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PHILADELPHIA (continued):

Independence Hall.
Old Liberty Bell
The Ridgway Library
Christ Church .
Franklin's Grave
The New Municipal Buildings
The Cathedral of St. Peter and St. Paul
Views in Philadelphia :-

Academy of Fine Arts
Pennsylvania Hospital
Girard College .
Academy of Natural Sciences
Old Swedes' Church

University of Pennsylvania .
View in Fairmount Park

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JERUSALEM

PAGE The “Ecce Homo " Arch, Jerusalem Frontispiece The Damascus Gate, Jerusalem . Map of Jerusalem and surrounding Country

5 Church of the Holy Sepulchre

9 The Via Dolorosa

13 The Mosque of Omar

16 View of Jerusalem from the East

17 The Golden Gate

21 The Jews' Wailing-Place

25 Valley of Jehoshaphat, with “ Absalom's Pillar" 29 BRUSSELS AND THE CITIES OF BELGIUM : 'Views in Brussels

. to face page

33
Palais de Justice.
Monument of Counts Egmont and Horn.
Place de l'Eglise St. Catherine.

The Bourse.
View in the Park, Brussels

33 Arms of Brussels

ib. The Hôtel de Ville, Brussels

37 The Chamber of Representatives, Brussels

41 The Church of St. Gudule

44 The Field of Waterloo

45 Notre Dame, Antwerp

49 The Belfry of Bruges

57 The Belfry, Ghent

60 On the Canal, Ghent

61

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Moscow:

Arms of Moscow
View of Moscow from the Kremlin
General View of Moscow
The Spaski or Redeemer Gate of the Kremlin
The Great Bell of Moscow (“ Czar Kolokol ").
Plan of Moscow
Krasnoi Ploschad (Place)
The Cathedral of St. Basil
Church of St. Saviour, erected to Commemorate

the Deliverance of Russia from the French
The Château of Petrofski
The Troitsa Monastery of St. Sergius

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ATHENS >
Views in Athens

. to face page 65
The Erechtheium.
The Propylæa.
Mars Hill and the City.
Tower of the Winds.

Temple of Unwinged Victory.
Distant View of Athens

65 Lenten Festival in the Olympieium

68. The Piræus, Athens

69 Plan of Athens.

72 Modern Athens

73 The Acropolis, Gate of Hadrian, and Ruins of Temple of Jupiter

77 Ruins of the Parthenon.

81 The Temple of Theseus.

85 The Straits of Salamis

88

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ROME:-
The Arms of Rome.

155 Bridge of St. Angelo, with St. Peter's in the Background

157 The Castle of St. Angelo

. to face page 160 St. Peter's Cathedral

161 Interior of St. Peter's

165 Plan of Rome

168 Statue of Marcus Aurelius

169 The Scala Coeli: Stairs of the Church of St. Mary of the Capitol

173 Entrance to the Forum by the Sacred Way

to face page 175 The Arch of Titus

176 Tabularium and Back of Senatorial Palace, from the Forum.

177 The Colosseum

181 The Pantheon.

184 Interior of the Pantheon

185 Interior of St. John Lateran.

188 The Scala Sancta, or Holy Staircase

189 The Palace Pamphili-Doria ,

192

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PAGE

MOSCOW. First Sight of the City - Early Experiences—The Tartar, Fire, and Plague–The French in Moscow-General Aspect of

the City-The Kremlin -Its Wall, Gates, Towers, Bells, Palaces, and Chapels - The Church of the Assumption -of the Archangel Michael--of the Annunciation-Russo-Greek Church Ceremonials-Church of St. Saviour in the Wood -- Miracle Monastery - The Chinese City-Religious Symbols—The Iberian Madonna-St. Basil-- The Skull Place - Michel Romanoff's House - Markets and Bazaars-The Foundling Hospital-Ethnographical MuseumThe Temple of the Saviour-Tea-houses and Tea-drinkers - The Moskouski Traktir-Tea-gardens - The Russian Peasant-Luxuries of the Table-Water-carriers -- Funerals-Pigeons - The University-Monasteries and Convents - Gardens, Palaces, and Country Seats - The Troitsa Monastery

128

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ROME. The Flaminian Way--Piazza del Popolo-The Pincio-Piazza di Spagna - The Spanish Staircase-House of Keats

Trinità de' Monti-Propaganda Fide-Column of the Immaculate Conception-Bridge and Castle of St. Angelo-. St. Peter's, The Vatican--Corso - The Capitol – Tarpeian Rock-Ara Cæli-Mamertine Prison-Forum Romanum -Arch of Titus-- The Palatine and Palace of the Cæsars-Colosseum-Appian Way - Catacombs-- Baths of Caracalla - Basilicas and Churches-- Temple of Vesta-Pantheon-St. John Lateran-The Scala Sancta--Santa Croce in Gerusalemme--Santa Maria Maggiore-St. Paul Without the Walls-Other Churches-Palaces and Villas -The Seven Hills-Walls and Gates--Colleges and Academies-Charitable Institutions-Cemeteries—The GhettoPopulation-Modern Aspects of the City

155

BERLIN. The Valley of the Spree-Rise of the City-Population-Streets-Unter den Linden-Squares and Open Spaces-Opera

Platz-Palace of the Emperor William-Academy of Art and Science-Palace of the Crown Prince-The Schloss Brücke-Lustgarten - Royal Palace-The Old and New Museums-Churches-Synagogues - Hospitals-BorseChamber of Deputies-Public Museums—The Schloss Montbijou-Factories- Amusements-Suburbs and Environs

– The Aeussere Friedrichstadt-The Stralan Quarter-Outside the Brandenburg Gate-The Thiergarten-Charlottenburg. POTSDAM, and its Memorials of Frederick the Great-Sans Souci-Voltaire-Spandau .

197

THE CITIES OF NEW ZEALAND. The Five Cities of New Zealand. AUCKLAND: Its Situation-Harbour-Public Buildings-Roads and Railways

Early Days-Mount Eden-Environs-Mineral Resources-Commerce-Hot Springs—The Maoris-Colonisation of the Islands. WELLINGTON : Government Buildings-Post Office-House of Representatives. NELSON : SituationMineral Products—The Wairan Massacre. DUXEDIN: A Scotch Settlement-Streets-University-Municipal Buildings-Garrison Hall - The Gold-Fields. CHRISTCHURCH: Port Lyttelton-The Avon-Canterbury Plains-"Pippins and Cheese"

. 220

GENEVA. Associations of Geneva-Antiquity of the City-Calvin and the Reformation-Present Aspect-Situation-Bridges,

Monuments-Cathedral Hotel de Ville-Historical Museum-Memorials of the Escalade-Promenades - Public Library-Holiday Life-Watch-Making Environs-Lake Leman-Lausanne-Vevey and the Fete des VigneronsBlonay-Tour de Peilz-Clarens-The Castle of Chillon

231

SCANDINAVIAN CITIES. CHRISTIANIA: Oslo-Industries --Tlouses—The Palace-Storthing-University - Churches—Public Buildings-Castle of

Agershuus-Cistercian Monastery--Oscarshall-Egeberg. THRONDHJEM: Beauty of its Situation - The Founding of the City-Cathedral – Palace-Museum-Munkholm-Lerfossen. BERGEN: The Karbour-Murders and Massacres -Trade -- Fires. - Streets and Houses – Markets – Fisher Folk-Tydskebruggen-Peasant Costumes-ChurchesScenery around Bergen. STOCKHOLM: General View-King Agne-Wars and Tumults- The Norrbro-Royal Palace--Esplanade--Library-Museum-Churches - Assembly Hall - Riddarhuus-Town Hall-The Blood BathRoyal Theatre-Parks and Gardens-Palace of Drottningholm --Lake Mälar-Gripsholm-Upsala. COPENHAGEN: Origin and Growth-Historical Events-English Conquest-Plague and Cholera-Citadel-Forts-- King's New Market-Christiansborg Palace-Picture Gallery-Rosenborg Castle - Palace of Amalienborg-Other PalacesMuseum of Northern Antiquities-Ethnographic Museum-Thorwaldsen Museum-Churches-Arsenal-LibraryCharitable Institutions - Exchange-Theatre-Environs.

217

FLORENCE The City of Lilies-Influence, Riches, Memories - View from the Boboli Gardens—Fiesole-Early Struggles-Guelphs and

Ghibellines, Parties and Factions --Epitome of History -- The Lung' Arno-Bridges-Streets -- Piazza della Signoria - The Loggia dei Lanzi - Palazzo Vecchio - The Uffizi Gallery and its Treasures - The Tribune -- The Duomo (Santa Maria del Fiore) Brunelleschi's Dome-Giotto's Campanile-Church of San Lorenzo-Baptistery of St. John - The Gates of Paradise - Santa Croce-Dante-Galileo Galilei-Machiavelli -Church of the Carmine-Santa Maria Maggiore --SS. Annunziata Santo Spirito Monasteries San Marco -Fra Angelico-Savonarola and his TimesChurch of San Marco The Pitti Palace and the Medici Family - The Story of Bianca (Capello - Palaces, and Houses of Celebrated Men - Hospitals - The Misericordia - Markets -- Campo Santo-Old Protestant Cemetery Schools, Libraries, Theatres, and Manufactories-Environs -San Miniato-Vallombrosa .

277

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Moscow :
Arms of Moscow

128 View of Moscow from the Kremlin to face page 129 General View of Moscow

129 The Spaski or Redeemer Gate of the Kremlin 132 The Great Bell of Moscow (“Czar Kolokol ") 133 Plan of Moscow

137 Krasnoi Ploschad (Place)

140 The Cathedral of St. Basil

141 Church of St. Saviour, erected to Commemorate

the Deliverance of Russia from the French 144 The Château of Petrofski

119 The Troitsa Monastery of St. Sergius

153

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ATHENS :
Views in Athens

.to face page
The Erechtheium.
The Propylæa.
Mars Hill and the City.
Tower of the Winds.

Temple of Unwinged Victory.
Distant View of Athens
Lenten Festival in the Olympieium
The Piræus, Athens
Plan of Athens.
Modern Athens
The Acropolis, Gate of Hadrian, and Ruins of

Temple of Jupiter
Ruins of the Parthenon .
The Temple of Theseus.
The Straits of Salamis

65 68, 69 72 73

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77 81 85 88

ROME:-
The Arms of Rome.

155 Bridge of St. Angelo, with St. Peter's in the Background

157 The Castle of St. Angelo

.to face page 160 St. Peter's Cathedral

161 Interior of St. Peter's

165 Plan of Rome

168 Statue of Marcus Aurelius

169 The Scala Coeli : Stairs of the Church of St. Mary of the Capitol. .

173 Entrance to the Forum by the Sacred Way

to face page 175 The Arch of Titus

176 Tabularium and Back of Senatorial Palace, from the Forum

177 The Colosseum

181 The Pantheon .

184 Interior of the Pantheon

185 Interior of St. John Lateran.

188 The Scala Sancta, or Holy Staircase

189 The Palace Pamphili-Doria .

192

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GENEVA continued):

PAGE View of Geneva, looking towards the lake

to face page 235 Plan of Genera

236 Interior of St. Peter's Cathedral Lausanne .

241 The Castle of Chillon

214 Dungeons in the Castle of Chillon

215

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BERLIN :-
Arms of Berlin.

197 Plan of Berlin .

200 Views in the Unter den Linden. .to face page 200

The Opernplatz.
Looking towards the Statue of Frederick the

Great.
The Emperor's Gallery.
The Crown Prince's Palace.
Some of the Shops.

Looking towards the Brandenburg Gate.
The Brandenburg Gate .
The Old Museum

201 The Exchange and Friedrichsbrücke

205 Statue of Frederick the Great

208 The Schloss-Brücke with the Lustgarten.

209 Views in Berlin :Royal Library.

212 Schiller Platz and Deutsche Kirche

ib. Royal Palace (Water Front).

ib. The University .

ib. Royal Palace (East Side)

ib. National Gallery

ib. Potsdam, from the Brauhausberg

216 Views in Sans Souci, Potsdam :-Sans Souci Palace with the Terraces .

217 The Highest Terrace

ib. Sans Souci Park

ib. The Orangery

ib. The New Palace The Windmill, Sans Souci

219

.

SCANDINAVIAN CITIES:-
Christiania

219 Bergen

253 Stockholm.

257 The Royal Palace

290 Gustaf Adolf Torg, with the Monument to Gustavus

261 Rosendal Castle, near Stockholm

262 The Knights' House, Riddarholm

ib. View from the Royal Palace at Södermalm Hasselbakken, near Stockholm .

264 The Royal Summer Palace, Drottningholm

285 Arms of Stockholm

266 Arms of Copenhagen

268
Copenhagen .
Views in Copenhagen :-
The Charlottenborg Palace .

272 Interior of the Vor Frue Kirke

ib. University.

ib. Kongens Nytory

ib. Bourse

ib. Thorwaldsen's Museum .

ib. Christiansborg Palace

ib. FLORENCE:

Florence, from the Belredere .to face page 277
Florence, from San Miniato.

277 Dante.

ib. Arnis of Florence

278 Plan of Florence The Ponte Vecchio.

281 Tower of the Palazzo Vecchio Courtyard of the Palazzo Vecchio Birthplace of Dante . Brunelleschi's Dome and Giotto's Campanile . Side Door of the Duomo The Tomb of Lorenzo de' Medicis The Church of Santa Croce .

293 Staircase of the Bargello Palace.

296 Panels of the Gate of the Baptistery of St. John 297 Giotto.

300 Michael Angelo

ib. The Uffizi Gallery (1866)

301

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The Holy City of Jew, Moslem, and Christian-A Summary of its History-Situation-Jerusalem of To-day-Population

Religious Sects—The Walls and Gates-Streets and Bazaars-A Scene near the Jaffa Gate–The Tower of Hippicus - The Church of the Holy Sepulchre-Chapels in the Church- The Holy Fire-Legends-Golgotha – The Via DolorosaThe Harâm-esh-Sherif-Associations—The Dome of the Rock-The Cave-Holy Places of the Moslems—The Mosque El-Aksa–The Dome of the Chain-The Place of Judgment—The Golden Gate-- The Throne of Solomon- The First Explorer-Recent Explorations—The Cradle of Christ-Solomon's Stables-Walls of the Hârâm - Robinson's ArchWater-Supply-The Jews' Wailing-Place-Hospital of the Knights of St. John-Tomb of David–The Cænaculum. ENVIRONS : Valley of Gihon—Valley of Hinnom-Aceldama-Job's Well-En-Rogel-Pool of Siloam-Fountain of the Virgin-Pyramid of Zacharias-Grotto of St. James-Tomb of Jehoshaphat – Tomb of Absalom-Mount of Olives View-Bethany-Garden of Gethsemane-Tomb of the Virgin-Tombs of the Kings (or Helena)-Damascus GateQuarries-Philanthropic Institutions.

ERUSALEM is unlike any other city in the world. Age after age, pilgrims

have been drawn to it; scholars have studied every particular concerning it; explorers have searched with wistful eyes through its ruins; teachers have

collected every scrap of information about it to tell reverently to their pupils ; preachers have framed ten thousand sermons upon it; painters and poets have

described it over and over again, and in minutest detail. And why? Because in the veins of every man there is the beating of a spiritual life whose origins are recorded in the wondrous series of legends, genealogies, surveys, histories, laws, poetry, which formed

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