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ment should be confined to those who is of high rank" whücli Mr. Bankes has foutid had fallen in victory, op died in conse, upon the pension list, I wonder whether his quence of wounds.reccived in the action tye rested, for a moment, upon the name of

that led to victory. As to Mir Kankes's Lady Louisa Paget, a daughter of the Earl di-Jering from Sir Francis Bürdett, upou of Uxbridge, who has a fortune of, perhaps, many other topics, as well as ilat of this sixty Thousand pounds a year. Tlris pension grant of the public money, it was, hard could not haye been granted upon the plea of ly necessary to, declare, it, tor, I will nen- al poverty, and yet, I have never beard' of any lyre, to say, that, bere are not, ten men very brilliant services that Lady Louisa bras in the whole nation, who ever did, or reudered the country ; nor is it, indeed, ever will, couple their names together.. easy to conceive, huw she can, in any pos. It is however, we may judge from the sible way, have been of service to that pub. answer of the baronet, ytlie declaration is lic, from whose earnings Mr. Addirigion 995 likely to have any very serious effect thought it proper to allow her a pension. Lupon either his health or his spirits; for, be This is very ' indelicale," it will be said. is reported to have said (and he is not apt to | A man inust be a very brute to ask for the rea. disguise his sentiments), that he was con- | sons why his money is taken by the tax.gatherer fident that he should be able to console and given to a Lady Louisa ; but when a poor himself for the want of a participation in woman comes to ask 'relief from the parish, principle with the honourable gentleman. it is not at all “ indelicate" to enquire, and

Mr. Baokes, might a well baye said most rigidly, too, into the grounds of her nothing about the pension, list, until it had i claim; and, there is, besides, a law to com. been forthconrings for it is now nearly a pel fathers, wbo are able, to maintain such

year since the making of it out, was ordered of their children (of whatever age ihey ryzy e upon the amended, or rather, the changed, be), as are incapable of maintaining 1941motion of Lord, Cochrane. In that list, his selves; a hint, from which, L ink; bir. lordship wished to have stated only the Bankes and his colleagues of the force names of members of the House of Coun- committee niay, if they are so disposer des imons and their relations, only the yames of 1 derive considerable protir.

the guardians of the public purse," who . MR. STEELE.- Thin Gentleman, wiimee touched, out of ihat purse. This was over- name made a great figure in the wraughiniga a ruled, and all the pensioners were to be put of last year, is now nens mentioned. The mante, and listas This, list, however, bangs public will bear the circumstances in mind. back. When it comes,, any oue will be M. Siecle was one of the army paymasters;

competent to move for a division of it; for, he was succeerled by Lord Temple; Lord mahesabing to be desired is, a list of all the Temple found that Mr. Steele had taken out L embers of, the House of Commons, who a large sum of the public money without any y receive, by themselves or their relations, any proper authority; these facts were laid before

sums 94, money cut at the taxes, that is to a committee, called the finance committee ; į say, out of the suggs which they annually a report from this committee was upon the yote away... This is the list which the val point of being made, when the short parlia. Lion wants to be furnished with ; and we ment was dissolved; and, as the public will

shall bave it, i šaong pn later. Sol perfectly hardly need to be reivinded, the wbig papers o agree with Mi, Bankes in çeuşurgjive prac | asserted, that, in order to avoid the publish: {tice of annexing, as a maiter of course, ) ing of this report, the ministers resulted

gr pensions to peerages for the mere purpose | upon a sudden dissolution. Yet, mark the origi of sustainipg, the, kansk of the party;" l' sequel, one whole session, and half, another

but, I should censure geally, the peering session, have pow passed, and pot one word

of nien, merely because they have,. no mat- ) have those whigs said about Mr. Sreele ma .., ter how, got possession of immense sums of his money! Noi that would not suit ihelt money, and are, thereby, enabled to bring | purposes now. They have other game; and, several poles into, parliament. Tknow that having taken time to cool, they have consis I have the misfortune 10, differ, in this re- 1. dered, perhaps, that it would notbe liberal

spect, from the Edinburgh reviewers, who 1.10 press hard upon poor Tonimy Steele. i think this the only mode of obtaining" å true . As to public justice, that is quite anomet

representation of the people;" but neither matter. And yet, with Facts hike this that, circumstance nor, the silence of Mr. before his eyes; with many such sets,

Bankes, upon the subject, does at all tend to there is a correspondent, in the preselit seet, to convince me, ibal, a man ought to be made | who complains of ny hostility to the Wilgs. i alcd merely because he has amassed a large | I will answer him al length in another funde

sum of money. Amongst the " names | ber; but, I will now obsčive, that I have


not been able to discover, in any part of self-evident that none but a real ideot, a creatheir conduct, one proof of their desire to ture that is incapable of distinguishing an promote the interests or honour of the count: 1 ounce of bread from a whole loat, will ever try, and that, as far as relates to the ma- be persuaded to work twelve hoors for å nagement of the public money, I think shilling, when he can have, from the same them even worse than their successors. The master, and for the very same sort of work, very first thing that they should have set a shilling for working only three or four about was an inquiry into this aftair of Steele. bours. The clause, therefore, must be in. It was an affair of the utmost importance; tended to produce no effect at all, unless it and it was peculiarly their duty, as guardians be attended with some regulation giving sus of the people's money. This is the sort of perior inducernents to the service for lil's matters relating to which they should move The chief of these inducements must be ut for papers. The power of the House of a pectiniary nature; that is to say, a higher Commons is simply the power of the purse; bounty must be given, and then we come but, for reasons which are now obvious to all back again to all the evils of high bounty, the world, this is the only power, which which have been so long a subject of general the regularly trained opposition seem never lamentation. We shall agaiu have men de to wish to exercise.

serting in a post chaise and four; and, after ARMY. Lord Castlereagh has, I per all, so many men will not be raised at once ceive, given notice of his intention to in for the regular army; more frequent drafts troduce into the Mutiny bill of this year a must be made from the militia, and more clause to give recruits the choice of enlisting frequent applications to the oppressed and for life, or for term of years. This is, in affrighted parishes.- Another consequeride fact, to repeal the law for term of years; will be this: there will be a distinction made because there is no doubt, but by subsequent between the treatment of the men, who bill, or regulation, the minister's will take have enlisted for term of years, and those care that there shall be no erilistinent for who have enlisted for life, unless the former term of years.--If there ever was a mea choose to change the condition of their ser. sure, in their approbation of which all men vitude. I leave any man, who knows any of sober judgment might be said to be thing of the army, to judge of the state into unanimous, it was that of changiog the mi which this will throw a regiment. I leave litary service to term of years. There was him to judge of the many acts of oppression only one little knot of men, under the im that will herefrom arise. No 'termi-of-years mediate guidance of stupidity; substantial, | men must be left; for then their example tangible stupidity, accompanied with obsti- | would be fatal ; mutiny and desertion would nacy proverbial, that opposed this measure, inevitably be the consequence. They must and that, tog, from motives too bad and be frowned upon ;' the door of promotion base to admit of description. Yet, is this must be shut against them with the band measure now to be rendered nugatory by a kept upon the latch to signify, that'it may side-wind clause of an act of parliament, be opened upon their compliance. Thus made for the professed purpose of pinishing will each regiment be deprived of the best mutiny and desertion, t:vo crimes chiefly 10 services of the best of its men, who, feel. be ascribed to the want of this very measure. ing, as they must, the injustice exercised The reasons for changing the engagement of towards them, will have nothing left them soldiers from that of for life to that of term but to hang or 'blind or maim them. of years have been so often stated, and re- | selves, or to desert. "I do really think, main so completely unanswered, that it that if party malignity should's far would be a waste of time to repeat the state prevail as to effect the adoption of the ment of them here ; but, it may not be un clause above-mentioned, it will be sery likely necessary to point out some of the consen to give rise to a general mutiny. This quences, which will result from the passing sudden change in the military system, in of the clause now proposed. The first will that part of it which is certainly the Anost be a falling off in the numbers recruited for important, must excite contempt for the gothe regular army, unless a higher bounty be vernment in the minds of the soldiers. It giren; for, it never can be in the contem. | is a matter that concerns them all so closely, platiou of any mai in his senses to create a that they must think about it, and they will fair competition between the two conditions talk about it. - What must they/then, think of service, it being evident that none but an and say of this capriciousness in law-giving? ideot will enlist for life at the same bounty Lord Castlereagh is deceived, if he miipposes, which is beld out to him to induce him to that they have their eyes shut. They have enlist for five or seven years. Yes; it is te use of their eyes and their ears and their

tongues into the bargain ; and, there is this tyrannical disposition, would wish to precircumstance attending their remarks and | vent. The best of the men will be the last opinions, that they are all of a mind. What to be tempted to sell their liberty for the must that mind be with respect to laws and means of a debauch, and yet, in the way of regulations, which are changed with every these men it will be absolutely necessary to change in the ministry? To what sort of throw every sort of discouragement. It is motives must they attribute such changes ? useless to tell nie about the honour and jusIn this case the change is so obviously against tice and humanity of the officers. The offithem; it has in it something so ungracious; cers, generally speaking, will act agreeably it has such striking marks of a return to op- to the will of those who are able, with a pression, that it must be, by them, so con- breath, to sink or to raise them; and, if that sidered. It will be in vain to disguise the will be, that there should be no men remain real nature of the measure by calling it a per- | upon term-of-years service, I would not for, mission to choose. There is not a private a trife be, even for one week of my life, in soldier in the army fool enough not to per- | the skin of a man. There is no just ceive, that the government thinks that the ground for the change proposed; there is measure last adopted left the soldier too no good reason that can be given for it; and' much at liberty; loosened its hold upon I trust it will not be persevered in ; for, if it him; that it now repents of what it has done be, I am fully persuaded that the very existin his farour; and that it wishes to re-graspence of the army will be endangered. And, him for life. It is quite impossible to per- is this to be done from a mere motive of pesuade him that this is intended for his good, tulance? Merely to provoke an opponent; or, that it has not proceeded from a spirit of or to prevent it being said hereafter, that the harshness towards him; from a disregard of great and salutary change, which has been his feelings joined to an opinion, that he was lately adopted, with the general approbation made merely to be food for powder. It of the couutry, is to be ascribed to the wisis a well-known fact, that, at a late Quarter dom of that opponent? There is something Sessions of the peace, an offender having had so shocking in the idea that one turns from his choice; to go into the army or to Botany it with horror. After all, however, if it Bay, preferred the latter for a limited period be resolved, that nothing, however good, to tbe former for life; expressing, at the built up by a political opponent, shall re-, same time, his readiness to enlist " under main undemolished, the fair way would be Mr. Windham's Plan." Nor is this at all to bring in a bill of repeal. To endeavour to surprizing. Hope is not only one of the sap the foundation by a side wind clause ; to chicf ingredients in the happiness of man, / enact a provision that shall surely work its but man may be said to live upon hope. | fall; and then to cry out, that the thing, Hope for something or other he will. Some was not calculated to stand, would be a most will have no thoughts of leaving the army, uninanly mode of procceding, and discover a but will live upon the hope of promotion. / mind made up of meanness itself.- Osce The number of these must, however, be more I must obscrve, by way of concla. comparatively small. The chief hope of | sion, that it is paltry in the extreme, that the far greater part must always be the ter- | it is despicable hypocricy, to pretend to inination of the servitude. Let this hope be give the soldiers, already enlisted, their built upon a positive engagement, and the choice of volunteering for life, or remainiog soldier contents himself therewith; because | upon their present footing. There will be, the foundation is sure, and clear before his and there can be, no choice in the case, uneyes; but, if he has no such engagement to less the soldier were arrived at very nearly rest upon, he seeks for some other founda- the end of his term. The soldier may indeed tion, and desertion is the first that presents choose ; for he may enlist for life, desert. itself; for he must have hope, or he cuts bis or cut his throat ; but, as to living, a termthroat. Not only is it, in the case contem- of years man, in a regiment, almost the plated; to refuse him a lawful hope where- | whole of whose men are enlisted for life, with to cherish his patience, but actually to with a strong desire in all the officers to intake such hope away from him; and, as to duce him to enlist for life as well as the rest, the guineas for which he may be induced to the thing would be impossible. : Again, sell it, they will be forgotten when he is therefore, I must express my earnest wish roused from the sleep, into which he has that the ministers may abandon a scheme so been thrown by the expending of those gui | evidently full of danger and of cruelty.. neas. Here, too, the effect will be precise. ' ORDERS IN COUNCIL BILL. A geJy that which any one but an obstinate hu. " neral meeting," says the Morning Chroni. man brute, bent upon the indulgence of his cle of the 8th instant,“ of the Merchants


“ and others concerned in the American reminded him that the Americans could not strade is w take place on Thursday next, prevent the sun from shining and the rain “ for the purpose of taking measures with from falling upon the land in Ireland; and, “. regard to the Orders in Council. Several that the longer the Irish would be without 6-resolutions are, we understand, to be American linseed, the longer the Americans " proposed by Mr. Mulleit and Mr. Mann, would be without shirts. When we come " and iu is said that Mr. A. Baring, the to talk of distresses, we have decidedly the “ author of the celebrated pamphlet upon advantage ; and of this all the world will be ** this subject, will bring forward Petitions convinced, if the bill now passing remain in. " to both Houses of Parliment. A very nu. force for a year, "merous, and respectable assembly is ex Botley, 10 March, 1808. . . . “ pecied, as the requisition is signed by « *veral of the most eminent merchants in

DEFENCE OF THE WHIGS. "6 the city." Taking measures ! What Sir, In common with others of your do they mean by taking measures ? And readers, I have remarked, with some surwhat right have these men to meet, in greater prise, the extreme hostility which you seem numbers than fifties, any more than other to cherish against the late administration. So people? Mr. Baring has, possibly, half a strong is your propensity to blame them, million of inoney in his pocket, a circum that you not only seize with avidity every stance which has pot tended to lessen the circumstance that falls in your way, which number of puffs, which Mr. Perry has in. can by any possibility be made a ground of serted in his pamphlet ; but, a circumstance | accusation, but not unfrequently“ travel by no means sufficient, thank God, to au- out of the record" in quest of materials for thorize Mr. Baring to dictate to the minis. censure. What can be your reasons for an. ters and to the parlianient. Sir John News | tipathy so violent, for invectives so acrimoport is alamed lest Ireland should suffer for nious? Those who, with me, are of opinion, want of the primum of its linen manufacto- | that the late ministers deserved well of their sy, which it now gets from America. In: | country, and who beheld their dismissal stead of primuin of linen manufactory, why from office with the deepest regret, regardcould not the honourable Baronet have said | ing it as really a public calamity, cannot linseed. It is shorter, more correct, much greatly admire the wanton - and illiberal remore easy to be understood, and is preferableflections on their conduct, which so frequentfor every purpose, except, perhaps, that of ly occur in the Political Register. If it be convincing his readers, that the honourable | inquired what the late ministers did to merit Baronet was once at school. As 10 the approbation, I also would ask in return, who ground of alarm, however, it is purely is there so unreasonable as to expect every imaginary. If, indeed, Indian corn, or political virtue to be brought into full exerwater-melons, had been the “ the primum cise, every needful plan of retorn completed, -" of the linen manufactory," the case would every long established and inveterate abuse have been desperate ; but, 's the primum extirpated, by any set of ministers, within * of the linen manufactory," that is to say the compass of twelve short months. For (throwing aside this verbose manner of ex. | my part, I am inclined to give them credit pression), linseed, will grow in Ireland, full for having accomplished as much as time as well as it will in America; and, as there and circumstances would well admit of: nor is a scarcity of land only, in the former ought it to be forgotten that it was the urgcountry, or rather of cultivation, I see no ing of a most salutary measure of reform, vharm, but a great deal of good, likely to arise equally just and expedient, which occasionfrom converting part of the linen weavers ed their dismissal. Adesit:ipy, however, into husbandmed. Mr. Perceval's answer that both the Ins and the Outs are alike - was, s that such observations would tend worthless, and deserving of the reprobation

" to show the Americans how they might you bestow upon them, admitting that the 4¢i continue to distress us.” This was a cry demerits of the two factions, as you call ing: apswer. It discovered a want of re- | them, if weighed against each other, would source. . As if it was not the business of the be almost equally balanced ; it appears to. opposition to make distress, if possible, in me that the manner in which the present - order that the country night be tired of the ministers contrived to sneak into power, m-ministers and drive them out of their places; and to circumvent their more manly and ho

and, as if Mr. Perceval and his set had not nourable rivals, is a circumstance in itself

done the same thing when they were out of alone abundantly sufficient to turn the scale - office. No, ino: crying will never do. The against those who could stoop to such artifi

way to have answered Sir John was to have ces, Allowing, ther, that the late ininisterse descrve reprehension for their delinquencies, 1 Pán? 30, jogallude to a notice; geniby Me it seems hardly fair thir the ineasure of Sleeridany of a motion on the state of brez chastisement dealt out to them, should sv lands: whence your concludes that the ques much escced what falls to the share of their tion of Catholic emancipation, as in is called, opponents Indeed, at the period of the late is again to be brought torwarth cdaw Mr. change of administration, I could not but S. expressly stated that he did not intend to wonder that tlie secrel 'machinations, the include the Catholic question ainong the obt back-stair cabals, “llie mysiery of iniquity" jects of bis motion. Ib Is iompassibles that you by which that change was cffected, did not could have totally overlooked inbis declara, draw down a few more strokes of your scor-' tion? If not, whywaslit passed over without pion scourges. Before that time, notwith the least notice? Why did you gratuiously standing the occasional severity of your ani | assume that Mr. 8. and his friends are again nadversions, you appeared, on the whole, about to agitate the Catholic questiva? inclined to think rather favourably of the Why, if not because it furnished yout, Minda late adlininistratiou.' At the close of your, an opportunity of bringing a charge against strictures on their behaviour in regarii'to the the present opposition, of factions and it Hampshire petition, if [ mistake not, you consistent conduct, iniproposing a neasure declared, even on that occasion, that you when oct of office which they abandoned wished thein well, a ud hoped for their conti. | when in place : because it afforded ground nuance in office. And, I perfectly recollect for accusing thions of baseness in so abandonthat in giviog your sentiments on Lord Hen- | ing, for the sole purpose of keeping their ry Petty's plan, of finance, you remarked, places, a 'measure which they had judged it that whatever different view's might be era necessary to propose. Now, I am by no tertained of the thing itself, you were means convinced that in all cases a member pleased to think that one good effect wouid of parliament ought to feel himself absocertaibly result from it, viz. that it would | Intely precluded from giving support to a have a tendency to promote the popularity measure merely because particular circumof the ministry, and tliereby enable them to stances may have led him io deem it impruimajotain their ground against the intrigues dent to forward that measure when in office. ot" she secret Gatinel. 'I confess, indeed, that And, as to the blame which the late minisany disposition which you might discover to ters have incurred in consequence of not support the late adnrinistratioir, appeared to having resigned their places rather than conarine quite as much from a conteniptuous sent to arrest the progress of what was called opinion entertained of their opponents, the Catholic Bill, the charge has always apas fron any peculiar feelings of regard topeared to me extremely fuile, It cannot themselves. For, well do I remember your surely be contended that it is the duty of mibeing accustonied to express yourself" con- nisters to throw up their places jo sollen disRruing the then opposition, both as a party gust whenever any difference of opinion may and individifaily, in the most degrading arise between themselves and the king. On terips. You laughed them to scorn for their the contrary, it may be asserted that such a pisilnimious abandonnie!it of the helm of step can but rarely become necessary, and

state, on the death of their leader. You Only in extreme cases. Now, it is by no ; treate their opposition to the executive got means clear to me that the case in question

vernment as equally factions and feeble. You | was one of that description. The measures Indiculed the editor of the Morniny Chronic which the bill was designed to carry into efcle for digni vios so contemptible a set of fecte werd. iloubtless highly expedient and nould leatesiner, with the name of the propery but I do not know that they were of . Opposition. And yer, nòt long afterwards, stich imperious necessity, as to brook no de; you are four Sailing with exultation, the day, thobend toi no circumstances whatever.

triuniph obtained by that very janto the The late ministers, so far from having been '. bane of all good governmietit during tlic pre foguilty of any dereliction of duty, õppear to

sent reigy--the success of whose intrigues have judged: wisely when theyi resolved to you had just before, so strongly deprecated: prelinquish their bbject for a time, till they You are found 1.0icing at the existation of could introduce it under rauspices more fa. those 'very,nieni Wion you had latély profess, vourable for its (accomplishment: Abandon ed to despise: and expressing gratitude to the nieasure! What injustice in sueba his majesty for the change in liis councils, charge! Were they not particularly careful which you said could not be for the worse to have it understood that by giving up the and might be for the better. Tam at a loss measure then, they did not pledge themlo conjecture how ton can explain'àway in selves never to bring it forward again ? And Poitietenicy so glari yo your Register of was it not in consequence of being tbus

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