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specific reason, “ lest he put forth the righteous is a tree of life ; and his hand, and take also of the tree he that winneth souls is wise.” By of life, and eat, and live forever.” the fruit of the righteous may be What force or propriety in the rea- understood their good examples, son here assigned for the expulsion their pious conversation, their wise of Adam out of Eden, except on and faithful instructions, their ferthe ground that the purpose and vent prayers. And these are a tree use of the tree of life were actually of life; that is, (as before,) they such as have been stated ? If this are saving, salutary. They tend tree were intended as a universal to the preservation and salvation, restorative, a catholicon, in the use temporal and spiritual, of those who of which man could feel no disease, enjoy them. could suffer no decay, could never " Hope deferred," says Solomon, die ; then was it necessary that “maketh the heart sick ; but when doomed, dying man, should be driv- the desire cometh, it is a tree of en away from it, and kept away life.” The desire when it cometh, from it. On this supposition, and removeth that sickness of the heart no other that we can imagine, was which is the result of hope deferred. it necessary that there should be It delivers from it. It restores and placed at the east of the garden preserves the soul. of Eden, cherubim and a flaming Still again it is said, “A wholesword which turned every way, to some tongue is a tree of life.” keep the way of the tree of life. Here the same meaning is very
That the proper account has been obvious. A wholesome tongue, full given of the tree of life is evident, of wise and good counsel, is ex. third, from the figurative uses of ceedingly salutary. It preserves this phraseology in different parts from a thousand ills in this life, and of the Bible. As the figurative use confers often immortal blessings. of language is founded on the lite- From all these instances, taken ral, it is common first to ascertain from the book of Proverbs, it is the literal sense, and then deter- evident that Solomon must have had mine the figurative from it. But in the same idea as to the purpose some instances we reason the other and use of the literal tree of life, way. We may be essentially aided, with that given above. He must often, in ascertaining the literal have regarded the literal tree as sense of a word or phrase, by first designed for the perpetual health of considering how it is used figura- man—for the preservation and intively. And this is what we pro- definite prolongation of his physical pose to do here. The phrase, tree life; since on this single idea all of life, is used frequently, and in his figurative applications of the a highly figurative sense, by the words are based. writer of the Proverbs; and it will We only add, fourth, that with appear, on examination, that it is this idea corresponds exactly the used, in every instance, in the sense symbolical use of the phrase, tree of healthful, saving, salutary, life of life, in the Scriptures. In the preserving, &c. Thus, of wisdom last chapter of the Apocalypse, we it is said, "She is a tree of life to have a symbolical description of them that lay hold upon her;" in the celestial paradise, in which the other words, she is healthful, sav. drapery, the imagery, is borrowed ing to them. She will be a means extensively from that of the terof preserving and prolonging their restrial paradise, or the garden of lives in this world, as well as con- Eden. - In the midst of the street" ferring immortal life in the next. of this celestial paradise, “and on
Again, it is said, “The fruit of either side of the river, was there
the tree of life, which bare twelve endless life. Consequently, when manner of fruits, and yielded her they lost their innocency, and were fruit every month; and the leaves doomed to revert back to their paof the tree were for the healing of rent dust, they were sternly dethe nations." Yes, “the leaves of barred from the tree of life, lest the tree were for the healing of the they should put forth their hand nations." Who can doubt, after to it, and eat, and the curse prothis, as to the design of the literal nounced against them should never tree of life? It was for the healing be executed. of the nations. It was for the pre- The literal tree of life has long serving, prolonging, and perpetua. since ceased from the earth. lis ting of that natural life, which God leaf has faded, and its root has withhad imparted to his innocent off- ered. It could not long flourish spring. As the presence of the in this infected, doomed, arcursed symbolical tree of life in the heav- world. And while it remained here, enly paradise, is equivalent to an there was no access to it io aposassurance that, in that blessed world, tate man. Cherubim and a flaming there shall be no disease, no pain, Sword guarded every avenue, and no death ; so the presence of the forbade all approach to the literal literal tree of life in the earthly par- tree of life. The curse pronounced adise conveyed a similar assurance upon the race, immediately subseto its primeval inhabitants. If they quent to their fall, must be inflicted. held fast their integrity, and con- Of this, there is no remission, either tinued (as they had occasion) to to the good or the bad. Dust we have recourse to the tree of life, are, and back to the dust must we they were never to die.
all return. There is another passage, par:! But let us rejoice and be glad, allel to that in the Apocalypse, in that there is another tree of life, the which the same idea as to the pur. approaches to which are guarded pose of the literal tree of life is by no flaming sword—whose leaf shadowed forth. It is in Ezekiel's does not wither, whose fruit does vision of the holy waters issuing out not fail, which lives, and flourishes, from the sanctuary, on the banks and blooms forever. It grows not of which grow trees, whose leaves in the earthly Eden, but in the par. never fade; " and the fruit thereof adise of God above. And the way shall be for meat, and the leaf to it is open to all the obedient chilthereof for medicine.” These trees dren of God. “ Blessed are they are not expressly called trees of that do his commandments, that they life, but they are evidently the may have a right to the tree of life, same, in design and import, as those and may enter in through the gates described in the Apocalypse. The into the city.” Yes, such as return imagery, in both cases, is borrowed to God, through the merits of his from the terrestrial paradise, through Son, and do his commandments, which flowed a river, and in the may have a right to this tree of life midst of which grew the literal tree -a right to its healing leaves and of life. And as these mystical its health-giving fruit, and may entrees, in both cases, are represented ter in, through the opened gates, into as possessing a healing efficacy, who the heavenly city! can doubt that the same was true And now what a gracious assuof the literal tree of life? It was rance is this, to be published to intended to remove all disease, de. a sinning, sorrowing, death-waiting cay, and suffering, from the inno. world! And should not the assucent beings who partook of it, and rance be as grateful to us as it is secure them in the possession of an gracious ? Should it not be hailed and welcomed every where with re- privilege of sitting under its shade, joicing and praise ? True, we are and applying its leaves, and eating doomed to go down to the dust; its blessed fruits forever. They but if we are Christians even death may fail to secure it. has no sting for us. And we are This tree, like that which once expecting to go, shortly, where there grew in the terrestrial paradise, may is no death, no pain, where all tears be forfeited. It will be forfeited are wiped from all faces, where by all who continue in their sins. sorrow and sighing are known no It is only “those that do his commore forever. Let us then rejoice mandments” that “ have a right to in present tribulations, and triumph the tree of life.” And this heav. over the temptations and ills of life, enly tree, like that which stood in while we press onward and mount the garden of Eden, when once upward in pursuit of the glory forfeited is forfeited forever. The which is to follow. The paradise approaches to it will be guarded, to be gained is infinitely superior to not only by cherubim and a flaming that we have lost. The tree of life sword, but by the inexorable gates, which remains, and is open to us, both of the upper and the nether is infinitety preferable to that which world—both of heaven and of hell. was guarded and is dead. Let all They will be guarded by all the our readers, then, see to it, that they horrors of the impassable gulf; so secure a right to this precious tree; that there can be no access to it for that they may have the unutterable lost souls forever.
We give below the title of a confound this one with any other of book, on which we propose to be that name, must stand convicted stow some little attention. The au, of an inexcusable blunder. There thor of it is evidently a man who is something interesting in this par. loves accuracy. At least he seems ticularity. It leads the reader to determined that there shall be no suppose, that the man who on the mistake about his identity. Among title-page of the book is so exact in all the A. B. Chapins that inhabit defining his own identity, must be a this terraqueous globe, that indi. man of the greatest accuracy in all vidual one who wrote this book on things; and that whatever he may the primitive church, is so pointed say about the primitive church, the out by an enumeration of individual Fathers, and the apostolical succes. marks, that the reader who shall sion, may be received without hesi
tation as infallibly correct. Besides, * A View of the Organization and Or.
it has a picturesque and poetical der of the Primitive Church: containing effect. Had the name stood simply a Scriptural plan of the Apostolic Church; A. B. Chapin, according to the prewith a Historical Outline of the Church vailing fashion of writers in this to the end of the second century: to which is added, the Apostolic Succession, republican country, it would have connecting it with the Church of the pres: conveyed to thousands of readers, ent day. By Rev. A. B. Chapin, M. A., instead of a definite image or visMem. Conn. Acad. Arts and Sciences; ual conception, only something like Mem. Conn. Hist. Soc., Hon. Mein. R.l. Crambe's idea of a lord mayor in Uist. Soc. ; Hon. Mem. Hist. Soc. Penn.; Mein. Yale Nat. Hist. Soc. New Haven, the abstract. But surround the name Hitchcock & Stafford, 1842.
with these additions, and immedi
ately, in its connection with the other which hath been declared to be the matters on the title-page, the reader body of Christ,' will be helped forcatches a glimpse, as it were, of a ward in his investigation.” In plain white surplice, and of a venerable words, all those persons, whatever man with a pocket full of diplomas. their faith and practice in other reIt is somewhat as when we hear the spects, who do not belong to some heralds greeting Lord Marmion with ecclesiastical organization “exclu. all his titles,
1 sively patterned after the apostolic “lord of Fontenaye, model," do not belong to the body Or Lutterward and Scrivelbaye, of Christ.” If this is the right view, Of Tamworth tower and town;"
the question touching the organi. we feel at once that Lord Marmion zation and order” practiced by the is not a mere name, an algebraical Apostles, is, beyond all doubt, a symbol, but a man of substance and question of unspeakable moment. command.
No truth is of more importance Passing over, for the present, the than the true answer to the quesmiscellaneous information touching tion, What is the body of Christ ? the book and its author, which we And if the body of Christ is an ec. find in the “ epistle to the reader,” clesiastical organization, exclusivewe turn to the first chapter, entitled ly patterned after the apostolical “ state of the question.” The ques. model, no truth can be more imtion is, “What was the organi- portant than the true answer to the zation and order of the apostolic question which our author proposes church?” This question is in our as the theme of his discussion. author's view of great importance, “ This examination,” our author because all religious denominations, proceeds to say, “is one of pure as he says, “ claim to be exclu- history, and is to be considered like sively patterned after the apostolic every other question of that nature." model,"_because “ a large propor. But let us not forget so soon the tion believe the apostolic practice importance of this question. A to be binding on all succeeding gen. question of pure history! Let our erations ;”—and because “the few author say if it is not, in the view in who deny its obligation, show by which he discusses it, a momentous their constant endeavors to prove question of doctrine and of duty ? their conformity to that model, that In one sense, every question of what they consider its sanction very de. Christ and his Apostles taught, is a sirable.”
question of pure history. The quesIt is not doubtful what view our tion whether Paul and Peter preachauthor takes of the nature and bear- ed that all who will may be saved ings of this question. He is one of through the death of Christ, and by the many who “ believe the apos. the renewing influence of the Holy tolic practice to be binding on all Spirit, is, in that sense, as truly and succeeding generations." He does purely historical, as the question not indeed say so expressly in this whether the Apostles wore long connection, but the whole drift of beards, after the manner of the Orithe book makes it clear what view entals, or shaved themselves after he takes of the importance of church the manner of the Romans. The organization and order. Thus in former, however, is a question conclosing his prefatory "epistle to the cerning the nature and being of reader," he says, “It is hoped that Christianity, and we have a right to the sincere inquirer after truth will expect that the inspired records of find essential aid in this volume; the Christian revelation, will give us and that he who is anxiously seek- an explicit answer. The latter is a ing to know what is that church question respecting“ apostolic prac.
tice" merely; and it would not be Scripture, citing the Fathers merely at all strange if it could not be an- in confirmation.” “And for the swered without a great deal of in- same reason,” he says, “ we shall genuity and some tradition.
confine ourselves to the time when Another of our author's remarks, it is acknowledged by all that the by way of describing the “ state of church remained uncorrupted; that the question,” and preparing the is, to the two first centuries." Here ground for the direct discussion, is we are compelled again to put in that " in this examination there are our protest. That the church-by two distinct kinds of evidence, whol. which we understand Christianity ly independent of each other, and as believed, understood, and pracboth equally relevant;—the Scrip- ticed by the Christian communitytures, and the writings of the prim- remained uncorrupt till the year itive Christians, usually referred to 200, we do by no means acknowby the appellation of the FATHERS.” ledge. On the contrary, we hold Equally relevant ! Equally rele. that as soon as Christianity ceased vant to what? To the question, to be uttered and expounded by inWhat constitutes the body of Christ, spired lips, it could not but begin to is the testimony of Hermas, or who- be corrupted. The Apostles were ever else wrote the pitiful book taught by the Savior personally; which bears that name, equally rel- yet it was not without a miraculous evant with the testimony of Paul, inspiration that they were qualified of Peter, or of Luke? We have to teach the gospel to others. What thought that “the Bible, the Bible sort of a Christianity should we have alone, is the religion of Protestants." had, if we had received from the We hold that in an investigation, Apostles nothing better than those imthe result of which is to bind the pressions and apprehensions which conscience of a Christian, our only they had received from Christ's teach. resort must be to the record of in- ing, before the advent of that Holy spiration. The testimony of Ter. Spirit which was to lead them into tullian is pertinent enough to an in- all truth? Those very societies, quiry concerning the ecclesiastical the members of which received forms, usages and theories of the their knowledge of Christianity from African churches about the year the lips of the Apostles, did not re200; but to bring in Tertullian as tain that Christianity without cor. a witness to the practice of the ruption, even while the Apostles Apostles considered as " binding on were yet living. The churches of all succeeding generations,” is a proconsular Asia were growing corgrand impertinence. That apostol- rupt as early as when the Apoca. ic practice which is not laid down in lypse was written. What sort of a the Scriptures, even though it were Christianity should we have had, if proved to be apostolic practice, is, the Christianity of Sardis, or of to a Protestant, certainly, no part of Thyatira, or of Ephesus, had come the Christian religion.
down to us, body, soul and spirit, But relevant as Mr. Chapin es- as it was, say in the year 68? The teems the testimony of the Fathers church at Corinth had become corto the inquiry before him, and will- rupt, sadly corrupt, in doctrine, dising as he may be for his own part cipline and practice, before the date to yield his faith and conscience to of Paul's first epistle to that church. what they say, he has so much “re- A sorry Christianity the world would spect to the feelings of those who have, if we had not something less deny its relevancy," that he propo- corrupt than the Christianity pracses to confine the discussion - to ticed in the Corinthian church, withsuch points as may be made out by in a few months after its founder,