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“ travellers,” or tramways, which back, between the 24th of Septemcan be moved from one end of the ber and 11th of October, but failed building to the other, as circum- in procuring any intelligence of the stances require. On these travel. Camilla from the numerous fishlers are placed "jennys,” or loco- ing-boats, or in discovering any motive cranes, which can be moved portion of the wreck. A report backward and forward for the pur- had, however, reached Vice-Admipose of lifting or moving boilers, ral Hope, that the unfortunate and other ponderous pieces of ma- vessel was seen from a Prussian chinery. At the time of the acci- vessel of war to strike on a rock dent, about 100 men were at work in a fresh breeze, and go down. in the building, eight of whom It is thought that the vessel founwere on a traveller, engaged in dered at sea in the typhoon which moving a huge boiler, weighing prevailed on the Japanese coast on 28 tons. A connection between the 9th of September. The Cathe crane and the boiler had been milla was a sailing sloop-of-war of formed, and the men who were on 16 guns, and was commanded by the traveller were turning the Commander G. T. Colville. The jenny for the purpose of raising lieutenants who perished in her the boiler from its position, when were Almeric H. -FitzRoy, Guy C. the traveller broke with a sudden B. Wither; the master, William crash just above the boiler, at the H. Moore. point where the strain was greatest, and the upper machinery and seven of the men

were hurled to the ground. The jenny, which is from three to four tons in weight, fell

FEBRUARY. on the top of the boiler, and

upon six of the men, of whom two were killed instantaneously, one died in 5. DESTRUCTIVE FIRE AT BLENthe hospital, and the other three HEIM PALACE.-A disaster, which were very seriously maimed. destroyed a considerable portion

Loss of H.M. SHIP“ CAMILLA” of this palatial residence of the AND CREW.-The accounts received Dukes of Marlborough, and occaat the Admiralty by the last China sioned an irreparable loss to art, mail, leave no doubt that Her Ma- took place this morning. jesty's ship Camilla must have very early hour the porter of the foundered at sea. It appears that main gateway was awakened by a she left Hakodadi on the 1st of strong smell of fire and a great September, for Kanagawa, the port glare of light. He immediately of Yeddo, and that between that rang the alarm bell, and on the day and the 9th of September, the household assembling it was ascerday on which the heavy gale passed tained that the north-eastern wing over Yeddo, light southerly winds of the outer quadrangle was in prevailed, so that she had not pro- flames. This portion of the buildbably made much progress to the ing contained, on the ground-floors, south when lost. Her Majesty's the bakehouse, and store-rooms, steam-vessel Berenice, of the Indian the stewards’ and clerks' offices, navy, proceeded along the coast and other rooms : above them was from Kanagawa to Hakodadi and a noble gallery built expressly for VOL. CIII.


At a

the reception of a series of Titian's by some judicious connoisseurs great works, representing “ The whether they were really the proLoves of the Gods.” The gallery ductions of the great master to contained, besides, many other whom they are attributed. The works of art. At a further part accessories and architectural decoof the wing was a strong room rations are said to point to a concontaining many muniments of siderably later period, and Alesthe family, of the greatest histo- sandro Veronese has been named rical value. The intelligence that as the probable painter. It was, Blenheim was on fire spread a nevertheless, clearly the opinion of most lively excitement through Sir Joshua Reynolds that these the city of Oxford; the members paintings were works of a very and students hastened in crowds high order. Owing to the nature to the scene; the engines, and of the subjects, and the remarkthose of Woodstock, and some at- able frankness with which they tached to the palace were speedily were illustrated, these pictures at hand to arrest the flames. Their

were kept in part of the palace assistance, however, came too late, not usually shown : but Sir Joshua for the fire had seized upon the Reynolds having visited Blenheim building with such rapidity that for a casual inspection of its treaan attempt of the servants to cut sures of art, was admitted to see out the paintings from the frames these famous specimens of his own was unavailing. The wing and all art, and was so much struck with its contents were destroyed; but their excellence that he recomthe further extension of the fire mended the Duke of Marlborough was prevented by the solidity of to build a gallery expressly for the walls of the muniment room,

them. The only valuable reprefrom which all the documents and sentations of these pictures remainbooks of account were removed. ing is a set of mezzotinto engravAs a considerable space intervenes, ings (the reverse way) by John by way of precaution, between this Smith. In these plates the compowing and the residential and state sition is preserved with great spirit apartments of the palace, these and fidelity, but the gorgeous colatter were preserved from injury. louring in which the chief merit of The Duchess and family, and a the paintings lay is necessarily large circle of visitors, were re- wanting. siding in the palace at the time If the Blenheim Titians were of of the disaster, but the Duke had doubtful authenticity, and their gone to London the day before. loss to art not greatly to be la

The Titian series consisted of mented, far different is the case nine works of large size, painted of the “Rape of Proserpine "one in oil upon gilt leather, enriched of Rubens' masterpieces, which, in some parts also with silver, and being hung in the T'itian Gallery, were presented to the great Duke perished in this fire. This magof Marlborough by Victor Ama- nificent picture was universally deus, Duke of Savoy, afterwards admitted to be one of the master's King of Sardinia.

very finest works, and to be al. Notwithstanding the splendour most entirely painted with his own and undoubted merit of some of hand. The picture was of grand these works, it has been doubted size--13 feet by 7 feet—the colour. ing magnificent. It is feared that 6. FATAL COLLIERY ACCIDENTS. no careful copy of this chef-d'oeuvre -An explosion, by which five men in colours exists, and the composi. and two boys lost their lives, took tion only has been preserved by an place at the Coppice Pit Colliery, etching by Soutman.

Cannock Chase, belonging to the Another fine mansion perished Earl of Shrewsbury. The shaft by fire on the 9th March-Saver- ' had been sunk to a depth which nake House, situated in the forest . it was found impossible to keep of the same name, near Marl. free from water, and some men borough. It was the property of were employed in driving a fresh the Marquis of Ailesbury, who heading about half-way up the does not usually reside there, but shaft. The position of the scafat Tottenham Park, another man- fold on which the men were worksion about two miles distant.

ing, caused some sulphur which In January, one of the interest- was escaping in the space

below to ing mansions of old London was accumulate in a dangerous quandestroyed. On the western side tity. Some of this foul air, peneof Mark Lane stood a mansion of trating above the scaffold, came in fine architectural proportions, the contact with a naked light which interior of which was embellished the men were using, and produced by decorations of some beauty, an explosion. The scaffold was with much old carving and inlaid hurled a great distance up the work. The main building is ap- shaft, and then fell back into the proached through a courtyard, and abyss of water, bearing with it two the visitor enters by a fine hall in of the unfortunate men. The which was the main staircase. The other five died of suffocation in the hall opened beyond, by glazed workings. doors, into a small garden, in Several other accidents, attended which were still to be found some in each case with fatal consequences, well-grown trees and a small foun- occurred about this time. On the tain. Its history is little known, 8th of January, four men and two but it is supposed to have been boys were killed in a pit at the built in the reign of Queen Anne, Wyrley Colliery, in south Staffordand to have been at one time the shire. The pit was examined by residence of a Spanish ambassa- the Government inspector, but no dor to the Court of London. The culpable negligence could be upper part of this interesting edi- proved at the inquest. On the fice was destroyed by the fire. 22nd of the same month, three

In October, the fine mansion of men were buried in a mine at Mr. A. H. Davenport, Capesthorne Calver Sough, in Derbyshire, for House, Cheshire, was almost de- two days. Two of them, brothers, stroyed. By very great exertions were rescued ; the other man was a large portion of the furniture, found dead, and with his head pictures, books, and plate was re- frightfully crushed. On the 9th moved, but the former, much da- of February, two men were killed maged by water and ill-usage. The by a fall of coal in a pit at Radinterior of the mansion, with its stock, near Bath, belonging to the beautiful carved work and fixtures Countess of Waldegrave. On the was utterly destroyed. The damage 13th February, the engine was is estimated at 20,0001.

hoisting three men in a corve up the shaft of the Copperhouse mine, The precautions for keeping the near Oldham, when the


which sewers free from foul and explosive was of iron wire, broke, and 300 gases are so effectual, that, geneyards of it were precipitated upon rally speaking, the occupation of them. When extricated, one man these men, however disagreeable, was found to be dead, and the other is not dangerous. Early this two so fatally injured, that they morning, four men descended the died while being removed. On man-hole in Seacoal Lane, which the 8th of March, a fatal explosion gives admittance to branch occurred at the Blaengaur Colliery, sewer on the sharp incline between in the Aberdare district, the pro- the Old Bailey and Farringdon perty of Mr. David Davies. The Street Their purpose was to pit is notorious for the many fatal clear away some accumulations accidents which have taken place that obstructed the flow of sewage, in it. About 100 men were down and to repair some brickwork. in the pit when the explosion was They should have emerged in heard. Assistance was soon at about two hours. When, however, hand, but fourteen of the men the usual time for breakfast arbrought to the surface were dead, rived, their fellow-workmen were and several others seriously injured. alarmed at their non-appearance; On the following day, a singular and, lamps and ropes having been and fatal accident happened at the procured, several men descended Deep Pit, near Hanley. The pon

to search for them.

These men derous wire rope, and other parts found the sewer to be filled with of the machinery, fell crashing oppressive gases, and some time through two different storeys of the therefore elapsed before they disengine-house into a corner of the covered three of their unfortunate engine-room. The man in charge comrades, crouched down close to of the engine at the time, alarmed one another and quite dead. The at the noise of the crashing floors, body of the fourth was not found had run for safety into this very until night, when it was discovered corner, and was found crushed to far down the main sewer in Bridge death under the mass of frag- Street. The gas which had been ments.

fatal to these poor men had also 8. FATAL OCCURRENCE killed many rats; but, though thus CITY SEWER.–Four Lives Lost. destructive to animal life, it had no -It is well known that the city effect in extinguishing flame, for of London is drained by a very ex- one of the candles used by the men tensive system of sewers, which was found still burning, and others discharge their contents into the had burnt out. The fatal gas was Thames by various openings, and pronounced to be sulphuretted hythat the ancient Fleet Ditch is one drogen, but it was found only in of the most important of them. this sewer and those immediately In order to keep these cloacæ in connected with it. Its origin could repair and working order, a nume- not be discovered, but was generally rous body of men are employed, attributed to the discharge into under the Commissioners of the sewer of a large quantity of Sewers, whose adventures in these acid water from some large copper underground passages have been and brass works in Warwick Lane. frequent subject of description. 8. INDIAN LOAN OF 3,000,0001.



-The Council of India to day re- were wrecked, with a fearful sacceived tenders for an Indian loan rifice of life. The life-boats and of 3,000,0001. at 5 per cent. The pilot-boats were out night and minimum reserved price was 98. day, making the most heroic exerThe total amount of the sums tions in rescuing the mariners from offered exceeded 13,000,0001. Of vessels aground on the terrible this, 5,335,6001. was above the re- shoals and sand-banks on that serve price, and 637,0001. at that coast, in boarding disabled vessels, price. Business was done in the carrying out anchors and chains, scrip as high as 1013.

and other succour.

On the banks STORMS AND SHIPWRECKS. near West Hartlepool, between The month has been remarkable forty and fifty vessels were seen at for storms and the consequent dis- one time involved in disaster. asters.

Some had sunk, and only their On the 9th, a gale commenced, masts were visible; others were on the effects of which were felt with the shoals, beating to pieces ; the utmost severity, from the others were dismasted, and sinknorth-eastern coasts of England, ing. On the Langscar rocks, a along the whole south coasts of fine China ship, the Kelso, with a England and Ireland, to Cape cargo valued at 50,0001., was toClear. The weather-wise observa- tally destroyed, though her crew, tions of Admiral Fitz-Roy, recorded except one boy, was saved. So in the last volume, have attained fearful was the gale, that most of so much of system that precaution- the ships that struck were broken ary warnings are telegraphed to up into match-wood.

Several vesthe principal ports, and are com- sels were seen to founder, of whose municated to the shipping by crews not a was rescued. known signals. These forebodings A painful disaster occurred off have, for the most part, proved Whitby. The life-boat, which had correct; but the master-mariners five times that day braved the fury had not yet learnt to pay any at of the sea, and five times returned tention to them. Thus, although with the perishing crews

of Admiral Fitz-Roy had made it wrecked vessels, went out on her known on the 6th" Caution— sixth errand of mercy; she was gale threatening from the south- capsized, and of her crew of thirwest, and then northward ; " and teen brave fellows, twelve were the barometer and the atmospheric drowned: and at Blakeney, on the appearances concurred in foretell- Norfolk coast, a boat proceeding to ing dirty weather, the captains of the rescue of the crew of a stranded vessels in the Tyne totally disre- vessel, was upset, and nine men garded the intimation, and at least perished. On the east coast of a hundred vessels left that river, Ireland, the storm raged with and as many the neighbouring equal fury. At Kingstown, a gallant ports, on Friday. The

officer in the Queen's service, with quence was, that when the gale five of his men, perished as nobly rose in fury at midnight, this in the service of humanity, as crowd of ill-found and ill-manned if he had died on his quarterdeck shipping were embayed in the fighting for his country. This bight of Hartlepool, and many brave man was Captain Boyd,



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