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their aid on any terms short of ac- quartered upon her villages—the tually imposing their uniformity on blood of fratricidal battles staining the people of England.

her fields and mingling with her The battle of Edgehill on the streams-perplexity, distrust, anx. Lord's day, October 23d, when the iety, fear and wrath, in the palaces king, marching from the north to- of her nobles and the cottages of wards London with fifteen thousand her peasantry. War, civil war,

had men, met the earl of Essex with begun with all its horrors for the nearly an equal force—was the first present, and all its perils for the encounter of armies in the war, to- future. What was to be the result wards which all events had so long of the conflict-whether new and been tending. That Sabbath eve. adequate barriers were to be erected ning, four thousand Englishmen lay against absolute power; or whether dead upon the bloody field. And laws, liberties, charters, were all to the blood of thousands more must be overthrown in some disastrous needs be shed, sometimes in battle, battle-whether the ecclesiastical sometimes

upon the scaffold, some. polity of the state was to be so retimes with a more dreadful atrocity formed, as that the church with under the gallows, before the axiom, its endowments, instead of existing that England with all its people only to surround the throne with was made for the king, could be the pomp of a compliant hierarchy, superseded by the axiom, that Eng. should exist only for the moral in. land with its king and all its insti- struction and spiritual illumination tutions was made for the people. of the whole people; or whether

Such was England two hundred the pure gospel was to be trampled years ago—the foundations of all down, and lost to England, in the her institutions shaken as by an triumphant return of dark and cruel earthquake-her ancient govern- superstitions—none could foretell ment resolved into warring elements from all the omens of that stormy -armies garrisoning her cities, or sky.


The History of Yale College by of five hundred pounds sterling, per President Clap, published in 1766, annum, besides the vast treasures contains the fullest account that we he got by his personal industry have seen, of Elihu Yale, the emi. while he was in the East Indies. nent benefactor of that institution, The paternal estate (as it was said) with whose likeness we have em- being entailed to the male heir of bellished this number of the New the family, and he having no son, Englander.

but three daughters, sent to his first President Clap says: Presently cousin and next male heir, Mr. John after this, (in 1718), the Collegiate Yale of New Haven, with whom he School at New Haven received sun- had been formerly acquainted in dry very large and generous dona. England, to send him one of his tions, which were very acceptable sons, to inherit the paternal estate. at this difficult time. The greatest Accordingly, in the year 1712, he of which was from the Honorable sent his son, Mr. David Yale, to Elihu YALE, of London, governor of London, who upon his return, was the East India Company. He was graduated at this College, 1724. heir to a manor in Wales, of the value These things brought Governor

Yale into correspondence with the Curatores negotii tanti, in commuHonorable Governor Saltonstall and ne præsertim hujus provinciæ popthe Rev. Mr. Pierpont of New Ha- uli bonum, momenti curå honorati, ven, which was the occasion of his omothumadon consentimus, statui. generous donations. In the year mus et ordinamus, nostras ædes aca1714, he sent forty volumes of books demicas patroni munificentissimi in Mr. Dummer's collection. Last nomine appellari, atque YALENSE year he sent above three hundred COLLEGIUM nominari : ut hæc provolumes, both which parcels I sup- vincia diuturnum viri adeò generopose to be worth one hundred si, qui, tantâ benevolentiâ tantâque pounds sterling. This summer he nobilitate, in commodum illorum sent goods to the value of two hun- maximum propriamque incolarum, dred pounds sterling at priine cost, et in præsenti et futuris seculis, utilbesides the king's picture and arms, itatem consuluit, monumentum rewith some intimations that he would tineat et conservet. yet add; and accordingly three Jacobus Noves, years after, he sent to the value of Moses Noyes, one hundred pounds more; both SAMUEL ANDREW, which parcels were sold here for an SAMUEL RUSSEL, equivalent to four hundred pounds Josephus WEBB, sterling

JOHANNES DAVENPORT, On September 12, 1718, there

THOMAS RUGGLES, was a splendid commencement held

STEPHANUS BUCKINGHAM. at New Haven, where were present, Which I shall translate, for the besides the trustees, the Honorable sake of the English reader. Gurdon Saltonstall, Esq., Governor The Trustees of the Collegiate of the colony of Connecticut, the School, constituted in the splendid Honorable William Taylor, Esq., as town of New Haven, in Connectirepresenting Governor Yale, the cut, being enabled by the most genHonorable Nathan Gold, Esq., Dep- erous donation of the Honorable uty Governor, sundry of the wor- Elihu Yale, Esq., to finish the shipful Assistants, the Judges of the college house, already begun and Circuit, a great number of reverend erected, gratefully considering the ministers, and a great concourse of honor due to such and so great a spectators.

benefactor and patron, and being The trustees, in commemoration desirous, in the best manner, to perof Governor Yale's great generosi. petuate to all ages the memory of ty, called the collegiate school, af- so great a benefit, conferred chiefly ter his name, Yale College ; and en- on this colony: We the trustees, tered a memorial thereof upon re. having the honor of being intrusted cord, which is as follows:

with an affair of so great imporGenerosissimâ, honoratissimi Do- tance to the common good of the mini Elihu YALE Armigeri, dona- people, especially of this province, tione, vigilantes Scholæ Academicæ, do with one consent agree, deterin splendido Novi Portûs Connecti- mine and ordain, that our college cutensis oppido constitutæ, Curato- house shall be called by the name res, ædificium collegiale inceptum of its munificent patron, and shall erectumque perficere capaces red- be named Yale College; that this diti, honorem tali tantoque Mæcena- province may keep and preserve a ti patronoque debitum, animo gra- lasting monument of such a genetissimo meditantes, memoriamque rous gentleman, who, by so great a tanti beneficii in hanc præcipuè co. benevolence and generosity, has proloniam collati, in omne ævum mo- vided for their greatest good, and do optimo perducere studiosi : Nos the peculiar advantage of the inhabVol. I.


itants, both in the present and future red a very great estate ; was made ages.

Governor of Fort St. George ; marOn the commencement day morn- ried an Indian lady of fortune, the ing, this monument both of gene- relict of Governor Hinmers, his prerosity and gratitude was with solemn decessor; by whom he had three pomp read off in the college hall, daughters, viz. Katharine, who was both in Latin and English ; then the afterwards married to Dudley North, procession moved to the meeting Esq., commonly called Lord North ; house, to attend the public exercises Ann, who was married to the Lord of the day ; wherein, besides the James Cavendish, uncle to the Duke oration made by one of the bache- of Devonshire; and Ursula, who lors, the Rev. Mr. John Davenport, died unmarried. After his return one of the trustees, at the desire of to London, he was chosen Governor the body, made a florid oration, of the East India Company, and

, wherein he largely insisted upon made the donations before mentionand highly extolled the generosity ed. And it is said, that a little beof Governor Yale. Eight candi- fore his death, he wrote his will, dates received the honor of a de. wherein he gave five hundred pounds gree of Bachelor of Arts; and sev- more; but afterwards, thinking it eral more

were created Masters. was best to execute that part of his And the Honorable Governor Sal. will in his lifetime, he packed up tonstall was pleased to grace and goods to that value, ready to be crown the whole solemnity with an sent; but before they were shipped, elegant Latin oration ; wherein he he took a journey into Wales, and congratulated the present happy died at Wrexham, in or near the state of the College, in being fixed seat of his ancestors. So that the at New Haven, and enriched with goods were not sent, neither could so many noble benefactions; and the will obtain a probate, although particularly celebrated the great gen- Governor Saltonstall took much pains erosity of Governor Yale, with much to effect it. respect and honor.

He was a gentleman who greatly After this the trustees sent a very

abounded in good humor and genecomplaisant letter of thanks to Gov- rosity, as well as in wealth ; and his ernor Yale, and gave him a partic. name and memory will be gratefulular account of all the transactions ly perpetuated in Yale College. at the commencement.

À note on the 189th page of Ba. Governor Yale, the great bene- con's Historical Discourses, affords

, factor to this College, died July 8th, reason to believe that President Clap 1721. He descended from an an- has not given to Jeremiah Dummer, cient and wealthy family in Wales, Jr., then agent in London for the who for many generations possessed colony of Connecticut, all the honthe manor of Plas Grannow, and or due him for his exertions in beseveral other messuages, near the half of the infant College. It was city of Wrexham, of the yearly val. probably owing to his influence, that ue of five hundred pounds. Thom- the charities of Governor Yale took as Yale, Esq., the Governor's father, this direction. for the sake of religion, came over A catalogue of the paintings in to America with the first settlers of the south room of the Trumbull New Haven, in the year 1638. Gallery, Yale College, contains some Here the Governor was born, April further particulars from the pen of 5, 1648. He went to England at Professor Kingsley. He says: The the age of about ten years; to the portrait of Governor Yale, now in East Indies at about thirty, where possession of the College, was pre. he lived near twenty years; acqui. sented by Dudley North, Esq., son of

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Catharine ; and was sent to the col

The wealth, that o'er the sea from India lege in 1789, on the application of From western realms he bids dark ignorance President Stiles. This grandson of fly, Governor Yale was at that time own

As flies the night before the dawning rays:

So long as grateful bosoms beat, shall high er of the family estate at Wrexham, YALE'S sons and pious fathers sing his and was a member of Parliament. praise. From a date on the canvas, the por- The gratitude expressed by the trait appears to have been executed founders of Yale College, and the by E. Seeman, 1717, about four other leading men of the colony, years before the Governor's death.

for the "

generous donations” of The following is a copy of Gov. Governor Yale, and the very great ernor Yale's epitaph, in the church- benefits to the country and the world yard at Wrexham :

that are traced back to these early Under this tomb lyes interred Eli- endowments of the Institution, we hu Yale, of Place Gronow, Esq. wish might inspire some of our capborn 5th of April, 1648, and dyed italists with a laudable desire to en. the 8th of July, 1721, aged 73 years. roll their names, along with that of Born in America, in Europe bred,

Yale, as the benefactors of mankind, In Afric travel'd, and in Asia wed, Where long he liv'd and thriy'd; "at London by endowing such of our infant in dead.

stitutions as Lane Seminary, and Much good, some ill he did ; so hope all's even, Western Reserve, Marietta and Illi. And that his soul through mercy's gone to heaven.

nois Colleges. The cause of ed. You that survive and read, take care ucation, of religion, of good order, For this most certain exit to prepare, at the West, depends on the prosper. For only the actions of the just Smell sweet and blossom in the dust. ity of these seminaries. They need

funds. But such are the calls on An engraved likeness of Governor Yale was sent to the College at Christians, for the prosecution of

the charities of the middle class of an early period, under which was placed, in manuscript, the following the Gospel, that they reluctantly

more direct measures for spreading inscription:

close their ears, with few excepEffigies clarissimi viri D. D. Elihu Yale, Londinensis Armigeri.

tions, against the appeals of these in.

stitutions. Permanent endowments, En vir! cui meritas laudes ob facta per orbis therefore, can come only from the

Extremos fines, inclyta fama dedit.
Æquor arans tumidum, gazas adduxit ab

Elihu Yales of the country-men

of wealth and munificent hearts, Quas ille sparsit munificante manu :

who either have few heirs depen. Inscitiæ tenebras, ut noctis luce corusca Phæhus, ab occiduis pellit et ille plagis.

dent upon them, or property enough Dum mens grata manet, nomen laudesque both for heirs and noble charities.

Cantabunt SOBOLES, unanimique PATRES.

Let such men remember, at least

in their wills, the colleges referred Imitated by Dr. Percival.

to—a sure way of embalming their Behold the man, for generons deeds renown'd,

names in the hearts of a grateful Who in remotest regions won his fame ; With wise munificence he scaltered round posterity.

9. D. Woolsey


In visions strange, upon a dreary shere

I stood where rocks confused and high up-pild, Stupendous forms, frown'd o'er the ocean's roar, Which ever in their bases caverns wore,

And shook the coast afar with murmurings wild.

Behind arose a forest dark and wide ;

Before the mighty desert of the sea :
No beacon there the helmsman lost to guide ;
No harbor where the wandering ship might ride:

Fit place for sailors' graves it seemed to be.

'Twas twilight spread with clouds ; but o'er the deep

Long streaks of sky just on the horizon shone : The winds, which never here had sunk to sleep, Blew loud and hoarsest now ;-upon the steep

I lay, and watched the gloomy scene alone.

The waves were tinged beneath that scanty sky

Dark-grey, whene'er they reared their ridge of foam. At distance, wall'd with rocks immensely high, A narrow island coast I could descry,

Where men in forms of grief appeared to roam.

Oh how despair had borrowed from the mind

The outer hues and lineaments of care : Each thought of swiftest flight yet left behind The flush and stamp of passion well defin’d,

Like lightnings fix'd and printed on the air.

Silent they seem'd to pace along ;-the day

Saw, as it rose and as it fell, their pain.
Silent they pac'd, and watch'd out night's delay,
Save when some wildest image pass'd away,

They shriek'd for gladness, ere it came again.

Nalight was to them that glorious western sun,

Emblem to mortals here of joys above : Naught was the dash of waves, or day begun; Day was as night, and nature's smile was gone :

The darkness of the soul obscured all forms of love.

Each to the pangs which being scarce could hold

Was fettered ; knew nor felt he aught beside. The sympathies of earth were stiff and cold ; For how could love and joy their buds unfold,

When beat by storms of death on every side ?

Much was I moved by this mysterious sight;
In human fellowship my hands I wrung.


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