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my mind the skippers of Padron and in the English language, “Good night, their religious disputations."
sir," wrapped his cloak around him, and
walked out as he had come. His comWe have room only for a few panions, who had hitherto not nttered a of the more interesting scenes and word, all repeated, “ Good night, sir;" events of Mr. Borrow's tour.
and, adjusting their cloaks, followed
him." “ So it came to pass that one night I found myself in the ancient town of
Having returned to Madrid, Mr. Oviedo, in a very large, scantily fur. B. thus expresses his gratitude. nislied, and remote room in an ancient posada, formerly a palace of the counts “ Well, we reached Burgos in safety; of Santa Cruz. It was past ten, and the
we reached Valladolid in safety; we Tain was descending in torrents. I was passed the Guadarama in safety; and writing, but suddenly ceased on hearing were at length safely housed in Madrid. punerous footsteps ascending the creak- People said we had been very lucky; ing stairs which led to my apartment.
Antonio said, “It was so written;" hui I The door was flung open, and in walked say, Glory be to the Lord for his mercies nine men of tall stature, marshaled by a
vouchsafed to us." Jittle hunch-backed
personage. They were all muffled in the long cloaks of The following extracts unfold his Spain, but I instantly knew by their de. subsequent operations. meanor ibat they were caballeros, or gentlemen. They placed themselves in " The first step which I took after my à raok before the table where I was sit. return to Madrid, toward circulating the ting. Suddenly and simultaneously they Scriptures, was a very bold one. It was all Aung back their cloaks, and I per- neither more nor less than the establishceived that every one bore a book in bis ment of a shop for the sale of Testaments. hand ; a book which I knew full well. This shop was situated in the Calle del After a pause, which I was unable to Principe, a respectable and well frequentbreak, for I sai lost in astonishnient, and ed street in ihe neighborhood of the almost conceived myself visited by appa- square of Cervantes. I furnished it hand. ritions, the hunchback, advancing some- somely with glass cases, and chandeliers, what before the rest, said in soft silvery and procured an acute Gallegan of the tones, “ Senor Cavalier, was it you wbo name of Pepe Calzado, lo superintend bronight this book to the Asturias ?" I the business, who gave me weekly a faithnow supposed that they were the civil ful account of the copies sold. authorities of the place, come to take me " • How strangely times alter,' said I, into custody, and, rising from my seat, I the second day subsequent to the opening exclaimed,' “ It certainly was I, and it of my establishment, as I stood on the was my glory to bave done so; the book opposite side of the street, leaning against is the New Testament of God: I wish it the wall with folded arms, surveying my was in my power to bring a million." shop, on the windows of which were “I heartily wish so too,” said the little painted in large yellow characters, Depersonage with a sigh. “ Be under no spacho de la Sociedad Biblica y Estrorapprehension, Sir Cavalier, these gentle gera; how strangely times alter ; here men are my friends; we have just pur- have I been during the last eight months chased these books in the shop where running about old popish Spain, distribuyou placed them for sale, and have taken ting. Testaments, as agent of what the ihe liberty of calling upon you, in order papists call an heretical society, and have to return our thanks for the treasure you neither been stoned nor burni; and here have brought us. I hope you can furnish am I now in the capital, doing that which us with the Old Tesiament also.” I re- one would tbink were enough to cause plied, that I was sorry to inform him all the dead inquisitors and officials bu. ihal at present it was entirely out of my ried within the circuit of the walls to power to comply with his wish, as I had rise from their graves and cry abominano Old Testaments in my possession, tion; and yet no one interferes with me. but did not despair of ocuri
Pope of Rome! Pd of Rome! look to speedily from England. He then asked thyself. That shop may be closed, but me a great many questions concerning oh! what a sign of the times, that it has my biblical travels in Spain, and my suc- been permitted to exist for one day. It cess, and the views entertained by the appears to me, my father, that the days society with respect to Spain, adding, of your sway are numbered in Spain; that he hoped we should pay particular that you will not be permitted much lonallention io the Asturias, which he as- ger to plunder her, to scoff at her, and to sured me was the best ground in the scourge her with scorpions, as in by-gono peninsula for our labor. After about half periods. See I not the hand on the wall? an hour's conversation, he suddenly said, See I not in yonder letters, a • Mene,
Mene, Tekel, Upharsin ? Look to thy. printed, was likewise advertised. For self, Batuschca.:,
this last work there was little demand. “A short time after the establishment Not so, however, for the Gipsy Luke, of of the despacho at Madrid, I once more which I could have easily disposed of the mounted ihe saddle, and, attended by whole edition in less than a fortnight. Antonio, rode over to Toledo, for the Long, however, before this period had purpose of circulating the Scriptures, expired, the clergy were up in arms. sending beforehand by a muleteer a cargo Sorcery!' said one bishop. There is of one hundred Testaments. I instantly more in this than we can dive into,' ex. addressed myself to the principal book- claimed a second. He will convert all seller of the place, whom, from the cir. Spain by means of the Gipsy language,' cumstance of his living in a town so cried a third.” abounding with canons, priests, and exfriars, as Toledo, I expected to find a
The result of this excitement, was Carlist, or a servile at least. I was never more mistaken in my life : on entering
the imprisonment of Mr. B. in the the shop, which was very large and com prison of Madrid, from which he modious, I beheld a stout athletic man,
was soon released in a manner very dressed in a kind of cavalry uniform, humiliating to his persecutors. with a helmet on his head and an immense sabre in his hand : this was the
“ I remained about three weeks in the bookseller himself, who I soon found was prison of Madrid, and then left it. If I an officer in the national cavalry. Upon
had possessed any pride, or harbored any learning why I was, he shook me heartily
rancor against the party who had con. by the hand, and said that nothing would signed me to durance, the manner in give him greater pleasure than taking which I was restored to liberty would charge of the books, which he would en
no doubt have been highly gratifying to deavor to circulate to the utmost of his
those evil passions; the government have ability."
ing acknowledged, by a document trang"I now entered upon the year 1838, mitted to Sir George, that I had been perhaps the most eventful of all those
incarcerated on insufficient grounds, and which I passed in Spain. The despacho
that no stigina attached itself to me from still continued open, with a somewliat in.
the imprisonment I had undergone ; at creasing sale. Having at this time little
the same time agreeing to defray all the of particular moment with which to oc- expenses to wbich I had been subjected cupy myself, I comunitted to the press
throughout the progress of this affair." two works, which for some time pasi had
" . It is useless tarrying,' said I; ' nothbeen in the course of preparation. These ing, however, can be done in Madrid. were the Gospel of St. Luke in the Span. I can not sell the work at the despa. ish Gipsy, and the Euscarra languages."
cho, and I have just received intelli. " About the middle of January a swoop gence that all the copies exposed for sale was made upon me by my enemies, in
in the libraries in the different parts of the shape of a peremptory prohibition Spain which I visited, have been sequesfrom the political governor of Madrid, to
trated by order of the government. My sell any more New Testainents. This
resolution is taken: I shall mount my measure by no means took me by sur.
horses, which are neighing in the stable, prise, as I had for some time previously and betake myself to the villages and been expecting something of the kind, plains of dusty Spain.'” on account of the political sentiments of Mr. Borrow now commenced his the ministers then in power. I forth with paid a visit to Sir George Villiers, inform- second tour among the villages of ing him of what had occurred."
Spain. We must confine our exThroughout this affair, I can not find tracts to the narrative of his labors words sufficiently strong to do justice to the zeal and inierest which Sir George
in Villa Seca, where he found in Villiers displayed in the cause of the Juan Lopez, the husband of his Testament. He had various interviews hostess in Madrid, a most efficient with Ofalia on the subject, and in these coadjutor. he expressed to him his sense of the injustice and tyranny which had been prac- “ The grand work of Scripture circu. ticed in this instance toward his coun- lation soon commenced in the Sagra. tryman."
Notwithstanding the heat of the weather, " At length the Gospel of St. Luke in I rode about in all directions.” “I had the Gipsy language was in a state of an excellent assistant in Antonio, who, readiness. I therefore deposited a cer- disregarding the heat like myself, and tain number of copies in the despacho, afraid of nothing, visited several villages and announced them for sale." The with remarkable success. • Mon maitre,' Basque, which was by this time also said he, 'I wish to show you that noth
ing is beyond my capacity.' But he who in affording the people the means of spirput the labors of us both to shame, was itual instruction, have no wish 10 curtail my host, Juan Lopez, whom it had pleas- their scanty bread.' He replied : Ben. ed the Lord to render favorable to the dito sea Dios,' (blessed be God,) and could cause. Don Jorge,' said he, 'io quiero scarcely believe his ears. He instantly engancharme con usted, (I wish to enlist purchased a dozen, expending, as he with you ;) I am a liberal, and a foe to said, all the money he possessed, with superstition; I will take the field, and, if the exception of a few cuartos. The innecessary, will follow you to the end of troduction of the word of God into the the world: Viva Ingalaterra : viva el country schools of Spain is therefore beEvangelio.' Thus saying, he put a large gun, and I humbly hope that it will prove bundle of Testaments into a satchel, and one of those events which the Bible Sospringing upon the crupper of his gray ciety, after the lapse of years, will have donkey, he cried · Arrhe burra,' and hasi- most reason to remember with joy and ened away. I sat down to my journal, gratitude to the Almigbty."
Ere I had finished writing, I heard “ In another village, on my showing a the voice of the burra in the court-yard, Testament to a woman, she said that she and going out, I found my host returned. had a child at school for whom she should He bad disposed of his whole cargo of like to purchase one, but that she must twenty Testaments at the village of Var. first know whether the book was calcugas, distant from Villa Seca about a lated to be of service to him. She then league."
went away, and presently returned with "*'The news of the arrival of the book the schoolmaster, followed by all the of life soon spread like wild fire through children under his care; she then, show. the villages of the Sagra of Toledo, and ing the schoolmaster a book, inquired if wherever my people and myself directed it would answer for her son. The school. our course, we found the inhabitants dis- master called her a simpleton for asking posed to receive our merchandise ; it was such a question, and said that he knew even called for where not exhibited." the book well, and there was not its equal
“ In Villa Seca there was a school, in in the world, (no hay otro en el mundo.) which fifty seven children were taught He instantly purchased five copies for his the first rudiments of education. One pupils, regretting that he had no more morning the schoolmaster, a tall slim money, for if I had,' said he, I would figure of about sixty, bearing on his head buy the whole cargo.' Upon hearing one of the peaked hals of Andalusia, and this, the woman purchased four copies, wrapped, notwithstanding the excessive namely, one for her living son, another heai of the weather, in a long cloak, for her deceased husband, a third for her. made his appearance, and having seated sell, and a fourth for her brother, whom himself, requested to be shown one of she said she was expecting home that our books. Having delivered it to him, night from Madrid." he reinained examining it for nearly half “ | subsequently learned that our proan hour, without ultering a word. At ceedings on the other side of Madrid last he laid it down with a sigh, and said having caused alarm among the heads of that he should be very happy to purchase the clergy, they had made a formal com. some of these books for his school, but plaint to the government, who immedifrom their appearance, especially from ately sent orders to all the alcaldes of the the quality of the paper and the binding, villages, great and small, in New Castile, he was apprehensive that to pay for them to seize the New Testament wherever it would exceed the means of the parents might be exposed for sale ; but at the of his pupils, as they were almost desti- same time enjoining them to be particutute of 'inoney, being poor laborers. He Jarly careful not to detain or maltreat the then commenced blaming the govern. person or persons who might be attempt. ment, which he said established schools ing to vend it.” without affording the necessary books, “ I was not much discouraged by this adding, that in his school there were but blow, which indeed did not come entirely two books for the use of all his pupils, unexpected. I, however, determined to and these he confessed contained but change the sphere of action, and not Jiule good. I asked him what he con- expose the sacred volume to seizure at sidered the Testaments were worth? He every step which I should take to circusaid, “Senor Cavalier, to speak frankly, late it.” • My present plan was to aban. I have in other times paid twelve reals don the rural districts, and to offer the for books inferior to yours in every re- sacred volume at Madrid, from house to speci, but I assure you that my poor pu- house, at the same low price as in the pils would be utterly unable to pay ihe country. This plan I forthwith put into half of that sum.' I replied, 'I will sell execution. you as many as you please for three reals “ Having an extensive acquaintance each. I am acquainied with the poverty among the lower orders, I selected eight of the land, and my friends and myself, intelligent individuals to coöperate with
me, among whom were five women. All which I had fervent hope would sooner these I supplied with Testaments, and or later lead to blessed and most importthen sent them forth to all the parishes ant results. Till of late, the name most in Madrid. The result of their efforts abhorred and dreaded in those parts of more than answered my expectations. In Spain, was that of Martin Luther, who less than fifteen days after my return was in general considered as a species of from Naval Carnero, nearly six hundred demon, a cousin-german to Belial and copies of the life and words of Him of Beelzebub, who, under the disguise of a Nazareth had been sold in the streets and man, wrote and preached blasphemy alleys of Madrid: a fact which I may be against the Highest ; yet now, strange to permitted to mention with gladness and say, this once abominated personage was with decent triumph in the Lord." spoken of with no slight degree of respect.
" It was now that I turned to account People with Bibles in their hands not a supply of Bibles which I had received unfrequently visited me, inquiring with from Barcelona, in sheets, at the com- much earnestness, and with no slight demencement of the preceding year. The gree of simplicity, for the writings of the demand for the entire Scriptures was great Doctor Martin, whom, indeed, some great; indeed far greater than I could supposed to be still alive. answer, as the books were disposed of "It will be as well here to observe, faster than they could be made by the that of all the names connected with the man whom I employed for that purpose. reformation, that of Luther is the only Eight and twenty copies were bespoken one known in Spain ; and let me add, and paid for before delivery. Many of that no controversial writings but his are these Bibles found their way into the likely to be esteemed as possessing the best houses in Madrid. The Marquis of slighest weight or authority, however * * * * had a large family, but every in- great their intrinsic merit may be. The dividual of it, old and young, was in pos- common description of tracts, written session of a Bible, and likewise a Testa- with the view of exposing the errors of ment, which, strange to say, were recom- popery, are therefore not calculated to mended by the chaplain of the house. prove of much benefit in Spain, though One of my most zealous agents in the it is probable that much good might be propagation of the Bible was an ecclesi. accoinplished by well executed transla
He never walked out without car- tions of judicious selections from the rying one beneath his gown, which he works of Luther." offered to the first person he met whom he thought likely to purchase. Another excellent assistant was an elderly gentle. man of Navarre, enormously rich, who was continually purchasing copies on his A Residence of eight years in Per. own account, which he, as I was told, sia, among the Nestorian Chris. sent into his native province, for distribution among his friends and the poor.”
lians ; with notices of the Mo“ It almost appeared to me at this time,
hammedans. By Rev. JUSTIN that a religious reform was commencing PERKINS. With a map and plates. in Spain; indeed, matters had of late
Andover, 1843. come to my knowledge, which, bad they been prophesied only a year before, I should have experienced much difficulty It is a gratification to us, that in in believing
the notice of this work we are not “ The reader will be surprised when I introducing a stranger to our read. state that in two churches of Madrid, the New Testament was regularly expounded
Many of them are more intievery Sunday evening by the respective mately acquainted with the author curaies, to about twenty children who than we ourselves are. To the attended, and who were a!!! provided Christian community generally, Mr. with copies of the society's edition of Madrid, 1837.”
Perkins is well known, and wher“ When I recollected the difficulties ever known, is respected and bewhich had encompassed our path, I could loved. The present work will raise sometimes hardly credit all that the Almighty had permitted us to accomplish
him still higher in public estimation. within the last year. A large edition of For ourselves, we have felt in passthe New Testament had been almost ening with him through the vicissitirely disposed of in the very centre of tudes of his missionary life, a proSpain, in spite of the opposition and the furious cry of the sanguinary priesthood
found respect for the Christian courand the edicts of a deceitful government, tesy and wise fidelity which he uni.
a spirit of religious inquiry excited, formly exercises, growing up within
our bosom into a kind of personal summit of Bås Tapá, as they were attachment to the author himself. about to leave Trebizond on their sol. We enjoy with peculiar satisfaction, itary journey of seven hundred miles. therefore, the opportunity which we It was in the after part of the day, now have, of expressing our senti. " when the rain had ceased a little." ments of respect and esteem before They had climbed by a steep zigzag those who feel as we do. We do path, cut out into a stair-way from not write this article with the ordi- the solid rock, to the top of the nary feelings of reviewers. The lofty heights which towered above work needs not our commendation, the city. There they stood alone ; We have no desire to animadvert westward, looking down upon the upon the few defects which a mi- waters of the Black Sea, which nute criticism might discover. We seemed to cut them off from the enjoyed the book, and we know of Christian world, while eastward, they no harm in writing sometimes out saw before them a long intermin. of the love of it, for no other object able way, infested with robbers and but to give utterance to our own frightful from pestilence. But trust. feelings.
ing in the Lord, “they rejoiced to We like a man who loves his go forward.” We will let Mr. Per. work, who is carried away with his kins describe the remainder of this whole soul into any good thing. afternoon journey. We never think of pitying such a
“Our Turkish companions of the cara. person. He has fixed his heart
van passed cheerfully along, occasionally upon a great work to be done by breaking the monotony of “ the bells on himself, and when he is about to the horses," by singing a traveler's song enter upon it, shall we interrupt the
or entertaining each other with marvel.
ous narrations. How novel to our eyes serenity and joy of his soul with our
and our ears were the scenes and ihe pitying of his case? We delight in sounds of that afternoon, which have er. the cheerfulness of a whole-souled er since been as familiar as the sight of man, who, unmindful of personal the notes of the stage-coach horn, or the
carriages, the sound of rattling wheels, inconveniences, and looking out be- whistle of the rail-road car, to our friends yond his work, is unconsciously in America. Among the Scripture alluhappy in doing it. A great work sions of which every incident and almost to be done, when it has fully en
every step, seemed a vivid illustration,
none struck me more delightfully than tered and occupied the heart of the promise of a day approaching, when the Christian, makes him of course holiness to the Lord shall be written on calm and cheerful. How unsha
the bells of the horses,' for we had the king his faith in the goodness of grateful consciousness, that to hasten such God! How quick to recognize a
a period was the object of our undertasuperintending Providence in the "Just before night, it again commen. matters of daily life! And, in the ced raining; and we had started so late
in the day,-our progress also being much feeling that he himself and all oth
retarded by the muddy state of the road ers around him are reposing upon in consequence of the rain,—that to reach the bosom of infinite love, how easy our stopping place we were obliged to to bear with those whom God en
ride some time in the evening. In dark
ness, rain and mud, we climbed precipi. dures! These thoughts have re- ces and again descended them, on the vepeatedly forced themselves upon us ry brink of the river, until we were heartin reading this volume.
ily glad to find a resiing place and a shelMr. Perkins is a pleasant com.
ter, even under a tent.
“We reached Javislik, a village six hours panion to travel with, and we have (about twenty miles) from Trebizond, often caught ourselves unconscious- near nine o'clock in ihe evening. Tak ly standing by his side. We could voor and our muleteer had preceded us, almost go unguided to the spot near the village, on the river bank, when
a few minutes, and were erecting our tent where with his wife he stood on the we arrived. Unfortunately, from 'haste,