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then, which are drawn from the house are growing rich, they are to readiness of young merchants and be all their lives long in a condition mechanics to begin business with of comparative dependence, and are borrowed capital, and their ability never to get more than their living, to repay that capital and grow rich you compel them to calculate someafterwards, are inconclusive ; for what on the lucrativeness of the the analogy which they presuppose, clerical profession. Is this necessidoes not exist. The young man ty of regarding the ministry as an entering into any secular business, employment which is to yield someexpects to realize not merely a liv. thing more than a living, likely to ing, but profits to be accumulated; have a good influence on those and out of his accumulations he whom you thus train for the sacred can afford to repay the borrowed work of the ministry? Would it capital with which he begins. Not not be better to say to them at the so with the young minister of the outset, You must not expect that the Gospel. His education is not a work of preaching the Gospel will lucrative investment of capital, so enrich you, or will enable you to long as he continues in the ministry. pay old debts ; it is a self-denying Let him turn aside to some secular work, and we would have you frame employment; and as soon as his all your expectations accordingly. habits shall have been adjusted to But it is thought that to loan his new business, he will show that money to beneficiaries, and to, hold his education is worth something, in them under obligation to repay all the commercial sense, and can pay that they receive, will make them for itself. But in the work of the more frugal and careful than if the ministry, he can ordinarily be ex- aid were bestowed as a simple gra. pected to gain no more than a tuity. Undoubtedly, if you will living.

open a treasury, and allow every What then is the effect of this one to put his hand in and help himloaning system, on the character self to as much as he thinks he and habits of the beneficiary? The ought to have, frugality and the question is not what might be, in an dread of unnecessary expense will isolated case, the effect of loaning be no part of their learning, what. money to an individual, to be re- ever else they may learn. But if paid after he has finished his stu- the greatest allowance to a benefidies; but what must be the effect of ciary be always the least that will such a system of education, on a enable him, with the utmost frugalbody of young men so numerous as ity and with all reasonable exertion, to constitute perhaps a moiety of to live from one appropriation to all the expectants of the ministry? another, certainly there is no better Why, the very first lesson which way of teaching him frugality, than you teach them, when they begin to give him that allowance, with the to think of preparing themselves to full understanding on his part, that preach the Gospel, is that the min. he must live within those means or istry is ordinarily a lucrative em- abandon his studies. ployment, affording to those who man any thing but love,” saith the labor in it, not merely food and rai. Scripture ; and so ought the Edu. ment and a shelter “convenient for cation Society to say to all its ben: them,” but a surplus revenue above eficiaries. But instead of this, the all necessary expenditures. Instead whole discipline of the Society now of teaching them to renounce at the teaches a contrary lesson. Through outset all secular views, and to ex- the whole course of his education, pect that while their associates of the beneficiary is taught to live upthe workshop and the counting. on the future. Run in debt and fear not, is the first lesson taught ministry, what is his position ? Unhim by those great and good men, der a load of debt, and long instruct. who founded the patron Society and ed to expect that the profits of his framed its rules. However alarm- profession will soon enable him to ing and oppressive the idea of being pay the debts which have been acin debt may be at first, the burthen cumulating for six or eight years, he by being long borne and gradually looks around to see where those accumulated, sits easy on his con- profits are to be realized. What is science. This is not the right way he then ? A free minister of Jesus to train a man for the ministry. Christ, ready to go wherever he may To be in debt is a dangerous thing do good, and able to rise above all for a man's moral sensibilities and secular considerations ? No. He moral habits. He who is habitual. is compelled, in conscience, to be a ly in debt, is always in danger of parish-seeker-an inquirer after dethinking lightly of his obligations to sirable vacancies. The question his creditors. For more than one with him is, not simply, Where can reason, the rule of the Methodists, I do good ? but Where can I get a requiring every candidate who ap- salary large enough to pay my debts? plies for admission to the body of How embarrassing must it be to their itinerating and ruling clergy, stand in such a position. How un. to declare that he is not in debt, favorable to the development of is worthy of commendation. The that free, enterprising, self-consedirectors of the Education Society crating spirit, which ought always have a pretty good security that to characterize the ministry of Christ, their beneficiaries will not turn and most of all in such a country Methodists.

6 Owe no

and such times as ours. We are told, however, that this We know there is a pledge that loan is of a peculiar character; it if the beneficiary will go on a misis “a paternal loan," and payment sion either to foreign lands, or to is not to be sternly enforced, if the the remote and destitute parts of our beneficiary is in a situation in which own country, his obligations to the he cannot pay without being dis- society shall be cancelled. But is tressed. For this very reason it is this a good argument to employ with the worst kind of a loan, in its moral men to make missionaries of them? effect on the feelings and habits of Does it represent the missionary the debtor. Debts which are not to work in the most attractive and inbe paid, unless it shall be conveni. spiring light? Who wants men to ent to pay them, are of all debts go on missions, as defaulters run to most likely to eat out a man's in- Texas, to get rid of their liabilities ? tegrity. If the benefaction is to be Besides, what shall the man who called a loan, let it be a loan in contemplates the acceptance of this good faith, and let the borrower un- offer, do for the satisfaction of his derstand clearly that when the pay- other creditors ? The doctrine of day comes, payment will be exact- running in debt for an education, ed to the last cent, so long as there taken in connection with the scantiis any law to compel payment ; ness of the loans made by the sociand the debtor may feel from be- ety—which are but little more than ginning to end a salutary dread. half enough to support a young man But this growing debt which is yet at his studies—has led him to con. no debt, weakens his sense of the tract other debts in the expectation obligation of all debts.

of being able to pay all out of his And when at last the beneficiary, salary as a minister. Thus in addihaving completed his preparation, tion to the five hundred dollars or comes forth as a candidate for the more which he owes to the society, Vol. I.




he owes another five hundred dol- the spirit of disinterested benevolars or less to other friends; and lence, by an Old School Presbytethose other friends cannot afford to rian elder. Here, too, is Abbott's release him on the single condition Young Christian, and the Life of of his emigrating. Like Peter, in Harriet Newell, but they belong to the prison, he is “bound with two the family in which he is a lodger, chains," and the offer that one shall and have strayed into his room from be loosed if he will first break the the parlor below. Where is Dwight's other, can hardly be expected to op- Theology? Where are the Works erate like the summons of the an- of Emmons and of either Edwards? gel Arise up, quickly”-to the How is it that his mind is to be chained apostle. “The chains" will quickened and enlarged by habitual not “ fall off his hands" at such a communion with the mighty minds word.

of other days? How is his mind But let him obtain a settlement in to keep pace with the progress of a good New England parish. Now theological studies ? How is he to he must begin to save from his sala- know what is said and done in the ry in order to pay his debts. But great world ? Does he take the how is this saving to be made ? Go Biblical Repository? No. Does into his study, and you may see. he take the Edinburgh Review, or Where are his books? You look the North American, or the Ameriaround for shelves. Ah! his libra. can Eclectic ? Nothing of the kind. ry can be accommodated without He has heard of the New Englandshelves. Here lie his books upon er, and his heart has ached to subthe table. What are

? First, scribe for it; but no, he is in debt, the Bible, in our good old English and he must buy no books till his version. Well, the Bible is the debts are paid. He takes a news. best of books. What next? What paper, and the Missionary Herald; helps has he—what apparatus for sundry pamphlets are sent to him the critical study of that sacred book by mail

, the postage of which is which it is his profession and his more than the price of them would official duty to interpret and ex. have been at a bookstore ; and this pound? Here is the old Greek is all his intellectual aliment. Is Testament which he studied in the this the way in which the pastor of grammar school ; Robinson's Lexi- a New England congregation ought con he had once, but he sold it when to begin his ministry? Why, in he left the Seminary, hoping to a year or two, long before that fatal buy another after he had ceased to debt is paid, his mind comes to a be a candidate, and he wears the dead halt; his habits of study, and proceeds in the form of a shirt. his sympathies with the intellectual Meanwhile if he looks into his Greek world, are destroyed; his sermons Testament and cannot remember the are commonplace iterations of the meaning of a word, he ascertains its ideas which he picked up in the meaning by reverting to the transla. theological lecture-room ; his peotion. Now for his commentaries. ple are disappointed in him, and Has he Scott, Henry, or the Com- begin to complain; he begins to be prehensive? Has he Kuinoel, Ro- discouraged, and to look about for senmueller, or Calvin ? None of a better place. So much for the these. But he has two volumes of necessity of saving out of a small Barnes' Notes on the Gospel, which salary, to pay debts. he bought when he was a Sabbath Sometimes it is said, let such a school teacher, and one volume of minister remain unmarried a few Hodge on the Romans, in the abridg. years; and the salary which his ed form, which was given to him, in people give for the support of a


family will enable him to throw off shall “owe no man any thing but his load. But where is the parish love." that wants its minister to remain It has always been deemed a unmarried, an object for village noble charity to aid the efforts of a coquettes and desponding spinsters youthful mind, striving in the face to set their caps at ? And is such of poverty, to cultivate its powers advice likely to be followed ? He and to raise itself into the highest who has not bound himself by an walks of usefulness. This is the irrevocable vow of celibacy, is very charity of the Education Society. apt to be persuaded, as soon as he John Newton had in his congregahas a home and an income, that ţion an unfriended young Scotch. his usefulness as well as his happi- man, who, having found peace in ness will be promoted by his enter. believing, was moved by a desire ing into the family state ; and, if to qualify himself for the ministry his choice is a wise one, we will of peace. The good pastor aplet others dispute the soundness of proving and nurturing that desire, his conclusion. But suppose that introduced the aspirant after use. the subject of matrimony comes into fulness to John Thornton, and that his mind in close connection with more than princely merchant sent the thought of paying his debts, the young Scotchman, at his own how natural will it be for him to expense, to the University of Camlook about him far and near, and bridge. Suppose now that this were perhaps to perform some adventure the end of the story. Was it not ous journeys, for the sake of find- a generous charity on the part of ing-not a wife, whose piety and Newton and Thornton ? Had not affection and plain good sense, they a reward in the consciousness whose kindness and gentleness to- of having acted kindly and generwards all, and whose habits of in- ously? Might they not read with dustry and thrift, shall make his humble joy, the words of their Sav, lowly home the brightest and hap- ior, “Forasmuch as ye have done piest in the parish, a model house. it to one of the least of these my hold—but a wife, whose portion brethren, ye have done it to me.” shall relieve him from his embar. But who was the beneficiary in that rassments. What then? We write instance ? CLAUDIUS BUCHANANnot for him who needs to ask such whose name India, converted to questions.

Christ, will hold in thankful rememLet us be allowed to hope, then, brance, when the names of Clive that in this particular, the rules of and Hastings are effaced from her the American Education Society monuments. Could the reader look will be reformed. Let the benefi. into the cheerless apartment of many ciaries hereafter be taught in every a young man in our colleges, he practicable way, that a debt is a might see there a spirit kindred to dreadful thing for him who would that of Buchanan, struggling perserve Christ in the ministry of the haps with discouragements which Gospel ; and if it be possible, let Buchanan never knew. Could he them come forth to their work free peruse the catalogue of those whom from all secular embarrassment. the Education Society has counted as The effect on the spirit and char- its sons, he might read there names acter of the ministry generally, which the churches and the nations would be invaluable. Let it hence- are already learning to pronounce forth be a first principle with us, with something of the reverence due to educate, if possible, those who to greatness and to goodness.



THERE is no closer test of the

1. Italian and Latin. proximity of two kindred languages, The great etymological affinity than an attempt by one who is famil. between Italian and Latin, is illusiarly acquainted with each, to write trated by the following lines addressa paragraph which shall read equal. ed to Venice, by a citizen of that ly well in either language. Some republic before its fall, which read

. attempts of this kind have been made equally in both languages. It is of in reference to languages cognate course a constrained composition, with the Latin, which may be re- and serves merely to show the posgarded as philological curiosities. sibility of the thing.

Te saluto, alma Dea, Dea generosa,
O gloria nostra, O Veneta Regina !
In procelloso turbine funesto
Tu regnasti secura; mille membra
Intrepida prostrasti in pugna acerba.
Per te miser non fui, per te non gemo;
Vivo in pace per te. Regna, O beata,
Regna in prospera sorte, in alta pompa,
In augusto splendore, in aurea sede.
Tu serena, tu placida, tu pia,

Tu benigna ; tu salva, ama, conserva. There is also the following well. words being in both languages, reknown invocation to the Virgin Ma- tain the poetical measure in both. ry, the lines of which, besides the

In mare irato, in subita procella,

Invoco te, nostra benigna Stella.
Matthews, (Diary of an Invalid, c. 10,) adds these verses :

Vivo in acerba pena, in mesto orrore,
Quando te non imploro, in te non spero,
Purissima Maria, et in sincero

Te non adoro et in divino ardore. 2. Spanish and Latin. be read indifferently as Portuguese The Spanish language has a sim

or as Latin, evidently prove the veilar resemblance to the Latin. But ry great analogy which these two we are unable to exemplify it.

languages bear to each other. It is

a hymn to Saint Ursula and the 3. Portuguese and Latin. Eleven Thousand Virgins. The following verses which may

Canto tuļas pal|mas, famosos | canto trisumphos,
Ursula, divinos, martyr, concede favores.
Subjectas, sacra nympha, feros animosa tyrannos.
Tu Phoenix vivendo ardes, ardendo triumphas.
Illustres generosa choros das, Ursula, bellas,
Das rosa bella rosas, fortes das sancta columnas.
Aeternos vivas annos, O regia planta !

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