and Gates-Streets and Bazaars-A Scene near the Jaffa Gate-The Tower of Hippicus- The Church of the Holy Sepulchre-Chapels in the Church-The Holy Fire-Legends-Golgotha-The Via Dolorosa-The Hârâm-esh-Sherif - Associations-The Dome of the Rock-The Cave-Holy Places of the Moslems—The Mosque El-Aksa-The Dome of the Chain-The Place of Judgment—The Golden Gate-The Throne of Solomon-The First Explorer-Recent Explorations—The Cradle of Christ-Solomon's Stables-Walls of the Harâm-Robinson's Arch-Water-Supply-The Jews' Wailing-Place-Hospital of the Knights of St. John - Tomb of David-The Cenaculum. ENVIRONS : Valley of Gihon-Valley of Hinnom-Aceldama-Job's WellEn-Rogel-Pool of Siloam-Fountain of the Virgin-Pyramid of Zacharias-Grotto of St. James— Tomb of Jehoshaphat-Tomb of Absalom-Mount of Olives - View-Bethany-Garden of Gethsemane-Tomb of the VirginTombs of the Kings (or Helena)—Damascus Gate-Quarries—Philanthropic Institutions

.

BRUSSELS AND THE CITIES OF BELGIUM.

A Miniature Paris-Its Foundation and Growth-- Walls-Sieges-Population–The Market-Place -- Halls - Hôtel de

Ville--Bourse-The Halles-Boulevards-Post Office--Galerie St. Hubert-Palaces-New Palace of Justice-Picture Galleries—The Musée Wiertz-Zoological and Botanical Gardens - The Park and Bois de la Cambre-Statues of Patriots, Warriors, Statesmen, &c.- The Cathedral-Notre Dame de la Chapelle--Church of St. James - Palace of Laeken-Road to Waterloo. ANTWERP:-On the Scheldt-Van Speyk --Early History and Progress --Commercial Importance-English Residents-Tyndale and his Labours-Decline of the City-Incorporation into the Kingdom of Belgium-Return of Prosperity-The Cathedral and Churches -Art Treasures-Rubens-Van Dyck— The Printing Press-Place Verte-Hôtel de Ville-Bourse. BRUGES :- An Old-world Town-Its Splendour and Decay-The Cathedral-Notre Dame and its Tombs—The Hospital of St. John-The Grande Place and the Belfry Tower-Hôtel de Ville-Chapel of the Holy Blood-Canals-Trade. GHENT :-Jacques and Philip van Artevelde-Rise and Fall of Ghent-The Manchester of Belgium-Market Day-Cathedral-Belfry—The Vane of the Belfry-Hôtel de Ville-The Marché du Vendredi-Church of St. Nicholas-Gardens-The Béguinages of Ghent; their Past and Present History. LIÈGE :-Picturesque Belgium-The Ardennes-Memories of Liège-The Walloons-Manufactories-Cathedral and Churches-- The Palace of Justice-Gardens-Citadel

ATHENS.

The Piræus-The Long Walls-A Wayside Inn-Modern Athens-Fifty Years ago-Plan of the City-Costumes-The

Palace and Gardens-House of Parliament-University-Academy-Education-The Metropolitan Church--St. Theodore-The Kapnikarea-Bazaars-Public Funerals- A Curious Custom-Ancient Athens-The OlympieiumGate of Hadrian-The Jlissus-Stadium-Monument of Lysicrates-Theatre of Dionysus-Odeum of Herodes Atticus – The Acropolis-Propylæa-Temple of Athene Nike-Erechtheium-The Agora-Mars Hill The Pnyx--Monument of Philopappus-Tower of the Winds-A Buried Cemetery-Temple of Theseus-Lycabettus-Academy of PlatoThe Colonus-Eleusis-Athens and Edinburgh •

. 65

PHILADELPHIA. (By M. F. SWEETSER.)

The Ancient Navigators-The Swedish Colony-William Penn, the Founder of the City-The Dreary Morning

Revolutionary Annals-A Capua for Britain's Hannibal-The Area of the City--Fairmount Waterworks- The
Monotony of Comfort-Co-operative Building-A Mosaic of Nationalities--Leagues of Factories- Markets and
Bridges-Chestnut Street-Inns, New and Old-Independence Hall— The Libraries-Carpenters' Hall— The Exchange
and the Banks-The Post-Office and Mint-Tender Charities Catalogued, Anglicanism in Quakerdom-Gloria Dei-
The Swedish Pioneers-Christ Church--St. Peter's— The Grand Avenues—The Public Building-The Masonic
Temple-The Clubs-Roman Catholicism and its great Cathedral-Protestant Shrines-The Fine Arts-The
Academy and its Collections Music and Theatres-The University and Girard College-A Group of Prisons-
Fairmount Park-The Great Pictures--The Schuylkill Navy-The International Exhibition of 1876—Stately Old
Mansions-Lemon Hill and Sweet Brier, Lansdowne and Belmont-Laurel-Hill Cemetery – The American Clyde-
The Battle of the Kegs-Pirates—The Cradle of Steam Navigation-The Navy Yard--The Lazaretto-Pennsylvania
Dutch-A Pleasant Legend-Germantown and its Battle-The Wooden Walls of England-Summer Joys of the
Philadelphians--The Vanished Race

92

MOSCOW

PAGE

First Sight of the City - Early Experiences—The Tartar, Fire, and Plague-The French in Moscow-General Aspect of

the City- The Kremlin - Its Wall, Gates, Towers, Bells, Palaces, and Chapels – The Church of the Assumption -of the Archangel Michael -of the Annunciation- Russo-Greek Church Ceremonials-Church of St. Saviour in the Wood -- Miracle Monastery - The Chinese City-Religious Symbols—The Iberian Madonna-St. Basil - The Skull Place - Michel Romanoff's House - Markets and Bazaars-The Foundling Hospital-Ethnographical MuseumThe Temple of the Saviour-Tea-houses and Tea-drinkers, The Moskouski Traktir-Tea-gardens- The Russian Peasant-Luxuries of the Table-Water-carriers - Funerals - Pigeons - The Cniversity-Jionasteries and Convents - Gardens, Palaces, and Country Seats - The Troitsa Monastery

128

ROJE.
The Flaminian Way-Piazza del Popolo-The Pincio-Piazza di Spagna–The Spanish Staircase-House of Keat3–

Trinità de' Monti-- Propaganda Fide--Column of the Immaculate Conception-Bridge and Castle of St. Angelo-
St. Peter's—The Vatican-Corso-The Capitol-Tarpeian Rock - Ara Cæli-Mamertine Prison-Forum Romanum
- Arch of Titus-The Palatine and Palace of the Cæsars-Colosseum-Appian Way - Catacombs-Baths of
Caracalla - Basilicas and Churches-Temple of Vesta-Pantheon-St. John Lateran-The Scala Sancta-Santa
Croce in Gerusalemme-Santa Maria Maggiore-St. Paul Without the Walls-Other Churches-Palaces and Villas
– The Seven Hills - Walls and Gates-Colleges and Academies-Charitable Institutions-Cemeteries- The Ghetto -
Population --Modern Aspects of the City

155

BERLIN.
The Valley of the Spree-Rise of the City-Population-Streets-Unter den Linden-Squares and Open Spaces-Opera

Platz-Palace of the Emperor William-Academy of Art and Science-Palace of the Crown Prince - The Schloss
Brucke-Lustgarten - Royal Palace-The Old and New Museums--Churches-Synagogues - Hospitals-Borse-
Chamber of Deputies-Public Museums- The Schloss Montbijou-Factories- Amusements - Suburbs and Environs
- The Aeussere Friedrichstadt- The Stralan Quarter-Outside the Brandenburg Gate- The Thiergarten-Char-
lottenburg. POTSDAM, and its Memorials of Frederick the Great-Sans Souci-Voltaire-Spandau

. 197

THE CITIES OF NEW ZEALAND.
The Five Cities of New Zealand. AUCKLAND: Its Situation-Harbour-Public Buildings-Roads and Railways-

Early Days-Mount Eden-Environs-Mineral Resources-Commerce-Hot Springs—The Maoris-Colonisation of
the Islands. WELLINGTON: Government Buildings-Post Office-House of Representatives. NELSON : Situation-
Mineral Products—The Wairau Massacre. DUXEDIN: A Scotch Settlement-Streets-University-Municipal Build-
ings-Garrison Hall-The Gold-Fields. CHRISTCHURCH: Port Lyttelton-The Avon-Canterbury Plains-“ Pippins
and Cheese"

220

GENEVA.
Associations of Geneva--Antiquity of the City-Calvin and the Reformation-Present Aspect-Situation-Bridges-

Monuments-Cathedral-Hôtel de Ville--Historical Museum-Memorials of the Escalade-Promenades-Public
Library-Holiday Life-Watch-Making-Environs-Lake Leman-Lausanne-Vevey and the Féte des Vignerons-
Blonay-Tour de Peilz-Clarens -- The Castle of Chillon

231

SCANDINAVIAN CITIES.
CHRISTIANIA: Oslo-Industries -Tlouses—The Palace --Storthing-University-Churches-Public Buildings-Castle of

Agershuus-Cistercian Monastery-Oscarshall-Egeberg. THRONDHJEM: Beauty of its Situation- The Founding
of the City-Cathedral -- Palace-Museum - Munkholm-Lerfossen. BERGEN: The Earbour-Murders and Massacres
- Trade - Fires - Streets and Houses — Markets - Fisher Folk - Tydskebruggen-Peasant Costumes --Churches-
Scenery around Bergen. STOCKHOLM: General View-King Agne-Wars and Tumults-The Norrbro-Royal
Palace-Esplanade - Library – Museum-Churches - Assembly Hall Riddarhuus-- Town Hall -- The Blood Bath-
Royal Theatre-Parks and Gardens - Palace of Drottningholm - Lake Malar-Gripsholm-Upsala. COPENHAGEN:
Origin and Growth-Historical Events --English Conquest --Plague and Cholera --Citadel--Forts - King's New
Market-Christiansborg Palace -- Picture Gallery--Rosenborg Castle - Palace of Amalienborg-Other Palaces-
Museum of Northern Antiquities-Ethnographic Museum-Thorwaldsen Museum-Churches, Arsenal-Library-
Charitable Institutions - Exchange-Theatre-Environs.

217

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FLORENCE.
The City of Lilies-Influence, Richey, Memories-View from the Boboli Gardens-Fiesole-Early Struggles-Guelphs and

Ghibellines, Parties and Factions Epitome of History - The Lung' Arno-Bridges-Streets-Piazza della Signoria

The Lauzia dei Lanzi Palazzo Vecchio The l'Hizi Gallery and its Treasures—The Tribune The Duomo (Santa
Maria del Fiore, Brunellemhi's Dome -Giotto's Campanile-Church of San Lorenzo--Baptistery of St. John- The
Gates of Paradise Santa Croce Dante - Galileo Galilei - Machiavelli -Church of the Carmine-Santa Maria
Maggiore Ss. Annunziata santo spirito - Monasteries -San Marco - Fra Angelico-Savonarola and his Times-
Church of San Marco The Pitti Palace and the Medici Family - The Story of Bianca Capello - Palaces, and
Houses of Celebrated Men-Hospitals The Misericordia - Markets - Campo Santo-Old Protestant Cemetery-
Schools, Librarica, Theatres, and Manufactories-Environs -San Miniato-Vallombrosa .

. 277

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