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ihose clerks and inspectors had to attend to ; 1" who thought the present a case of the and, the plain question is, are the people to “most serious nature, would probably be of be made to pay for giving their votes? Sir | « opinion, that the former of these was the Francis Burdett einployed no agent; he “ preferable mode of proceeding; while gave no one authority to act in his dame; he “ others again might be inclined to think was elected without his knowledge ; and, " that the latter was the most desirable way must he be made to pay for having taken of disposing of the present question. He his seat? And, is it no breach of the privi- ' « had stated what were the modes of proleges of the house, that one of its members “ ceeding, and it was for the house to say, is harrassed with an execution merely be- " whether in this case ihe niore or less secause he has been elected a member of the “ rious mode ought to be adopted." " Sir hoase? --MR. BRAGGE said the house 1 “ Francis BURDETT said, the sources from could not entertain Vie question, because " whence he derived his information is in the charge of the judge had not been entered | " the recommendation of the judge, ucre" on the record. But, bere again, a law-suit, " the notes of the short hand urilor em. the scourge, the fire and brimstone of a law- .ployed to take run the trial, and the insuit, is coolly contemplated. Do you mean formation of his counsel. He esteemed to say, then, that a mitu cannot take his seat as these as attording him su hicient foundation in the House of Commons, in consequence " for bringing the matter before the lone. of the free cboice of the people, without " The only thing he had subo:itted to the exposing himself to what is intinitely worse “house was the instinition of the judge; than being mained as Sir John Coventry "ina! the circumstance of his taking his sell, was? It appears to me, that it should be " a thing which was incumleni on liim, was so clearly and so generally understood, that " such an aproual and ratification of the a member of parlianient is to pay no money " proceedings huid during the election, as oo accoun: of his election, that a suit " must subject him in the exten5€ s the 145against him, on such account, would I "tings. He fut himself by no means intebe received in the same way as a suit against or rested in the fate of this discussion. Ile him for having black hair. It was the peo- " esicemed it to be the cause of the hon e, ple, who went and demanded to vote for Sir " and, if he had taken a bill of exceptions, Francis Burdert, and denianded also, that " or adopted any other mode of setting aside their votes should be registered, in the same !" the verdict thali iliat which lie now used, books with the vores of others; and, were “in submitting the case to the consideration they, or any of them, for this cause, to be " of the house, he should have conceived deemed the agents of Sir Francis Burdett? " that he subjected himself to a severe cen

THE SPEAKER said, " after what bad 1 « sure for his cunduct. He now left it lo " passed, in allusion to hiin, it was neces. the house to determine as they thought "sary for him to put the honourable baro. ' "o propcr,"--Here the matter dropped, " net right, as to what he had stated on a and that, too, without one word from the re“ former night. What he had said was, torining Whigs; except, indeed, from Sis " that, when any practical inconvenience Arthur Pigott, who was decidedly against " did arise, if the honourable baronet con- | any interference on the part of the house. So "tinued to think, that it involved a question that it is now settled, that a man may be " of privilege, be should, in that event, lose made to pay for a part, at least, of the ex“ no time in applying to the house. De bad penses of an o lection, at which he inzy bare " no hesitation in saying, ibat if any judge been nominated and chosen without his cool" should recoinmrend to a jury what could sent; and even against bis will. This is a * be construed into a breach of the privi- | newly discovered feature in “our glorious " leges of that house, it was the duty of the constitution.” Nay, whether closen, or 6 house to resist, and to guide their course not, he may be made to pay, unicus the ta

" was no mnotion before the house, le liable. Suppose Sir Francis Burlett han " should only suggest two different modes | been out-polled by the bewer or by : 6 of proceeding, both of which had been late Treasurer of the Nary. Why should lo " adopted in the reign of Charles the Se. | not have been made to pay in that case, as “ cond. One was in the case of Judge well as in this case ? For, the hostings and • Weston,' where an impeachment was or the books would have been as much used by 6. dered, and the other, in the same reign, him then, as they have been vow'; and, this " where that measure not being deemed ne being the case, a little knot of electors have, 56 cessary, the matter wils allowed to drop at any time, the power of half-zujning any. " Frithout any farther discussion. Those man, of little fortune, agrinst whom iley

may bave a spite. They have nothing to do " maintaining the constitution, do you? but to nominate bim at Westminster, and “. Well, here it is;; this is it ; and, this demand a poll in his favour, to make him " we are ready to maintain against all its liable to a share of the High Bailiff's charges. " enemies, beginning with those whom we Was there ever any thing so monstrous as know to have assailed it." -- " Aye, you this heard of before? Is this the constitution “ perverse dogs," say they," we know of England ? Is it this that we are called up- ' “ you are ; but, that is not what we mean, on to pay and to bleed for?- Some peo- « We want you to spend your last shilling ple say, that it is hard, that the expense " and to slied your last drop ió defending should fall upon the High Bailiff; but, those what we call the constitution ; that is to persons are, surely, not informed, that the " say, us and our power and our numerous High Bailiff's is a very lucrative office; that ' « and immense emoluments.”— It is, he derives his emoluments out of the pockets however, quite useless to write, or to talk of the people of Westminster; and that he much, about these things. We all of us buys his office, not of those people, but of understand one another very well. The rethe Dean and Chapter of Westminster. To solution, upon both sides, has, Jong ago, been take the elections, in the city, is one of the formed. Time alone can produce any duties attached to the High Bailiff's office; change ; but, in the meanwhile, on one it is one of the purposes for which emolu- | side all is fear, and, on the other hope, ments are given him; and, if he pays so or, at least, the absence of fear, it being much to the Dean and Chapter as not to l'impossible to discover any ground for apleave him a sufficiency to defray the expenses prehension. of raking elections, the fault is his, or that of Pitt's Birth Day. The 28th of May the Dean and Chapter, and by no means that was, it seems,' the day, which gave this of the people, who have an undoubted right | man to the world, and it appears from to come and vote for their representatives publication in the Courier news-paper of free of all expense, and free of expense to ihe 30th, that the anniversary of his birth those representatives also ; for, it is evident, was celebrated on that day, at the Merchant that, if the representative be loaded with ex Taylor's Hall, in the city of London. ! pense, it must be injurious to the consti- | have read over the long list of the ptTsotis, Tuent. But, this is the state, into which all who are said to have been present, and I do is now got. Offices are spoken of as things not see the name of one single person who is to produce money; and, accordingly, they not, in himself, or his relations, a teceiver are bought and sold. The duties are left out of the public money, in one shape or in of the consideration ; or, when required to another ; I do not see the name of one be performed, are to be paid for, just in the | singla independent gentlenian ; I do not see same way as if there were no salary, or in- | the name of any one person, to whom, as 1 comie, attached to the office. All that member of parliament, I would give my now remains for the people of Westmiuster vote. This was as it should be ; and tile to do, is to resist the claiia of the High Bai- l proceedings, at the dionier, were perfectis Jiff at every election. It would, perhaps, be in character. Upon the cloth being Te. adviseable for the members chosen to await | moved, a psalm was sung, Not into 5. the regular process for compelling them to 1 " not unto us, O Lord, c. c.” by a ver take their seats; and, after that, to see what I of hired singers, in exact imitation of the the court of king's bench will do. In the proceedings of the “ diverting vagabonds, meanwhile, it would not be amiss, if the who, from the play-houses and the stews, 39" committee for the last election were to assembled to celebratethe triumph of Mr. Shecertain the annual amount of the High ridan and Sir Samuel Hood at Westminster, Bailiff's emoluments; the several sources and which triumph, I would have these imitafrom which they are derived; the price | tors recollect, was but of very short durie which he pays for his office; the uses to / tion.--Next followed a lying Ode, from which the inoney is applied ; and the origi. the editor of a news-paper; a precious spe; Tal intention of the grant of such emolu cimen of doggerel, but admirably adapted ments. Such an inquiry will be of great Į to the subject and to the audience. The use; it will lead us back to former timnes composer seemed to be perfectly aware and usages, and will cnable us to hold up ! the motives of the festival, and, therefore the constiinion to the faces of those, who he took care to say, that, * not envy are so vehemently calling upon us to main " can say this noble train, their rites with 'tain it. This is the way to fight them. ' "' sordid ends profane," This was by way * You Want up, to spend our last shilling, of anticipation; but, Mr. Quin inay dogs “ 20 fot out to drop of blood, in | gerel his eyes out, before he will get my

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man of common sense to believe him. Such being finished, the " principles of Pitt'' men well know the real motives of this were toasted, with a wish that they might meeting ; and they know, that they are continue to inspire the councils of Great sordidness itself ; they know, that to cele | Britain, wbich was followed by the tune of brate the birth-day of Pitt, is to inculcate « Britons strike home." Astonishing im-, the praise of a squandering of the people's pudence! As if the public could fail to know, earnings upon those who do not labour; that it was during his administration, that they know, that this festival was intended, France became mistress of the continent of by the mass of those who assisted at it, to Enrope, and that England became, what she, brazeo out the acts by which they bad been now is, a country besieged. These very. enriched at the public expence. ----After people will tell you, that the situation of the che «Ode" came forth: MR. FITZGERALD country is such, that your only hope is, to, with a recitation of some still worse doggerel be able to escape being couquered by France, of his, which has long been kicked about Into this situation we have, it is notorious, the bookseller's shops, and serving occasion. | been brought during the prevalence of the ally for a shade to their windows, under the principles of Pitt; and yet these people title of “ An independent tribute to the have the impudence and insolence to tell the “ memory of Mr. Pitt." This effusion of world, that tbey glory in tbose principles, independence comes from a man, who has, and that they wish them still to be acted I believe, for many years, been in the upon.- Aye, but they do not mean these Stamp Office, or in some other office, under principles. They mean the principles upon the minister of the day, and during his plea. | which the people have been loaded with taxsure. This gentleman holds the pen of a es and themselves loaded with wealth. The ready writer. He is always at it. No matter principles, upon which the enormous grants what the subject, so tbat it be but auspicious of money have been made, and upon which to his little interests, and, as the wise Duke | the hundreds, who could be ramed, have said, " scribble, scribble, scribble." Let been permitted to fatten. There appears there be but a dinner toward, and you are to have been something of a mixture of sure to hear of this Mr. Fitzgerald and his masquerade at this festival ; for, there is a odes. Two or three years ago, the news. | speech given (and which I am now about to paper people used to let us see his odes; but, I insert), under the name of " the Lord of late, they have had the prudence merely “ Chancellor," which never could have to tell us about them. The Courier says not come from any man, being a real Lord a word in praise of this “independent tri. Chancellor of England. The LORD “ bute,". whence I should suppose, lhat, “ CHANCELLOR, whose feelings were so in spite of the poet's indefatigable exertions, strongly affected, that it was with great be is, at last, not very rich, and that he “ difficulty he addressed the company, said, tinds, to bis severe mortification, that, “ that be lamented most bitterly the loss, while he is obliged to give praise upon mere “ which the nation and mankind had sus; speculation, and upon very long credit, at " tained in the death of Mr. Pitt, and he hest, he is unable to obtain it except upon " would offer up his prayers to a gracious condition of high price and prompt pay- Providence that this loss might be supplied meut. Since I discovered, that authors “ by raising up some distinguished charac, paid reviewers for suffering them to review “ ter by the superiority of whose genius and their own books, I have ceased to look into Į“ virtue the protection of the human race the London reviews ; but,' at the time « might be secured. His poor endeavours when I did, this son of doggerel appeared to " he should constantly exert for the benefit be in close connection with the reviewers ; 1" of his country ; he was happy in the conand, accordingly, accounts of his insignifi. fidence of his sovereign, and he revered cant performances made, frequently, a great 1 " that august prince, because he knew that ligure in , those works, which the dupes ! " he valued the liberties of those over whom ahout the country look upon as the standard “ he was appointed to reign. He (lord of taste. What a life this poor man must " Eldon) was not only the political friend lead! Continually upon the watch for some of the eminent statesman whose birth-day. Oceasion of paying his court to those who they were now celebrating, but he was have the power of adding to his salary. Con " the private friend of his heart, and be linually battering bis dull brains for some “ could not advert to the deprivation he had new tag, as a coaveyance for bis disgusting 1" suffered without the most poignant grief.

negyrick. Of all the slaves on earth ibé - Happy would it have been for him, had most wretched must surely be a place in “ he himself been the precursor of the asso. byme. The independent tribute' " ciale nf his bosurn in the vale aj dcath. I

" will, (said his lordship), as far as my en- ! pout and slink away? Why not go on as " deavours can go), live in allegiance, if I they were going? From the moment " may so express myself, to the memory of they themselves came into power, they be. " that great man; and why will I do so? came the eulogists, the open, the avowed, " Because by so doing I shall act in the way imitators of Piit, of whom, upon all oc. " which I conceive to be most consistent casions, Ihey spoke as of a great and virtuous ** with the. interests, the happiness, and minister. Why skulk, then ? Why not "s the liberties of the people of Great Bri- | brazen a thing out in a birih-day celebration? " tain. In all the experience which I have | And, if they could not get their heads in, " had of the views and conduct oi my del at Merchant Taylor's Hall, why not have a " ceased and lamented friend, I have ever meeting elsewhere? This faction is the “ seen that in no moment he neglected the most compleiely embarrassed and bamed of " good of the state, but always felt the most any one that the country ever saw. Eager. “ vigilant and jealous anxiety for the well ness to grasp at power and pelf made then " being of all ranks and conditions of men." join with, and truckle to, the Grenvilles. -----No: I will not, for a moment, sup The condition imposed upon them evidently pose, that this was littered by a Lord Chan was, that they should praise Pitt, and avow. cellor of England. . It must bave come from their intention to imitate his conduct as far some methodist preacher, dressed up in a as possible. This has been to them the big wig and gown. The Courier relates, 1 bundant source of inconsistencies and disthat“ upon the close of this speech, the com grace; and it will continue to flow during piny begun to retire ;" and, well they might, the remainder of their political lives The benediction was all that was wanted after | At the birth-day dinner, one toast was, this prayer for "ó all ranks and conditions of " The Spanish nation, and success to the " men." Associate of bis bosom in the vale " eljorts of its people against the tyranny of of death, indeed! What miserable, what dis- | "Buonaparte. So, here weare in lore with gusting stuff.! What wretched humbug! | the Spaniards, after having seized their frie No: the present Lord Chancellor would not gates without a declaration of war, and made get drunk ; and, I am very sure, that, sober, 1 two attempts at seizing their territory in he never would have thus exposed himself to South America. “ The tyrauny of Buona. laughier. - One of the motives, and the parté ; " aye, and the Tyranny of any lody principal one, amongst the instigators of else. Tvranny is not more tyranny for being this festival, doubtless was, the embarrass. exercised by Buonaparré. Our compassion ment and mortitication of their political op- | for oppressed people seeins to lie dormant ponents, who have dropped the celebration always, unul those people get into the of the birth-day of their hero, chietis, per- cluiches of Buonaparté. For any part, I can haps, because they are not enough united to see no difference in being oppressed and robkeep it up. But, why did they not join the bed by him and in being oppressed and robe others? Why not go and sing Non Nobis bed by others. What is it to the Spaniards, it Domine " in a superior style?" Why not they are to be slaves, whether they be his go and clay the ode of Mr. Quin, and the slaves, or the slaves of the Prince of Peace as independent tribute" of Mr. Fitzgerald ? or of a set of tyrants, raised up an.ongs Why not in offer up their prayers to a theniselves.? The newspapers bave, of late, gracious Providence," that another Pitt entertained us will accounts of the ideocy night arise " for the protection of the of the king of Spain, of the baseness of the human race ?" Why not all this? They | heir apparent, and of the rascality of the joined these com niemorating set in voting ministers, who, by mere dint of impudence away forty thousand pounds of the people's and profligacy obtained the power of op. money to pay Pili's debis, and that, too, pressing the people. What do these birthupon the score of his public services. Why, I day people wani, then ? Dodbey want the then, should they not join in celebrating his people of Spain to continue under the old Pirtis day. When it had been made clearly system? Can they conceive any tysanay appear, that Pitt, without any authority, 1 cuore galling than that which is exercised by and without the consent or knowiedge of notorious rogues ju the name of a slavering even his colleagues in office, had lent with ideot ? What do they want ? Do they out interest forty thousand pounds of the want to see a revolution take place, and a pabjic money to two men, who had, at that I new kind of government set up ? Hardly ; liine, seats in the House of Commons, the ver, it is difficult to say what else they can W igs, instead of what the people.expected, want. Napoleon will not fail, I dare say, proposed a lill of indemnity for him. Why to keep a pretty tight hand over the Spa i colebrate his birth-day, then. Why niards ; but, the question is, can the people of Spain be more on pressed than they now , exchange a domestic for a foreign tyranny, are? This is not the question for us, relative to eveu supposing that they are sure, that the Spain : for, it may suit is for the Spaniards i latter will be as severe as the former. ---I to continue slaves under their preseut rulers have otten been amused by the earnest exe rather than be free it that were likely to be bortations of the Courier and the Morning the case) under Napoleon. But, it is the Post, addiessed to the inhabitants of countries question, and the only question, for the about to be invaded by Napoleon, calling people of Spain ; and, whatever may be the upon theny,“ in the sacred name of liberty," wishes of the birth-day gentry, they may to come forth and be chopped down to ihe be assured, that, if the people of Spain feel last man, rather than suffer their country to that they cannot change for the worse, they be plundered by the French. Alas! poor will make no resistance against the French. fellows, if they could have read these disinWhen mere life is all chat a man bas left to terested exhortations, they would not have preserve; when the government has proceed- been able to understand one word of them. ed, inch by such, till he has stripped him To talk to them about liberty and property to the skin , when bare existence is all that is like talking to the African about frost and ta can call his own, it is too inuch to spow. If they had known the meaning of expect him to hazard that, to place that in the words, their answer would have been : immediate and imminent danger, lest the " Why man, we have no liberty to preobject of his allegiance should be changed. " serve, we are already plundered to the Being satistied that nothing worse çani come, “ very skin ; and we defy the French 10 he will naturally wish for a change ; because " plunder any body but Iliose who now in any change, be it what it may, the “ plunder us, and who insult us into the chances are in his favour. This is as plain, “bargain.” If the Morning Post could and the conclusion as infallible, as that of have received an answer from some of these the result of auy question in the rule of three, people, how foolish its editor would have It must be so, and it will be so, in spite of looked. The people, who were about to be all the toats and all the psalms and all invaded by the French, were full as good the prayers of the Piitiies and their underlings. judges of iheir situation and interests as the

tappears to me, that there is another, Morning Post was. They well knew that and a very sufficient reason, for a people, they could not be plundered; or they would who, like the Spaniards, are lielii in slavery have fought to keep out the wunderer. by their domesticiyrants, wishin toexchange The thing speaks for it:ef. We all will do that tyranny for the tyranny of a man like much to guard our owa possessions. The Napoleon. Men fud an apology to them: 031 cowardly of mankind will scratch and selves for quiedy submiiting to the commands bite those who come to take away their food of a great conqueror and immens armies. It and raiment; and, therefore, when a popu. is evident to all the world, in such a casa, lous nation surfers itself to be overrun by a that resistance is vain ; and, therefore, there foreign enemy, we may be assured, that is 110 disgrace in submission. But, 10 sub- , the people in general of that pation do not mit to a banai of tande intrigain, rogies, I think that that enemy will, or cun, do them who, under the names of law and justice, any harm. There is a sort of intuitive reaso completely immesh the people as to make soning, which leads people to conclude, that one half of them the spies upon, anishe the enemy, be he what he way, will not plunderers and hangmen of line ouber bull, take away people's food, nor make the land is an intainy that man carrot bear with any barren. The Morning Post reasons in a degree of patience, When things are come to different way. It supposes all the world this pass, resistance is full as vain here as in made 1of the use of England ; that, any the other case ; but the fact is not so evident longer than a country can be of use to to the world; and the slave cannot make to England it cannot be considered as any other himself the same apology. Any nation, than base and intimous; and, of course, however numerous, wise, and trave, may ht, when it is overrun by the French, it be conquered and enslaved by a superior is become base and infamous, and my as

foreign force, and may be well entitled to well be annihilaied at once. Bul, so reason · the compassion and respect of the world; not the people of other countries. They

but, a nation which is enslaved by domestic consult their own happiness; and, if they

tyrants, which does, in fact, enslave itself, think they shall be happier under the domi: is, and ought to be, an object of universal i nion of the French than they now are,

contempt. It is, therefore, quile natural, though we may regret this opinion of theirs, - that men should be, as we have recently, we can have no right to abuse them for act· seen them, in so many instances, ready to ing upon it. One more toast, and then I

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