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among our most valuable object-lessons, offer- auspices of the United States, a park ing to ambitious, struggling teachers of the which will be to the whole nation, suburban districts practical suggestions in every through many future generations, one of branch of preparatory school-work.
the most interesting resorts on the contiI feel especial mention should be made of the nent. collection of colonial and historical relics pre T he extent of the park may be seen sented by the distinguished order of the from the fact that visitors find one straight Daughters of the Revolution and Colonial drive extending its whole length of twenty Dames from the various states, and especially miles through famous fighting-grounds. of Georgia, well calculated, indeed, to rekindle It includes the crest of Missionary Ridge the fires of their patriotism and awaken new for seven miles, representing the entire interest in their illustrious ancestry. And, last front of General Bragg's (Confederate) but not least, the building now under way and last line of battle. Hooker's field, on soon to be completed, and to contain ever-to- Lookout Mountain, and the top of Lookbe-treasured relics of interest-a labor of love out Mountain itself; Sherman's battlein its inception and erection-by the Daughters ground at Tunnel Hill; and Orchard of the Confederacy, and who, not wanting in Knob, the headquarters of Grant and loyalty and devotion to this now happily re. Sherman during the battle, are parts of united union, would thus perpetuate the hero the park scheme. There are in the park ism of those near and dear to them, and the ten square miles of the Chickamauga field story of whose valor and devotion, though to a with 5,000 acres of forest and 1,000 acres lost cause, will never die, but, to the common of open field. Miles of lines marked by glory of this now united country, will forever tablets and monuments show the lines on illuminate the page of its history.
which the great battles were fought. MRS. JOSEPH THOMPSON,
The celebration of the first day, the President of the Board of Woman Managers. 18th, was that of the dedication of monu
ments erected on the field of Chicka
mauga by those states which had troops CHICKAMAUGA
engaged in the battle there. The State CHATTANOOGA PARK
of Illinois dedicated twenty-nine individ
ual monuments and five more are to be BO N E of the most interesting and erected, besides two on Missionary Ridge
significant monumental enter- and Lookout Mountain. Each of the prises ever undertaken was Illinois monuments is a huge, rectangu
brought to completion on the lar granite block weighing ten tons, and
- 18th, 19th and 20th of Septem- placed on a heavy granite pedestal. The ber, at Chattanooga and the vicinity, in States of Ohio and Indiana had large the dedication of the Chickamauga-Chat- part also in the heroism and the losses of tanooga National Military Park, in con- that desperate field, and these now have nection with the reunion of the Army of a large place in the placing of monuments the Cumberland. The field of Chicka- on the field. The States also of Michimauga, ten miles from the city of Chat- gan, Wisconsin, Minnesota and Massatanooga, where, on the 19th and 20th of chusetts were represented in the battle, September, 1863, was fought the most and have now a part in the monumental desperate battle of the civil war in the occupation of the field. West, is in itself a monumental field not It is worthy of special remark that the less than that of Gettysburg or of Wat great body of the troops engaged in what erloo.
was one of the most hard-fought battles The plans for a monumental park have of the war, belonged to that section of brought into one scheme a memorial not the country which was made the “Northonly of Chickamauga, but of the repewal west Territory' under the ordinance of of the contest at Lookout Mountain and 1787. From that territory were made Missionary Ridge, on the 24th and 25th the States of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, of November, where Thomas, Hooker, Michigan, Wisconsin and Minnesota. and Sherman carried the Union lines to The ordinance which established the tera great victory under the direct command ritory contained a provision excluding of Grant; and with the remarkable oppor- slavery from it forever. But for that tunities afforded by the character of the provision no one can say that the weight ground, there has been made, under the of the Northwest would have been so
overwhelmingly strong for the Union in sion of slavery. The soldiers of Massathe war of 1860-1865. That war, in fact, chusetts, who were on the field of Chickhung upon the act of the men of 1787, amauga, only completed the work which who put into the ordinance for the estab- their fathers had begun. lishment of the Northwest Territory the The reunion of the Army of the Cumprovision requiring every state to be berland took place in the evening of the made from it to be wholly a free state. 18th, in Chattanooga. General Rose
And it should forever be remembered crans, who was in command of the Union that among those men of 1787 who thus army at Chickamauga, and who is still played a decisive part in the future des- living, though unable to be present at the tiny of this continent, representatives of celebration, is the president of the SoVirginia were foremost. The ordinance ciety of the Army of the Cumberland. was carried, not against the opposition On the 19th took place the formal dedof, but with cordial aid from the South. icatory exercises of the grand park on It is one of the instances which strikingly the spot where Longstreet, who took manifest that the unity of our history part in the dedication, made his memoradates from those great days of the Fathers ble nine successive efforts to break the in which were laid the foundations of our unyielding stand of Thomas, “the Rock Union and of our government. The men of Chickamauga.” The 20th witnessed of “Confederate" name and faith, who the final stage of the great celebration. fell back at Gettysburg and Chickamauga and Missionary Ridge from desperately brave efforts to rend asunder the
"TIMELINESS” IN MAGAZINES country on the line of the Potomac and Ohio, failed far less than is commonly
Current Literature, one of the very supposed because of the strength, for a best of the monthlies, puts at the head of 100 years of the history, of the North
its department of current literary thought and of its faith in union. What their
and opinion a criticism made by the Indi. fathers had done south of the Potomac
anapolis News upon the “ Degeneracy of and south of the Ohio, under the aus
American Magazines,” which has resulted pices of Virginia and her sister Southern
from pursuing “The Fetich of TimeliStates, had set in motion, long before
ness." The points which seem to us reconfederate secession was thought of,
markably well taken in the article are a determination of destiny on this conti
these: nent against which no possible efforts could prevail. That determination of destiny
“There is coming to be a pretty general feel. had created those states of the Northwest,
ing that the editors of our magazines are mak
ing altogether too much of the quality of what whose regiments and batteries and lead
they are pleased to call “timeliness" in the
th ers stood invincible on the field of Chick artiles with which they regale their readers. amauga and advanced with irresistible The ambition of most of them is to secure dissweep over the crest of Missionary Ridge.
cussions of topics which are of present impor
tance. If they can succeed in gratifying that One other state has conspicuous part ambition they are not overscrupulous about the with the states of the Northwest in the merits otherwise of the article. . . The ambimonuments of Chickamauga,—the State tion of many of them.
tion of many of them seems to be to get an arof Massachusetts. Nothing could have
ticle upon the most important subject at the
shortest notice. This is bad in many ways. No been more appropriate. When Washing
valuable result can be achieved in this snapshot ton's troops, gathered at Newburgh, in fashion. For, though the magazine be up to New York, turned back from the finished date,' it is not helpful to its readers. And yet tasks of the Revolution, with a sugges
its tendency is more and more in this direc
tion." tion from Washington that they try to “We do not think this condition of things get from the Union that was to be some will be permanent. Certainly we hope it will little return for their labors in the shape not. In the nature of things the magazine canof an interest in lands of the Far West not do the work of the newspaper. A newspa
per must be timely, or it is no newspaper. beyond the Ohio, it was from Massachu
It is read, first of all, for its news. But with the setts that the suggestion was acted on, magazine it is different. People go to that for and Massachusetts was in closest alliance the reasoned and matured views of trained writwith Virginia in the establishment of the
ers and thinkers upon almost any subject that Northwest under the ordinance which
they may care to discuss. They do not get such
views very often in the pages of our American dedicated that vast region to the exclu- periodicals, nor do they get much literature
outside of fiction. There are welcome signs of likely to cost too much to return a profit a growing impatience on the part of the public to the planter at the price which cotton at the present condition of things.”
would bring. This emergency, however, The case as thus stated is an extremely
seems to have been met by a new invenserious one. Our best magazines have tion which promises to do as much for ceased to have magazine value. A re the value of the cotton crop to the planter view, once a classical publication, has as Whitney's invention did. It consists sunk to the level of the Sunday newspa- of a compress which takes the cotton per. In fact, there is hardly a good Sun- from the gin and rolls it up into bales day newspaper sold for five cents which more compact by at least fifty per cent. is not worth more than a half-dollar copy than has been possible heretofore. The of this review. Nearly all the emphasis
saving to the cotton-producer is from of the editors of this publication is put $2.50 to $4 per bale. By the old method upon wames that are especially before the
the cotton was about half compressed in public, and next after that upon topics of
the locality of its production, and again sensational interest. It matters very compressed for shipment at New Orleans little what there will be under the name,
or other seaports. This involved paying or what the importance of the topic is, double for railway freight from the point provided it has first-class selling merit. of production to the seaport as well as It would be hard to find in the history of
paying for the second compress. letters a degradation more remarkable
The old plan required the use of jute than that which has thus overtaken a re bagging and iron ties at a considerable view which once truly represented learn expense. The new plan winds the cyling and literature in North America.
indrical bale in a cheap grade of cotton In our best familiar magazines, still
duck, giving it greatly improved protecoccupying a high level, there is yet, oftion at small cost. Under the old plan late, a most lamentable absence of topics it was easy for a dishonest packer to put which belong to anything more than the inferior cotton into the center of the bale, talk of the day. To a certain extent, and this obliged purchasers to have large what may be called the higher news is
lled the higher news is samples pulled out, to the loss in weight dealt with, but it is dealt with as news, of the bale. Under the new plan no such and rarely with any result of learning or cheating could be attempted. Three literature. It would be a boon to maga- samples are taken by the compress-mazine-readers if magazine-editors would
chine from different parts of the bale, equip themselves with encyclopædias and
and by these the quality of the whole with those works of science, history and can with certainty be known. The literature which are especially repre- density of the compression is such that sentative, and undertake to make their these new cotton-bales are practically pages a reflection of the best that can be fire-proof, and if thrown into the water found in such works. There never has they will not soak. been a time when so much wealth could to the mill-owner the form of the new be drawn upon; matter not only of im- bale is especially desirable, because it uuportance, but capable of the most inter- winds like a roll of paper. In the old esting treatment; and if the scholar could
ginning process the cotton leaves the gin take the place of the news-reporter at the
in a whirlwind of lint and dust, making elbow of the magazine-editor, there might a stifling atmosphere and carrying every readily be made many fascinating chap
moment danger of explosion and fire ters of entertainment and instruction and
from any chance spark. The new cominspiration, such as are hardly ever given press-machine takes the cotton directly at the present time.
from the gin, passes it between compression cylinders placed horizontally face to
face, and receives it on a steel core as THE NEW COTTON COMPRESS fast as it comes from the condenser, giv
ing it at the same time compression to The invention of the cotton-gin created, the density of thirty-five pounds per cubic as was related in our article on Eli Whit. foot. The capacity of the press is one ney, the value of the cotton crop to the bale in fifteen minutes where the product South. But of late it has begun to ap- of four gins is available. A five-hundredpear as if a crop excessive in amount was pound bale is only twenty-four inches in
diameter by four feet four inches long. tribute it to electric motors operating in As the cotton crop of this country is now the various shops the lines of shafting, about 8,000,000 bales annually it will be heavy tools, cranes, rolling-mills, etc. seen that the saving to cotton-producers The ease and economy with which the is from $20,000,000 to $32,000,000. electric power can be transmitted, and the
high efficiency and low cost of mainte
nance of the electric motor, are the reaNEW ELECTRICAL FIELDS.—The power sons why change to electric power has of electricity to do heating under every come as it has, and cannot fail to convariety of conditions, to handle all varie- tinue to come. The additional converties of the atoms of matter, and to operate sions of energy involved are accomplished as a chemical and physical agent directly in such large units, and under such conin and through all parts of the living sys ditions of economy, that there is an actual tem, necessarily gives it an almost unlim saving to an establishment using electric ited field. Not only can it supply light power throughout, instead of steam, or by heating to brilliant incandescence compressed air, or rope transmission. either carbon or platinum, but it can no The full story of the victory of the less readily fill any demand for heating, electric motor is told in the remarkable or for cooking by means of heating. It, volume from which we elsewhere draw with great sureness and refinement of ac- our account of the new works at Niagara. tion, executes plating and electrotyping. Its immense and irresistible energy attacks with complete success the difficulties of MEDICAL ELECTRICITY.-In its sumsmelting and of the reduction of refrac- mary of the literature of medicine, given tory ores. And with more than the in the current number (Sept. 7, 1895), power of miracle it comes to the help of the London Lancet calls especial attenthe surgeon and the physician, on lines tion to the value of a work, the descripof medical efficiency almost coincident tion of which is as follows: “Medical with those of creative energy.
Electricity: A practical Handbook for
Jones. Second edition; ios. 6d.” The SUCCESS OF THE ELECTRIC MOTOR.- editor says: Thousands of electric motors are in daily " This is the best work on the subject in a use, displacing steam and gas engines small compass with which we are acquainted. and other forms of power motors. The Of course, it does not pretend to go as fully insecret of the electric motor's success
to the subject as the treatises of Von Ziemssen
and Beard and Rockwell; but as a thoroughly everwhere lies in the fact that, for relia
practical guide to electrical diagnosis, the bility, simplicity and certainty of opera choice, preservation, and use of electrical appation, it has no peer in the motor field. It ratus for medical purposes, and method of apis compact, easily cared for, unfailingly
plication, it is unequalled. Tbe illustrations are plication, it is unequ
a most useful feature of the work." sure, and, with a continuous rotatory motion, it can be applied to its work with a minimum of expense and complication. MEDICAL STUDY. — Medical students The sole question of its preferential use and others interested in medical study by industrial power-consumers is that of and medical literature, will find particuits cost, including the cost of operating larly valuable what is called “The Stuand maintaining the motor. The last dent's Number” of the London Lancet. five years have brought the answer to It is of particular interest for its elabothis question to an extent not generally rate critical enumeration of books under realized. In New York it is estimated the following heads: Anatomy, Physithat not less than 8,000 horse-power in ology, Physiological Chemistry, Histolelectric motors is at present in use, and ogy and Embryology, Chemistry and about 400 horse-power in Brooklyn, with Physics, Materia Medica and Therapeunot less than 25,000 additional horse tics, Medicine, Surgery, Midwifery, Gynpower in motors for the electric traction æcology, Diseases of Children, Ophthalsystem in Brooklyn.
mology, Pathology, Bacteriology, MediGreat industrial establishments have cal Electricity, and Miscellaneous. Comfound it economical to generate electric plete statistics are given in regard to all power in a central power-station, and dis- the medical institutions and great hos
pitals of Great Britain, including tables ing any one man elected president for of classes, lecturers and fees at the medi- more than the second time. The truth cal schools; also an elaborate table of is that this voice is a survival from one scholarships given in aid of medical of the shallowest and most senseless constudy. An important section is devoted tentions in the history of political science. to “ Public Health ; Instruction for Di- That contention was that public office plomas in State Medicine.” “ Dental should be passed round from man to man, Surgery'' is fully reported upon in an- and let as many as possible have a chance. other section.
No conception even of sound civil service The Lancet is published weekly at 7d. had made its appearance when this howl. The best way to obtain it is to send an ing cry of selfish greed started on its order through a newsdealer to one of the course among the politicians as one of great news companies.
the decrees of heaven, writ large in the book of American liberty.
The truth is that American liberty, in BARCUS'S “SCIENCE OF SELLING.”— the days of the infancy of American A book of unique character and of special patriotism, was intensely and unblushvalue to a large class of men engaged in ingly selfish. The great Samuel said to business is Mr. J. S. Barcus's “Science the mighty John, “You have had your of Selling.” It is a volume of nearly turn; stand aside and let me have mine." 200 pages, the design of which is to in- It is true that another feeling also played struct “canvassers, drummers and clerks" its part. It was thought that if an ablein the art of being successful; an art in bodied man had a chance for even eight which the author is a past master. It was years he might improve it to make himoriginally intended as a manual of the self autocrat, king, dictator, or whatever philosophy of the book-agent. A third chief bugbear it suited the imagination of of the work has this special purpose; but the politician to set up. As a matter of the remainder is calculated to interest fact, alarm on this score was never anysalesmen and clerks of every class. thing but senseless to the last degree.
A notable characteristic of the book And turning wholly from the considerthroughout is the assumption that the ations of inexperience and of uninstructed salesman is a gentleman and a man of imagination to considerations of political culture; that he is governed by principle science, nothing can be more simple than and good taste; that he carefully eschews the contention that a man who has obthe low arts of small trade. Those who tained the confidence of the nation durhave a right to speak on the subject will ing two presidential terms, is of all men unquestionably unite in recognizing the the man whom the nation might wisely fact that efforts in the direction of a trust for as many more terms as circumscience of selling have developed notable stances permit him to be called to and accomplishments in a very large class of to serve in. The principle proves a sound men to whom business has been their one in the case of eminent members of particular education. They strikingly the Senate of the United States. It is the illustrate the possibility of self-culture, same principle which has unquestioned and that along lines of judgment, taste force in the instance of the higher judiand refinement, as well as energy and ciary of the nation. Does anybody begood sense, which no one can see without lieve that six terms in the presidency of admiration. Mr. Barcus is to be con- John Sherman would be any less a sucgratulated upon his modest handbook of cess than six terms of the same man in a science which has a very large place in the United States Senate? The simplest the culture of the modern world.
rule of civil service is to continue a public servant of high qualifications and
large success in any office which he has THE THIRD-TERM SUPERSTITION.— already occupied for two terms. There The question of a third term for the pres- is no reason whatever why the country ent occupant of the presidency is giving should not give Mr. Cleveland a third great unnecessary trouble to sagacious term, and a fourth, if the country wants politicians. It has long been a familiar that kind of man and that kind of presicontention that a divine voice out of our dent which Mr. Cleveland has been. It history forbids even the thought of hav- will be a happy thing for the United