Page images
PDF
EPUB

CONTENTS.

JERUSALEM.

PAGE

The Holy City of Jew, Moslem, and Christian-A Summary of its History-Situation-Jerusalem of To-day-Popula

tion- Religious Sects—The Walls and Gates-Streets and Bazaars-A Scene near the Jaffa Gate-The Tower of Hippicus-The Church of the Holy Sepulchre-Chapels in the Church-The Holy Fire-Legends--Golgotha - The Via Dolorosa-The Hârâm-esh-Sherif-Associations—The Dome of the Rock-The Cave-Holy Places of the Moslems-The Mosque El-Aksa-The Dome of the Chain-The Place of Judgment,The Golden Gate-The Throne of Solomon-The First Explorer-Recent Explorations—The Cradle of Christ-Solomon's Stables-Walls of the Haram-Robinson's Arch-Water-Supply-The Jews' Wailing-Place-Hospital of the Knights of St. John -Tomb of David–The Conaculum. ENVIRONS: Valley of Gihon-Valley of Hinnom-Aceldama–Job's WellEn-Rogel-Pool of Siloam-Fountain of the Virgin-Pyramid of Zacharias-Grotto of St. James— Tomb of Jehoshapbat-Tomb of Absalom-Mount of Olives-View-Bethany-Garden of Gethsemane-Tomb of the VirginTombs of the Kings (or Helena)—Damascus Gate-Quarries–Philanthropic Institutions

BRUSSELS AND THE CITIES OF BELGIUM.

A Miniature Paris-Its Foundation and Growth-Walls-Sieges - Population-The Market-Place - Halls -- Hótel de

Ville--Bourse-The Halles-Boulevards-Post Office-Galerie St. Hubert-Palaces-New Palace of Justice-Picture Galleries—The Musée Wiertz-Zoological and Botanical Gardens - The Park and Bois de la Cambre-Statues of Patriots, Warriors, Statesmen, &c.—The Cathedral-Notre Dame de la Chapelle-Church of St. James - Palace of Laeken-Road to Waterloo. ANTWERP:-On the Scheldt-Van Speyk -Early History and Progress --Commercial Importance-English Residents-Tyndale and his Labours-Decline of the City-Incorporation into the Kingdom of Belgium-Return of Prosperity-The Cathedral and Churches -Art Treasures-Rubens-Van Dyck-The Printing Press--Place Verte-Hôtel de Ville-Bourse. BRUGES :-An Old-world Town-Its Splendour and Decay-The Cathedral—Notre Dame and its Tombs-The Hospital of St. John-The Grande Place and the Belfry Tower-Hôtel de Ville-Chapel of the Holy Blood-Canals-Trade. GHENT :-Jacques and Philip van Artevelde-Rise and Fall of Ghent–The Manchester of Belgium-Market Day-Cathedral-Belfry-The Vane of the Belfry-Hôtel de Ville-The Marché du Vendredi-Church of St. Nicholas-Gardens-The Beguinages of Ghent; their Past and Present History. LIÈGE :-Picturesque Belgium-The Ardennes-Memories of Liège - The Walloons-Manufactories-Cathedral and Churches—The Palace of Justice-Gardens-Citadel

ATHENS.

The Piræus–The Long Walls-A Wayside Inn-Modern Athens-Fifty Years ago-Plan of the City-Costumes-The

Palace and Gardens-House of Parliament-University-Academy-Education-The Metropolitan Church--St. Theodore-The Kapnikarea-Bazaars--Public Funerals--A Curious Custom-Ancient Athens-The OlympieiumGate of Hadrian-The Jlissus--Stadium-Monument of Lysicrates-Theatre of Dionysus-Odeum of Herodes Atticus -The Acropolis-Propylæa-Temple of Athene Nike-Erechtheium-The Agora-Mars Hill-The Pnyx-Monument of Philopappus- Tower of the Winds-A Buried Cemetery-Temple of Theseus-Lycabettus-Academy of PlatoThe Colonus-Eleusis-Athens and Edinburgh

65

.

PHILADELPHIA. (By M. F. SWEETSER.)

The Ancient Navigators—The Swedish Colony-William Penn, the Founder of the City—The Dreary Morning

Revolutionary Annals-A Capua for Britain's Hannibal — The Area of the City-Fairmount Waterworks-The Monotony of Comfort-Co-operative Building-A Mosaic of Nationalities-Leagues of Factories--Markets and Bridges-Chestnut Street-Inns, New and Old-Independence Hall-The Libraries-Carpenters' Hall—The Exchange and the Banks—The Post-Office and Mint-Tender Charities Catalogued-Anglicanism in Quakerdom-Gloria DeiThe Swedish Pioneers-Christ Church--St. Peter's-The Grand Avenues—The Public Building-The Masonic Temple-The Clubs-Roman Catholicism and its great Cathedral - Protestant Shrines-- The Fine Arts--The Academy and its Collections Music and Theatres—The University and Girard College-A Group of PrisonsFairmount Park-The Great Pictures--The Schuylkill Navy-The International Exhibition of 1876–Stately Old Mansions-Lemon Hill and Sweet Brier, Lansdowne and Belmont-Laurel-Hill Cemetery- The American ClydeThe Battle of the Kegs-Pirates—The Cradle of Steam Navigation The Navy Yard–The Lazaretto-Pennsylvania Dutch-A Pleasant Legend-Germantown and its Battle-The Wooden Walls of England-Summer Joys of the Philadelphians-The Vanished Race

92

CONTENTS.

JERUSALEM.

PAGE

The Holy City of Jew, Moslem, and Christian-A Summary of its History-Situation–Jerusalem of To-day-Popula

tion-Religious Sects—The Walls and Gates--Streets and Bazaars-A Scene near the Jaffa Gate-The Tower of Hippicus- The Church of the Holy Sepulchre-Chapels in the Church-The Holy Fire-Legends-Golgotha-The Via Dolorosa-The Haram-esh-Sherif - Associations—The Dome of the Rock-The Cave-Holy Places of the Moslems—The Mosque El-Aksa–The Dome of the Chain-The Place of Judgment—The Golden Gate-The Throne of Solomon-The First Explorer-Recent Explorations—The Cradle of Christ-Solomon's Stables-Walls of the Haram-Robinson's Arch-Water-Supply-The Jews' Wailing-Place-Hospital of the Knights of St. John -Tomb of David The Conaculum. ENVIRONS : Valley of Gihon-Valley of Hinnom-Aceldama-Job's WellEn-Rogel-Pool of Siloam-Fountain of the Virgin-Pyramid of Zacharias-Grotto of St. James— Tomb of Jehoshaphat-Tomb of Absalom-Mount of Olives -View-Bethany-Garden of Gethsemane-Tomb of the VirginTombs of the Kings (or Helena)-Damascus Gate-Quarries—Philanthropic Institutions

1

BRUSSELS AND THE CITIES OF BELGIUM.

A Miniature Paris-Its Foundation and Growth--Walls-Sieges-Population- The Market-Place - Halls - Hotel de

Ville--Bourse-The Halles-Boulevards-Post Office--Galerie St. Hubert-Palaces-New Palace of Justice-Picture Galleries-The Musée Wiertz-Zoological and Botanical Gardens - The Park and Bois de la Cambre-Statues of Patriots, Warriors, Statesmen, &c.- The Cathedral-Notre Dame de la Chapelle-Church of St. James - Palace of Laeken-Road to Waterloo. ANTWERP:-On the Scheldt-Van Speyk - Early History and Progress-Commercial Importance-English Residents-Tyndale and his Labours-Decline of the City-Incorporation into the Kingdom of Belgium-Return of Prosperity-The Cathedral and Churches -Art Treasures-Rubens-Van Dyck- The Printing Press-Place Verte-Hôtel de Ville-Bourse. BRUGES :- An Old-world Town-Its Splendour and Decay-The Cathedral—Notre Dame and its Tombs—The Hospital of St. John-The Grande Place and the Belfry Tower-Hôtel de Ville-Chapel of the Holy Blood-Canals-Trade. GHENT:-Jacques and Philip van Artevelde-Rise and Fall of Ghent–The Manchester of Belgium-Market Day- thedral-Belfry—The Vane of the Belfry-Hôtel de Ville-The Marché du Vendredi-Church of St. Nicholas-Gardens-The Beguinages of Ghent; their Past and Present History. LIÈGE :- Picturesque Belgium-The Ardennes-Memories of Liège-The Walloons-Manufactories-Cathedral and Churches-The Palace of Justice-Gardens-Citadel

33

ATHENS.

The Piræus—The Long Walls-A Wayside Inn-Modern Athens-Fifty Years ago-Plan of the City-Costumes-The

Palace and Gardens-House of Parliament-University-Academy-Education-The Metropolitan Church--St. Theodore-The Kapnikarea-Bazaars-Public Funerals-A Curious Custom-Ancient Athens-The OlympieiumGate of Hadrian-The Jlissus--Stadium-Monument of Lysicrates—Theatre of Dionysus-Odeum of Herodes Atticus -The Acropolis-Propylæa-Temple of Athene Nike-Erechtheium-The Agora-Mars Hill-The Pnyx-Monument of Philopappus-Tower of the Winds-A Buried Cemetery-Temple of Theseus–Lycabettus-Academy of PlatoThe Colonus-Eleusis-Athens and Edinburgh .

65

PHILADELPHIA. (By M. F. SWEETSER.)

The Ancient Navigators—The Swedish Colony-William Penn, the Founder of the City-The Dreary Morning

Revolutionary Annals-A Capua for Britain's Hannibal—The Area of the City--Fairmount Waterworks-The Monotony of Comfort-Co-operative Building-A Mosaic of Nationalities--Leagues of Factories- Markets and Bridges-Chestnut Street-Inns, New and Old-Independence Hall- The Libraries-Carpenters' Hall—The Exchange and the Banks-The Post-Office and Mint-Tender Charities Catalogued-Anglicanism in Quakerdom-Gloria DeiThe Swedish Pioneers-Christ Church--St. Peter's— The Grand Avenues—The Public Building-The Masonic Temple-The Clubs-Roman Catholicism and its great Cathedral--Protestant Shrines - The Fine Arts-The Academy and its Collections Music and Theatres—The University and Girard College--A Group of PrisonsFairmount Park-The Great Pictures--The Schuylkill Navy–The International Exhibition of 1876—Stately Old Mansions-Lemon Hill and Sweet Brier, Lansdowne and Belmont-Laurel-Hill Cemetery- The American ClydeThe Battle of the Kegs-Pirates—The Cradle of Steam Navigation-The Navy Yard--The Lazaretto--Pennsylvania Dutch-A Pleasant Legend-Germantown and its Battle-The Wooden Walls of England-Summer Joys of the Philadelphians,The Vanished Race

92 PAGE

MOSCOW. First Sight of the City - Early Experiences—The Tartar, Fire, and Plague-The French in Moscow-General Aspect of

the City-The Kremlin-Its Wall, Gates, Towers, Bells, Palaces, and Chapels - The Church of the Assumption --of the Archangel Michael -of the Annunciation--Russo-Greek Church Ceremonials-Church of St. Saviour in the Wood -- Miracle Monastery - The Chinese City-Religious Symbols—The Iberian Madonna-st. Basil – The Skull Place - Michel Romanoff's House - Markets and Bazaars-The Foundling Hospital-Ethnographical MuseumThe Temple of the Saviour-Tea-houses and Tea-drinkers - The Moskouski Traktir-Tea-gardens - The Russian Peasant-Luxuries of the Table-Water-carriers - Funerals-Pigeons - The Cniversity-Monasteries and Convents - Gardens, Palaces, and Country Seats - The Troitsa Monastery

128

ROME. The Flaminian Way-Piazza del Popolo, The Pincio--Piazza di Spagna - The Spanish Staircase-House of Keats

Trinità de' Monti- Propaganda Fide-Column of the Immaculate Conception-Bridge and Castle of St. AngeloSt. Peter's-The Vatican-Corso-The Capitol - Tarpeian Rock-Ara Cæli-Mamertine Prison-Forum Romanum -- Arch of Titus- The Palatine and Palace of the Cæsars-Colosseum-Appian Way - Catacombs-Baths of Caracalla - Basilicas and Churches-Temple of Vesta-Pantheon-St. John Lateran-The Scala Sancta-Santa Croce in Gerusalemme-Santa Maria Maggiore-St. Paul Without the Walls--Other Churches-Palaces and Villas -The Seven Hills –Walls and Gates-Colleges and Academies-Charitable Institutions-Cemeteries- The GhettoPopulation - Modern Aspects of the City.

155

BERLIN. The Valley of the Spree-Rise of the City-Population-Streets-Unter den Linden-Squares and Open Spaces--Opera

Platz-Palace of the Emperor William-Academy of Art and Science-Palace of the Crown Prince-The Schloss Brücke-Lustgarten - Royal Palace --The Old and New Museums-Churches-Synagogues - Hospitals-BorseChamber of Deputies-Public Museums—The Schloss Montbijou-Factories- Amusements-Suburbs and Environs

– The Aeussere Friedrichstadt-The Stralan Quarter-Outside the Brandenburg Gate- The Thiergarten-Charlottenburg. Potsdam, and its Memorials of Frederick the Great-Sans Souci-Voltaire-Spandau .

. 197

THE CITIES OF NEW ZEALAND. The Five Cities of New Zealand. AUCKLAND: Its Situation-Harbour-Public Buildings-Roads and Railways

Early Days-Mount Eden-Environs-Mineral Resources-Commerce-Hot Springs, The Maoris-Colonisation of the Islands. WELLINGTON: Government Buildings-Post Office-House of Representatives. NELSON : SituationMineral Products—The Wairau Massacre. DUXEDIN: A Scotch Settlement-Streets-University-Municipal Build. ings-Garrison Hall—The Gold-Fields. CHRISTCHURCH: Port Lyttelton-The Avon--Canterbury Plains-"Pippins and Cheese"

. 220

GENEVA. Associations of Geneva-Antiquity of the City-Calvin and the Reformation - Present Aspect-Situation-Bridges

Monuments-Cathedral-Hotel de Ville-Historical Museum-Memorials of the Escalade-Promenades --Public Library-Holiday Life-Watch-Making-Environs--Lake Leman-Lausanne-Vevey and the Fête des VigneronsBlonay-Tour de Peilz-Clarens- The Castle of Chillon

231

SCANDINAVIAN CITIES. CHRISTIANIA: Oslö-Industries -Tlouses—The Palace-Storthing - University - Churches--Public Buildings-Castle of

Agershuus--Cistercian Monastery-Oscarshall-Egeberg. THRONDHJEM: Beauty of its Situation-The Founding of the City-Cathedral -- Palace-Museum-Munkholm-Lerfossen. BERGEN: The Barbour-Murders and Massacres - Trade – Fires. - Streets and Houses -- Markets - Fisher Folk - Tydskebruggen--Peasant Costumes -ChurchesScenery around Bergen. STOCKHOLM: General View-King Agne-Wars and Tumults- The Norrbro-Royal Palace-Esplanade-Library – Museum-Churches - Assembly Hall – Riddarhuus-Town Hall – The Blood BathRoyal Theatre-Parks and Gardens --Palace of Drottningholm -Lake Mälar-Gripsholm-l'psala. COPENHAGEN: Origin and Growth-Historical Events-English Conquest-Plague and Cholera-Citadel-Forts-- King's New Market-Christiansborg Palace-Picture Gallery-Rosenborg Castle - Palace of Amalienborg-Other PalacesMuseum of Northern Antiquities-Ethnographic Museum-Thorwaldsen Museum-Churches-Arsenal-LibraryCharitable Institutions - Exchange-Theatre-Environs.

217

FLORENCE. The City of Lilies—Influence, Riches, Memories-View from the Boboli Gardens, Fiesole-Early Struggles-Guelphs and

Ghibellines, Parties and Factions - Epitome of History -- The Lung' Arno-Bridges-Streets-Piazza della Signoria

The Loggia dei Lanzi Palazzo Vecchio The l'ffizi Gallery and its Treasures—The Tribune - The Duomo (Santa Maria del Fiore) - Brunelleshi's Dome-Giotto's Campanile--Church of San Lorenzo-Baptistery of St. John--The Gates of Paradise Santa Croce Dante-Galileo Galilei-Machiavelli-Church of the Carmine-Santa Maria Maggiore 99. Annunziata Santo Spirito-Monasteries - San Marco-Fra Angelico-Savonarola and his Times-Church of San Marro The Pitti Palace and the Medici Family - The Story of Bianca Capello-Palaces, and Houses of Celebrated Men - Hospitals The Misericordia - Markets-Campo Santo-oid Protestant CemeterySchools, Librarics, Theatres, and Manufactories-Environs -San Miniato-Vallombrosa .

. 277

« PreviousContinue »