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One private man, who despised his greatness, and disdained submission, while a whole kingdom trembled before him ; one spirit, which the utmost stretch of his power could neither subdue nor humble, blasted his triumphs. His whole soul was shaken with a storm of passion. Wrath, pride, and desire of revenge, rose into fury. With difficulty he restrained himself in public ; but as soon as he came to his own house, he was forced to disclose the agony of his mind. He gathered together his friends and family, with Zeresh his wite. “He told them of the glory of his riches, and the multitude of his children, and of all the things wherein the king had promoted him ; and how he had advanced him above the princes and servants of the king. He said, moreover, Yea, Esther the queen suffered no man to come in with the king, to the banquet that she had preparel, but myself;

; and to-morrow also am I invited to her with the king.” After all this preamble, what is the conclusion ? “Yet all this availeth me nothing, so long as I see Mordecai the Jew sitting at the king's gate.”.

The sequel of Haman's history I shall not now pursue. It might afford matter for much instruction, by the conspicuous justice of God in his fall and punishment. But con templating only the singular situation, in which the expressions just quoted present him, and the violent agitation of his mind which they display, the following reflections naturally arise : How miserable is vice, when one guilty passion creates so much torment! how unavailing is prosperity, when in the height of it, a single disappointment can destroy the relish of all his pleasures ! how weak is human nature, which, in the absence of a real, is thus prone to form to itself imaginary woes !




Lady Jane Gray. This excellent personage was descended from the royal line of England by both her parents.

She was carefully educated in the principles of the reformation ; and her wisdom and virtue rendered her a shining example to ler sex. But it was her lot to continue only a short period on this stage of being ; for, in early life, she fell a sacrifice to the wild ambition of the duke of Northumberland ; who promoted a marriage betwen her and his son, lord Guilford Dudley ; and raised her to the





throne of England, in opposition to the rights of Mary and Elizabeth. At the time of their marriage, she was only about eighteen years of age, and her husband was also very young : a season of life very unequal to oppose the interested views of artful and aspiring men ; who, instead of exposing them to danger, should have been the protectors of their innocence and youth.

This extraordinary young person, besides the solid endowments of piety and virtue, possessed the most engaging disposition, the most accomplished parts ; and being of an equal age with Edward VI. she had received all her education with him, and seemed even to possess a greater facility in acquiring every part of manly and classical literature. She had aitained a knowledge of the Roman and Greek languages, as well as of several modern tongues ; had passed most of her time in an application to learning; and expressed a great indifference for other occupations and amusements usual with her sex and station, Roger Ascham, tutor to the lady Elizabeth, having at one time paid her a visit, found her employed in reading Plato, while the rest of the family were engaged in a party of hunting in the park ; and upon his admiring the singularity of her choice, she told him, that she " received more pleasure from that author, than others could reap

from all their sport and gaiety. Her heart, replete with this love of literature and serious studies, and with tenderness towards her husband, who was deserving of her affertion, had never opened itself to the flattering allurements of ambition ; and the information of her advancement

; to the throne was by no means agreeable to her. She even refused to accept the crown; pleaded the preferable right of the two princesses ; expressed her dread of the consequences attending an enterprise so dangerous, not to say so criminal ; and desired to remain in that private station in which she was born. Overcome at last with the entreaties, rather than reasons, of her father and father-in-law, and, above all, of her husband, she submitted to their will, and was prevailed on to relinquish her own judgment. But her elevation was of very short continuance. The nation declared for queen Mary; and the lady Jane, after wearing the vain pageantry of a crown during ten days, returned to a private life, with much more satisfaction than she felt when royalty was tendered to her


Queen Mary, who appears to have been incapable of generosits or cleinency, determined to remove every person,, lion whom the least danger could be apprehenıled. Warning Wils, therefore, given to lady Jane to prepare for deaih ; a doom which she had expected, and which the innocence of her life, is well as the misfortunes to which she had been exposed, rendered no unwelcome news to her. The queen's bigote zeal, under colour of tender mercy to the prisoner's soul, induced her to send priests, who molested her with perzival disputation; and even a reprieve of three days wis granted her, in hopes that she would be persuaded, during that time, to pay, by a timely conversion to popery, some regard to her eternal welfare. Lady Jane had presence of mind, in those melancholy circumstilces, not only to detensi her religion by solid arguments, but also to write a letter to l:er sister, in the Greek language ; in which, besiiles seniing her a copy of the Scriptures in that tongue, she exhorici her to maintain. inerery fortunc, a like steady perseverance. On the day of her execution, her husband, lord Cultiori, desired permission 10 sce ker; but she refused her conuent, andertit him word, that the tenderness of their parting woode? ofercome the fortitudle of both ; and would too much unless!

; their mivus froin that constancy, which their approaching enil required of them. Their separation, she said, would be Dily for a momeni; and they would soon rejoin e:ch other ir a scene, where their aflections would be forever united; acie where death, disappoiniment, and misfortune, could no longer liave access to them, or disturb their eternal felicity.

It had been intended to execute the lady Jane and lord Guilford together on the same scaffold, at Tower hill; but the council, dreading the compassion of the people for their youth, beauty, innocence, and noble birth, changed their orders, and gave directions that she should be beheadeil within the verge of the Tower. She saw her husbanı led to execution ; and having given him from the window some token of her remembrance, she waited with iranquillity till her own appointed hour should bring her to a like fåte. She even saw his headless body carried back in a cart; and found herself more confirmed by the report, which she beard of the constancy of his end, than shaken by so tender and melancholy a spectacle. Sir John Gage, constable of the Tower, when he led her to exccution, desired her to bestou ou him some small present, which he

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might keep as a perpetual memorial of her. She gave him her table-book, in which she bad just written three sentences, on seeing her husband's dead body ; one in Greek, another in Latin, a third in English.

The purport of them was, “ that human justice was against his body, but the Divine Mercy would be favourable to his soul ; and that if her fault deserved punishment, her youth, at least, and her imprudence, were worthy of excuse ; and that God and posterity, she trusted, would show her favour.” On the scaffold, she made a speech to the by-standers, in which the mildness of her disposition led her to take the blame entirely on herself, without uttering one complaint against the severity with which she had been treated. She said, that her offence was, not that she had laid her hand upon the crown, but that she had not rejected it with sufficient constancy ; that she had less erred through ambition than through reverence to her parents, whom she had been taught to respect and obey ; that she willingly received death, as the only satisfaction which she could now make to the injured state ; and though her infringement of the laws had been constrained, she would show, by her voluntary submission to their sentence, that she was desirous to atone for that disobedience, into which too much filial piety had betrayed ber: that she had justly deserved this punishment for being made the instrument, though the unwilling instrument, of the ambition of others : and that the story of her life, she hoped, might at least be useful, by proving that innocence excuses not great misdeeds, if they tend any way to the destruction of the commonwealth.- After uttering these words, she caused herself to be disrobed by her women, und with a steady, serene countenance, subinitted herself to the excutioner.

SECTION V. Ortogrul; or, the vanity of riches, As Ortogrul of Basra was one day wandering along the streets of Bagdat, musing on the varieties of merchandise which the shops opened to his view ; and observing the different occupations which busied the multitude on every side, he was awakened from the tranquillity of meditation, by a crowd that obstructed his passage:

le raised his eyes, and saw the chief vizier, who, having returned from the divan, was entering his palace

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Ortogrul mingled with the attendants; and being supposed to have some petition for the vizier, was permitted to enter. He surveyed the spaciousness of the apartments, admired the walls hung with gollen tapestry, and the floors cover ed with silken carpets ; and despised the simple neatness of his own little habitation.

“Surely,” said he to himself, “ this palace is the seat of happiness where pleasure succeeds to pleasure, and dis. content and sorrow can have no admission. Whatever na. lure has provided for the delight of sense, is here spread forth to be enjoyed. What can mortals hope or imagine, which the master of this palace has not obtained ?

The dishes of luxury cover his table ! the voice of harmony lulls him in his bowers : he breathes the fragrance of the groves of Java, and sleeps upon the down of the cygnets of Ganges. He speaks, and his mandate is obeyed; he wishes, and bis wish is gratified ; all, whom he sees, obey him, and all, whom he hears, flatter him. How different, Oh Ortogrul, is thy condition, who art doomed to the perpetual torments of unsatisfied desire: and who hast no amusement in thy power, that can withhold thee from thy own reflections! They tell thee that thou art wise ; but what does wisdom avail with poverty ? None will fatter the poor; and the wise have very little power of flattering themselves. That man is surely the most wretched of the sons of wretched.

who lives with his own faults and follies always before him; and who has none to reconcile him to himself by praise and veneration. I have long sought content, and have not found it ; I will from this moment endeavour to be rich."

Full of his new resolution, he shut himself in his chamber for six months, to deliberate how he should grow rich. He sometimes purposed to offer himself as a counsellor to one of the kings in India; and sometimes resolved to dig for diamonds in the mines of Golconda. One day, after some hours passed in violent Auctuation of opinion, sleep insensibly seized him in his chair. He dreamed that he was ranging a desert country, in search of some one that night teach him to grow rich; and as he stood on the top of a hill, shaden with cypress, in a doubt whither to direct his steps, his father appeared on a sudden standing before him. Ortogrul,” said the old man, “ I know thy perplexity ; listen to thy father ; turn thine eye on the opposite mountain.” Ortogrul looked, and saw a torrent


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