« PreviousContinue »
ted near a slight elevation, upon a ular picturesque avenue, broken here small farm of gently undulating sure and there by the intervention of face. Immediately around, perhaps shrubs, and again left wholly open. a space of the area of an acre, is a The whole border of the farm may yard devoted to domestic purposes. be more or less wooded ; care beThis is serviceable for no agricul. ing taken to throw the morning tural object, and may be decorated shade upon the less available soil. at a very slight expense, with the In the instance we have supposed richest gems of the forest. Shrubs, of an undulating surface, the pas. either exotic or indigenous, may be ture, which will be best disposed set around the dwelling, or if desi. upon the more elevated portions, rable, form the entire hedge of the must have its perquisite of shade for yard. Trees of widely different cattle. A thousand circumstances character may be grouped upon this will direct the proper arrangement surface with very little art, to afford of this. The wood-lot for the supa most pleasing effect. The foli- ply of fires, is a subject of much age will serve as a most delightful concern to landholders; but as in awning through the summer months, most instances there are vestiges of and such of it as is evergreen, may the original growth, sufficient for be so disposed, as to ward off the the purpose, it will be needless to fiercest blasts of winter. Such remark upon it. One thing we will groups can rarely affect injuriously observe-wood is fast becoming the adjoining land, or detract from more valuable for timber material, the richness of the soil ; since they than for fuel, and by far the best would be fully nourished by the fer- timber is grown in open situations ; tilizing materials always abundant the inference is obviously favorable in a farm-yard. They can be set to the views of the tasteful agrifar enough from the roof, to secure culturist. We have spoken of an it from harmful damp. The kind undulating surface, because most of tree for this home group, the difficult to supply with wooded style of building, the soil, the cli- graces,' in connection with strict mate, the situation will direct. Only economy. The farm of rocks and let there be variety, and thrift, and cliffs on the other hand, may be irregularity, and there will be beau. rendered as beautiful as the wealth ty. The wild vines are not to be of Cræsus could make it, by the forgotten, but should mantle here extremest frugality, if guided by and there a tree, and stretch their taste. There is much land on every tendrils over window and lintel, such domain, which nothing but the climbing high upon the roof. The hand of industry, directed by corgrape may shade the porch, and rect observation, can reach. The bind with its clasps the unhewn col. shelving bank, the green tuft of the umn; the sweet briar bloom around, ledge, the rich deposit on the jut. and the lilac bush serve for the hab- ting edge of the precipice—these itation of robin and sparrow. points, which are generally left to
The next available point of deco- the rank grass and stinted shrub, ration will be along the approach may bloom with beauty, under the road, if the cottage be at any dis- hands of an intelligent proprietor. tance from the highway. If this The fir, the pine, the cedar, will traverse mowing or cultivated land, find a foothold, and sufficient noura low hedge skirting its margin ir. ishment upon many a spot unfit for regularly, will be all that economy pasturage; and the rich green shrub will allow; but if pasture land, the may tuft every cleft, while the wild hedge may be dispensed with, and violet and anemone spring up be. the trees be multiplied into an irreg. neath them. The steep slopes wher
It is per
ever situated, will appear well cov- to do, ye may be aye sticking in a ered with foliage ; and if the selec- tree; it will be growing, Jock, when tion of growing stock be good, they ye're sleeping. My father tauld will yield a greater net profit by me sae forty years sin', but I naer this, than by any other culture. Å fand time to mind him."* river's bank, if precipitous, will be “Ground is undoubtedly the most subject to the same rules. Should wieldly and ponderous material that the banks extend into a meadow, comes under the care of the landthe rich loam of the soil will doubt- scape gardener,” and as such we less be more available for strictly ag. should choose to let it alone. Not ricultural products. The rise how- so Mr. Downing, from whom we ever from this alluvial delta, if in take the above well settled opinion. any degree abrupt, will be the proper In the building of hills, and excavaspot for planting trees.
tion of valleys, we have little faith. haps unnecessary to remark, that The character of the approach road, ,
, it would be better economy still is worthy some attention. We have to select such trees as will be already alluded to it, and we allude valuable for their yearly avails— to it now, only to repeat our sug. such as the maple, the chestnut, the gestion-be simple, "remembering hickory, and the butternut. And that simplicity is not always distill farther, by making the cottage rectness. For the matter of gategroup an orchard, rendering it pic- lodges, we apprehend that designs turesque, by mingling the cherry for them will be somewhat rarely with the plum, the pear with the ap- called for, as yet, in our country. ple, and by a thousand little devices, And were we rich enough to emwhich it were less easy to recount, ploy others to perform so trivial an than to teach an attorney the arts office for us, as the opening and of catching clients.
shutting of a gate, we should earnVines and climbing plants under estly wish to hide all show of those a proper disposition, become sources services by the intervention of some of great interest to a country home, such machinery, as Mr. Downing while they will in no measure les- has favored us with the model of. son agricultural avails. The grape, A staunch old oak for gate post, the native growth of our forests, and a fir tree for sentinel, are all may be reared with but little trou- the monitors we would desire to the ble, and by its verdant tendrils and grounds of a ducal palace, much purple clusters, will make beautiful less to a republican abode. a hundred unsightly objects. We To the inanor house, the slight have ourselves seen immense bowl. depressions of the double furrow,' ders strown along a meadow, with seem too indicative of a useful cul. a very little care, all richly cov- tivation ; but to our minds they ered with this graceful climber, and have a pleasing effect, exhibiting yielding abundantly their fruits with by their trace of former cultivation, every autumn. The little arbor of the capabilities of the soil for a the cottage, the garden paling, and thousand products useful to man, many of the domestic offices, may and showing forth that industry,
, have their trailing mantles. We righteously ordained by Providence, might linger long upon this pleasing
* Sir Walter says in a note to this passubject, with encomium, and our
sage, that this nairé mode of recommend. random suggestions; but we close ing arboriculture, (which was actually it now, with the old Laird of Dum- delivered in these very words by a Highbiedike's advice to his son Jock, in
land laird on his death-bed, to his song) Scott's • Mid-Lothian' romance :
had so much weight with a Scottish earl,
as to lead to his planting a large tract of • Jock, when ye hae naething else country. .
to furrow the cheek of the laborer, portant offices of farm economy. as well as the subject of his toil. The pond may have its trees, and Upon the whole, we think the hus. indentations of shore, and be stocked bandman has little to fear in com- with its community of fish-all to petition with the wealthiest, on the subserve some useful end—this, score of land-beauty. Nature has with its .argosies' of bowing necks, laid down her seed-fields with con- and wings of the domestic fowls, is siderable taste, and if we may be to our mind a richer repaying outlay, lieve Murchison, and Daubeny, and than the finest jet d'eau, spitting its De La Beche, she has had no trifle treasured waters from hugest cistern. of experience. She has built up We had half a mind to pass by her cliffs, and rounded her sloping the subject of rural embellishments; meadows, in unison with the high- still, there is much in the arbor, the est principles of the sublime and rural seat, the grotto, the rustic beautiful, as laid down by the Lon. bridge, to add to a finished land. don Student at Law; nor has she scape. Not so, we think, of the forgotten Hogarth's line;' and Lor- urn, the jet d'eau, the vase, the raine did well in copying her more temple, the rock-work, etc. The ordinary phases.
vase, if classically elegant, and we Water is a rare addition to a admire none other but for sepul. landscape, either in the form of the chral purposes, is very unfittingly rill, or the lake. But a treatment bestowed upon a lawn; and if it be of its movements by mortal artifi. second rate as a work of art, as we cers, we are slow to believe a helper think it must be to bear constant of its beauties. Almost every farm exposure, taste decides against it of the interior has its little modicum per se. Perhaps we are over in. of this blessed beverage, running credulous, yet do we strongly be. its own way; and it is perhaps our lieve, that the artist who can suc. ignorance of the genuine effect of cessfully counterfeit nature in form. the artificial disposal of its treas. ing rock-work, or produce any thing ures, that renders us insensible to its like an agreeable impression, must value. Certain it is, that the far- be exceedingly prodique de génie.' mer has a greater opportunity to dis- Every proper embellishment of a pense this feature of nature's beauty landscape, appears to us to have its to new forms of additional inter- type in the natural scene. Thus est, than the lord of the wealthiest the rustic arbor is suggested by the manor. For he can unite the charm clustering vines upon a bending tree; of utility with many of its finest ar. the bridge is mirrored in the wildest tificial phases. He can set a thick scene, by the fallen trunk; the seat copse of evergreen and deciduous but making a convenience of the trees around the mountain spring, log or the stump. But we see nothto keep its waters free from impu. ing that could suggest the urn or rity, and to prevent the too familiar the statue. The man of humble visitings of his herds. As it leaps means, no richer embel. below, from rock to rock, he can lishments than nature, and a well scoop a little basin from the soil, directed ingenuity, present to his beneath some ancient oak, that his hands. And with the wealthy proflocks may have a cool place of re. prietor, the great danger is in doing treat. Thence he can guide it by too much. Nature will not be formost graceful sinuosities to moisten ced into a smile-at best, only a his parched meadow, and far below, grimace. She is not to be flirted taking vantage of some little dell, with, but only quietly humored—as he can wall in its flow, and set his a sensible woman, which she is. rustic water-wheel to execute im. Trees equidistantly planted, gravel
walks describing hyperbolas and el- We have no more time to spend lipses, cascades, and fountains, and upon the subject. We have endea- . sheets of water, and terrace, and vored to lay hold of one or two concampanile, will never of themselves trolling maxims of the art of maconstitute a charm for the man of king the country beautiful, and so refined taste. Nature most assured. to illustrate them that they should ly will frown, if her beauties are set be plain to all. We have wished to aside to make way for the man's. call more attention to the subject,
For ourselves—and Burke and believing that that attention will pay Alison and Wilkie sustain our con- for itself. Once let there be form. clusion, (better authorities than even ed a correct taste, by the landhold. Repton or Loudon,)-we love a few ing population, and the landscape
)— old giant oaks upon a hillside, where the whole landscape, will not only infant feet have trod smooth the smile, but the artisan will insensibly grass, sparing the daisy-top, better mold his views by the chastity of than the richest group of exotics elegance around him. Ugliness with shaven turf. So too, we love will become, as it ought to be, the no lawn where cattle may not browse, type of sloth and niggardness. The and no pool where they may not growing minds of our country, will bathe their fevered limbs; and we be developed under the auspices of appeal to Claude for the justice of new and purer desires. Neatness, our decision-Claude, whose delight and order, and harmony, will be to it was to paint the eddies dimpling them almost intuitive perceptions. around the “lowing kine.” Does “ The unabating gladness in the se. Creswick take his landscape views renities of nature,” will be from the park of Belvoir Castle; or than sweet” to their growing years. rather some out-of-the-way scene of To the man himself, who has re“Brignal banks and Greta woods ?” deemed nature from her weeds, and Does " the animal painter to the wooed her to his tastes, new aspiraQueen” take his subjects from the tions will succeed the pleasures London dairies—sleek, well fed Dur which attend the contemplation of hams; or from out some rough created beauty. Each season will crumple-horned Alderneys ? Yet have its dower of flowers to fling at the roughnesses, Mr. Davis softens his feet. As the spring heaves up in his portrait; and Mr. Creswick from the frozen ground her buds does not offend by painting all the and blossoming, and his fields teem slimy rushes, or the mud-covered with their infant harvests, and his stones, or the congregating turtles, tree-tops put on their leafy wonders, or the big-mouthed frogs, that grow and his flocks “multiply" on the or disport on the banks of Greta riv.
green hills,-if he wear a heart er. That landscape gardening- that “ leaps” when he beholds these componere parva magnis—is only tokens of a “ love that can not die,” tasteful, which teaches gently to sof- surely he will think of Him who ten nature's beauties,-not to remo- “ turneth rivers into a wilderness, del, to curry and to comb. Is it not and the water-springs into dry then strange that the farmer, pos- ground.” And when winter has sessing every essential to a perfect made the ground white, his whistlandscape, should live on happy in ling fir-tree will be, as it were, a his distaste,
God's voice to him, telling him that
_" like the kine He has not all forgotten the green That wander ʼmid the flowers which gem our earth, but will bring, in their season,
meads, Unconscious of their beauty ?"
“ seed-time and harvest."
The errors of great men make a but for wiser generations after them; sad chapter in human history. Lu- and hurls her ecclesiastical censures ther could not divest himself of a against all dissentients! The great superstitious belief of the Divine pre- minds that fall into such chains, are sence in the elements of the eu. doomed to spend their energies in charist; and adopting in the place efforts to reconcile with Scripture of transubstantiation, the whim of and reason these mistakes of the consubstantiation, the consequence founders of their sect. It is not so was, a division of the Protestant among the Congregationalists of New churches and an end to the Refor England, nor among the Presbyte
. mation. The whims and crudities rians, who are affiliated with them. of John Wesley, threaten even a They have their great men, the falonger life of evil working, although thers of their churches, and the sci- . perhaps a less amount of evil will entific expounders of their faith. actually be worked out. He was a They have too, a well defined and great man, excelling in piety, ex- well known system of doctrinal arcelling more in practical wisdom; ticles, which they highly esteem. of good powers of discrimination But they receive the Bible as the and logic, but not profound, not infallible and only rule of faith ; so
, learned in theology, not cautious in that whoever among them proves forming and expressing his opin- from the word of God, that a com
, ions. What seemed to him to be monly received article of faith is on the surface of the Scriptures, or erroneous, or that the reasoning of consonant with reason, or fitted to any standard writer is inconclusive, enlarge and purify the church, made is esteemed a public benefactor. up his creed. This creed is the Witness the reverence and gratitude creed of his followers, stereotyped of the churches toward such men for the faith of all living Wesley- as the elder and the younger Edans, and of all that shall live. wards, Dwight, Bellamy, Emmons,
How gratifying is the contrast be- and others that are thought to have tween this chaining of free thought contributed to the correction of old by fixed formularies of faith, and theological errors. Yet even these the truly Christian liberty that has men are not held infallible. Their ever been enjoyed in the primitive opinions are fair matter of criticism. churches of New England! What Tappan and Cheever are in no dan. profound investigations, what thor- ger of ecclesiastical censures, for ough discussions, what manly pro- presuming to differ from the elder fessions of dissent, what honest in- Edwards, on points of philosophy quiries even, can be expected in a that affect the foundations of reli. church that binds her members to gion. Nor is this owing to indifferthe belief of a creed, formed by fal- ence to the truth, but to warm atlible men, not for themselves only, tachment. Nothing is feared, but
much is expected, from discussion.
The conviction seems to be wrought * The Scripture Doctrine of Christian Perfection Stated and Defended ; with a
into the very texture of the public Critical and Historical Examination of the mind, that
error may be safely Controversy, both Ancient and Modern: tolerated where reason is left free to also, Practical Illustrations and Advices :
combat it.” The prospects of truth in a series of Lectures. By Rev. George Peck, D. D. New York, G. Lane & P.
are bright where such views prevail. P. Sandford, 1842.
Error stands no chance of being im