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it follows, that a continuance of the pro. But adhering to rhe moderation by which he clamation would be consiitent with an en- bas been invariably guided, and auxicus to uire di continuance of one only of the cc- , rescue the two nations from the circumçurrences from which it proceeded.--But stances, ander which au abortive issue to it is not necessa y lo avail ilę arg:ment of your mission necessarily places them, he this view of the case, although et itself en· : has authorised me in the event of your distirely conclusive. Had the proan arion closing the terms of reparation which you been founded on the sigle aggression cm- believe will be satisfactory, and on its apmitted on the Chesapeake, and were il ad- pearinig that they aie so, to consider this mited that the discontinuarce of that ag. evidence of the justpess of his Britannic gression merely, gare a claim to the discon- niajesty as a pledge for an effeciual interpo. tinuance of the praclamation, the claimsition with respect to all the aluses against a would be defeated; by Thę incontestable 1 recurrence of which the proclamation was fact, that that äggression has not been dis meant to provide, and 10 proceed to concert caninued. It has never ceased to exist ; with you a revocation of that act bearing the and is in existence at this monieuit. Need I same dale with the act of reparation to which remind you, Sir, that the seizure and as the U. States are entitled.--I am not unportation of the seamen belonging to the aware, Sir, that according to the view which crew of the Chesapezie, entered into the you appear to have taken of your instrucvery essence of that aggression; that with tions, such a course of proceeding has not an exception of the victim to a trial, fore been copiemplated by them. It is possible, bidden by the most solemn considerations, nevertbeless, that a re-examination, in a and greatly aggravating ibę guilt of its au- spirit, in which I am well persuaded it will thor, the seamen in question are still rę. be nade, may discover th:m to be not idtained, and consequently, that ibe aggres- flexible to a proposition, in so high a degree -sion, if in no other respect, is by that act liberal and conciliatory. In every event, the alone coatinced and in torce ? If the president will have manifested his willingviews which have been taken of the subject
ness to meet your government on a ground have the justness which they claim, they of accommodation, which wares to its feelwill have shewn that on 10 ground what. ings, however misapplied he my deem Ft T can an annulment of the proclamation them, every concession, not essentially dne of July 2d be reasonably reguired, as a pre. to those which must be equally respected, Jiminary to the negociation with which you and consequently will have dempeustrated are charged. On the cop:rary, it clearly re that the very ineligible posture given lo so sults, from a recurrence to the causes and
important a subject in the relations of the object of the proclamation, that, as was at
two countries, by the unsuccessful terminafirst intimated, the strongest sanctions of G. 1tion of your mission, can be referred to co Britain herself would support the demand, other source than the vigorous restrictions that previous to a discussion of the procla
under which it was to be executed. I mation, due satisfaction should be made to make no apology, Sir, for the long interval the U. Statés; inai tbis satisfaction ought to between the date of your letter and that unextend to all the wrongs which preceded aud der wbich I write. It is rendered unneces. produced that act; and that even limiting | sary by your knowledge of the circumthe merits of the question to the single re- staiices to which the delay is to be ascribed. lation of the proclamation to the wrong
To le continued.) committed in the sitack on the American frigale, and deciding the question on the
COBBETT’S principie that a discontinuance of the latter, required of right a discontinuance of the former, nothing appears that does not leave such a preliminary destitute of cvery foundation which could be assumed for it
ENGLAND. With a right to draw this conclusion, the The Fourth Volume of the above Work, president might have instructed me to close comprising the Period from the Restoration this communication, with the reply stated in the year 2000, to the Revolution in the in tbe begipnjiig of it; aud perhaps in tak- 1 year 1658; will be ready for delivery on Suing this course, he would only have con- turday, the 25th instant. On the same day sulted a sensibility, to which most govern- will be published, the Tenth volume of ments would, in such a case, have yetded. 1". Cobbert's Parliamentary Debates,"
: Vol. IIINo. 25;) :-: LONDON, SATURDAY, JUNE 18, 1808.
" Give the people manithing to fight for, and vou need have recourse to no coercive means to make then ** fighi."-S1R INCIS BERDETT's Speech upon the Local Militia Bill. 90: - -----
----- 1962 · SUMMARY OF POLITICS. I and coslave the people of Spain, rather than Srain.--- The news from Spain is, see that people free. With such persons aqu atraid, too yood to be true; but, if it be there is nothing so formidable, nothing so true; ifide peuple are really making a stand horrible, nothing so diabolical, as free.loui against France, il is a post glorious circun- enjoyed by the peotle. To them, Napoleon stance, and is a fine illustration of Sir Francis is an object of hatred, not as an ensaver of Barden's clocuine', that the people need never nations, but as an overturner of authorities be carnaldud tu tight ; leur never be sirven and a plunderer of the rich. If they lose
to take up inims; deed uerer be ilogged to their power of living upon the labour of the : the work, proride'd they feel that the cause people, that is all they dread; and, as there
is their own, Win a land war raised to dea į is a chance of their enjoying their plundei send the authority of citler ile king or the l onder Napoleon, they would, upon all occa
vince; bt, shipmune it ihey were sally sions. preier his sway to such a revniution as gon, the people an mai to have ata return should rectually proiect the people against ut their musicut copiicier, and a desire to be all plunderings whatsoever. Let us hope, great and indeThe " accused thing was hune Ter, thai no such miscreants will tio!
removed from the camp,' and the happy ! their way to the ear of our ministers, upon eifens were skelly experienced. It will, this occasion; and, if they should, Ict us indeed, be an interesting event, if the Spa- hope, that their advice will be rejected.- men niards, with an abuicated unde, sliould res.. To leist the people of Spain (such assist
Cile their country in the fangs of the alice being coupled with any condition as · French, or, if they should make 211, thias to !he internal government ot the couniry),
like a respectable sind print them; 3011, i l, for any part, would grudge noihins; ani, the Hiing is possibile ; tur, hou li an im ' I believe, that the whole country has the wense arany will be pocieri in upou tim, a same feeling. It is certai:ly, if we go se. nation so populous and solare as Spinis ronaly 10 work, in our power to do much. not very soon over-run. To get rid of Ni | Weline the complete cominand of the sca. poleon and of their own stupid tyrants too mu Spin there are many sea-ports, We will, indeed, be 3 giorious atchiet-neut; cara supply the Spaniards with an abundance but, I am airaid, it is something too glorious of arms and ammunition. We can send to bpe for.---Car ministers seem to be then artillery, and excellent artillery officers, usiny great promptitude in giving them as- and some good engineers. We can spare sistance. I box;:4, that no vile miscreant will them a small army of soldiers ;, and in Whisper in their ear, that they ought to be short, we can put it in their power 10 beat C ions; that this is not to: cause of kings; the Frenclı. But, then, it will require great
and, ibat it is better to suffer Vapoleon to frankness on our part ; and, above all, an triumph than to let the work see, that the explicit declaration, that we will, at no time people of any cenniry are adequate to their and in no manner, interfere in the internal own defence. I hope that no vile selfish concerns of Spain; but, that the people shall miscreant will give such advice; but, really, ce left to theji own free choice as to all matI have my fears, tha!, when time has been ters relating to their own government. This taken for canvassing the subject, lo reflect 14, however, what, I am afraid, we shall not on the probable consequences of giving li- | do. Any thing that we isuse will, we shall beriy to the people of Spain, or, of aiding seo, be tilled with reservations, and withi them in the undertaking of reviving their doctrines about loyalty and religion; and, liberties; I really have my fears, that when that being the case, the Spaniards will kaye time has been taken for this, we shall pre no confidence in us. We shall, I am afraid, ceive an abatement of that zeal, which, at l talk about their king being held in captivity ; present, appears to be operating in their , and, if we do, the people of Spain will creat Behalf. I know, that there are men, who, us just as the people of France did. Rapothough they hate Napoleon, because they leon is become a sort of general protector of are afraid of hiin, would see him conquer crowned heads. It is not his inte. of to see,
a iy where, a change in favour of the liber- | that faction being French at heart, and notics of the people, and his interest agrees thing but French. There is, it is said, an but too well, in this respect, with the incli envoy in London, from the Spanisb patriots, nations of most of the governnients, which the VISCOUNT MATEROSA, who has been he äiticks, and which the people will not fully accredited by our ministers; so that, it defend against him, merely because it is in: | would seem, that there are occasions, when possible for him to make their lot worse than | to be patriots is no sin. All this is de. it is.--The Courier newspaper tells us, lightful, if we do not change our minds : that the country feels unusual anxiety for the but, I have gre. t fears upon that score. I * patriots' of Spain. This print is quite have great tears, that there are, in this enthusiastic in their cause. I wish it may | country, several men, who, rather than see hot soon receive a damper. I wish it njay | the Spariards really free, would see them not bear a voice, saying: “ What are you l exterminated, and Buonaparié marching in * about, Courier? Do you know how dan. I triumph over the laud stained with their “ gerous it is to talk of patriots? Do you ! blood. I will not name these nen; bai, I " consider that the people of Spain are acting wish my words to be remembered, and most " for their own preservation, and not for the sincerely wish the correciness of any opinion “ exclusive benefit of a base, corrupt, and may not become too evident, betore many “ greedy set of courriers? Do you reflect, / months have passed over our heads. Mr. " that, if they succeed, bribery and corrup- | Sheridan has, I see, given notice of a motion .“ tion will be starved in Spain? And, have upon the subject of Spain, which motion is “ you duly weighed the natural consequen- / to be made, it seems, to-morrow, and, as I “ces of an example, which would convince | shall vot, in this sheet, have an opportunity “ the world, that a king inay abdicate bisl of noticing the debate, I will here make a ri throne, that he and all his family may be remark or two upou what was said relative " taken into exile, and that, yet, the coun- | to the propriety of making any motion at all. " 'try may be defended, its liberties restored, 1 Mr. Perceral " could not see what good "s and its honour and greatness asserted? 1 could arise from the agitation of such : “ Pray, consider, wbat a contrast this event is subject ;" and Mr. Whitbread thought, " will make when compared with what has 1 us that the moment was so critical, that “happened in those countries, where the « every matter of the kind should be left “ kings and princes have remained ; and ! « entirely and exclusively to the discretion " where the struggle (such as it was) has ! " of the ereculive power." For what? I can “ been made for them. In the power of see no reason for that at all. Let the com“ Napoleon there is, to be sure, great dan- | munication with Spain be carried on by, or “ ger; but, my dear Courier, that power, through, the king; but, at the most critical " were it ten times as great as it is, would ! of all times, shall the parliament disperse, “ not be an object of a thousandth part so and express not one single sentiment relative “ much dread, as the success of a people, to Spain? They are allowed, God bless “ who should, at once, defend themselves them, to send up to the king as many ad“ against him, and annihilate domestic brin | dresses as they please, upon any and upon « bery, corruption, and oppression." It every occasion ; but, they are not to wDisper will grieve me to see this damper applied to | a word by way of advice. Nothing can the Courier, who, having its eye fixed upon I be more proper than a resolution passed by Napoleon's power, now talks SO cheerly ! the parliament, expressive of their joy a about "the patriots of Spain;" but, I must what is reported has taken place in confess, that I am greatly afraid of it; for, | Spain, and of their earnest hope, that no to wish success to the people of Spain is to means within our power will be neglected to wish destruction to bribery and sycophancy give success to the arms of the people of that and peculation, than all which, to the heart | country, so basely abandoned, so shamefully of the Courier, nothing appears to be more sold, by their rolers.- Into such a resolu. congeaial.. If Napoleon were bamed in tion might be wrought the sentiment of the Spain, there is no telling to what that might parliament respecting the principle upon lead. The ultimate consequence might be which aid should be afforded to the Spa. the deliverance of Europe. I mean the niards; which would operate as a check “ real deliverance,"and not a mere exchange upon those, who might be tempted to carry of despotisms. The effect in America would l on war for the Spaniards, upon the vile be wonderful; though I should be greatly I principle that it was carried on for the royal. surprize, if, in the United States, the go- ( ist French.---The motion will do good, at vornment, the present reignii g faction, were l any rate, and I do not think it is possible 1104 gecided bu husiile to wc Spaniards, i that it should do any harm. If it make the ministers declare themselves bent upon en- | to some place at a considerable distance fro deavouring to give rral frecsóin to ihe peo- any other habitations. This cruel and ple of Spain, the declaration may tend to rannical proposition I opposed at the tim keep thém firm; and, if it discover the fact, and I am happy to perceive, that it is no that the ministers are about to play the old universally exploded, except by the delud game of Piit and Duodas, the sooner the few, who have been weak enoush to en people of Spain kucw it, the better it is themselves in a sort of combination in The world, as yet, kilow noihing of the feel. | vour of the cow-matier.-- I should like ing of any part of our governıncht, towards have heard Mr. Rose's statement of the c the cause of the Spaniards. We ourselves cumstances at Ringwood, whence, be s know nothing of it. If the news, that has it is evident, that the failure arose " arc been received, be true, there ought, betore " the use of improper matter." That trai now, to have been a congratulation pass be-/ persous, who had been inoculated with i tween the king and the parliament. Mr. cow-pos, caught the small pox, and die, Sheridan, in answer to Mr. Whitbread, said, Ringwood, is a fact that even “ the loy that " he felt the urgency of the business, 1 " Jenneriun Society" cannot deny; and, il " and was, therefore, resolved not to leave being the case, what man, in his senses, w w it to the slow and skulking hesitation of put any faith in the efficacy of the cow-po " the ministers," Nobly resolved! if you as a preventive of the small pox? The this do but stick to it. A skulking hesitation, is done. It has failed, and it is in vain incieer! Wbat sh uld have provenied thein | endeavour to prop up its reputation; for, from declaring their juten'icps before now? a few years, it will become proverbial as What danger could there possibly have been | humbug. The pretext of spurious matt in their avowing themselves the friends of is the weakest defence that ever was set u the people of Spain? It appears to me to be because, it is evident, that such will alwa one of those cases, in which disguise could be the excuse. The methodist pike, wl not possibly be of any service, supposing the told his shoal of gudgeons, that, if they ha views of the ministers to have been what faith, they might jump into a chalk F they ought.---We ask them to divulge no without so much as straining their ancle screts. We do not ask them how, or when, answered all their reproaches with sayin they are going to aid the Spaniards. All we that their broken bones were owing to the want to know, is, that they heartily wish own sin in not baring faith, and referre success to the people of Spain. We want to for proof, to one amongst them, who had a be assured, that there are no lurking stipu- / cidentally escaped unhurt. All that caic lations about royalty in contemplation; no the small pox and die, have been cow-post design whatever to seize upon the treasures with spurious matter, and all who have n of Spain; and, in spite of all they can do, 1 yet caught the small pox, after the cow.po Mr. Sheridan's motion will bring forih that operation, have had the pure matter; and : which will discover their intentions in the it will be, to be sure, to the end of th 5:05.
chapter. Who is to collect this "genuis Cow-Pox. This experiment, which matter", and whence is it to comie? W! has cost the nation twenty thousand pounds, | shall tell whether he inoculate with tl or more, to Dr. Jenner, is now, it seems, to cow-pox or with king's evil ? Or with mar have an act of parliament to give it cufrency. I other disorders, one of which I will n Mr. Rose has brought in a bill for the pur name, but which I do hope, that faibers ar pose of " establishing a central institution moibers, who have given their children th: “ in London for the distribution of the cow. greatest of blessings, a pure stream of blood ir pox matter," which bill, in all appearance, will not forget, when they are abo:it i will pass; and thus this disgusting and de cause that blood to be impregnated wit grading remedy will cost the nation another matter taken from the ulcerous bodies four or five thousand pounds annually, others. The sinal) pox is liable to no sac though it has been clearly proved not to fatal consequence. The disorder is so we have answered the purpose intended. This, known as never to be mistaken ; and, as however, I regard as cheap, when compared the risk, what is a little risk of death, con to the menace of Mr. FULLER, who, in a pared with a great risk of that which mu late debate proposed a compulsory law upon render life a continual burden !--I a the subject. He took up the old idea of glad, however, to perceive, that ihe ininis Mr. Wilberforce, who was for a law to pre- ters took care to intimate their decided ho vent parents from baving their children in- tility to any law for propagating the cow-pa oculated with the small pox matter, unless hy force, by the aid of pains and penaltie they chose to send them to pest houses, or This being the case, I care liide about M
Rose and his cow pox in-tication. Those, 1" by the refusal of a licence on the part of who choose to have their enillwrn's blood im- i " the magistrates, to any innkeeper raising pregnated from that shop, will be at liberty " the price of postage. He moved for so to do; and those who wish to avoid it, I leare to bring in a bill to amend the act of may. This is all right; though it may be the 32d of the king, on the subject of lis very foolish indeed to make laws upon such “ cences.----Mr. Fuller said, it was evident a subject. I think, we my thank the events 1" that there were many persons at the meetat Kingwood for this ministeriai protest "ings at the St. Albans Tavern, who against connulsory measures. It would have " were not members of both houses of parbeen curiou enough to see people paying “liament, for the right hon. Gent. could penalties for being so obstinate as not to con: 1“ have heard the statement he had just made sult their own health, or that of their chil. « of lis proposition, only from the unfair Cren! -----The present application to parlia " understanding of a post-horse master ment is a pretty good prooi, what the project! " looking for the high prices. What he had is beginning to be blowed upon. " The “ stated, was, that the only mode of ob. Royal Jennerian Society" wuni funds. The “ taining remely was by encouraging comsubscribers buve fallen off; and so applica « petition. But in cases of groys abuse in tion to the public purse is become necessary. , " remote places, where there was no room I y have the subscribers fallen oil'? Their 1 " for competition, he allowed he suggested Premonity has not waxed cold, to be sure. It " the propriety of the magistrates taking were slauder, indeed, to suppose that. But, or away the licence, and he cised the preceI suspect, that their faith has waxed cold ; " dent of a licence taken away from an lunand, when that is the case, zeal soon slack 1 " keeper who charged a French ambassador ens its operations, more especially when " going out of the country, 1501. for a those operations consist chiefly in the expen į“ breakfast. It was fit the magistrates Citure of inoney. Some persons will, per- " should have such a discretion in cases of haps, blame me for thus exciting alarm in " gross abuse, and to subject them to assign the minds of parents, who have applied the reasons would be to subject them to the Cow-pox to their children. But, they who los lash of the Court of King's Bench, and are really alarmed, will perceive that the " the recovery of penalties by the criminal remedy is al band, and will not fail to apply " publican."- As to the subject of this it ; and, besides, it is for me to look to the motion, this annual lule of Mr Sheridan to future as well as to the past.
the publicans of Westminster, it is hardly Post-CHAISE WORK.---This seems anworthy of notice, there heirs only a few orld title to an article under the head of poli. | sot-pot fools in that city, who do not clearly fic; but, it will be found, I think, that see to the bottom of it. But, it here comes Certain proceedings, relative to the price of out, in the shape of an acknowledged fact, posting, involve principles of great moment, 1 that it was sugvested, by a member of parin politics. The reader will have observed, lianient, to the noblemen and gentlemen," that, for sometime past, there has been an at the St. Albans Tavern, to use their power advertisement in the news-papers,purporting, i flodged in their hands, as magistrates) that certain “ Vollemen auid Gentlemen" for the purpose of punishing ino-keepmet occasionally, at the St. Albans Tavern, ers, for charging them at wbat they for the purpose of coucerting measures to deem too high a rate for carrying them been don'n the price of posliny.--I was, | about the country; to punish men for when I tirst saw this advertisement, tempied ! asking such or such a price for their w noticc it; and, I cannot dow delay to work and the use of their chattels; and, this
duit, seeing what has passed, upon the sub- fact I deern a inost disgraceful ore to both Liect, in the House of Commons. ---On the head and the heart of the parties pro
the tenth instant, “ Mr. Sheridan rose pure , posing and entertaining the measure. i suant to notice, to move for leave to bring It maiters liicle wherber the price of posting os in a bill to amend the acts relating to li- be exorbitánt, or reasonable; though, from “ cences. His object, was to make it obli- | any calculation that I can make, I think “ gatory on the magistrates to assign a reason it reasonable ; and, my wonder always has « whenever they took away a licence, or been, how the ino-keepers, in the part of "s refused to grant one. He adverted to the England that I am most acquainted with, " recent meetings of members of both can perform it at so cheap a rate as they do. " houses of parliame it, at the St. Albans The proof that it cannot be performed “ Coffee. bonse, with a view to prevent the cheaper, leavirg a proper protit to the ind" rise in the price of postage; and the rekeeper, is that it is not performed cheaper; " medly proposed by the meniber før Susses, for, if a larger profit were derived from