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powers of intelligence, feeling, and at the last day, and his awarding to will; which powers, though fitted each a sentence in righteousness on for right action, might be variously the basis of what have been his affected from diverse causes; might deeds in this life while in the body. be weakened and impaired, or We trust, therefore, that Emmons, strengthened and improved ; might whose pure, intellectual ray was so be more or less depraved in their long shining above our horizon, and tendency to wrong action, or more who has left, in the volumes before us, or less corrected in their tendency so many interesting records of that to right; from causes, too, without piercing intellect in its researches in the being himself, as well as from the wide field of theology, has perhis own course of voluntary actions; formed, during his stay among us, from causes for which he is not re- some service for the science ; to give sponsible, as well as from those for clearness to the views of its teachwhich he is. With this clear dis

ers who

ister to the instruction tinction drawn between the powers and hopes of their Christian brethof the being on the one hand, and ren at the sacred altar. His mission his voluntary course of action on has not been in vain, were it marked the other, the way was clear to har- only with this one deep trace on monize the two grand facts of de. the theology of the times. Many pendence on God and accountability a servant of Christ has thereby felt to him; to reconcile with each other his way clear to apostolic simplicity, the great departments of the provi- in calling on sinners to repent and dential government of God and his turn in their hearts unto God at moral ; to represent the certain fu- once, unshackled by doctrinal hin. turition of all events in the moral drances and perplexities. The tide kingdom of God, as arising from the has, long since, set that way ; and wisest arrangement of means on his great is the company of the preachpart to secure the greatest amount ers, and wider and wider is the cirof holiness and blessedness, in full cle becoming, who herald forth at consistency with his own sincerity, once the sovereignty of an offended righteousness, and holiness, and with God in bestowing salvation, and his the good or ill desert of his subjects; demand on every sinner immediateto set forth the great facts, stated in ly to repent, with a sincere and unthe system of grace now in opera- derstanding heart, and with a free tion over man-of the fall of Adam, and unfaltering tongue.

The stickthe original and total depravity of ler for old technics and the pugnathe race, their insufficiency to re- cious defender of every word and cover themselves, the atonement of comma of an ancient formula may, Jesus, the call of the Gospel, the in- for a while, scare the weak, by cryfluence of the Spirit employed as ing out heresy and brandishing the the means of recovery, the renova- knife of excision ; but even he and tion and sanctification of the people his servile followers are destined to foreknown and chosen in this eternal give way before the clear shining plan of operations, the hardness and of truth, and the swelling current of destruction of the rest—as consistent, holy love that is bearing onward the throughout, with the grand close of free in Christ, to hasten the world's the drama—the summoning of the redemption. whole race before God the Judge

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At last, the cold storms which view the long-desired lights of the pursued us from Cape Fear, during southern hemisphere. The cloud the opening of our voyage, includ. occupying about fifteen degrees in ing nearly the whole of the first fort. altitude from the horizon, was just night of the new year, had died sufficient to hide for some time the away; and the still more tedious magnificent SOUTHERN Cross, so calms which succeeded them in the richly described by Humboldt, and middle passage,” had also been fol. by Tyerman and Bennet, whose vilowed by the trade winds, under vid impressions at the sight, so poet. whose welcome impulse we now ically expressed, had long ago led moved rapidly southward, with a me to anticipate this, as one of the pure air, and a clear sky varied richest rewards of a tropical voyage. only by light flying clouds, and with And when, at length, my nights a temperature which, though not of vain watching and my years of uncomfortable during the day, was studious hope were requited by the particularly delightful in the bril. sight of this most glorious object in liant nights of the tropic seas. With the created universe, all the circum. the setting of the sun, the bright stances and incidents seemed won. clouds, which gave so much splen- derfully arranged to impress me not dor to the closing day, vanished only with gratification at the happy from the scene, and left the sky all accomplishment of my wishes, and northward, eastward, and westward, with admiration of the beauty of the without a vapor to veil the stars, spectacle, but also with deeper and which here shone out with a luster farther-reaching feelings of the mor. and power far beyond all I had ever al power of the whole of the strange seen, inspiring an intense delight, as picture before me in heaven and I watched them through many un- earth. It was on the evening of wearying hours from our narrow Monday, January 23, in about lat. deck. The polar star each night 23° N., and lon. 24° W., that I first sank lower and lower over the nor. obtained a distinct view of the Souththern horizon; and the zodiac now ern Cross, the form of it being so passing through the zenith, brought perfect, that at the very first glance the larger planets, with the moon, no observer could be mistaken. I by turns directly over our heads, saw it standing erect and resplen. an aspect, to me, novel and impo. dent over the dark cloud, in more sing ;-while in the south, new stars, than imagined beauty and glory, unknown to northern eyes, rose in its four large stars arranged in strikdazzling beauty to my inquiring ing order and symmetry, in the form view.

which all Christendom recognizes as Yet several nights passed while I the sign of God's infinite love and looked in vain for some of those man's eternal hope; and the rapture peculiarly interesting constellations I then felt was cheaply purchased near the south pole, which were by all the sufferings and perils of already above our horizon. For the voyage then past, or yet before though all the rest of the sky was Many hours I enjoyed the clear, along the southern quarter, a scene and the emotions rising with peculiar dark misty cloud descend- it; and so through months and years ed across our path, shrouding from of wanderings that followed, that glorious object attracted my eyes welcome thing, associated with the through watchful nights of exile, of idea of high consolation under trials suffering, of peril and of loneliness, and fears. As in the poetic“ dream" till it became to me a familiar and of the famed “pilgrim” of our time:


“ The wanderer was alone as heretofore :
The beings that surrounded him were gone
Or were at war with him. He was a mark
For blight and desolation, compassed round
With hatred and contention.

He lived
Through that which had been death to many men;
And made him friends of mountains.

With the STARS,
And the quick spirit of the universe,
He held his dialogues; and they did teach
To him the magic of their mystery."


In those wild years of strange gant; and the extract which I subadventure, many a dreary night of join from the “ Personal Narrative" perilous exposure and of fearful of the philosophic Humboldt, will watching, on ocean and land, was show that I but shared the emotions solaced by the sight of that beauti- of far graver and less excitable obful starry cross, standing erect or servers, and that even my strongest bending at various angles over the expressions are not overwrought, south pole ; and I well remember when compared with others' descriphow in one stormy night of shiptions. wreck, while struggling in darkness and fatigue, to steer a little boat *" From the time when we entered the through the roaring waves, against torrid zone, we were never wearied with the howling tempest, I “strained admiring, every night, the beauty of the

southern sky, which, as we advanced 10my seeking eyes” to catch a glimpse wards the south, opened new constella. of those same stars, to direct our tions to our view. 'We feel an indescricourse due south, away from the bable sensation when on approaching the breakers of the rocks which threat.

equator, and particularly on passing from

one hemisphere to the other, we ened to dash us in pieces with the those stars which we have contemplated relics of our lost ship. Never was from our infancy, progressively sink, and ray of light more welcome than the finally disappear. Nothing awakens in

the traveler a livelier remembrance of the momentary sight of one of those immense distance by which he is separastars through the driving clouds, as ted from his country, than the aspect of I wiped from my eyes the salt spray an unknown firmament. The grouping and pelting rain that half blinded of the stars of the first magnitude, some them. Even now, as that perilous the milky-way, and tracts of space re

scattered nebulæ, rivaling in splendor scene recurs, I renew the desperate markable for their extreme blackness, excitement with which I strove to give a peculiar physiognomy to the southrouse and cheer our exhausted and

ern sky."

“The lower regions of the air were despairing boat's crew, and exclaim loaded with vapors for some days. We again, “ Pull away, good fellows! saw distinctly, for the first time, the cross I see the cross. We shall soon be of the south only in the night of the 4th clear of all danger."

and 5th of July, in the sixteenth degree

of latitude. It was strongly inclined, With such remembrances and as

and appeared from time to time between sociations, the intensity of the feels the clouds, the center of which, furrowings I still express, in reviving my

ed by uncondensed lightnings, reflected first impressions of that remarkable mitted to speak of his personal emotions,

a silver light. If a traveler may be perobject, will not be thought extrava. I shall add that in this night I saw one of

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But even at this my first view of tion given in the missionary voy. the starry cross, unconscious as I

age of Tyerman and Bennet, came was of subsequent associations with vividly to my mind, and led me to the sight, I seemed to have an al. attempt an expression of my feelmost foreboding interest in it. As ings in such verse as was within the our brigantine bounded swiftly over powers of one unused to this sort of the long swell of the Atlantic, the composition. Unmusical and labor. bowsprit was bowing to the cloud ed as it is, it has to me some inter. and cross, and the tall mast pointing est in having been conceived and to the starry crown, which hung composed under the excitement of above us—known to astronomers as the actual sight of these objects, the “Corona Australis”-a bright though never committed to writing constellation, but less conspicuous till my return to America, when it than that which is familiar to us in was somewhat enlarged and corour own skies, under the name of rected, yet remaining essentially the the “ Northern Crown.” A poeti- same as I bore it three years in my cal idea, suggested by the descrip- memory.


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the reveries of my earliest youth accom- the Cross begins to bend !' How often plished."

those words reminded us of that affect" When I studied the heavens, to ac- ing scene, where Paul and Virginia, seatquire a knowledge of the stars, impatiented near the source of the river of Lanto rove in the equinoctial regions, I could taniers, conversed together, for the last not raise my eyes toward the starry vault, time, and where the old man at the sight without recalling the sublime passage of

of the southern cross,

varns them that it Dante, which the most celebrated com- is time for them to separate.”Hummentators have applied to this constella- voldt's Journey to the equinoctial regions tion :

of the Nero Continent," chap. 3. lo mi volsi a man destra e posi mente

At night, (the sky being clear after All'altro polo e vidi quattro stelle

much cloudy weather,) for the first time Non viste mai fuor ch' alla prima gente. we descried the constellation crur or the Goder parca lo ciel di lor fiai melle; O settentrional vedovo sito

cross. The four stars composing this gloPoi che privato se' di mirar quelle !

ry of the southern hemisphere, are of large but varying magnitudes, and so

placed as readily to associate with the “ The two great stars which mark the image of the true cross, the lowest being summit and foot of the cross, having tbe brightest. Another beautiful constel. nearly the same right ascension, it fol- lation attracted our notice, nearly in the lows hence that the constellation is al- zenith. This was the northern crown, in most perpendicular at the moment when which seven stars brilliantly encircle two it passes the meridian. This circum- thirds of an oval figure. We were restance is known to every nation that minded-and though the idea may seem lives within the tropics or in the south. fanciful, yet it was pleasing to ourselves ern hemisphere. li has been observed amidst the still night, and on the far seaat what hour of the night, in different that while we kept in constant view the seasons, the cross of the south is erect or cross, that cross on which our Savior died inclined. It is a time-piece which ad- for our redemption, we might venture to vances very regularly four minutes a day; hope that the croion, the crown of life, and no other group of stars exhibits to which the Lord the righteous judge' the naked eye, an observation of time so

bath promised to give to all them that easily made. How often have we heard

love his appearing, might be bestowed our guides exclaim in the savannas of upon us in that day.' "Tyerman and Venezuela, or in the desert extending Bennet ; " Journal of Voyages and Travfrom Truxillo to Lima,' Midnight is past; els," chap. I.


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The cross, “a graven image,” stands,

The snare and shame of Christendom,
On dome, tower, spire, through thousand lands,

From Peru to Jerusalem.
Its gold-shrined form oft gems emboss

Worshiped alike by king and clown :-
Idolaters !—behold the cross,

Heav'n-shrined, star-gemmed, which God doth crown.

Unknown for ages, now it wins

The eyes of millions to adore :
Midnight is past; the Cross begins

To bend” o'er AFRICA's dark shore.
Yields to white robe the vile kaross,

And groveling kraalt to spiry town:
The southern world beneath the cross

Awakes to hail its king and crown.

Godfrey, Baldwin, Guy de Lusignan, and Conrade, kings of Jerusalem,-Guy, &c. kings of Cyprus,-Bohemond, prince of Antioch, William, prince-archbishop of Tyre,–Baldwin I and II, emperors of Constantinople, &c. &c.

| Kaross,-the name of the filthy scanty dress of the wild natives of South Africa. Kraul,-South African village, a circle of oven-like huls.

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