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youngest brother profiting not to be surpassed in any sphere of only by his own ability in ad- life. She saw her daughter reign ministration, but by the informa- for nearly a quarter of a century, tion as to constitutional govern- during times of national glory ment which he had acquired and prosperity quite unexampled. in England, to lead a friendly. She saw her bring up a numerous neighbouring country to the full family in a manner that gives us appreciation of free and liberal promise of their emulating her institutions. The great historical own private and public life. She event in the life of Her Royal had the satisfaction of seeing her Highness is her charge of the eldest granddaughter, by her only child of her second mar excellent qualities, gain the atriage. In the twelfth year of Her tachment of & neighbouring Majesty's life, Her Royal High- ally, and give birth to a son who ness was unanimously chosen by will probably one day become Parliament as Regent of the the Sovereign of that country. country, in the event of the She had seen the other children Sovereign's death while his suc of the Queen visiting various cessor was in her minority. parts of the world, and strengthMany of your lordships may ening by their personal behaviour recollect that admirable speech that respect for the royal family of Lord Lyndhurst, in which he of England which prevails so dwelt on the manner in which, widely, and which, if I am not up to that time, her Royal High- misinformed by my noble friend vess had conducted the educa- behind me, amounts in the tion of her child, and pointed colonies which connected her out for the important and with us by every tradition of responsible duty which she was birth and history, to a feeling of then called on to perform. Six the most profound veneration years afterwards, she saw that and affection. Her Royal Highdaughter, at the early age of ness had lived beyond the period eighteen, not yet arrived at the which the Psalmist tells us is years of womanhood, placed in allotted to the age of man, and the most difficult and responsible showed in her last hours, when situation which any one of her she was cheered by the presence age and sex could possibly oc of her family, singular patience cupy—the ruler of one of the and resignation under a most greatest kingdoms in the world. cruel malady. Your lordships In her Daughter's reign she be cannot be unaware how strong held the beneficial effects of her were the ties which bound toprevious education, and the in- gether the illustrious mother and fluence of those personal qualities Daughter, how deep are the dowhich she had fostered and de- mestic feelings of the Queen, veloped. Soon after, she saw the and how few trials of this sort Queen, of her own free choice, she has experienced.” contract a marriage which has Lord Derby spoke in terms been of great advantage to this of the highest praise of the country, and which has led to a Queen, who had so identified degree of domestic happiness not herself with the interests of her

are

people, that

any event in the and attention of the late Duchess slightest degree affecting Her Ma- of Kent we owe, in a great dejesty's feelings must at the same gree, that full development which time call forth the warm and cor we so much admire, of those dial sympathy of the whole people. great and eminent qualities by We rejoice," said the noble Lord, which our Sovereign is distin"in any circumstance which can guished; while, on the other add to Her Majesty's happiness. hand, the affectionate care of the We regret that even the slighest Sovereign has enabled her to cloud should for a moment over repay, by her kindness and atshadow her. We cannot, then, tention, those advantages which withhold the fullest tide of our the mother was able to confer sympathy and the expressions of in the earliest years of her our loyal affection at a moment Daughter's existence. Therefore, when Her Majesty is visited by it is natural that this blow, howan affliction the very deepest ever in the ordinary course of which has yet befallen her, an nature, has come upon Her Maaffliction which involves all the jesty with great and intense pain, purest, dearest, and deepest affec- and I am persuaded that this tions of our nature. I am satis- House will discharge à satisfied that your lordships will give factory duty in conveying to Her a cordial and ready support to Majesty, by the Address I now the Address of Condolence.” propose, the expression of their

Viscount Palmerston was the respectful condolence, their demover of the Address in the voted attachment and loyalty to House of Commons. He said : the Crown, and the deep interest

It is the usual lot of royal which they feel in everything that families, that mothers and affects the happiness of Her Madaughters are separated at an jesty in her domestic circle." early period of the life of the Mr. Disraeli seconded the children. Marriage takes the motion, paying a tribute of redaughter to another land from spect to the Queen, as well that inhabited by the mother, as to her august mother. He and, although that separation in added :no degree diminishes the strength “ For the great grief which of natural affection, yet, never has fallen on the Queen there is theless, the habitual separation only one source of human conin some degree mitigates and solation, the recollection of unprepares the more perpetual broken devotedness to the being separation which the course of whom we have loved and whom nature may bring about. But we have lost. This tranquil that has not been the case in the and sustaining memory is the present instance. From the inheritance of our Sovereign. It earliest infancy of Her Majesty, is generally supposed that the the mother and daughter have anguish of affection is scarcely been perpetually together, and compatible with the pomp of their daily intercourse has been power, but that is not so in the that of mutual affection and re present instance. She who reigns ciprocal confidence. To the care over us has elected, amid all the

splendour of empire, to establish permits a nation to bear its hearther life on the principle of do- felt sympathy to the feet of a mestic love. It is this—it is the bereaved throne, and whisper soremembrance and consciousness lace even to a royal heart.' of this which now sincerely

The Address was voted nem. saddens the public spirit, and

con.

CHAPTER II.

PARLIAMENTARY REFORM—Disinclination of the Country for any change

in the RepresentationThe Government resolve to postpone the subject-- Attempts of Private Members to introduce Partial ReformsMr. Locke King renews his Bill to reduce the County Franchise to £10 -Debate on the introduction of the Bill-Remarks of Lord Palmerston and Mr. Disraeli-On the second reading, the Previous Question" is moved by Mr. A. Smith-Speeches of Lord Henley, Mr. Adderley, Lord Enfield, Sir George Lewis, Mr. Bernal Osborne, Lord J. Russell, Mr. Disraeli, and other MembersOn a Division, the Bill is lost by a Majority of 19-Mr. Baines proposes to reduce the qualification for Borough Members--After a debate, in which Mr. Cave, Mr. Leatham, and Sir John Ramsden take part, the House divides against the Bill-Mr. H. Berkeley renews his Annual Motion on the BallotHis Speech After a brief debate the Motion is rejected by 279 to 154 -A Bill is introduced by the Government to assign the Seats vacated by the disfranchisement of Sudbury and St. Alban's to other places. After much discussion and some alteration, it is passed through both HousesBill for taking the Poll at University Elections by means of Voting Papers— Introduced by Mr. Dodgson-Remarks of Sir George Lewis and other Members on the Measure-It is referred to a Select Committee, where it undergoes modification--Again debated in the House of CommonsSir George Lewis, Mr. Walpole, Mr. Roebuck, Mr. Henley, and Sir W. Heathcote take part in the discussion-It is carried, after some oppositionThe Bishops of Oxford and London raise some objections to the Measure in the House of LordsThe Earl of Derby vindicates the Bill, which is passed without a divisionČAURCH RATEs—Sir John Trelawny again brings in a Bill to abolish the Rate-Sir W. Heathcote moves the rejection of the MeasureSpeeches of the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Mr. Bright, Mr. Disraeli, Lord John Russell, and Mr. Walpole-The Second Reading is carried by 281 to 266—Mr. Newdegate proposes a scheme for a substitute for Church Rates, which, after some discussion, is withdrawn-On the third reading a great struggle takes place-Mr. 8. Estcourt moves that the Bill be postponed for Six Months-Speeches of Mr. Cross, Mr. Newdegate, Mr. Bright, Mr. Stansfield, Mr. Whiteside, and other MembersThe Members, on a division, are found to be equalThe Speaker is called upon to give a casting voteHe states his reasons, and votes with the Noes.--The Bill is therefore lost.

HE disinclination which the ary Reform in the preceding

,

to the subject of Parliament- vernment

to be a

sufficient

reason for abstaining, during the view to amend the representation present session, from bringing of the people,” stated his reasons forward any general measure for for proposing this amendment, that object. The subject, how- in doing which he reviewed ever, was not left entirely un various schemes of reform protouched, for several private mem- posed at different times, conbers attempted to promote amend- demning the principle of a dead ments in certain branches of our level of qualification and attempts electoral system. All their expe- at reform by isolated measures. riments proved, with one excep “We ought to measure our tion, unsuccessful, but it will be strength,” he observed, “ before we convenient to give a short account begin our work, and remember of the discussion which took that we are but the remnant of a place in respect of the several great party"--a confession which Bills that were introduced. Mr. was received with ironical cheers Locke King, who had for several by the Opposition side of the years attempted, with varying but House. The honourable member always incomplete success, to eventually withdrew his amendachieve the reduction of the ment, and declared that he should county franchise to a 101. quali- vote for the motion. fication, again introduced, at an Mr. Griffith then moved, as an early period of the session, a Bill amendment, a resolution, " That for the same purpose. In moving considering that the object of the for leave, on the 19th February, to proposed Bill involves the pracbring in his Bill, the honourable tical adoption of a principle member observed that, as there which has generally been consiwas no prospect of a Government dered as opposed to the spirit of Reform Bill this session, he our Parliamentary Constitutionthought this a suitable occasion namely, the uniformity of the to bring this question once more county and borough franchise before the House, and to propose it is not expedient to reduce the an instalment, and by no means county franchise below 201.an insignificant one, of reform, Mr. Newdegate, referring to extending the county franchise to the conflicting estimates of the 101. occupiers. He referred to the number of electors which this repeated admission by great au measure would add to the county thorities in that House of the prin- constituency, and observing that ciple of the measure, and even the of all changes this was the one limit he proposed, and he con- respecting the effects of which cluded, in the words of Lord John the House was least informed, Russell, that the measure, if ac

insisted that it would be most eeded to by the House, “would imprudent to adopt an isolated tend not only to improve but to measure on this great subject. consolidate our institutions." Instead of increasing the repre

Mr. Warner, who had given sentation of the operative classes, notice of a resolution, as it would aggravate the anomaly amendment to the motion, "That now complained of, diminishing a Select Committee be appointed relatively the representation of to consider what changes it may these classes by increasing that be desirable to introduce with a of the occupying classes.

an

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