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be, are attended with more or the Staff of the War Office and less increase of expense, and the Horse Guards, and barrackwhen put together in a great building, and impressing upon aggregate, they tend of course the House the necessity of lookto swell the estimates. But I ing into and reducing some of do not think that anybody will the smaller items. He thought be of opinion that these aug- these estimates were not based mentations of expense are not upon true economy, being open usefully incurred. We are now to the objection of parsimony in told that the civil departments some respects, and profuse exare extravagantly conducted, and travagance in others.

He conthose military gentlemen who see cluded by moving that the conthe increase of expense, and who sideration of the estimates be want to turn off the attention of deferred, with a view to their the House from the fact that a revision. great part of that increase arises Mr. T. G. Baring defended the from military considerations, wish propositions of the Government. to throw the whole blame upon Colonel Dunn desired further the civil departments. They say information as to several items. there is a most extravagant in Mr. Osborne complained of crease in the civil departments. money expended at Aldershott, That is a matter which the Com. which had been wasted, he said, mittee will consider when we upon a gigantic job-an indiffecome to those votes. If they can rent preparatory school for formshow that there are augmenta- ing indifferent generals, which tions in the civil departments was at once useless and de. which are not required for ex- moralizing. He complained, too, pediting the public business, it that no satisfactory account had will be for the Committee to in- been given of the expenditure terpose. With respect, however, hastily voted last year for fortifito the consolidation of the mili- cations, and called upon

the tary departments, I must beg House to take warning by Alderleave to say that there never was shott, and to pause before it a greater improvement made in went on with that questionable the organization of any branch scheme. of the public service."

Colonel North, General LindThe vote for the number of say, and Colonel Gilpin bore tesmen was then agreed to.

timony, with certain qualifications, On the next occasion of enter- to the utility of the camp at ing upon the estimates, some Aldershott. further debate took place.

Mr. Monsell, comparing our Colonel Dickson entered upon war estimates with those of a general criticism of the Army France, considered that we were Estimates, complaining of their incurring a vast expenditure, enormous amount in relation to that would, if persevered in, the number of the troops, point cause a reaction in the country, ing out, among other items which which would force down the he thought susceptible of reduc- amount below what it ought to tion, the Medical Staff, the be. charges for troops in the colonies, General Peel pointed out some.

were

errors into which Col. Dickson warning voice and trumpet tongue had fallen, and expressed an of Lord Lyndhurst. opinion that the Government Mr. H. Berkeley made had not taken money enough for humorous attack upon the Yeothe number of men they pro- manry Cavalry, whom he accused, posed.

however, of no worse fault than Lord Palmerston, after some the want of discipline. general remarks upon the course Sir W. Miles, as a commander the debate had taken, observed, of one of these corps, replied to with reference to Aldershott and Mr. Berkeley's criticisms. After to the remarks of Mr. Osborne, considerable discussion upon the that there never was a wiser Volunteer force and various inapplication of the public money. cidental matters, The object was to provide a place Mr. T. G. Baring, complimentto learn combined movements, ing Lord Elcho for the ability and he appealed to every military and moderation of his speech, man whether the scheme had not said the Government did not been successful. The land might dispute the value of the Volunbe sold at any time for more teer force, and had testified their than its original purchase-money. sense of its value. The expenSeveral amendments

diture incurred on account of moved by Colonel Dickson, Lord the force, including the 42,0001. Alfred Churchill, Mr. Coningham in the Estimates, was 160,0001., and other Members, but the di- and next year it would be 20,0001. visions upon them all resulted in more, which the Government favour of Government.

thought by no means too much, Upon the vote for the Volunteer on the contrary, that a further force being proposed, there was expenditure would not be ima more extended discussion. proper. The real question was,

Lord Elcho called attention to how far the present payment the wants of the force, and ex was sufficient. Whatever further plained the views of the majority assistance was rendered, there of the Volunteer Corps as to a were strong reasons why it should further assistance from Govern- be in kind. The moment a ment which was considered ne money allowance was given at cessary for their efficiency, and so much a head, not only the might be given, he observed, feeling and independence of the either in money or in kind. Volunteers might be affected, The assistance received but it would lead to an inference was equal to about 5s. per on the part of foreign nations, head, and he suggested an that the movement was not altoadditional aid that would raise gether the offspring of public it to 20s. or 258. In a speech spirit. The Government, thereof considerable length, strongly fore, were of opinion, that it was urging the claims of the Volun- not expedient to hold out any teers, he dwelt with much force expectation of a money allowupon the invaluable political ance. Something might be done, effects of the movement, the however, towards drill instruction, origin of which he traced to the and assistance might be given VOL. CIII.

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now

in providing drill sergeants. The said in opposition to it, the GoGovernment had taken that vernment considering the Yeomatter into consideration, and manry as a very valuable force. were prepared, if possible in the Mr. Berkeley withdrew the present year, to do something in amendment which he had prothat shape. As to the amend- posed, and the vote for the Volunment of Mr. Berkeley, he need teer force, amounting to 133,2761. add nothing to what had been

was agreed to.

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FOREIGN AFFAIRS-PROGRESS OF EVENTS IN ITALY—They become the subject of Discussion early in the Session in both Houses of Parliament

- In the House of Lords the Marquis of Normanby severely censures the conduct of Victor Emmanuel, and inculpates the Policy of Lord John Russell in regard to ItalyHe is answered by Lord Wodehouse - The Earl of Malmesbury repeats the Charges of Inconsistency against the Foreign Policy of the Ministry- Remarks of Lord Llanover

- Debate in the House of Commons on Italian Affairs introduced by Mr. P. Hennessy-Speeches of Mr. Layard, Sir George Bowyer, Mr. Edwin James, Sir Robert Peel, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Mr. Maguire, Mr. Roebuck, Mr. Monsell, Mr. White, and Lord John Pussell Debate in the House of Lords, on the Motion of Lord Ellenborough, upon the Situation of the Papal Government-Speeches of Lord Wodehouse, and the Earls of Clarendon and Derby.DEATH OF COUNT CAVOUR-General sympathy excited by this event in England Expression given in the treo Houses of Parliament to the Public Regret on the occasion-Rumoured Cession to France of the Island of Sardinia-Mr. A. W. Kinglake brings the subject under Discussion in the House of Commons- His Speech-Speeches of Lord John Russell, Sir George Bowyer, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, and Mr. Layard. -DISRUPTION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Various Questions addressed to the Ministers on International Relations consequent upon this Event- Proclamation of Neutrality by Her Majesty Answers of Lord John Russell on the subjects of Privateering, the Blockade of the Southern Ports, &c.— The Policy of Neutrality between the contending Parties is earnestly insisted upon by the Government --Mr. Gregory gives notice of a Motion in favour of recognizing the Southern Confederacy-Col. W. Patten objects, on grounds of public policy, to entering upon the Discussion - In deference to the general wish of the House, Mr. Gregory abstains from bringing forward his MotionMilitary Re-inforcements are sent to Canada-Sir James Ferguson, supported by Mr. Disraeli, disputes the policy of this step-It is forcibly cind cated by Lord Palmerston.- RECENT TRANSACTIONS IN CHINAEarl Grey fully enters into this subject in the House of Lords, and impugns the Measures adopted towards that Nation-Speech of Lord Wodehouse in Answer, and of Lord Ellenborough.OCCUPATION OF SYRIA UNDER THE CONVENTION WITH FRANCE — Lord Stratford de Redcliffe moves seceral Resolutions bearing upon the Transactions in Syria-Observations of the Marquis of Clanricarde, Earl Grey, and

Earl GranvilleThe Resolutions are withdrawnThe same subject introduced in the House of Commons by Sir James Ferguson-Statement of Lord John Russell in reply.- CONDITION OF TURKEY_Lord Stratford de Redcliffe opens a Discussion on the State of that Empire in the House of Lords-Speeches of Lord Wodehouse and Lord Hardwick. - POLAND--The Earl of Harrowby draws attention to recent events affecting the Polish Nation, and moves for PapersRemarks of Lord Wodehouse, the Earls of Ellenborough and Malmesbury, and other Peers.—THE INTAN ISLANDS—Mr. Maguire enters upon a Discussion of the Policy of England towards this Dependency, and the Effects of Mr. Gladstone's Mission to the Islands in 1858 - Speech of the Chancellor of the Exchequer in Answer-Observations of Mr. Layard, Mr. Whiteside, Mr. M. Milnes, Mr. Monsell, Mr. C. Fortescue, and Lord Palmerston.

THE progress of the Revolu- proclamations of General Pinelli,

servations in both Houses of Par- who had dared to raise their liament in the early part of the standard for Francis II., and session. On the 1st of March, dwelt on all these transactions the Marquis of Normanby, who in terms of severe reprobation. had distinguished himself by his In conclusion, he examined the firm adherence to the old régime, mode by which the elections and to the cause of the ex-King had been conducted, and obof Naples, took occasion of a served that the universal sufmotion for papers, to enter into frage practised in them was a a detailed account of the circun- sham, and that the electors had stances which had taken place in been intimidated by the presence Italy since the peace of Villa- of revolutionary armies. He defranca. Having charged Sir claimed against the inconsistenJames Hudson with having been cies of Lord John Russell, the duped in the matter of Savoy whole of whose policy he severely and Nice, he turned to consider attacked, and besought the House the present condition of affairs, not to be led away with the idea and scouted the idea of an united that the Italians cared anything Italy-an idea of very recent for English sympathy. growth, and in opposition to the Lord Wodehouse, having resentiments of the greatest autho- marked upon the multiplicity of rities. Indulging in a severe cri- papers required by Lord Norticism upon the conduct of Victor manby, explained the position Emmanuel, for his duplicity in which had been taken by Admiral supporting Garibaldi in Sicily Mundy, vindicated the conduct and afterwards invading Naples, of the King of Sardinia, and dehe proceeded to review the policy clared that the policy of Lord of the Sardinian Government in John Russell in Italy had been the Papal States, the intrigues one of entire non-intervention. between the King of Sardinia As for the cruelties committed by and the Republican party, the Sardinian troops, he was not atrocious cruelties of the Sar- about to defend them; he simply dinian troops in the Abruzzi, the requested the House to remember

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