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Nor I alone was mov'd; but spirits bright,
In voices sad and shrill their pity sung.
Their ceaseless roar the waves now first forbore :
Sudden the winds were lull, as they began. 'Twas sadder far than earth e'er learnt before, And cut deep sorrows in my heart, no more
To be forgot with life; and thus it ran :
Mourn, earth and time, and let the cry
Spread from the highest seraph's throne,
For souls, akin to heaven, undone.
No twinkling ray of joy appears;
Or shorten heaven's undying years.
Oh that some winged voice of love,
Forth bursting from th'eternal throne,
And stop each desperate sufferer's groan.
Bloom forth beneath the love of heaven:
Towards God, who speaks thy sins forgiv'n.”
Ah ! 'tis a bitter destiny
That, while your sleepless souls shall last,
Must brood and hover o'er the past ;
Watching sin's ever-deepening stain ;
To escape these rolling waves of pain.
O! could we still their fever's rage !
O, might we suffer in their place!
If thus we won them pardoning grace.
Sin past remembered, present known,
With deep despair and many a groan.
Then since your minds no rest can know ;
Since no deliverer can be found;
Tear wide each deep and cureless wound.
Will mourn for minds to ruin given,
That might have shone and glow'd in heaven.
Alas! how feeble the reflected song :
Far other notes they sung, but such the strain ;
Until I Aed the agony of pain.
And as the voices died they seemed to say
“ Be like in pity to the blest above,
When judgment issues from eternal love."
The Bible in Spain ; or the Jour- English gentleman, shines out on
neys, Adventures and Imprison. every page of his work. He is ments of an Englishman, in an evidently not a clergyman, but attempt to circulate the Scriptures a zealous, generous son of "the in the Peninsula. By George church,” who, having traveled in BORROW.
all parts of the Eastern continent,
and learned “to speak with other This is the title of a very enter. tongues,” was prepared as if by set taining book—a book which will be purpose, for this work in Spain.
. read by almost all intelligent per. Înto whatever company he fell, he sons in England and the United was at home. He could converse States. The author, Mr. George with every tribe, sect, and profes. Borrow, went to Spain in 1835, in sion of people, whom he chanced the service of the British and For- to meet; and knowing their prejueign Bible Society, and there he dices and weak sides, he was able remained until 1840, with the ex- to promote the cause in which he ception of short intervals of absence had embarked, by making himself in England. His work on the “Gip- a favorite with all parties. Whensies of Spain,” first attracted the ever he wished to pass “incog." in attention of the reading public, and his travels, he found no difficulty prepared the way for a most favor. in making his companions, whether able reception of the “ Bible in gipsies, or Jews, or Roman priests, Spain.” Who Mr. Borrow was, we mistake him for one of their own are not informed; but what he is, fraternity. a very intelligent, well educated, Perhaps some may suspect, that kind hearted, bold, enterprising, he carried this species of Jesuitism beyond the limits of strict rectitude. a steamer bound that day for sev. When, for example, he was at Cor. eral ports in the Mediterranean. dova, he took lodgings in a public The example of these "indul. house kept by a violent Carlist. gences” and “liberties” in so exHe had not been there long, before cellent a man as Mr. Borrow, is far his servant was turned out of doors more dangerous to society, than the for being a Christino; and coming "indelicacies” that disfigure many to his master to report what had of the ancient and modern classics. befallen him, he added : “the knave Vice in the grosser forms is conof a landlord told me that you (Mr. templated by virtuous minds with Borrow) had confessed yourself to no other feelings than disgust-but be of the same politics as himself, when associated with a character in or he would not have harbored you.' all other respects faultless, and even To this, we have the following char- fascinating, it is apt to please rather acteristic reply from our author : than offend us. “ My good man, I am invariably of But we are not disposed to be the politics of the people at whose severe with Mr. Borrow. No reader table I sit, or beneath whose roof I of his “ Bible in Spain,” can have sleep; at least, I never say any any other feelings toward him than thing which can lead them to sus. those of respect and kindness. pect the contrary : by pursuing Mr. Borrow brought out with him which system, I have more than from England, a small quantity of once escaped a bloody pillow, and Spanish Testaments and Bibles, having the wine I drank spiced with which he intended to sell as he sublimate."
might have opportunity. It was a Whether or not Mr. Borrow was grand object with him, however, to able, in “pursuing this system,” to obtain permission from the Spanish sail clear of actual falsehood, there government, to publish the New are certain blemishes in his gen. Testament at Madrid. This was a erally excellent character and hab- difficult point to be gained. The its, of which, in a commendatory civil war between the Queen Renotice of his book, it would be un. gent and Don Carlos was then rapardonable not to speak. They are ging, and although the Queen's faults, however, it should be ob- ministers were in general willing served in justice to him, belonging enough at heart to grant his request, to his class and country, viz. wine yet they dared not do it, for fear of and brandy drinking, and Sabbath arousing against them more fiercely breaking-offenses which would not still, the displeasure of the priests. now be tolerated in an agent of any After several ineffectual applicabenevolent society on this side of tions to successive ministers, sup. the water.
On one occasion, he ported by the influence of the Brittells us he drank a pint of brandy ish embassador, Mr. Villiers, the without feeling the least effect from present earl of Clarendon, he finally it; and he speaks of his wine or took the hint to publish an edition stronger beverage, oftener than of of the New Testament, without the his food. As to the Sabbath, we written permission of the govern hear very little about it. One fact, ment, it being intimated to him that however, is sufficient. In 1838, he he would not be disturbed. The visited Cadiz. On Saturday, he following extracts will show with dined with the British consul, at what difficulties and with what sucwhose house, on the following day, cess he met in putting the work into divine service was to be attended. circulation—and at the same time, But by six o'clock on Sunday morn- afford the reader a tolerably lively ing, Mr. Borrow was on board of idea of things in Spain.
"I had determined, after depositing a with the view of proclaiming Christ crucertain number of copies in the shops of cified, and of making his doctrine known. the booksellers of Madrid, to ride forth, This step will perhaps be considered by Testament in hand, and endeavor to cir. some as too bold, but I was not aware culate the word of God among the Span- that I could take any more calculated iards, not only of the towns but of the to arouse the attention of the people-a villages ; among the children not only of considerable point. I also ordered num. the plains but of the hills and mountains. bers of the same advertisement to be I intended to visit Old Castile, and to struck off in the shape of bills, which I traverse the whole of Galicia and the caused to be stuck up in various parts of Asturias—to establish Scripture depots in tbe town. I had great hope ihat by the principal towns, and to visit the peo- means of these, a considerable number ple in secret and secluded spots—to talk of New Testaments would be sold. I to them of Christ, to explain to them the intended to repeat this experiment in nature of his book, and to place that book Valladolid, Leon, St. Jago, and all the in the hands of those whom I should principal towns which I visited, and to deem capable of deriving benefit from it.” distribute them likewise as I rode along :
“ Salamanca was the first place which the children of Spain would thus be I intended to visit."
brought to know, that such a work as the “ A melancholy town is Salamanca; New Testament is in existence, a fact, the days of its collegiate glory are long of which not five in one hundred were since past by, never more to return; a iben aware, notwithstanding their so frecircumstance, however, which is little to quently repeated boasts of their Cathobe regretted; for what benefit did the licity and Christianity.” world ever derive from scholastic philosophy? And for that alone was Salamanca From Salamanca our author pass. ever famous. Its balls are now almosted through several towns to Leon. silent, and grass is growing in its courts, which were once daily thronged by at “I had scarcely been at Leon three least eight thousand students; a number days when I was seized with a fever, to which at the present day, the entire against which I thought the strength even population of the city does not amo of my constitution would have yielded, Yet, with all its melancholy, what an for it wore me almost to a skeleton, and interesting, nay, what a magnificent when it departed, at the end of about a place is Salamanca. How glorious are week, left me in such a deplorable state its churches, how stupendous are its de- of weakness, that I was scarcely able to serted convenis, and with what sublime make the slightest exertion. I bad, bow. but sullen grandeur, do iis huge and ever, previously persuaded a bookseller crumbling walls, which crown the pre- to undertake the charge of vending the cipitous bank of the Tormes, look down Testaments, and had published my adupon the lovely river and ils venerable vertisements as usual, though without bridge.
very sanguine hope of success, as Leon “What a pity, that, of the many rivers is a place where the inhabitants, with a of Spain, scarcely one is pavigable. The very few exceptions, are furious Carlists, beautiful but shallow Tormes, instead of and ignorant and blinded followers of the proving a source of blessing and wealth old papal church. It is, moreover, a io this part of Castile, is of no further bishop's see, which was once enjoyed utility than to turn the wheels of various by the prime counsellor of Don Carlos, small water-mills, standing upon the weirs whose fierce and bigoted spirit still seems of stone, wbich at certain distances tra- to pervade the place. Scarcely had the verse the river."
advertisements appeared, when the cler. “During my stay at Salamanca, I took gy were in motion. They went from measures that the word of God might be- house to house, banning and cursing, and come generally known in this celebrated denouncing misery to whomsoever should city. The principal bookseller of the
either purchase or read “the accursed town, Blanco, a man of great wealth and books," which had been sent into the respectability, consented to become my country by herelics for the purpose of agent here, and I in consequence, deposi- perverting the innocent minds of the popted in his shop a certain number of New ulation. They did more; they comTestaments. "He was the proprietor of a menced a process against the bookseller small printing-press, where the official in the ecclesiastical court. Fortunately bulletin of the place was published. For this court is not at present in the posses. this bulletin I prepared an advertisement sion of much authority; and the booksel. of the work, in which, among other ler, a bold and determined man, set them things, I said that the New Testament at defiance, and went so far as to affix an was the only guide to salvation; I also advertisement to the gate of the very caspoke of the Bible Society, and the great thedral. Notwithstanding the cry raised pecuniary sacrifices which it was making against the book, several copies were sold
at Leon : two were purchased by ex. ever, it departed, being bound for tho friars, and the same number by parochial Mediterranean on a short cruise, wherepriests from neighboring villages. I be- upon matters instantly relurned to their lieve the whole number disposed of du.
usual course. ring my stay amounted to fifteen; so that “ I had a depot of five hundred Testamy visit to this dark corner was not allo- ments at Coruna, from which it was my gether in vain, as the seed of ibe Gospel intention to supply the principal towns had been sown, though sparingly. But of Galicia. Immediately on my arrival the palpable darkness which envelopes I published advertisements, according to Leon is iruly lainentable, and the igno. my usual practice, and the book obtained rance of the people is so great, that print- a tolerable sale--seven or eight copies ed charms and incantations against Satan per day, on the average." and his bost, and against every kind of misfortune, are publicly sold in the shops, At St. James, Mr. B. met with a and are in great demand. Such are the cordial coadjutor in the bookseller results of popery, a delusion which, more than any other, has lended to debase and
of the place, Rey Romero. brutalize the human mind."
6. There is a curious anecdote conLeaving Leon, Mr. Borrow vis. nected with the skippers of Padron, ited various places with little suc
which can scarcely be considered as out
of place here, as it relates to the circulacess, and at length arrived at Lugo, tion of the Scriptures. I was one day a village of six thousand inhab- in the shop of my friend, the bookseller itants.
at St. James, when a stout good-humored
looking, priest entered. He took op one " At Lugo I found a wealthy booksel. of my Testaments, and forth with burst ler, to whom I brought a letter of recom- into a violent fit of laughter. “What is mendation from Madrid. He willingly the matter?" demanded the bookseller. undertook the sale of my books. The “The sight of this book reminds me of a Lord deigned to favor my feeble exer- circumstance,” replied the other : “ about tions in bis cause at Lugo. I brought twenty years ago, when the English first thither thirty Testaments, all of which took it into their heads to be very zealous were disposed of in one day ; the Bishop in converting us Spaniards to their own of the place, for Lugo is an episcopal see, way of thinking, they distributed a great purchasing two copies for himself, while nuinber of books of this kind among the several priests and ex-friars, instead of Spaniards who chanced to be in London; following the example of their brethren some of them fell into the hands of cerat Leon, by persecuting the work, spoke tain skippers of Padron, and these good well of it and recommended its perusal. folks, on their return to Galicia, were I was much grieved that my stock of observed to have become on a sudden, these holy books was exhausted, there exceedingly opinionated and fond of disbeing a great demand; and had I been
pute. It was scarcely possible to make able to supply them, quadruple the quan- an assertion in their hearing without retity might have been sold during the few ceiving a fat contradiction, especially days that I continued at Lugo.'
when religious subjects were brought on * We stayed one week at Lugo, and the carpet. It is false,' they would say; then directed our steps to Coruna, about · Saint Paul, in such a chapter and in twelve leagues distant. We arose be- such a verse, says exactly the contrary.' fore daybreak, in order to avail ourselves • What can you know concerning what of the escort of the general post, in whose Saint Paul or any other saint has writ. company we travelled upward of six ten?' the priests would ask them. “Much leagues. There was much talk of rob- more than you think,' they replied ; ' we bers, and flying ‘parties of the factious, are no longer to be kept in darkness and on which account our escort was consid- ignorance respecting these matters ;' and erable. At the distance of five or six then they would produce their books and Jeagues from Lugo, our guard, instead of read paragraphs, making such comments regular soldiers, consisted of a body of that every person was scandalized: they about fifty Miguelites. They had all the cared nothing about the pope, and even appearance of banditti, but a finer body spoke with irreverence of the bones of of ferocious fellows I never saw. They Saint James. However, the matter was were all men in the prime of lite, mostly soon bruited about, and a commission of tall stalure, and of Herculean brawn was dispatched from our see to collect and limbs. They wore huge whiskers, the books and burn them. This was and walked with a fanfaronading air, as effected, and the skippers were either if they courted danger and despised it." punished or reprimanded, since which
“We found Coruna full of bustle and I have heard nothing more of them. I life, owing to the arrival of the English could not forbear laughing when I saw squadron. On the following day, how these books; they instantly brought to Vol. I.