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CONTENTS.

JERUSALEM.

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The Holy City of Jew, Moslem, and Christian-A Summary of its History-Situation-Jerusalem of To-day-Population-Religious Sects-The Walls and Gates-Streets and Bazaars-A Scene near the Jaffa Gate-The Tower of Hippicus-The Church of the Holy Sepulchre-Chapels in the Church-The Holy Fire-Legends-Golgotha-The Via Dolorosa-The Hârâm-esh-Sherif-Associations-The Dome of the Rock-The Cave-Holy Places of the Moslems-The Mosque El-Aksa-The Dome of the Chain-The Place of Judgment-The Golden Gate-The Throne of Solomon-The First Explorer-Recent Explorations-The Cradle of Christ-Solomon's Stables-Walls of the Hârâm-Robinson's Arch-Water-Supply-The Jews' Wailing-Place-Hospital of the Knights of St. John -Tomb of David-The Conaculum. ENVIRONS: Valley of Gihon-Valley of Hinnom-Aceldama-Job's WellEn-Rogel-Pool of Siloam-Fountain of the Virgin-Pyramid of Zacharias-Grotto of St. James-Tomb of Jehoshaphat-Tomb of Absalom-Mount of Olives-View-Bethany- Garden of Gethsemane-Tomb of the VirginTombs of the Kings (or Helena)-Damascus Gate-Quarries-Philanthropic Institutions

BRUSSELS AND THE CITIES OF BELGIUM.

A Miniature Paris-Its Foundation and Growth-Walls-Sieges-Population-The Market-Place - Halls-Hôtel de Ville-Bourse-The Halles-Boulevards-Post Office-Galerie St. Hubert-Palaces-New Palace of Justice-Picture Galleries-The Musée Wiertz-Zoological and Botanical Gardens-The Park and Bois de la Cambre- Statues of Patriots, Warriors, Statesmen, &c.-The Cathedral-Notre Dame de la Chapelle-Church of St. James-Palace of Laeken-Road to Waterloo. ANTWERP: On the Scheldt-Van Speyk-Early History and Progress -Commercial Importance-English Residents-Tyndale and his Labours-Decline of the City-Incorporation into the Kingdom of Belgium-Return of Prosperity-The Cathedral and Churches-Art Treasures-Rubens-Van Dyck-The Printing Press-Place Verte-Hôtel de Ville-Bourse. BRUGES:-An Old-world Town-Its Splendour and Decay-The Cathedral-Notre Dame and its Tombs-The Hospital of St. John-The Grande Place and the Belfry Tower-Hôtel de Ville-Chapel of the Holy Blood-Canals-Trade. GHENT:-Jacques and Philip van Artevelde-Rise and Fall of Ghent-The Manchester of Belgium-Market Day-Cathedral-Belfry-The Vane of the Belfry-Hôtel de Ville-The Marché du Vendredi-Church of St. Nicholas-Gardens-The Béguinages of Ghent; their Past and Present History. LIÈGE :-Picturesque Belgium-The Ardennes-Memories of Liège-The Walloons-Manufactories-Cathedral and Churches-The Palace of Justice-Gardens-Citadel.

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ATHENS.

The Piræus-The Long Walls-A Wayside Inn-Modern Athens-Fifty Years ago-Plan of the City-Costumes-The Palace and Gardens-House of Parliament-University-Academy-Education-The Metropolitan Church--St. Theodore-The Kapnikarea-Bazaars-Public Funerals-A Curious Custom-Ancient Athens-The OlympieiumGate of Hadrian-The Ilissus-Stadium-Monument of Lysicrates-Theatre of Dionysus-Odeum of Herodes Atticus -The Acropolis-Propylæa-Temple of Athene Nike-Erechtheium-The Agora-Mars Hill-The Pnyx-Monument of Philopappus-Tower of the Winds-A Buried Cemetery-Temple of Theseus-Lycabettus-Academy of PlatoThe Colonus-Eleusis-Athens and Edinburgh.

PHILADELPHIA. (By M. F. SWEETSER.)

The Ancient Navigators-The Swedish Colony-William Penn, the Founder of the City-The Dreary MorningRevolutionary Annals-A Capua for Britain's Hannibal-The Area of the City-Fairmount Waterworks-The Monotony of Comfort-Co-operative Building-A Mosaic of Nationalities-Leagues of Factories-Markets and Bridges Chestnut Street-Inns, New and Old-Independence Hall-The Libraries-Carpenters' Hall-The Exchange and the Banks-The Post-Office and Mint-Tender Charities Catalogued-Anglicanism in Quakerdom-Gloria DeiThe Swedish Pioneers-Christ Church-St. Peter's-The Grand Avenues-The Public Building-The Masonic Temple The Clubs-Roman Catholicism and its great Cathedral-Protestant Shrines-The Fine Arts-The Academy and its Collections-Music and Theatres-The University and Girard College-A Group of PrisonsFairmount Park-The Great Pictures-The Schuylkill Navy-The International Exhibition of 1876 Stately Old Mansions-Lemon Hill and Sweet Brier, Lansdowne and Belmont-Laurel-Hill Cemetery-The American ClydeThe Battle of the Kegs-Pirates-The Cradle of Steam Navigation-The Navy Yard-The Lazaretto-Pennsylvania Dutch-A Pleasant Legend-Germantown and its Battle-The Wooden Walls of England-Summer Joys of the Philadelphians-The Vanished Race

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CONTENTS.

JERUSALEM.

PAGE

The Holy City of Jew, Moslem, and Christian-A Summary of its History-Situation-Jerusalem of To-day-Population-Religious Sects-The Walls and Gates-Streets and Bazaars-A Scene near the Jaffa Gate-The Tower of Hippicus-The Church of the Holy Sepulchre-Chapels in the Church-The Holy Fire-Legends-Golgotha-The Via Dolorosa-The Hârâm-esh-Sherif-Associations-The Dome of the Rock-The Cave-Holy Places of the Moslems-The Mosque El-Aksa-The Dome of the Chain-The Place of Judgment-The Golden Gate-The Throne of Solomon-The First Explorer-Recent Explorations-The Cradle of Christ-Solomon's Stables-Walls of the Hârâm-Robinson's Arch-Water-Supply-The Jews' Wailing-Place-Hospital of the Knights of St. John -Tomb of David-The Coenaculum. ENVIRONS: Valley of Gihon-Valley of Hinnom-Aceldama-Job's WellEn-Rogel-Pool of Siloam-Fountain of the Virgin-Pyramid of Zacharias-Grotto of St. James-Tomb of Jehoshaphat-Tomb of Absalom-Mount of Olives-View-Bethany- Garden of Gethsemane-Tomb of the VirginTombs of the Kings (or Helena)-Damascus Gate-Quarries-Philanthropic Institutions

BRUSSELS AND THE CITIES OF BELGIUM.

A Miniature Paris-Its Foundation and Growth-Walls-Sieges-Population-The Market-Place - Halls - Hôtel de Ville-Bourse-The Halles-Boulevards-Post Office-Galerie St. Hubert-Palaces-New Palace of Justice-Picture Galleries-The Musée Wiertz-Zoological and Botanical Gardens-The Park and Bois de la Cambre- Statues of Patriots, Warriors, Statesmen, &c.-The Cathedral-Notre Dame de la Chapelle-Church of St. James-Palace of Laeken-Road to Waterloo. ANTWERP: On the Scheldt-Van Speyk-Early History and Progress-Commercial Importance-English Residents-Tyndale and his Labours-Decline of the City-Incorporation into the Kingdom of Belgium-Return of Prosperity-The Cathedral and Churches-Art Treasures-Rubens-Van Dyck-The Printing Press-Place Verte-Hôtel de Ville-Bourse. BRUGES :-An Old-world Town-Its Splendour and Decay-The Cathedral-Notre Dame and its Tombs-The Hospital of St. John-The Grande Place and the Belfry Tower-Hôtel de Ville-Chapel of the Holy Blood-Canals-Trade. GHENT:-Jacques and Philip van Artevelde-Rise and Fall of Ghent-The Manchester of Belgium-Market Day-Cathedral-Belfry-The Vane of the Belfry-Hôtel de Ville-The Marché du Vendredi-Church of St. Nicholas-Gardens-The Béguinages of Ghent; their Past and Present History. LIÈGE -Picturesque Belgium-The Ardennes-Memories of Liège-The Walloons-Manufactories-Cathedral and Churches-The Palace of Justice-Gardens-Citadel

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ATHENS.

The Piræus-The Long Walls-A Wayside Inn-Modern Athens-Fifty Years ago-Plan of the City-Costumes-The Palace and Gardens-House of Parliament-University-Academy-Education-The Metropolitan Church-St. Theodore-The Kapnikarea-Bazaars-Public Funerals-A Curious Custom-Ancient Athens-The OlympieiumGate of Hadrian-The Ilissus-Stadium-Monument of Lysicrates-Theatre of Dionysus-Odeum of Herodes Atticus -The Acropolis-Propylæa-Temple of Athene Nike-Erechtheium-The Agora-Mars Hill-The Pnyx-Monument of Philopappus-Tower of the Winds-A Buried Cemetery-Temple of Theseus-Lycabettus-Academy of PlatoThe Colonus-Eleusis-Athens and Edinburgh.

PHILADELPHIA. (By M. F. SWEETSER.)

The Ancient Navigators-The Swedish Colony-William Penn, the Founder of the City-The Dreary MorningRevolutionary Annals-A Capua for Britain's Hannibal-The Area of the City-Fairmount Waterworks-The Monotony of Comfort-Co-operative Building-A Mosaic of Nationalities-Leagues of Factories-Markets and Bridges Chestnut Street-Inns, New and Old-Independence Hall-The Libraries-Carpenters' Hall-The Exchange and the Banks-The Post-Office and Mint-Tender Charities Catalogued-Anglicanism in Quakerdom-Gloria DeiThe Swedish Pioneers-Christ Church--St. Peter's-The Grand Avenues-The Public Building-The Masonic Temple-The Clubs-Roman Catholicism and its great Cathedral-Protestant Shrines-The Fine Arts-The Academy and its Collections-Music and Theatres-The University and Girard College-A Group of PrisonsFairmount Park-The Great Pictures-The Schuylkill Navy-The International Exhibition of 1876-Stately Old Mansions-Lemon Hill and Sweet Brier, Lansdowne and Belmont-Laurel-Hill Cemetery-The American ClydeThe Battle of the Kegs-Pirates-The Cradle of Steam Navigation-The Navy Yard-The Lazaretto-Pennsylvania Dutch-A Pleasant Legend-Germantown and its Battle-The Wooden Walls of England-Summer Joys of the Philadelphians-The Vanished Race

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MOSCOW.

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First Sight of the City - Early Experiences-The Tartar, Fire, and Plague-The French in Moscow-General Aspect of the City-The Kremlin-Its Wall, Gates, Towers, Bells, Palaces, and Chapels - The Church of the Assumption - of the Archangel Michael of the Annunciation Russo-Greek Church Ceremonials-Church of St. Saviour in the Wood-Miracle Monastery -The Chinese City-Religious Symbols-The Iberian Madonna-St. Basil - The Skull Place Michel Romanoff's House-Markets and Bazaars-The Foundling Hospital-Ethnographical MuseumThe Temple of the Saviour-Tea-houses and Tea-drinkers-The Moskouski Traktir-Tea-gardens-The Russian Peasant-Luxuries of the Table-Water-carriers - Funerals-Pigeons -The University-Monasteries and Convents -Gardens, Palaces, and Country Seats -The Troitsa Monastery

ROME.

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The Flaminian Way-Piazza del Popolo-The Pincio-Piazza di Spagna-The Spanish Staircase-House of Keats-
Trinita de' Monti-Propaganda Fide-Column of the Immaculate Conception-Bridge and Castle of St. Angelo--
St. Peter's-The Vatican-Corso-The Capitol-Tarpeian Rock-Ara Coli-Mamertine Prison-Forum Romanum
-Arch of Titus-The Palatine and Palace of the Cæsars-Colosseum-Appian Way - Catacombs-Baths of
Caracalla-Basilicas and Churches-Temple of Vesta-Pantheon-St. John Lateran-The Scala Sancta-Santa
Croce in Gerusalemme-Santa Maria Maggiore-St. Paul Without the Walls-Other Churches-Palaces and Villas
-The Seven Hills-Walls and Gates-Colleges and Academies-Charitable Institutions-Cemeteries-The Ghetto -
Population-Modern Aspects of the City
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BERLIN.

The Valley of the Spree-Rise of the City-Population-Streets-Unter den Linden-Squares and Open Spaces-Opera Platz-Palace of the Emperor William-Academy of Art and Science-Palace of the Crown Prince-The Schloss Brucke-Lustgarten - Royal Palace-The Old and New Museums-Churches-Synagogues - Hospitals-BorseChamber of Deputies-Public Museums-The Schloss Mont bijou-Factories-Amusements-Suburbs and Environs -The Aeussere Friedrichstadt-The Stralan Quarter-Outside the Brandenburg Gate-The Thiergarten-Charlottenburg. POTSDAM, and its Memorials of Frederick the Great-Sans Souci-Voltaire-Spandau .

THE CITIES OF NEW ZEALAND.

The Five Cities of New Zealand. AUCKLAND: Its Situation-Harbour-Public Buildings-Roads and RailwaysEarly Days-Mount Eden-Environs-Mineral Resources-Commerce-Hot Springs-The Maoris-Colonisation of the Islands. WELLINGTON: Government Buildings-Post Office-House of Representatives. NELSON: SituationMineral Products-The Wairau Massacre. DUNEDIN: A Scotch Settlement-Streets-University-Municipal Buildings-Garrison Hall-The Gold-Fields. CHRISTCHURCH: Port Lyttelton-The Avon-Canterbury Plains—“ s-"Pippins and Cheese"

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GENEVA.

Associations of Geneva-Antiquity of the City-Calvin and the Reformation-Present Aspect-Situation-BridgesMonuments-Cathedral-Hôtel de Ville-Historical Museum-Memorials of the Escalade-Promenades-Public Library-Holiday Life-Watch-Making-Environs-Lake Leman-Lausanne-Vevey and the Fête des VigneronsBlonay-Tour de Peilz-Clarens-The Castle of Chillon

SCANDINAVIAN CITIES.

CHRISTIANIA: Oslö-Industries Touses-The Palace-Storthing-University- Churches-Public Buildings-Castle of Agershuus-Cistercian Monastery-Oscarshall-Egeberg. THRONDHJEM: Beauty of its Situation-The Founding of the City-Cathedral --Palace-Museum-Munkholm-Lerfossen. BERGEN: The Harbour-Murders and Massacres -Trade Fires- Streets and Houses - Markets - Fisher Folk-Tydskebruggen-Peasant Costumes --Churches-Scenery around Bergen. STOCKHOLM: General View- King Agne-Wars and Tumults-The Norrbro-Royal Palace-Esplanade-Library-Museum-Churches -Assembly Hall Riddarhuus-Town Hall-The Blood BathRoyal Theatre-Parks and Gardens-Palace of Drottningholm-Lake Mälar-Gripsholm-Upsala. COPENHAGEN: Origin and Growth-Historical Events--English Conquest--Plague and Cholera-Citadel-Forts-King's New Market-Christiansborg Palace-Picture Gallery-Rosenborg Castle-Palace of Amalienborg-Other PalacesMuseum of Northern Antiquities-Ethnographic Museum-Thorwaldsen Museum-Churches-Arsenal-Library— Charitable Institutions -Exchange-Theatre-Environs.

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FLORENCE.

The City of Lilies-Influence, Riches, Memories-View from the Boboli Gardens-Fiesole-Early Struggles-Guelphs and Ghibellines, Parties and Factions -Epitome of History -The Lung' Arno-Bridges-Streets-Piazza della Signoria - The Loggia dei Lanzi Palazzo Vecchio The Uffizi Gallery and its Treasures-The Tribune The Duomo (Santa Maria del Fiore) Brunelleschi's Dome-Giotto's Campanile-Church of San Lorenzo--Baptistery of St. John- The Gates of Paradise Santa Croce Dante -Galileo Galilei-Machiavelli-Church of the Carmine-Santa Maria Maggiore 88. Annunziata Santo Spirito-Monasteries-San Marco-Fra Angelico-Savonarola and his TimesChurch of San Marco The Pitti Palace and the Medici Family -The Story of Bianca Capello -Palaces, and Houses of Celebrated Men-Hospitals The Misericordia - Markets-Campo Santo-Old Protestant CemeterySchools, Libraries, Theatres, and Manufactories-Environs -San Miniato-Vallombrosa .

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