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We apprehend that one source of nor theirs, but belongs to the public; the endless loquacity of Congress, and therefore it is that he is audaand of the various mischiefs with cious to speak, and they are patient which it is connected, may be found to hear. If, on the contrary, that in the compensation of the members, man had an interest in not speaking and the mode in which its amount is otherwise than to the purpose, and if determined. He who hires a man every member had an interest in by the day to perform a given job, not hearing any thing impertinent or will ordinarily find that he has hired tending merely to delay, how greata slow workman. And especially ly would the whole aspect of things if that workman is earning higher be changed. Speaking otherwise wages at that job than he has ever than to the matter in hand-speakearned before, or is likely ever to ing to constituents a thousand miles earn again in any honest employ- off-speaking to the nation-would ment, he will be quite sure to make be well nigh as intolerable there as as many days' work of the job as in a court of justice. All the feel. possible. Now the members of ings of courtesy between gentlemen, Congress are paid by the day, count- and of equity between man and ing Sundays and holidays, from one man, would operate to keep the oraend of the session to the other; and tor to the point; and the sense of of the men who actually go to Con- the right of every man not to be degress, not one in five ever earned frauded or “ bored" out of his own eight dollars a day for six months time, would make the House indig. together, in his own business or pro- nant against every impertinence. session, whatever that may be. It No need would there be of a “one is therefore for the pecuniary inter-hour rule” in such a state of things. est of the great majority of the mem- No need of the speaker's hammer, bers, to make long sessions. Very like the sharp crack of a Kentucky few-perhaps none may deliberate- rifle, bringing down the orator in ly act upon this consideration. But the very midst of his loftiest gyra. assembled bodies of men, however tion, beyond the flaming bounds of high-minded the individuals may be, space and time." will almost always be swayed by We say then that it is time for the the insensible action of their person- people to prescribe a new mode of al interests. No plainer illustration compensating members of Congress. of this can be desired, than the fact A mere reduction of compensation that those representatives in the last would not answer the purpose. Let Congress, who are to have no seats our members of Congress be well in the next, voted as a body, for the paid, so that we may, if we will, reduction of compensation; while elect those whose services will be the other class, as a body, voted worth paying for. But instead of against it. Whenever a man rises eight dollars a day, let the average in Congress to deliver himself of a annual amount of the per diem al. tedious and impertinent harangue, lowance for the last ten years be the only effect of which is to dis. ascertained ; and let three quarters tract attention from the matter in of that amount be the yearly wages hand, and to obstruct the progress or salary of every member. This of business, he knows that he is not is our plan; and if, within three speaking at his own expense, and years from the adoption of such a that the weary quorum who are system, more business is not done, compelled to hear him, are not hear- and better done, in sessions of half ing at their own expense; he knows, or two thirds of the length to which and they all know, that the time sessions have recently grown, then which he consumes is neither his give the New Englander no credit
for political wisdom. We commend in a great measure indebted for the this idea to the attention of the public. defeat of that bill in the Senate.
It has come to pass, that ordina. Undoubtedly the time is near, when rily every session of Congress is it will be the duty of Congress to enlivened by some outbreak of war organize a territorial government in like patriotism, especially on the Oregon ; but before that time arpart of the southern or southwest- rives, the boundary question in that ern members, though that spirit is quarter must be settled by peaceful by no means confined to them. The negotiation. We entertain no doubt country is suddenly alarmed by this that it is the destiny of our Union man's speech or that man's report, to stretch itself from sea to sea. in favor of a war with Great Britain We hold it to be wisdom on the part or a war with Mexico. Partisan of our statesmen, to secure on the newspapers take up the cry; the Pacific as long a line of sea coast minds of unthinking thousands are as possible. But this can be done inflamed with the idea, that our only by peaceful and legitimate country has been grievously wrong.
To attempt it by measures ed, or shamefully insulted, and that leading to war, is folly as well as therefore the pride of Britain must guilt. be humbled, or the palaces and ca- The construction put by the Brit. thedrals of Mexico must be plun. ish government upon a point sup. dered. The swift steamships carry posed to have been adjusted in the the story across the Atlantic ; and last year's negotiation at Washing. by the time they return with Euro. ton, gave occasion for another dispean comments on the pugnacious play of chivalry on the part of memand bullying temper manisested by bers of Congress. It seems that American statesmen, it begins to be the British cruisers on the Afri. understood, perhaps, that all this can coast are authorized by their irritation has proceeded from a few government—not indeed to search individuals, almost without influ. American vessels for the sake of ence, and quite unworthy of re- ascertaining whether they are emspect-or perhaps, that the whole ployed in the slave trade, but to is only a cunning move on the chess- ascertain, by a visit' if necessary, board of political parties. The ne- whether a suspected vessel hoisting gotiators of the treaty of Wash. the American flag is indeed Ameriington, not choosing to risk every can or only piratical. We confess thing by attempting too much, had that we see in this nothing that wisely left two questions to be ad- ought to wound our national self. justed by future negotiation. The respect—nothing inconsistent with attempt io denounce the treaty have the law of nations. If every pirate ing failed, and the people having that chooses to display the Amerishown their determination to rejoice can flag in the presence that the principal causes, out of ish man-of-war, is to be therefore which a war might have arisen be- safe and sacred, and if the same tween this country and Great Brit vessel when pursued by an Ameriain, had been so fairly disposed of, can man-of-war is to gain the same an attempt was made to create a immunity by raising some other new boundary question, by the bill flag, nothing is plainer, than that for the occupation and settlement piracy must soon become about as of the Oregon territory. Mr. Cal. safe as any other sort of navigation. houn, in particular, deserves com- Of course, if the suspected vessel, mendation for his manly opposition to when visited, turns out to be bona that bill. To the statesmanlike views fide an American vessel, the only which he presented, the country is apology for the visitation must be
found in the statement of the cir- two rates of five cents for less than cumstances which created in that thirty miles, and ten cents for all case a reasonable suspicion ; and greater distances. This, probably, if it can not be made to appear that would have diminished the revenues the suspicion was reasonable, the of the department, without at all visit is not justifiable. It will be diminishing its expenses. No consoon enough to take offense when siderable change for the better can vessels, really American, have been be made, without an entire reconactually subjected to any unjustifia- struction of the system. All frankble interference. The presence of ing must be abolished; postage must an American squadron on that coast, be paid in advance; postage must be will be the surest way to prevent charged by weight, without discrimany occasion of complaint. Yet inating between written and printed men were found in Congress to pro- sheets, or between double and single pose, that on account of a speech letters of equal weight; facilities made by Sir Robert Peel in the Brit- must be given for the purchase of ish House of Commons, the appro- postage in advance, by the wholepriations for the African squadron re. sale; without the introduction of quired by the treaty, should be with such principles as these, there can held; in other words, that the treaty be no improvement worth asking for. itself should be set aside, and all Diplomatic relations have been the questions which it settles thrown opened with Hawaii—the youngest back where they were a year ago. and feeblest among civilized na.
In regard to the existing post of. tions, just raised from the depths fice system, nothing has been done. of barbarism, by God's blessing On the one hand, an attempt was upon the toil of Protestant Christian made to forbid the transportation of missionaries from our shore. Sim. “ mailable matter,” including all ilar relations are to be attempted newspapers and periodicals, in any with China, the oldest of all liv. other way, than through the posting nations, and in numbers the offices. Under such an arrange greatest. The appointment of Mr. ment, the system would soon be- Everett as commissioner to China, come sufficiently obnoxious to be gives universal satisfaction. None entirely abolished. On the other but “a first class mandarin" could hand, an attempt was made to re- with propriety be appointed to such duce the postage on letters, to the a trust.
GOULD, KENDALL & Lincoln, of Boston, will publish in a few weeks, “ Classical Studies," The Importance of the Greek and Roman Classics, Miscellaneous Essays on subjects connected with classical literature, together with the Biography and Correspondence of eminent philologists, by Professors Sears of Newton, Felton of Cambridge, and EDWARDS of Andover, in 1 vol. 12mo.
ALLEN, Morrill & WARDWELL, of Andover, have in preparation, a translation from the German, of “ The School Grammar of the Greek language, by Dr. RAPHAEL KÜHNER, conrector of the Lyceum, Hanover, Germany.” It will appear in a single volume, 8vo., of between 500 and 600 pages, and will be printed with new Greek type. Use will be made of the Syntax of Bernhardy of Halle, and of the larger Greek Grammar of Kuhner. It will be translated by S. H. TAYLOR and B. B. EdWARDS of Andover.
ERRATUM.—By a slip of the pen, “ Cecil and Burleigh,” p. 255, column first, was written for “Cecil and 'Walsingham;" and by some inattention the error, though supposed 10 be corrected, was overlooked in the proof.