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A GENERAL INDEX to the Whole.
Ισοείας αρχαίας εξέρχεται μη κατανόει· εν αυταίς γαρ ευρήσει.
Bafil. Imp. ad Leon. fil.
IN RECTO D
L O N D ON:
M DCC XLVII.
BOOK 1. The Asiatic History to the Time of
ALEXANDER the Great.
CHA P. III.
Of the Egyptian chronology to the time of Alexander
E closed the foregoing volume with the best ac, count we could gather from the most credible historians, of the antiquity, government, laws,
religion, customs, arts, learning, and trade, of the antient Egyptians. Our vouchers, for what we have advanced on these several subjects, were Herodotus, Diodorus Siculus, and Strabo, who all travelled into Egypt with no other View but to inquire into the origin, traditions, and records of that nation; and to acquaint themselves with the customs and manners of the inhabitants. We shall now proceed to the history of the princes who reigned in Egypt from the most early times to the final reduction of the country by Alexander, when the severe prediction of the prophet was fulfilled, There
fall be no more a prince of the land of Egypt But as chronology, or the referring the reign of each prince, and the events that happened in his reign, to their proper dates, is the light of history, and without it the best, and, in other repects, most exact relations, would be only a chaos of facts heaped together, we ought to settle the Egyptian chronology before we enter upon the history of the Egyptian kings. But here the guides we have hitherto followed, either quite forsake us, or give us such information as we can by no means depend on, having been theinselves grofly imposed upon by forged records, and false traditions. All we can do therefore is, to acquaint the reader with the sentiments of the antients on this subject, and the various hypotheses, and chronological systems, which the moderns have built upon what they found in the antients. But, for the better understanding of what shall be said, it will be necessary to exhibit the series of the kings of Egypt, according to the several authors who have recorded their successions.
I. A TABLE of the last sixteen of the thirty dynasties,
according to the old Egyptian chronicle', the fourteen first dynasties being wanting. Dynasty. Generations.
Years, XV. 15 Of the cynic circle reigned 443 XVI. 8 Tanites
190 XVII 4 Memphites
103 XVIII. 14 Memphites
348 XIX. 5 Diospolites
194 XX. 8 Diospolites
228 XXI. 6 Tanites
48 XXIII. 2 Dio pelites
44 XXV. 3 Ethiopians
44 XXVI. 7 Memphites
177 XXVI. 5 Persians
124 XXVIII. XXIX.
39 XXX. 1 Tanite
The sum of the thirty dynafies is, 36525 · Ezek. XXX. 1 3• b See vol. i. p. 196.
SYNCELE. Shron. p. 51, 52. EUSEB.chron. Grac. SYNCELL. P. 45, &c.
II. A TABLE of the Egyptian dynasties from
er kings of This ; confift or kings of This; consiste ing of eight princes. ing of eight princes. Years.
Years. 1 Menes (A:), reigned 62
i Menes reigned
60 2 Athotbis (B) 57 2 Athofthis
27 31 3 Cencenes
39 4 Venephes (C) 23
42 5 Ufaphædus
20 6 Miebidus 26 6 Niebes
16 7 Semempfis 18 7 Sememphis
18 8 Bienaches
26 8 Ubienthes
252 The II. dynasty of Thinites, , The II. dynasty of Thinites, consisting of nine kings. confifting of nine kings. Years.
Years. I Boethus reigned 38
1 Bochus reigned 2 Cæachos (D) 39
2 Choüs (D) 3 Binot bris
17 4 5 Sethenes
41 5 6 Cheres
6 7 Nephercheres 25 7 8 Sefochris (E) 48 8 Sefochris 9
(A) This prince, they say, also built the palace at Memwas the first man who reigned phis (2). in Egypt, and succeeded the (C) He built the pyramids at demigods ; he was killed by Cochome (3). an hippopotamus (1).
(D) In his reign the ox Api's (B) Athothis, lupposed to be began to be worshipped at Mema the same with Thoth or Hermes, phis, Mnevis at Heliopolis, and practised physic, and wrote the goat at Mendes (4). lome books of anatomy. He (E) This prince is said to (1) Sypal. p. 54, 55 (2) Ibid, (3) Ibid,