Page images
[ocr errors]


First Sight of the City - Early Experiences-The Tartar, Fire, and Plague-The French in Moscow-General Aspect of

the City-The Kremlin-Its Wall, Gates, Towers, Bells, Palaces, and Chapels - The Church of the Assumption
-of the Archangel Michael--of the Annunciation-Russo-Greek Church Ceremonials-Church of St. Saviour in
the Wood--Miracle Monastery - The Chinese City-Religious Symbols-The Iberian Madonna-St. Basil The Skull
Place - Michel Romanoff's House-Markets and Bazaars, The Foundling Hospital - Ethnographical Museum-
The Temple of the Saviour-Tea-houses and Tea-drinkers-The Moskouski Traktir-Tea-gardens-The Russian
Peasant-Luxuries of the Table-Water-carriers - Funerals-Pigeons - The University-Monasteries and Convents
-Gardens, Palaces, and Country Seats - The Troitsa Monastery


The Flaminian Way-Piazza del Popolo- The Pincio-Piazza di Spagna—The Spanish Staircase-House of Keats-

Trinità de' Monti-Propaganda Fide-Column of the Inmaculate Conception-Bridge and Castle of St. Angelo-
St. Peter's—The Vatican--Corso - The Capitol-Tarpeian Rock-Ara Cali-Mamertine Prison -Forum Romanum

- Arch of Titus—The Palatine and Palace of the Cæsars---Colosseum-Appian Way - Catacombs-Baths of
Caracalla - Basilicas and Churches, Temple of Vesta-Pantheon-St. John Lateran-The Scala Sancta--Santa
Croce in Gerusalemme-Santa Maria Maggiore-St. Paul Without the Walls-Other Churches-Palaces and Villas

- The Seven Hills - Walls and Gates-Colleges and Academies-Charitable Institutions--Cemeteries-The Ghetto-
Population-Modern Aspects of the City



The Valley of the Spree-Rise of the City-Population-Streets-Unter den Linden-Squares and Open Spaces-Opera

Platz-Palace of the Emperor William-Academy of Art and Science-Palace of the Crown Prince-The Schloss
Brücke-Lustgarten - Royal Palace—The Old and New Museums-Churches-Synagogues - Hospitals-Borse-
Chamber of Deputies-Public Museums-The Schloss Montbijou-Factories- Amusements-Suburbs and Environs
- The Aeussere Friedrichstadt-The Stralan Quarter-Outside the Brandenburg Gate-The Thiergarten-Char-
lottenburg. POTSDAM, and its Memorials of Frederick the Great-Sans Souci-Voltaire-Spandau


THE CITIES OF NEW ZEALAND. The Five Cities of New Zealand. AUCKLAND: Its Situation-Harbour-Public Buildings-Roads and Railways

Early Days-Mount Eden-Environs-Mineral Resources---Commerce-Hot Springs-The Maoris-Colonisation of the Islands. WELLINGTON: Government Buildings-Post Office-House of Representatives. NELSON : SituationMineral Products– The Wairau Massacre. DUNEDIN: A Scotch Settlement-Streets-University-Municipal Buildings-Garrison Hall-The Gold-Fields. CHRISTCHURCH : Port Lyttelton-The Avon-Canterbury Plains-"Pippins and Cheese”


Associations of Geneva-Antiquity of the City-Calvin and the Reformation-Present Aspect-Situation-Bridges,

Monuments-Cathedral-Hôtel de Ville-Historical Museum-Memorials of the Escalade-Promenades-Public
Library-Holiday Life-Watch-Making-Environs-Lake Leman-Lausanne-Vevey and the Fête des Vignerons-
Blonay-Tour de Peilz-Clarens--The Castle of Chillon


CHRISTIANIA: Oslo-Industries-Tlouses-- The Palace-Storthing-University - Churches-Public Buildings--Castle of

Agershuus-Cistercian Monastery-Oscarshall-Egeberg. THRONDHJEM: Beauty of its Situation - The Founding
of the City--Cathedral - Palace-Museum - Munkholm-Lerfossen. BERGEN: The Larbour-Murders and Massacres
-Trade -- Fires - Streets and Houses - Markets - Fisher Folk- Tydskebruggen-Peasant Costumes--Churches-
Scenery around Bergen. STOCKHOLM: General View-King Agne-Wars and Tumults-The Norrbro--Royal
Palace-Esplanade-Library -- Museum-Churches-- Assembly Hall - Riddarhuus- Town Hall – The Blood Bath-
Royal Theatre-Parks and Gardens -- Palace of Drottningholm --Lake Malar-Gripsholm-Upsala. COPENHAGEN:
Origin and Growth-Historical Events - English Conquest-Plague and Cholera-Citadel-Forts-- King's New
Market-Christiansborg Palace - Picture Gallery-Rosenborg Castle - Palace of Amalienborg-Other Palaces-
Museum of Northern Antiquities-- Ethnographic Museum-Thorwaldsen Museum-Churches-Arsenal-Library-
Charitable Institutions - Exchange-Theatre-Environs.


The City of Lilies--Influence, Riches, Memories- View from the Boboli Gardens-Fiesole-Early Struggles-Guelphs and

Ghibellines, Parties and Factions Epitome of History - The Lung' Arno-Bridges -Streets, Piazza della Signoria

- The Logvia dei Lanzi Palazzo Vecchio - The Cflizi Gallery and its Treasures-The Tribune - The Duomo (Santa
Maria del Fiore) Brunelleschi's Dome-Giotto's ('ampanile -Church of San Lorenzo--Baptistery of St. John --The
Gates of Paradise Santa Croce - Dante-Galileo Galilei- Machiavelli-Church of the Carmine-Santa Maria
Maggiore SS. Annunziata - Santo Spirito--Monasteries - San Marco- Fra Angelico-Savonarola and his Times-
Church of San Marco The Pitti Palace and the Medici Family The Story of Bianca Capello - Palaces, and
Honses of Celebrated Men - Hospitals The Misericordia - Markets - Campo Santo-Old Protestant Cemetery-
Schools, Libraries, Theatres, and Manufactories-Environs -San Miniato-Vallombrosa

[blocks in formation]

GENEVA (continued):

PAGE View of Geneva, looking towards the lake

to face page 235 Plan of Geneva

236 Interior of St. Peter's Cathedral .

237 Lausanne .

211 The Castle of Chillon

244 Dungeons in the Castle of Chillon




219 253


[ocr errors]


[ocr errors]


[ocr errors]

261 262 ib. 263 261

[ocr errors]


[ocr errors]



The Royal Palace
Gustaf Adolf Torg, with the Monument to

Rosendal Castle, near Stockholm
The Knights' House, Riddarholm
View from the Royal Palace at Södermalm
Hasselbakken, near Stockholm.
The Royal Summer Palace, Drottningholm
Arms of Stockholm
Arms of Copenhagen
Views in Copenhagen :-

The Charlottenborg Palace
Interior of the Vor Frue Kirke
Kongens Nytorv
Thorwaldsen's Museum .
Christiansborg Palace


[ocr errors]

Arms of Berlin.

197 Plan of Berlin.

200 Views in the Unter den Linden .to face page 200

The Opernplatz.
Looking towards the Statue of Frederick the

The Emperor's Gallery.
The Crown Prince's Palace.
Some of the Shops.

Looking towards the Brandenburg Gate.
The Brandenburg Gate .

201 The Old Museum

201 The Exchange and Friedrichsbrücke

205 Statue of Frederick the Great

208 The Schloss-Brücke with the Lustgarten. Views in Berlin :Royal Library

212 Schiller Platz and Deutsche Kirche

ib Royal Palace (Water Front).

ib. The University.

ib Royal Palace (East Side)

ib. National Gallery

ib. Potsdam, from the Brauhausberg

216 Views in Sans Souci, Potsdam :Sans Souci Palace with the Terraces.

217 The Highest Terrace

ib. Sans Souci Park

ib. The Orangery

ib. The New Palace

ib. The Windmill, Sans Souci


[ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors][merged small][merged small]
[ocr errors][merged small]



[ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]


Florence, from the Belvedere to face page 277
Florence, from San Miniato.

277 Dante.

ib. Arms of Florence

278 Plan of Florence

280 The Ponte Vecchio.

281 Tower of the Palazzo Vecchio

284 Courtyard of the Palazzo Vecchio

285 Birthplace of Dante

287 Brunelleschi's Dome and Giotto's Campanile . 288 Side Door of the Duomo

289 The Tomb of Lorenzo de' Medicis

292 The Church of Santa Croce .

293 Staircase of the Bargello Palace.

296 Panels of the Gate of the Baptistery of St. John 297 Giotto.

300 Michael Angelo

ib. The Uffizi Gallery (1865)


[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

ib. ib. 225 229


[blocks in formation]



[graphic][merged small][merged small][merged small]

The Holy City of Jew, Moslem, and Christian-A Summary of its History-Situation-Jerusalem of To-day-Population

Religious Sects—The Walls and Gates-Streets and Bazaars-A Scene near the Jaffa Gate—The Tower of Hippicus -The Church of the Holy Sepulchre-Chapels in the Church-The Holy Fire-Legends-Golgotha - The Via DolorosaThe Hârâm-esh-Sherif - Associations—The Dome of the Rock—The Cave--Holy Places of the Moslems-The Mosque El-Aksa–The Dome of the Chain-The Place of Judgment—The Golden Gate—The Throne of Solomon-The First Explorer-Recent Explorations—The Cradle of Christ-Solomon's Stables-Walls of the Hârâm -Robinson's ArchWater-Supply-The Jews' Wailing-Place-Hospital of the Knights of St. John-Tomb of David–The Conaculum. ENVIRONS: Valley of Gihon—Valley of Hinnom-Aceldama-Job's Well-En-Rogel-Pool of Siloam-Fountain of the Virgin-Pyramid of Zacharias-Grotto of St. James-Tomb of Jehoshaphat-Tomb of Absalom-Mount of Olives View-Bethany-Garden of Gethsemane-Tomb of the Virgin-Tombs of the Kings (or Helena), Damascus GateQuarries—Philanthropic Institutions.

ERUSALEM is unlike any other city in the world. Age after age, pilgrims

have been drawn to it; scholars have studied every particular concerning it; explorers have searched with wistful eyes through its ruins ; teachers have

collected every scrap of information about it to tell reverently to their pupils ; preachers have framed ten thousand sermons upon it; painters and poets have

described it over and over again, and in minutest detail. And why? Because in the veins of every man there is the beating of a spiritual life whose origins are recorded in the wondrous series of legends, genealogies, surveys, histories, laws, poetry, which formed the literature of the ancient people of that land whose capital was Jerusalem-a literature preserved in the sacred books which Christendom treasures as her Bible.

Every spot in that“ Holy” Land has a sacred interest wherever the Bible is in circulation; but whatever interest other spots may present, the interest of all is summed up in Jerusalem. There was the Salem from whence, in the narrative of Abraham, Melchizedek, the King of Peace, came down to greet the Patriarch of the Hebrew race. “ There was the impregnable fortress from which, long after their fellow-Hittites had been swept away, the men of Jebus looked out defiantly over the settlement and strife of the invader. There stood the city of David, and the royal tombs that received, one by one, the long line of David's descendants. There, over against it, rose, fell, and rose again, the great Temple which enshrined the faith of the Jew. There stood that Holy Sepulchre from which flowed the faith of Christendom. It is the Holy City of Jew, of Moslem, of Christian, alike; the one fount to which all these widely diverging streams look back for their origin. It is the one spot where Jew and Christian and Moslem still meet face to face, the home to which that strange race, dispersed throughout the world, clings as its own; the one point where the jealousies of Eastern and Western Christendom still rage with mediæval intensity; the one point where the fated rivalry between the Turk and Christendom has taken fire in our own day, and threatens to take fire still."

In the thrilling story of the history of the Holy City told by sacred and secular writers we have the record of the capture of the citadel of the Jebusites, which thenceforth took the name of the “City of David,” and Jerusalem became the civil and religious centre of the united kingdom of Israel and Judah. There, too, we read of how it was adorned and fortified by Solomon, and the great Temple built on Mount Moriah; how in Rehoboam's reign it was besieged and plundered by Shishak, King of Egypt; how it engaged in struggles with the revolted tribes; how it was attacked by Syrians, Assyrians, and Egyptians, pillaged by Philistines and Arabians, besieged by the Assyrians under Sennacherib, fortified and restored by Hezekiah, taken, ransacked, and partially destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar, and its inhabitants carried captives into Babylon ; how, by the dauntless energy of Ezra, Nehemiah, and others, the city was rebuilt, notwithstanding the opposition of the Samaritans; how it fell into the hands of Alexander the Great, of Ptolemy Sotor, King of Egypt, and of the Seleucidæ of Syria ; how it was desecrated and oppressed by Antiochus Epiphanes, and after a national revolution was restored under the sway of the Maccabæan Princes; how it was taken by the Romans under Pompey, and made tributary to Rome; how Herod the Great held sway and rebuilt the splendid temple, and raised magnificent palaces on Mount Zion; and how in A.D. 70, under Titus, the city was besieged, captured, and totally destroyed. Then follows the Christian occupation of three hundred years; the Mohammedan conquest, with its monumental record; the building of the Dome of the Rock; the Crusades, the Christian Kingdom, and the final settling down of the city under the long night of Mohammedan rule, unbroken till our day save by the periodical flocking of pilgrims or travellers to the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, or by a more than usually scandalous outbreak between the Greek and Latin monks.

Jerusalem “stands on the line of the great central plateau of limestone which forms the backbone of Western Palestine, on a block scooped out from the rest of the plateau

« PreviousContinue »