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vivid impression of the good which reach of our capacities, and which the Board has accomplished, and in- under the luminous and vigorous spiring a livelier interest in the mis. pen of our author, can not but be insionary work.

telligible to every class of readers.

Bibliotheca Sacra; or Tracts and Psychology; or a View of the Human Soul, including Anthropolo

Essays on Topics connected with

Biblical Literature and Theolo. gy: adapted to the use of Colle.

gy. Editor, EDWARD ROBINSON, By Rev. FREDERICK A. ges.

. Rauch, D. P., late President of

D. D., Professor of Bibl. Lit. in

the Union Theol. Sem., New Marshall College, Penn. Second

York. New York and London, edition. Published by M. W.

Wiley & Putnam : 1843. No. I, Dodd, New York.

February; pp. 204, 8vo. Price

$1. The first part of this work, entitled Anthropology, treats of the in- This new theological journal as. fluence of nature, race, sex, age,

sumes the distinctive character of a sleep, dreaming, &c. upon the mind, “collection of tracts and essays," and on the other hand, of the power of such a nature as to be “ of perof the mind over the body. The manent value as a work of refer. second part treats of Psychology, ence. That a work of this charproperly so called, the attributes and acter, if judiciously and ably conpowers of a rational being. The ducted, may be of inestimable value whole is introduced by an able es- to future theologians, must be persay on life, both animal and vege- fectly obvious. No such work extable, and on instinct. This table isted in the country; and we re. affords but a meager idea of the joiced when this was announced. contents and interest of the book; Yet we were impressed with the difevery part of which abounds with ficulties attending it. The efforts views new to the American reader, of a single man, however gifted if not original with the author. In- and indefatigable, must be inadedeed it seems to us, that every in- quate to sustain such a publication telligent American who neglects to for a great length of time. The read it, is unjust to himself. The editor should possess great soundsubject, which is of the highest im- ness of judgment, a thorough ac. portance, is enriched with an exu- quaintance with the present state of berance of illustration from all de. biblical and theological science, and partments of learning, without a a kind of foresight by which he can parallel among the productions of anticipate the future progress of theour press.

Although Dr. Rauch ological knowledge and the wants was a disciple of Hegel, he was of those who shall cultivate it. He able, as he thought consistently, to should moreover have the assistance rank himself with the evangelical of a large number of able writers, party in the Lutheran church ; and who are willing to spend much time he is believed to have been a man and to lay out all their strength upof sincere piety. His speculative on certain insulated topics in theol. philosophy will not, as a system, ogy, which have been too slightly find favor in this country. The handled by other writers. Of Dr. greater part of this work, however, Robinson's industry, erudition and is devoted to empirical philosophy, talents as a writer, we have a very or that knowledge which is derived high opinion. Of the resources from from experience and observation which he can draw materials for his which all confess lies within the own articles, it is sufficient to say, Vol. I.

38

in the language of the announce- should be appended to that work, or ment of the work, “ The editor's rather, be incorporated into its next connections with Great Britain and edition. As it is a mere supplement Germany will enable him to avail to another work, and as several of himself of every thing new and im- the most important portions of it portant in the iheological literature had previously been spread on the of those countries." From the same pages of other periodicals, we have announcement we learn, that “the some doubts of its claim to a place editor will have the aid of several in a collection of tracts intended to of the leading theological writers of be“ of permanent value as a work this country, as well as of some in of reference.” foreign lands.” But we are not in- The second article is a general formed how many, or who, among treatise on Angels, and is written in the learned, are his pledged collab- the usual flowing and popular style orators, or will be active and effic of the learned author. It bears of cient contributors to the work. For course much resemblance to the ar. aught that appears, the work is to ticle “ Angels” in our biblical dicrest chiefly upon the shoulders of tionaries, and to the chapters on Dr. Robinson.

good and evil angels in our best The first number or volume of systems of theology. The author the work, we have read with appro- does not aim to propagate any bation and interest. It is, perhaps, new views or any favorite opinall that ought to have been expect- ions he may entertain. Nor does ed; but we confess, it hardly met he attempt to settle and decide upthe high expectations we had indul- on all the important questions which ged before its publication,-not how. relate to his subject. Indeed, we ever from the want of a greater va- should have been gratified, if the riety in the subjects, as the editor learned author had given us more appears to have feared. For we distinctly his opinions on several think, the more homogeneous the points which he has but slightly mailer of each volume, the more touched. For instance, has each invalue it will possess as a book of ref. dividual man and child a guardian

This number contains three angel to attend him from the cradle tracts, viz.

to the grave, as the Romanists be1. RESEARCHES IN PALESTINE, by lieve? Did the Lord Jesus Christ, the editor; compiled from various or the Word and Son of God, ap communications received at different pear in the form of an angel, on times from the Rev. Eli Smith and several occasions, to the early paRev. S. Wolcott : (with a map of the triarchs and others under the Old country around the sources of the Testament; and if so, which are of the Jordan.) pp. 9–88. the texts that speak of these mani

2. SKETCHES OF ANGELOLOGY IN festations ? On the whole, this arTHE OLD AND New TESTAMENTS, ticle gives a good popular view of by Moses Stuart, Prof. in the Theol. the biblical doctrine concerning an. Sem., Andover. pp. 88—154.

gels, and it will doubtless be read 3. THE REPUTED SITE OF with interest by most persons into Holy Sepulchre, by the editor ; in whose hands it may fall. At the reply to allegations contained in the same time, we have doubts whether Oxford “ Essay on the Ecclesiasti. such popular summaries of theolocal Miracles. pp. 154–202.

gical knowledge are exactly suited The first article is, both as to mat- to the specific character of this ter and form, a supplement to Dr. work. They seem to us to belong R.'s great work, entitled “ Biblical rather to those journals which aim Researches in Palestine ;' and it at immediate usefulness, than to

erence.

THE

ture ages.

WARDS,

those which aim to treasure up val. disposed to make his work the vehiuable fragments for the use of fu. cle of useful instruction, not only in

all other departments of general The third and last article is a lu- knowledge, but in the higher decid and triumphant demonstration, partments of morals and religion. that the site of the present Temple We see no reason why it should fail of the Holy Sepulchre at Jerusa- to merit the patronage of the public. lem can not be the very spot where our Lord was crucified. This is an excellent tract, and it is with the ut- Self-Cultivation. By Tryon Edmost propriety that it occupies a place in the Bibliotheca Sacra. Counsels of the Aged to the Young.

By A. ALEXANDER, D. D.

A Pattern for Sunday School TeachSears' New Monthly Family Mag. ers and Tract Distributors, and

azine. Embellished with engra- a Word for All. By J. A. JAMES. vings. Price $2 a year, in ad

Published and edited by THESE little volumes, by three ROBERT SEARS, 122 Nassau Street, popular authors, have just issued New York.

from the press of John S. Tay.

lor & Co., 145 Nassau Street, New This work resembles the Penny York. They have, all of them, Magazine. It is intended to include that chief excellence of a book, a the choicest selections from the most fitness to do good. They have also popular English magazines of that the charm of elegance. There are class. The editor appears to be no better works of the kind.

vance.

PUBLIC AFFAIRS.

CONGRESS.

its banners, had been struck down

from the presidency by death. The The twenty seventh Congress, Vice President had succeeded to the just expired, has been in many re- vacant chair, according to the prospects remarkable. It was elected visions of the constitution; and the by a party suddenly and surprising. heads of departments, as nominated

a ly triumphant in every part of the by the lamented Harrison, were still Union, and its expected destiny was, in their places; but Mr. Tyler had to relieve and to reform. Convened not succeeded to the chieftainship by a presidential proclamation at the in the party that had elected him earliest practicable period, earlier only to an office which, though someindeed than the election of some of times honored by the occupancy of its members, it has been in session, able and accomplished men, had with only two short vacations, from never been found to require any suthe last day of May, 1841, to the perior qualifications. Confidence fourth of March, 1813. Its first as- and a good understanding between sembling was under the cloud of a the individual administering the gov. great national bereavement. The ernment and the leading minds in brave and honest old man whose the national legislature, instead of personal popularity had been a chief existing beforehand and preparing element in the success of the party both to move harmoniously in one which had inscribed his name upon direction, were to be created by acting for common objects. How it expected to relieve the wide comhappened that a mutual understand. mercial distress of the country. How ing and reciprocal confidence be. this was to be done—by what spe. tween the President and the majority cific enactments all those evils which in Congress did not result from their had been imputed, not unreasona. acquaintance and intercourse—how bly, to the policy of the two prece. it happened that what seemed to be ding administrations, were to be sudearnest attempts on the part of the denly remedied—was not very dis. President to make himself lunder. tinctly understood. The leaders in stood by Congress, and earnest at Congress appear to have projected tempts on the part of Congress to a series of measures which were to accommodate their proceedings to be acceptable, some in one quarter, what they understood to be his views, and some in another, and which taken were entirely unsuccessful,,we will together, in all their relations, would not undertake to explain. At the constitute a system of policy under end of the first or special session, which the country was to emerge, the great body of those members of speedily, from its embarrassments. Congress who belonged to the party The north was supposed to demand which had elected General Harrison a tariff of duties so adjusted as to the presidency, united in an ad- to afford protection to the manudress to the public virtually denounc facturing interests; and the north ing Mr. Tyler. Thenceforward that was therefore to be gratified and reparty, out of Congress, was not in. lieved by a protective tariff. The deed dissolved into its original ele. south and west were supposed to ments, but was disheartened and require some national institution weakened. Public opinion as ex- which should rectify their miserapressed in elections was against Mr. bly disordered currency; there was Tyler, and against those from whom therefore to be a national bank, with he had separated ; and the next notes every where current, equaliCongress will commence with a de. zing exchanges, and facilitating the cided majority of the identical party restoration of the old commercial which suffered so signal a defeat in intercourse between those great prothe great election of 1840.

ducing regions and the cornmercial Had General Harrison been spar. emporiums on the Atlantic. The ed, it is possible that the result might new states, brought to the verge of have been different. Yet there were bankruptcy by their ill devised and difficulties in the nature of the case, ill managed schemes of internal imwhich neither the popularity of the provement, were to have their credit good President,' nor the statesman- restored, and were to be enabled to ship of his advisers, nor the ability pursue their undertakings, by a disof the leaders in Congress, would tribution of the proceeds of the pubhave been altogether likely to over- lic lands. To relieve in all parts

of The triumphant party had the country those active and adven. indeed abstained from committing turous business men whom the late themselves as a party on some par- reverses had overwhelmed, and to ticulars of policy in respect to which remove that vast amount of private they were far from being entirely indebtedness which had been conagreed among themselves; yet they tracted when all men were delirious were regarded by the public as from the inflation of the currency in pledged to accomplish certain gen. 1835 and 1836, old scores were 10 eral results, all exceedingly difficult be wiped out, and new books were of attainment, and some of them to be opened, by a general bankrupt quite impossible without the aid of law. These measures were 10 be time. First and chiefly, they were adopted singly, and each by a differ.

come.

a

sors.

ent majority, but when adopted, and abolishing the connection between carried into operation, they would the patronage of the government constitute a system in which every and the elections, is now disregarded. part would help to support and in- A standing topic of complaint vigorate the whole. Had Harrison with the people, is the length of the lived, the complete system might sessions of Congress, the time which have been adopted. But the bank is consumed not in the proper

busiand the distribution were defeated ness of Congress, but in windy disby the veto of Mr. Tyler. The courses about matters and things in bankrupt law having stood just long general, which are delivered and enough to do whatever evil it was afterwards printed for effect on the capable of doing, and thus to make people, as electioneering documents, itself unpopular, has been repealed and tons of which are sent by mail by the same votes that created it. to all parts of the country, under The protective tariff alone remains the franks of the members. The to be repealed by the party now

late House of Representatives sig. coming into power. The great nalized itself by the adoption of measures projected for the relief of several regulations for the despatch the country may be considered as of business. In consequence of having failed.

these regulations, that Congress has The reformation of abuses and been able to complete a greater corruptions in the government, is a amount of business—has passed a thing readily, and let us believe hon- greater number of public and priestly, promised by all parties, but vate acts, than any of its predeces. very difficult of performance. In

Yet it has not accomplished this respect, the late Congress has this without sitting more months, not accomplished all that was ex- more days, and more hours,' than pected from it, nor even all that it any former Congress. Some of attempted. The expenses of the those regulations, though perfectly government have indeed been very justifiable on the ground of necessiconsiderably reduced, not only by ty, were better suited to a debating the abolition of that old nest of job- club than to a dignified representabing and peculation, the Florida tive body, legislating for millions. war, but in some other particulars. It does not tell well for our national One measure of reform, the bill for character, that our House of Reprethe reduction of the compensation sentatives is compelled to have a of public servants, not excepting rule that no speech shall exceed one members of Congress, was carried hour in length. True, there is nothin the House of Representatives by ing unreasonable in the rule itself; the votes of those who were about neither Franklin, nor Sherman, nor retiring to private life, against the Ellsworth, nor Madison, nor Ames, votes of those who are, or who ex- in such Congresses as we once had, pect to be, re-elected. It was af. would have needed more than an terwards materially changed in the hour to say all that such men deemSenate, and was thus lost. The loss ed it necessary for them to say on of this bill leaves the patronage of any one topic of discussion. Of all the President without any effectual the great speeches that ever swayed diminution. The greater the com- the decisions of a Roman senate, or pensation of the various officials who of a British parliament, how few hold their places at his pleasure, the have ever exceeded the compass of more reason will he have to expect an hour. But suitable as such a that they will bestir themselves in rule may be to a school of rhetoric, his favor. Of course all that was it seems out of place, and therefore promised, in 1840 and before, about out of taste, in a legislative assembly.

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