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fulness prevailing among men of letters. I have not found them the irritable race that they have been named, but rather brethren, and friends, and benefactors. In all my explorations of public and private libraries, in all the conversation and correspondence that I have had to seek in my hunt after the sources of our literature, I have not one instance of unkindness to remember, or even of aid doled out reluctantly; but, on the contrary, more instances than I am able to remember of considerate and most bountiful help even from strangers, who, recognizing me as a working-brother in the guild of letters, have freely bestowed their kindness upon me. First of all, I must thank my Alma Mater, Yale College, and her accomplished librarian, Mr. Addison Van Name, for the loan of needed books sent to me in my distant home. For several months together, I was at work in the Astor Library, and had there every courtesy from the late Dr. Edward R. Straznicky, from Mr. Frederick Saunders, and from my kinsman, Mr. Arthur W. Tyler, now the librarian of the Johns Hopkins University. For a still longer time, have I pursued my studies at the library of the New York Historical Society, where Dr. George H. Moore, now of the Lenox Library, Mr. John Austin Stevens, and especially Mr. William Kelby, have given me every facility. I must add that my indebtedness to the first of the three gentlemen just named, is much greater than is implied in official assistance, however generous; since, for a number of years, I have had the privilege of consulting him personally upon any difficult problem that I encountered in my studies, and of receiving the benefit that could come only from such prolonged, minute, and accurate acquaintance as he possesses with American history and bibliography. While upon my researches in the Prince Library, which is in the good keeping of the Public Library of Boston, I was constantly aided by Mr. Arthur Mason Knapp, by my college

mate, Mr. James L. Whitney, and by Mr. Justin Winsor; from the latter of whom I have also had kind assistance since his appointment to the superintendence of the library of Harvard College. I hardly know in what terms to thank the officers of the Massachusetts Historical Society, particularly Mr. Charles Deane and Dr. Samuel Abbott Green, for the cordiality and fulness of my welcome to the privileges of their library, and for innumerable acts of courtesy and of real help on their part. Mr. Charles Ward Dean, the librarian of the New England Historic-Genealogical Society, has been most friendly in his efforts to serve me. I also had willing help from the officers of the Boston Athenæum, upon my visit to that institution. In Providence, through the polite intervention of Mr. John Russell Bartlett, I experienced that generosity which may now be called hereditary, and which throws open to students the treasures of the superb library founded by the late John Carter Brown; while Mr. C. Fiske Harris, of the same city, gave me not only cordial hospitality but his personal assistance, when he permitted me to explore his unique collection of American poetry,—the most extensive, I suppose, in the world. My studies in Philadelphia were promoted to the utmost by the kind offices of Mr. William F. Ford, one of the editors of “The Times” newspaper in that city; of Mr. Lloyd P. Smith, the librarian of the Library Company; of Mr. John William Wallace, the president of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, and of Mr. Frederick D. Stone, its librarian. In pursuing my re

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searches in the Library of Congress, I had the most efficient and affable help from Mr. Ainsworth R. Spofford, under whose enlightened and energetic direction the national library is becoming not only an honor to the country, but a blessing to every citizen.

In conclusion, I take pleasure in offering here my hearty thanks, for help of various kinds, to the Reverend Henry Martyn Dexter, of Boston; to Mr. John Langdon Sibley, of Cambridge; to Mr. John Bigelow, of New York; to Mr. Henry A. Homes, of the State Library at Albany; to the Reverend O. S. St. John, of Brooklyn, N. Y.; to the Reverend Edward D. Neill, of Macalister College, Minnesota; to Mr. Samuel F. Haven, of Worcester, Mass. ; to Mr. Henry A. Chaney and Mr. C. Endicott, of Detroit; and to my friends and associates in the University of Michigan,-Professors Thomas M. Cooley, Henry S. Frieze, Elisha Jones, Edward L. Walter, and Isaac N. Demmon. The critical help that Professor Demmon has given in the revision of the proof-sheets, has been to me invaluable, as on his part it has been without stint of courtesy or toil.

UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN, ANN ARBOR,

October 5, 1878.

CONTENTS.

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