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19 for him. And out of the ground the Lord God formed every beast of the field, and every fowl of the air; and brought them unto Adam to see what he would call them: and whatsoever Adam 20 called every living creature, that was the name thereof. And Adam gave names to all cattle, and to the fowl of the air, and to every beast of the field; but for Adam there was not found 21 an help meet for him. And the Lord God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and he slept: and he took one of his ribs, 22 and closed up the flesh instead thereof; And the rib, which the

Lord God had taken from man, made he a woman, and brought 23 her unto the man. And Adam said, This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called Woman, be24 cause she was taken out of Man. Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife and

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20 But for Adam, &c.] (See verse 18, and commentary.)

21 A deep sleep, &c.] And when the sun was going down a deep sleep fell upon Abram, and, lo, an horror of great darkness fell upon him. Gen. xv. 12. David took the spear and the cruse of water from Saul's bolster, because a deep sleep from the Lord was fallen upon "them" (upon "Saul and his men"). 1 Sam. xxvi. 12. In thoughts from the visions of the night, when deep sleep falleth on men, fear came upon me. Job iv. 13. (God speaketh) in a dream, in a vision of the night, when deep sleep falleth upon men, in slumberings upon the bed. Job xxxiii. 15. Slothfulness casteth into a deep sleep. Prov. xix. 15. Now as he (Gabriel, sent by the Lord) was speaking with "me" (" Daniel"), I was in a deep sleep on my face toward the ground, but he touched me, and set me upright. Dan. viii. 18.

22 Made he, &c.] (Or "builded"). Except the Lord build the house, they labour in vain that build it. Ps. cxxvii. 1. For Adam was first formed, then Eve. 1 Tim. ii. 13.

Brought her, &c.] (See verse 19.) Whoso findeth a wife findeth a good thing. Prov. xviii. 22. A prudent wife is from the Lord. Prov. xix. 14. Marriage is honourable in all, and the bed undefiled. Heb. xiii. 4.

23 Bone of my bones, &c.] And Laban said to him (Jacob) surely thou art my bone and my flesh. Gen. xxix. 14. Remember also that "I" (" Abimelech") am your ("the Shechemites") bone and your flesh. Judges ix. 2. Behold "we" ("the_tribes of Israel") are thy (David's) bone and thy flesh. 2 Sam.

v. 1.
Ye are my brethren (said David to the
elders of Judah), ye are my bones and my
flesh. And say ye to Amasa, Art thou not of
my bone and of my flesh? 2 Sam. xix. 12, 13.
We are members of his (Christ's) body, of his
flesh, and of his bones. Ephes. v. 30.

Flesh of my flesh, &c.] Therefore shall a man leave his father and mother and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh. Gen. ii. 24.

Woman, &c.] For the man is not of the woman, but the woman of the man. Neither was the man created for the woman, but the woman for the man. 1 Cor. xi. 8, 9.

24 Leave, &c.] And "they" (“ her brother and her mother") called Rebekah, and said unto her, Wilt thou go with this man? And she said, I will go. And they sent away Rebekah their sister, and her nurse, and Abraham's servant and his men. Gen. xxiv. 58, 59. And Rachel and Leah answered and said unto "him" (“ Jacob"), Is there yet any portion or inheritance for us in our father's house? Are we not counted of him strangers? Gen. xxxi. 14, 15. Hearken, O daughter, and consider, and incline thine ear. Forget also thine own people and thy father's house. Ps. xlv. 10.

Cleave unto his wife, &c.] If the priest's daughter also be married unto a stranger, she may not eat of an offering of the holy things. But if the priest's daughter be a widow, or divorced, and have no child, and is returned unto her father's house, as in her youth, she shall eat of her father's meat. Lev. xxii. 12, 13. But ye that did cleave unto the Lord your God are alive every one of you this day. Deut. iv. 4. Thou shalt fear the Lord thy God, him shalt thou serve, and to him shalt thou cleave. Deut. x. 20. But cleave unto the Lord your God, as ye have done unto this day. Josh. xxiii. 8. Ps. xlv. 10. A virtuous woman is a crown to her husband, but she that maketh ashamed is as rottenness in his bones. Prov. xii. 4. Who can find a virtuous woman? for her price is far above rubies.

they shall be one flesh. And they were both naked, the man and 25 his wife, and were not ashamed.


Now the serpent was more subtile than any beast of the field which 1

Prov. xxxi. 10. And (Barnabas) exhorted them all that with purpose of heart they would cleave unto the Lord. Acts xi. 23.

They shall be one flesh.] Because the Lord hath been witness between thee and the wife of thy youth, against whom thou hast dealt treacherously, yet is she thy companion, and the wife of thy covenant. For the Lord, the God of Israel, saith that he hateth "putting away" (or "to put away"). Mal. ii. 14. 16. Is it lawful for a man to put away his wife for every cause? Whosoever shall put away his wife, except it be for fornication, and shall marry another, committeth adultery. Matt. xix. 3. 9. From the beginning of the creation God made them male and female. For this cause shall a man leave his father and mother and cleave to his wife, and they twain shall be one flesh, so then they are no more twain, but one flesh. And he (Jesus) saith unto them, Whosoever shall put away his wife and marry another, committeth adultery against her. Mark x. 6, 7, 8. 11. For the woman which hath an husband is bound by the law to her husband so long as he liveth. Rom. vii. 2. For two, saith he (God), shall be one flesh. 1 Cor. vi. 16. Nevertheless, to avoid fornication, let every man have his own wife, and let every woman have her own husband. The wife hath not power of her own body, but the husband; and likewise also the husband hath not power of his own body, but the wife. 1 Cor. vii. 2. 4. Let not the wife depart from her husband; but, and if she depart let her remain unmarried, or be reconciled to her husband, and let not the husband put away his wife. 1 Cor. vii. 10, 11. So ought men to love their wives as their own bodies; for no man ever yet hated his own flesh. For this cause shall a man leave his father and mother and shall be joined unto his wife, and they two shall be one flesh. Ephes. v. 28, 29. 31. I will therefore that the younger women marry, bear children, guide the house, give none occasion to the adversary to speak reproachfully. 1 Tim. v. 14. Likewise ye wives be in subjection to your own husbands. 1 Pet. iii. 1.

25 Both naked.] And the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked. And "he" ("Adam") said, I heard thy (God's) voice in the garden, and I was afraid because I was naked, and I hid myself. And he said, Who told thee that thou wast naked? Gen. iii. 8, 10, 11. Ashamed, &c.] And when Moses saw that

the people (who made the golden calf) were naked, for Aaron had made them naked unto their shame among their enemies (those that rose up against them), then Moses said, Who is on the Lord's side? &c. Exod. xxxii. 25. Yea, let none that wait upon thee be ashamed; let them be ashamed which transgress without cause. Ps. xxv. 3. 2. Let me not be ashamed, O Lord, for I have called upon thee. Let the wicked be ashamed. Ps. xxxi. 17. They that make a graven image are all of them vanity, and their delectable things shall not profit, and they are their own witnesses. They see not nor know, that they may be ashamed. Isa. xliv. 9. Thy nakedness (Babylon's) shall be uncovered, yea thy shame shall be seen. Isa. xlvii. 3. Fear not, for thou (the Church) shalt not be ashamed; neither be thou confounded, for thou shalt not be put to shame; for thou shalt forget the shame of thy youth, and shalt not remember the reproach of thy widowhood any more. liv. 4. Were they ashamed (the people of Judah) when they had committed abomination? Nay they were not at all ashamed, neither could they blush. Jer. vi. 15. Lord, the hope of Israel, all that forsake thee shall be ashamed. Jer. xvii. 13. Then thou shalt remember thy ways and be ashamed, (Jerusalem). Ezek. xvi. 61. And my people shall never be ashamed. Joel ii. 26. Whosoever, therefore, shall be ashamed of me, and of my words, in this adulterous and sinful generation, of him also shall the Son of Man be ashamed, when he cometh in the glory of his Father with the holy angels, Mark viii. 38. For whosoever shall be ashamed of me, and of my words, of him shall the Son of Man be ashamed, when he shall come in his own glory, and in his Father's, and of the holy angels. Luke ix. 26. For the Scripture saith, Whosoever believeth on him (Christ) shall not be ashamed. Rom. x. 11.


CHAP. III.-1. The serpent.] And the woman said, The serpent beguiled me and I did eat. And I will put enmity between thee and the woman (said God), and between thy seed and her seed. It shall bruise thy head and thou shalt bruise his heel. Gen. iii. 13. 15. In that day the Lord, with his sore and great and strong sword, shall punish leviathan, the piercing" serpent ("crossing like a bar"), even leviathan that crooked serpent, and he shall slay the dragon that is in the sea. Isa.

the Lord God had made. And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden? 2 And the woman said unto the serpent, We may eat of the 3 fruit of the trees of the garden: But of the fruit of the tree, which is in the midst of the garden, God hath said, Ye shall 4 not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die. And the ser5 pent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die: For God

xxvii. 1. Be ye therefore wise as serpents, and harmless as doves. Matt. x. 16. But I fear, lest by any means as the serpent beguiled Eve, through his subtilty, so your minds should be corrupted from the simplicity that is in Christ. 2 Cor. xi. 3. Satan himself is transformed into an angel of light. 2 Cor. xi. 14. And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him. Rev. xii. 9. And he (the angel) laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the devil, &c. and cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years should be fulfilled, and after that he must be loosed a little season. Rev. xx. 3. Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do (said Jesus to the Pharisees, &c.): he was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him; when he speaketh a lie he speaketh of his own for he is a liar and the father of it. John viii. 44.

He said unto the woman, &c.] And the Lord opened the mouth of the ass, and she said unto Balaam, What have I done unto thee, that thou hast smitten me these three times? And Balaam said unto the ass, because thou hast mocked me; I would there were a sword in mine hand, for now would I kill thee. Numb. xxii. 28, 29. For if they fall (the two that are better than one) the one will lift up his fellow, but woe to him that is alone when he falleth, for he hath not another to help him up. Eccles. iv. 10. Likewise ye husbands, dwell with them (your wives) according to knowledge, giving honour unto the wife as unto the weaker vessel. 1 Pet. iii. 7.

Yea, hath God said, &c.] And when the tempter came to him (Christ) he said, If thou be the Son of God, command that these stones be made bread. If thou be the Son of God, cast thyself down, for it is written, He shall give his angels charge concerning thee, and in their hands they shall bear thee up, lest at any time thou dash thy foot against a stone. All these things (the kingdoms of the world and the glory of them) (saith Satan) will I give thee, if thou wilt fall down and worship me. (Matt. iv. 3. 6. 9.

2 Serpent, &c.] poison of a serpent.

Their poison is like the They (the wicked) are

like the deaf adder that stoppeth her ear. Ps. lviii. 4.

3 But of the fruit, &c.] See chap. ii. 16, 17. Touch it, &c.] Therefore suffered I thee (said God in a dream to Abimelech) not to touch her (Sarah). Gen. xx. 6. And "thou" ("Moses") shalt set bounds unto the people round about, saying, Take heed to yourselves, that ye go not up into the mount (Sinai) or touch the border of it: whosoever toucheth the mountain shall be surely put to death. There shall not an hand touch it. Exod. xix. 12, 13. Touch not mine anointed, and do my prophets no harm. 1 Chron. xvi. 22. But put forth thy hand now, and touch all that "he" (Job”) hath, and he will curse "thee" (" the Lord") to thy face, (saith Satan). Job i. 11. Put forth thine hand now, and touch his bone and his flesh, and he will curse thee to thy face. Job ii. 5. The hand of God hath touched me. Job xix. 21. It is good for a man not to touch a woman. 1 Cor. vii. 1. Wherefore come out from among them, and be ye separate, saith the Lord, and touch not the unclean thing. 2 Cor. vi. 17. Touch not, taste not, handle not (the legal ceremonies). Col. ii. 21.

4 Said unto, &c.] Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own, for he is a liar and the father of it. John viii. 44.

Ye shall not surely die, &c.] The serpent beguiled me, and I did eat. Gen. iii. 13. Keep therefore the words of this covenant and do them, that ye may prosper in all that ye do. Deut. xxix. 9. Then Moab rebelled against Israel, after the death of Ahab. (And Ahaziah was sick and sent messengers to enquire of Baalzebub, whether he should recover.) Now therefore thus saith the Lord. Thou (Ahaziah) shalt not come down from that bed on which thou art gone up, but shalt surely die. 2 Kings i. 1. 4. 6. 16. And Elisha said unto him (Hazael), Go, say unto him (Benhadad) thou mayest certainly recover: how beit the Lord hath shewed me, that he shall surely die. 2 Kings viii. 10. He (the wicked man) hath said in his heart, God hath forgotten. He hideth his face, He will never see it. Ps. x. 11. For your sakes (said Paul) forgave I it in the person of Christ, lest Satan should get an advantage of us, for we are not ignorant of his devices. 2 Cor. ii. 11. But I fear lest by any

doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil. And 6

means, as the serpent beguiled Eve through his subtility, so your minds should be corrupted from the simplicity that is in Christ. 2 Cor. xi. 3. And Adam was not deceived, but the woman being deceived was in the transgression. 1 Tim. ii. 14.

5 God doth know, &c.] Thou shalt not take the name of thy God in vain, for the Lord will not hold him guiltless, that taketh his name in vain. Exod. xx. 7. Then the king of Israel (Ahab) gathered the prophets together, about four hundred men, and said unto them, shall I go against Ramoth-Gilead to battle, or shall I forbear? And they said, go up, for the Lord shall deliver it into the hand of the king. 1 Kings xxii. 6. Then said I (Jeremiah) Ah Lord God, behold the prophets say unto them, ye shall not see the sword, neither shall ye have famine, but I will give you "assured peace" ("peace of truth") in this place. Then the Lord said unto me, the prophets prophesy lies in my name; I sent them not, neither have I commanded them, neither spake unto them; they prophesy unto you a false vision, and divination, and a thing of nought, and the deceit of their heart. Jer. xiv. 13, 14. (Then said Hananiah the son of Azur, the lying prophet) Thus speaketh the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel, saying, I have broken the yoke of the king of Babylon; within two full years will I bring again into this place all the vessels of the Lord's house, that Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon took away from this place and carried them to Babylon. Jer. xxviii. 2, 3. Son of man, prophesy against the prophets of Israel that prophesy; they have seen vanity and lying divination, saying, the Lord saith, And the Lord hath not sent them. Because with lies ye have made the heart of the righteous sad, whom I have not made sad, and strengthened the hands of the wicked, that he should not return from his wicked way by promising him life. Ezek. xiii. 2. 6. 22. For such are false apostles, deceitful workers, transforming themselves into the apostles of Christ. Therefore it is no great thing, if his (Satan's) ministers also be transformed as the ministers of righteousness, for Satan himself is transformed into an angel of light. 2 Cor. xi. 13. 15. 14.

Your eyes, &c.] See verse 7. And he (Adam) said, I heard thy (God's) voice in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked; and I hid myself. Gen. iii. 10. But if thine eye be evil, thy whole body shall be full of darkness. If therefore the light that is in thee be darkness, how great is that darkness! Matt. vi. 23. For "I" ("Jesus") have appeared unto thee (" Saul of Tarsus") to make thee a minister and a witness, (to the Gentiles) to open their eyes, and to turn them from

darkness to light, and from the power of Satan unto God. Acts xxvi. 16. 18. As gods, &c.] And Pharaoh said, who is the Lord, that I should obey his voice to let Israel go? I know not the Lord, neither will I let Israel go. Exod. v. 2. Now therefore let not Hezekiah (saith Sennacherib) deceive you, for no God of any nation or kingdom was able to deliver his people out of mine hand; how much less shall your God deliver you out of mine hand? 2 Chron. xxxii. 15. (The flattering lips) who said with our tongue will we prevail, our lips are our own: who is Lord over us? Ps. xii. 4. Son of man, say unto the Prince of Tyrus, Because thine heart is lifted up, and thou hast said, I am a God, I sit in the seat of God, in "the midst" ("the heart") of the seas; yet thou art a man, and not God, though thou set thine heart, as the heart of God. Ezek. xxviii. 2. Wilt thou yet say before him that slayeth thee (the Prince of Tyrus) I am God? But thou shalt be a man and no god, in the hand of him that slayeth thee. Ezek. xxviii. 9. Thus saith the Lord God, behold I am against thee, Pharaoh, which hath said, my river is mine own, and I have made it for myself. Ezek. xxix. 3. The king (Nebuchadnezzar) said, Is not this great Babylon, that I have built for the house of the kingdom, by the might of my power, and for the honour of my majesty? Dan. iv. 30. All the presidents of the kingdom, &c. consulted together to establish a royal statute, and to make a firm decree, that whosoever shall ask a petition of any god or man for thirty days, save of thee "Oking," (“ Darius") he shall be cast into the den of lions. Dan. vi. 7. And the people gave a shout, saying, it is the voice of a God, and not of a man, and immediately the angel of the Lord smote him, (Herod) because he gave not God the glory. Acts xii 22, 23. If our Gospel be hid, it is hid to them that are lost, in whom the God of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not. 2 Cor. iv. 4. That day (of Christ) shall not come, except that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition, who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped, so that he, as God, sitteth in the temple of God, shewing himself that he is God. 2 Thess. ii. 4. And they worshipped the dragon which gave power unto the beast, and they worshipped the beast saying, who is like unto the beast? Who is able to make war with him? And (the beast with two horns like a lamb) deceiveth them that dwell on the earth by the means of those miracles which he had power to do. Rev. xiii. 4. 14.

Knowing good and evil, &c.] And the Lord said, behold the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil. Gen. iii. 22. See chap.ii. 17.

when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto 7 her husband with her; and he did eat. And the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed 8 fig leaves together, and made themselves aprons. And they heard the voice of the Lord God walking in the garden in the cool of the day and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of

6 Saw that the tree was good, &c.] When I (Achan) saw among the spoils a goodly Babylonish garment, and two hundred shekels of silver, and a wedge of gold of fifty shekels weight, then I coveted them, and took them. Josh. vii. 21. Then went Samson to Gaza, and saw there "an harlot," ("a woman an harlot") and went in unto her, and it was told the Gazites saying, Samson is come hither; and they compassed him in, and laid wait for him all night in the gate of the city. Judg. xvi. 1, 2.

Pleasant to the eyes, &c.] Son of man, behold I take away from thee (Ezekiel) the desire of thine eyes ("thy wife") with a stroke. Ezek. xxiv. 16. Speak unto the house of Israel, thus saith the Lord God; behold I will profane my sanctuary, the excellency of your strength, the desire of your eyes. Also thou son of man, shall it not be in the day when I take from them (the Jews) their strength, the joy of their glory, the desire of their eyes, that he that escapeth in that day shall come unto thee? Ezek. xxiv. 21. 25. The sons of God saw the daughters of men, that they were fair, and they took them wives of all which they chose. Gen. vi. 2. And it came to pass after these things, that his master's (Potiphar's) wife cast her eyes upon Joseph. Gen. xxxix. 7. And David arose from off his bed, and walked upon the roof of the king's house, and from the roof he saw a woman washing herself, and the woman (Uriah's wife, Bath-sheba) was very beautiful to look upon. 2 Sam. xi. 2. I made a covenant with mine eyes, why then should I (Job) think upon a maid? Job xxxi. 1. Whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her, hath committed adultery with her already in his heart. Matt. v. 28. For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father, but is of the world. 1 John ii. 16. See preceding commentary.

Eat and gave, &c.] Adam was not deceived, but the woman, being deceived, was in the transgression. 1 Tim. ii. 14.

And he did eat, &c.] And the man said, the woman whom thou gavest to be with me, she gave me of the tree, and I did eat. And unto Adam he (God) said, because thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree of which I commanded thee,

ng, thou shalt not eat of it, cursed is the

ground for thy sake. Gen. iii. 12. 17. But they (Israel and Judah) like men have transgressed the covenant; there have they dealt treacherously with me, (saith God). Hos. vi. 7. By one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; by one man's disobedience many were made sinners. Rom. v. 12. 19.

7. The eyes, &c.] See verse 5. So that thou (if disobedient) shalt be mad for the sight of thine eyes, which thou shalt see. Deut. xxviii. 34. And in hell "he" ("the rich man") lifted up his eyes, being in torments, and seeth Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom. Luke xvi. 23.

Knew, &c.] And he said, I heard thy voice in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked. Gen. iii. 10. See chap. ii. 25.

And they sewed, &c.] If I be wicked, why then labour I in vain? If I wash myself with snow water, and make my hands never so clean, yet shalt thou plunge me in the ditch, and mine own clothes shall abhor me. Job ix. 29, 30, 31. For the bed is shorter than that a man can stretch himself on it, and the covering narrower than that he can wrap himself in it. Isa. xxviii. 20. Their webs shall not become garments, neither shall they cover themselves with their works. Isa. lix. 6.

8 Heard the voice, &c.] And he said, I heard thy voice in the garden. Gen. iii. 10. Did ever people hear the voice of God, speaking out of the midst of the fire as thou hast heard, and live? Deut. iv. 33. If we hear the voice of the Lord our God any more, then we shall die. Deut. v. 25.

Cool of the day.] For his eyes are upon the ways of man, and he seeth all his goings ; there is no darkness nor shadow of death where the workers of iniquity may hide themselves. Job xxxiv. 21, 22. Then the Lord answered Job out of the whirlwind and said, who is this that darkeneth counsel by words without knowledge? Job xxxviii. 1.

Hid themselves, &c.] Thou sayest (in thy ignorance) thick clouds are a covering to him ("God") that he seeth not. Job xxii. 14. If

I covered my transgressions as Adam, by hiding mine iniquity in my bosom, did I fear a great multitude? Job xxxi. 33. There is no darkness nor shadow of death, where the workers of iniquity may hide themselves. Job xxxiv. 22. O Lord, thou hast searched me, and known me: yca the darkness hideth not

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