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wrought, by all who are born from above. They are the evidences of faith, and the necessary consequences of justification. Believe in Christ for justification, and lead a bad life if you can. It is impossible. They that are of God, will do the works of God.
I have been perhaps tedious; but what is said has a close connection with the question before us; which is, "Whether our good works, &c." Here, I think, is room for a distinction. I am of opinion, that good works, extensive usefulness, and eminent sufferings for Christ, will in one respect, be followed by a proportionable degree of glory; and, in another, not. I am one of those old-fashioned people, Mr. President, who believe the doctrine of the millennium: and that there will be two distinct resurrections of the dead: 1st. of the just; and 2dly. of the unjust; which last resurrection, of the reprobate, will not commence till a thousand years after the resurrection of the elect. In this glorious interval of one thousand years, Christ, I apprehend, will reign in person over the kingdom of the just: and that during this dispensation, different degrees of glory will obtain; and "every man shall receive his own reward, according to his own labour." This reward, though temporary, will surely be more than equivalent to any thing we can be enabled to do or suffer for God, during the short span of our present life. And yet, though the reward will vastly transcend the work; still, between temporal obedience, and this temporal recompence, there is some little proportion: whereas, between temporal obedience, and the eternal weight of glory, there is no proportion at all. And to me it seems very clear, that, whatever difference of bliss and honorary distinctions may obtain during the millenniary state; I am inclined to think, both by scripture and reason, that in the heavenly glory which will immediately succeed the other, all the saints will be exalted to an equality of happiness, and crowned alike. In the
course of the present argument, I have been forced to take the doctrine of the millennium for granted: time not allowing me to even intimate an hundredth part of the proof by which it is supported. I would only observe, to those who have not considered that subject, that it would be prudent in them to suspend their judgment about it, and not be too quick in determining against it, merely because it seems to lie out of the common road. As doctrines of this kind should not be admitted hastily, so they should not be rejected prematurely. Upon the whole, I give it as my opinion, that the reward of the saints, during the personal reign of Christ upon earth, will be greater or less in proportion to their respective labours, sufferings, and attainments: but that, seeing they are loved alike, with one and the same everlasting love of God the Father; that their names are in one and the same book of life; that they are all justified by the same perfect righteousness of Christ, redeemed and washed from all their sins in the blood of the same Saviour, regenerated by the same Spirit, made partakers of like precious faith, and will in the article of death be perfectly (and, of course, equally) sanctified by divine grace; for these, and other reasons that might be mentioned, I am clearly of opinion, that, in the state of ultimate glory, they will be on a perfectly equal footing with regard to final blessedness, both as to its nature and degree; and, as the parable expresses it," receive every man his penny.'
QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
RELATIVE TO THE NATIONAL DEBT.
WRITTEN IN THE YEAR 1775 *.
Qu. 1. SUPPOSING this debt to be only 130 millions of pounds sterling at present (although it is much more), and that it was all to be counted in shillings that a man could count at the rate of 100 shillings per minute, for twelve hours each day, till he had counted the whole; how much time would he take in doing it?
Answ. 98 years, 316 days, 14 hours, and 40 minutes.
Qu. 2. The whole of this sum being 2600 millions of shillings, and the coinage standard being 62 shillings in the Troy pound, what is the whole weight?
Answ. 41 million, 935 thousand, 484 Troy pounds.
Qu. 3. How many carts would carry this weight, supposing a ton in each?
Ausw. 20,968 carts.
Qu. 4. Supposing a man could carry 100 pound weight, from London to York; how many men would it require, to carry the whole?
Answ. 419 thousand, 355 men.
Qu. 5. If all these men were to walk in a line, at two yards distance from each other, what length of road would they all require?
Answ. 476 miles, half a mile, and 70 yards.
*This remarkable calculation is introduced here, for the sake of the spiritual improvement subjoined by the author.
Qu. 6. The breadth of a shilling being one inch, if all these shillings were laid in a straight line, close to one another's edges; how long would the line be that would contain them?
Answ. 41,035 miles; which is 16,035 miles more than the whole circumference of the earth.
Qu. 7. Supposing the interest of this debt to be only 3 per cent. per annum, what does the whole annual interest amount to?
Answ. 4 million, 550 thousand pounds sterling. Qu. 8. How doth the government raise this interest yearly?
Answ. By taxing those who lent the principal, and others.
Qu. 9. When will the government be able to pay the principal?
Answ. When there is more money in England's treasury alone, than there is at present in all Europe. Qu. 10. And when will that be? Answ. Never.
SPIRITUAL IMPROVEMENT OF THE FOREGOING.
Quest. What is the moral law of God?
Answ. The transcript of his own most holy nature, and the standard of human purity and obedience.
Quest. Will this law make any allowance for human infirmity, or admit any abatement of the perfect conformity which it demands?
Answ. It makes no allowance for the former, nor will it dispense with a single grain of the latter. Quest. How does that appear?
Answ. It appears, from the undeniable current of scripture where the language of the law is, Be ye perfect, as your Father in heaven is perfect, Matth. v. 48.-Cursed is every one who continueth not in all things, that are written in the book of the law, to do them, Gal. iii. 10. The indispensible requisition is, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with
all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy strength, and with all thy mind; and thy neighbour as thyself, Luke x. 27. Hence in the eye of the law, and the estimation of the law-giver, the risings of wrath are tantamount to murder; the calling any man a fool, exposes us to the penalty of hellfire; and impure thought brings us under the condemnation of actual adultery, Matth. v. 22. 28.
Quest. What is the grand inference from these alarming premises?
Answ. That inference, which the apostle terms an evident one, and evident indeed it is; viz. that no man is justified by the law, in the sight of God, Gal. iii. For a single breach of the law renders us guilty of the whole, James ii. 10. And one idle word lays us open to the vengeance of God, according to the tenor of the covenant of works, Matth. xii. 36.
Quest. Supposing a person was to break the law but once in 24 hours; to how many would his sins amount, in a life of ten, twenty, thirty, forty, fifty, sixty, seventy, or eighty years?
Answ. If he was to fail in moral duty but once a day, his sins, at ten years of age, would amount to 3 thousand, 6 hundred, and 50.-At twenty years end, the catalogue would rise to 7 thousand, 3 hundred. At thirty, to 10 thousand, 9 hundred, and 50.-At forty, to 14 thousand, 6 hundred.— At fifty, to 18 thousand, 2 hundred, and fifty.At sixty, to 21 thousand, 9 hundred.-At seventy, to 25 thousand, 5 hundred, and 50.-At eighty, to 29 thousand, 2 hundred.
Quest. What if a person's sins are supposed to bear a double proportion to the foregoing estimate? That is, let us imagine him to sin twice a day, or once every twelve hours?
Answ. In that case, his sins, at the age of ten years, will be multiplied to 7 thousand, 3 hundred. -At twenty, to 14 thousand, 6 hundred.-At thirty, to 21 thousand, 9 hundred.-At forty, to 29