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tion, even before an anicable demand of re- ; such offices, have been, with few exceptions, paration was made, and yet meaning to make restricted to the precise affair to be negocia. that demand, should have issued an edict, . tcd. With respect therefore to those other directing measures of injury very dispropor- causes of complet, upon which you iutorin

tionate to what it knew was an unauthorised me that the president's proclamation rests, I • offence, and both in its terms 21.d its pur- cannot be faroished with documents enasport so injurious to the government tb, which bling me either to admit or to controvert

that demand was to be addressed, and tend those statements of grievance, foreign to the rring to cab forti in both nations the feelings attack opon that ship, contained in your letonder winch a tsiendly adjustment would be ier, or authorized to discuss the matters

the most ditticult. But if, as I learn from themselves. I shall therefore not allow invouz Sis, the proclamation rests substantially myself to offer such comme:hts as my per****upono order causes, it is iben peculiarly to be sonal knowledge of sone of those transac

regrerred; that, stogether with the demand tions suggest to me, although their tendency for redress inade in Sept. last, the govern - would materially affect both the marked unuot of the U. Slátes did not think fit to ofl. njanner in which these transactions are porw for a negociation or sait explanation of so trayed, and the disadvantageous lights in · moventousa measure, or to declare tbat its which his majesty's government is represente

recaltanust be more or less connected with led to have acted respecting them.-----I am ou ishe adjustment of other alledged- wrongs. | moreover led to the persuasion that my go. * Bieither did it tbiuk necessary to return any vernment will be the more easily able to res","answer to the remonstrance given in by his cue itself from inculpation by the inferences

7 majesty's elvor. at Washington; on the 13th arising from passages in Mr. Munroe's letters -HC Joly 1807 pindurhich he represented ! that to Mr. Secretary Canning, of the 29th of site considered that interdiction to be so, un, Sept. last, that the differences unhappily

s triendly in its object, and so injurious in its subsisting between the two nations were in :E consequences to his majesty's interests, that a train of adjustment. If his majesty has

the could not refrain from expressing the sot permitted me to enter into the discussion i miosi si iscere regret, that it cyer should have of the search of neutral merchant ships for s been issued, and most earnestly deprecaiing. British seamen, together with the adjustment - its being enforced." It could not be sup- of the amount of reparation for the attack

posed that a circonstance of so great weight.f. upon the Chesapeake, it was in no wise with could be overlooked by his majesty's governs a view of precluding the further agitation of 'ment, in determining the line of conduct to that question at a suitable time; but it was be held in the negociation, and as little that the negociation might be relieved from could it be expected to pass it over, when the embarrassment arising from the connexon the failure of the discussion with Mr. ion of the present matter with the one so to. Munroe, it directed a special mission to be reign to it, and as it was but ioo well known, sent to ihe U. States. It had the less reason so difficult to be adjusted, of a right distinctto imagine that any other grievances could be ly disclaimed, with one which G. Britain has connected with that, for the adjustment of at all time asserted, of enforcing ber claian which I ans empowered 10 negociate, as Mr. to the services of her natural-born subjects, Munroe in his letter: 10 Mi, Canning of the when found on board merchant vessels of 29!h of July last, had staled with respect to other nations; a claim which she founds in ocher subjects of remonstrance, that it was that principle of universal law, which gives

improper to mingle: them with the present to the state the right of requiring the aid and l' more serious cause at complaint ; an opinion assistance of her native citizens. Tbé recur

towbich M.Canding declared his perfect assent rence, therefore, to that course of negocia

in his letter to that mozier of the 2d of the l, lion, wbich had been originally settled be. 1- subsequentmouth';.sh that this act was left asiween Mir. Secretary Cooling and Mr Díon* single and distinct, to be singly and distinctly 1.roe, and which had alone been broken in

considered. His Majesty's government there upon by the orders subsequently received by fifore could not consistently with any view of that minister, can only be considered as a re. 1 the subject tear before it, on indeed with the it, sumption of that course of things which G.

Pojnst objectiof my mersion, director empower, Britain strenuously contended there was 110 ime to enter unna muiher'not connected ground co.depart from. I may observe that *} with that of the Gleesapeaker and they couldi, this purpose, might have been effected with

with the loss proprietyicha itu balin ordet stod out the intervention of a special minister.-* '»render the adjustinti prodiiferences of suchIt will be in your recollection, Sir, that in la nature ihespone easy and ille more conspi- our first in:errien', I stated the condition

aloust tliks müristess chars despacially with which makes the subject of the prescat lets

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ter, before I was informed by you that the l quently, they shall instantly be freed from president of the U. Stales would consent to their newly contracled obligations.--Betore the separation of the two subjects.--I had | I close this letter, allow me to state to you, trusted that the exposition á hich I added to sir, that I have felt it my duty to transmit en letter of the 25th of Jan., to the rerbal to his majesty's government, the exposition explanation I had before offerers of the contained in your letter of the 5th iust of grounds of his majesty's demand, was boil the various demands on the honour and good in its purport, and in the teribs in which it faith of G. Britain, on which the complaint was couched, such as to prevent a suspicion is inade, that satisfaction has not been af. that they were in their intention derogatory forded to the U. States, and on which, conto the honour, or calcula ed to wound the joinsiy with the attair of the Chesapeake, just sensibility of the nation. 'I may add, you informed me that the proclaination of what such a supposition conid not be recon- the president of the U, States of the 2d of ciled with the various ostensible and wiegnin July, 1807, is founded. It will be for his vocal demonstrations of bis majesty's food majesty's yorernment to determice, on the faith and anxiety, what this transaction should part of G. Britain, whether any and what be brought to an amicable termination, obligations rerpain to be fulfilled by her

which were exhibited even prior to 20 y re- whether any denial or such protraction of re-
• monstrances on the part, or by order of this dress have cccurred on her part, as to render

government. The other topics which I felt necessary or justifiable the perseverance in
nivself authorized to advance in. at leitti, an edice, which, wlien not necessary or jus-
in illustration of that aquicable disposition on tihable, assumes a character of aggression ?
the part of the king, were brought forward and whether on the resuli of these conside.
from the conviction I entertained that they rations, the present negociation can be re-
must be of a nature to be satisfactory to this suined on the part of his majesty, with a due
government, and therefcre such as it was regard for his own honour, or with a pros.
particularly my duty to enforce, but not pect of a more successful termination. I
with a view to rest upon them the right to have the honour to be, &c. (Signed) G.
advance the claim which I have stated. ---I H. Rose.
may here remark, it is obvious that far from 1
requiring that the first step towards an ar 1 FRANCE AND AMERICA -----Letter of Il.
rangement of reparation should be taken by Champagny, to Grm. nirmstrong, dated
the U. States, G. Britain has already made Paris, jan. 15, 1508.
them openly and distinctly : they are indu-

Sir,---- The different notes which you
bitable testimonies to the respect borne and have done nue the honour to address to me
decidedly marked by G. Britain, to the ties have been laid before his Majesty ----The
of amity subsisting between the two nations, I proceedings of England towards all govern-
and of her cordial desire to maintain them ments are so contrary to the law of nations,
unimpaired: and as such alone they were and to all the rules constanty observed even
urged. As his majesty would have derived among enemies, that no recourse against this
sincere satisfaction from the evidence of cor- power is any longer to be found in the ordi-
responding feelings on the part of the U. nary means of repression. In order to an.
States, so it would be the more painful for 1 noy her, it is become necessary to turn
me to dwell upon a series of insults and me against her the arms which she makes use
naces, which without any provocation or of herself; and if transient inconveniencez
warlike preparation on the part of G. Bri- ! result therefrom, it is to her alone they are
tain, 'hare been for nonths accumulated up- | to be imputed. Since Eagland respects na
on her through the U. Şiates, and but too laws, how could they be respected with re-
frequently from quarters whose authority 1 gard to her? The maritime laws which she
necessarily and powerfullyconjmanded aiten- / violates, ought they still to be a protection 19
tion.. ought perhaps to apologize for ad- her? And it some powers tolerate the in-
verting to an incidental expression in your fractions committed on their independence,
letter, if I did not think it right to remore I could they have the right to require, that
any ambiguity respecting the nature of the France alone should restrain herself within
claim which G. Britain maintained to ber limits which her enemy bas every where
seamen, native citizens of the realm, who overleaped ?--The United States, more than
have deserted from her service to that of any other power, have to complain of the
other powers : it is, that on demand they aggressions of England.
shall be discharged forthwith, and conse-1

(To be continued)

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Printed by Cox and Baylis, Great Queen Sirect; published by R. Borsbaw, Bryoges Street. Cover a

Garden, where former Numbers may be had, sold also by J. Budu, Crown and Mitic, Pall. Mull.

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“ There is a point of trial, beyond which neither loyaliy nor patriotism will support a man, and that point “ is, the moral conviction that no change, that can posibly take place, will make his lite more iniserable " han it is ; for, what is it, that men labour and fight for? Consider the question well, and you shall find, " that all the motives come, at last, to two only; namely to gain, or to preserve. Nure, it is contrary to all reason and in common sense, that a min should venture his life to defend and to preserve that which he " must naturally bate."— NEDILAN's Essay on Government. 993]

- (994 SUMMARY OF POLITICS. 1 " the hospitality of bis mansion. Sir, I SPANISH REVOLUTIOX. This is a sub. " allow that this was a strong reason on the ject, which, let the event be what it may, i " part of my right hon, friend for desiring a must be deeply interesting to every man ” postponement of this business; for I believe, who reflects; and, as I took occasion to " with all my righthon. friend's public spirit observe in my last Register, I think, 00- " and enthusiason, that he has no very great thing could be more proper than such a dis inclination to lose a good dinner- slaug'i). cussion and decisioni, in parliament, as would " But as my right hon friend has detached have been a pledge to the people of Spain, " a very able general (the secretary of state and to the world, that the intention of " for Ireland) to represent him at his house. England was to assist that people in recover " I feel less reluctant at thus intruding on ing and establishing their liberties, and that, “ his patience, and shall therefore proceed. for that assistance, molliing was to be de. only expressing my hope, that the gal. manded. But, when Mr. Sheridan was " lant barvnet may soon be detached on a stated to be the motion-maker, ihat was to " more serious service ; that he may soon be expected, which has taken place; nane- " be sent into Spain to represent in that ly, a miserable fetch at popularity, a show of " country the enthusiasm of England in her being above party considerations, and, no! cause- Ileor, hear.!). -Inthe first place, unlikely, the sowing the seeds of a profitable 1 " sir, I wish to correct an idea which has job. This is a pretty use to make of the gone abroad, that I entertained the folly. cause of the Spanish patriote ! .--The mo. " ile presumption, the ill judgment, and tion of Mr. Sheridan (which was made on " the bad taste, of intending to teach bis the 15th instant) was prelaced by a speech, la majesty's ministers how to conduct them. the equal of which for nothingness, I never " selves in the existing circumstances. All read in my life. I must insert it; for, 10 "I desire, sir, is to win the attention of the give an adequate description of it is impossi “ house to the present situation of Spain. ble.- Mr. Speaker.---However I may “ Having communicated the tenor of my regret that the proposition which I had ' " motion on a former eveniug to oy risht " the honour of giving notice that it was " hon. friend opposite, aed my intention “ my intention to bring forward this even “not baving been disapproved by my righe " ing, has been postponed until this late “ hon. friend, I own I was surprised to < hour, and that the intention of the house “ find that his right hon, and learned " must be considerably exhausted by the colleague imagined that my motion would “ discussion which has just terminated, yet, " tend to embarrass bis majesty's govern" Sir, I still think it right to submit to their " ment. After the communication to wbich " consideration, the important subject which " I bave alluded, I expected rdat he would " was the object of that notice. I cannot give me credit for having no soch object in « conceal that a kind of negociation bas " view. On the other hand, Texperienced s been carrying on between my right hon. " something like rebuke from my hon. friend s« friend orposite and myself, in the course " (Mr. Whitbread), who seemed to think 56 of which my right hou. friend expressed " that I was going to bring forward a motion « his wish that I would put off my motion “ which was to save administration from all " for this evening, because the distinguished "responsibility on the subject. Now really, • persons who have lately come over to Eng. " sir, this was a inost unfortunate outset on

and to represent to the British government « iny pari. I meant tu do peither the c!e Sr the state and disposition of their native « thing nor the other. And here I must ks country are at this very morniot partaking to sat', that although no man living more


" highly respects the political probity and "to let Spain koow, that the conduct “ ability of my bou. liiend, as well as the " which we have pursued we will not rer“ estimable qualities of his private character, “ severe in, but that we are resolved fairly ri yet when he gets up to rebuke me for do: “ and fully to stand up for the salvation of ring that which appears to me to le niy " Europe. The next deinand I have to " duty, I am free to coníess, while lüp "make Sir, is, that if a cooperation with it plaod his judgment-his understanding-1" Spain be' expedient, it should be an " The deliberation with which he decides on “ I repeat, that I ** questions of inportance--ihut if there be " am far from promping his Majesty's go*** any one point in his character on which I " vernment to engage in aoy rash romantic “ should not be disposed to dwell with the " enterprise ; but, Sir, if upon ascertain" greitesť sati-faction, it would be his de: "ing the state of the popular mind, in "" ference to the opinion of others, or his “ Spain, they find it is warmed by a patrio

doubt with respect to his own--ja “ ric and enihusiastic arbour, theit, Sir, all " langli).--I am placedl, sir, in this dilem. “ I ask is, that that feeling should be met * ma; that while my hon: friend accuses “ here witir corresponding energy and " me of a disposition to cover administra- " enthusiasm. Buonaparte bis hitherto run “ tion, the right hon, and learned gent. « a most victorious race. Hitherto he has opposite suspects me of an intention to do " had to contend against princes without " it all the mischief in my power. Sir, I dignity, and ministers willout wisdoni, "I may be wrong! am far from wishing " He has fought against contries in which “ ministers to embark in any rash and ro “ the people have been indifferent as to mantic enterprise in favour of Spain ; “ his success; be has yet to learn wbat " but, sir, if the enthusiasm, and anima it is to fight against a country in which «« tion, which now exists in a part of Spain, I " the people are animated with one spirit “ should spread over the whole of that coun - to resist hiin-lear, hear). So far, " try, I am convinced that since the first Sir, from bringing forward a motion or barst of the French revolution, there ne- 1 " prematurely to embarrass his majesty's ** ver existed so happy an opportunity and " government, I soleninly declare, that, " occasion for Great Britaia to strike a bold “ if the opportunity to which I have alluded " stroke for the rescue of the world. "n of a vigorous interference on the part of " (Henr, hear, hear !) -- But, sir, it is said, " England should ariee, tbe present Ad"" if you do not distrust the administration, “ ministration shall have from me as cordial why discuss this subject in parliament ?" " and as sincere support as if the man • Sir, I will tell you why. I am disposed to " wborn I most loved were restored to life "« trust adininistration. But I wish to de. - and power. Is this a vain discussion? mand two things ; I wish first to declare, " Let ihose who think so look at the pre. " that, in my opinion, we must not deal in “sent state of Earope. Will not the ani". dribblets; we must do micb' or nothing. « mation of the Spanish mind be excited " Why do I make this declaration ? Ber " by the knowledge that their cause is « cause no cabinet which has bitherto cxis-repouscud, not by ministers alone, but by " ted in this country not even excepting “ die Parliament, and the people of " that with which I had the honour of being Fuglaud? If there be a disposition in " connected, bas pursued sioply and Spain to resent the insults and injuries, " plainly one clear and distinct object. " too enormous to be described by lan" Instead of striking at the core of the evil, guage, which they have endured from *s the administrations of this country have " the tyrant of the earth, will not that dis; r bitherto contented themselves with nib- i " position be roused to the most sublime « bling at the rind. in the censure, I in exertion by the assurance that their eitoris * must not include an bon. friend near | " will be cordially aided by a great and

me, nor Mr. Burke, they would have , “ powerful nation? Sir, I think this 2 ar proceeded directly and completely to “ montimportant crisis. Never was any " the object which they had in view, or " thing so brave, so generous, so nuble as re they would not have advanced to it a “ the conduct of the Asturians. They

step. But with tliese - exceptions « have maguaniniously avowed their bosa in the ministers of England bave pursued a " tility to l'rance--they have declared wir " petty policy; they have gone about “ against Butonaparte--they have no retreat is filclaing sugar islands, and neglecting all " --ibcy are resolved to conquer, or to or that was dignified and all that was con- “ perish in the grave of the hononr and « sonaot to the truly understood interesis "the independence of their country. It ** of their country. - I wish therefore, Sir, " is that the British government may, ada o vance to their assistance with a firmer | principle, contained in it; and, as svill be seen, " step, and with a bolder mien, that Mr. Canning's answer was, as might have I have been, anxious to afford this been expected, equally unmeaning.- Mr. ** 'opportunity to the British Parliament, Secretary Canding replied nearly as follows: " of expressing the feelings which they en “ Mr. Speaker, I am disposed to give every " tertain on the occasion. I move, Sir, I “ credit to my right ben, friend for his mo" that an humble Address be presented to tives in agitating this subject, and I can « his Majesty, that he will be graciously , vr assure him, that he is very much mistaken to pleased to direct that there be laid before if he imagines that it was intended to " this House, copies of such proclamations « check or rebuke him by any thing that " as have been received by his Majesty's “ was said on a recent evening from this side to Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, « of the House. At that time, although I * and which have been issued since the ar. " was in possession of my right lion. friend's " rival of the French army at Madrid ; “ communication), my right hon. friend r whether by the Spanish Government, the " near me was not so. Sir, I could very “ French Commander in Chief, or by per-1" easily shew my right hon. friend, that it r sons since claiıning :o act on behalf of " is impossible to produce the papers for " the Spanish nation." So, here, after " which he has moved : soine, because all, is a motion for laving before the parlia- ! or they have not reached his Majesty's Gomeni, papers which are in the possession 1 " vernment in an authenticated form ; of all the world, and which the mover must “ others, because they are not accurately bave known, that the government could not « described in the motion; and all, bec:uso poss-ss in an official foro. But, it was if we were in possession of the informaclearly his intention not to make any motion " tion which they contain, it would be that should be any thing more than mere “ highly improvident in us, at the present smoke; a mere pretence for making a mob- ! “ monient, to communicate thal informacatching speech, and, at the same time, to “ tion to the world. (Hear, hear, hcar.) pay his court to ihe ministers.-- I wonder “ While I state this, however, Sir, I hope my who it was that uttered the " laugi," at " sighi bon. friend will no: misunderstand the empty stuff about the " good dinner" 1 " me so much as to suppose that I impute to and there able general?" It must have him any blame for this proceeding, or been some stupid beast in the gallery ; for, " that I undervalue the pledge which he it were, indeed, a slander to suppose that “ has given us of his support in any plan of any member of the honourable and right 1 “ active operations which it may be deemed honourable corps below ; that any lawgiver; " advisable to adopt with respect to Spain; that any guardian of the public purse; that " the more especially when it is considered, 20y senator, should have been moved to " that in that pledge may be implied the laughter by such wretched attempts at wit, “ support of those persons with whom my by such worse than gnard-room or even " right hon. friend is accustomed to act in green-room ribaldry. This was a pretty way !" parliament, and of whose body he is so to go to work to convince the patriots in " eminent and distinguished a member. Spain, that the English parliament sym- “Sir, I should have been far from chargpathized with them. When a man sym " ing my right hon. friend with blaine, erea pathizes with another, who is in imminent“ had he gone so far as to chalk out to his danger, he cannot be much in a humour to " majesty's ministers the line of conduct jest. Any motion, relative to the affuirs of " that in his opinion it would be expedient Spain, should have been introduced with " for them to pursue. From this he has serionsness and earnestness, with as much “ abstained. Indisposed as I should have life and force as you please, but with po “ been to censure my right bon. friend, had jesting, no rabble-amusing jukes. And, " he proceeded to that extent, I cannot but then, the long prcface about the “ bouour: “ feel that lois speech, moderate as it has " able frienii," the palpable fishing for a “ been, calls for such a general disclosure compliment, discovered the selfishness of the “ of the sentiments of his majesty's mainis. real object in view ; and would, if the peo " ters as cannot be made without hazard, ple of Spain could have heard it, have made “ without a dishonourable compromise, and them despair of any aid from a parliament, '!' withoutexciiingexpectations which may ne. in which they appeared to have only such as ver be realised. Itis,therefore, Sir, I declared friends. The preface to the matter surpas. " to the house and to the country, that his mae şes, in bulk, the matter itself. The speech. " jesty's niinisters see with as deep ond lively is all whet and no cut. It is merely tlum- l“ an interest as my right bon. friend, he nery. There is nothing of sentiment, or " noble struggle which a part of the Spansbe

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