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union of each with the living vine. ples, and to unite himself in outLet him who reads the New Testa. ward relations with those with whom ment in its spiritual and sublime he is already one in the fellowship simplicity, without the blind gui- of the Spirit, and in a living union dance of early tradition and the core with the Redeemer of sinners. How rupting glosses of the Fathers, judge then did he become one with Christ, for himself which of these theories a partaker of the pardon and the is scriptural.
spiritual life which Christ has purOne question more may help to chased with his own blood for all put the subject in a still clearer penitent and believing souls? Sim. light. How does a man become a ply by the personal acts of repent. member of “the body of Christ,” ance toward God and faith toward and therefore a member of that our Lord Jesus Christ, to which church' which is his body? What he has been led by the grace and child that reads the Bible, and has power of the renewing Spirit. Re. not been diligently taught to misun pentance toward God and faith to. derstand it, can fail to answer this ward our Lord Jesus Christ, preach. question aright? Is it by the or- ed as the conditions of union with dinance of baptism that a man is the Redeemer and of acceptance united to Christ? Simon Magus with the Father-this is the Gospel. was baptized; and the validity of Baptism is the formal declaration his baptism was never called in and recognition of a fact—the fact, question. But Simon Magus was that the person baptized belongs to not a member of Christ's body. Is Christ, and has a right through it by any formal and complete con- grace to the benefits of the great nection with a particular assembly salvation. Union with a visible or visible society of Christ's disci. church by confirmation, or by whatples, that a man is united to the ever form may seem more scriptuRedeemer, and is made a branch ral, is the profession and recogniof the true vine ? Where is the tion of a fact, the fact of a union with scriptural evidence that the Apostles the invisible and universal congrereceived any man to baptism-much gation of Christ's redeemed. This more, where is the evidence that we say is the gospel of the New they “confirmed” him, or by any Testament. But there is another form received him to complete and gospel, the gospel of tradition and permanent membership in an or- of " catholicity.” It proposes to
“ ganized society of Christians-unless unite the sinner to his Redeemer, they first had reason to believe that and to make him a member of Christ had already received him as Christ-by baptism. It proposes to a disciple, and thus that he was give him the Holy Spirit, and to already reconciled to God by virtue seal him an heir of heaven-by of a personal union with the Re- confirmation. It proposes to make deemer ? The man who intelli. the blood of Christ's atonement effigently and honestly offers himself cacious to the cleansing and the for membership in a society of Chris. life of his soul-by the eucharist. tians, does so not in order to be. It proposes to make him one of come a Christian, but because he the general assembly and congreis a Christian, and as such desires gation of the first-born-by making the benefits of Christian commun- him a member of its own schismatic ion. His presenting himself there, "church.' It propounds the sign as if it is done intelligently and hon. the potent means of producing the estly, implies that he comes as one thing signified, and builds much on of Christ's disciples to join himself the hystero-proteron of putting the to the company of his fellow disci- outward profession before the in
ward affection which is to be prơ. alone.'” He says, “ the difference” fessed. It is the same system which between these two systems, “ is in its more full development, puts real. It is immense. It has been penance in the place of repentance, not untruly characterized, as being and the pattering of Latin forms, all the difference between spurious with the counting of beads, in the and true.” This charge then helps place of prayer.
us to understand on which side, in These are two gospels, not one the conflict between these two gos. in different aspects. In proportion pels, the American branch of the as each is developed, and brought Anglican church is likely to be into full consistency with itself, it found. One of the oldest prelates departs from the other. At one of of a church which in this country the New York anniversaries last calls itself “Protestant,” a prelate May, the antagonist position of these who had given but three charges in two gospels was spoken of as the a quarter of a century, has been great religious controversy of the moved by “the errors of the times' age. The speaker sketched the to take his position, in his fourth character of two editions of Chris- charge, against the principle of inditianity. One deals with men as vidual responsibility, or the right individuals; it makes every man of private judgment and the suffistand alone before God as a sinner ciency of the Scriptures alone as a -alone before the cross, to believe rule of faith and practice-against and be forgiven, or to reject the the idea, that the Gospel deals atonement and perish. The other with men as individuals and not as takes men in masses, and proposes members of an organization—and to save them as connected with a against the doctrine of a renewal visible organization. The one puts by the Holy Spirit as the beginning nothing between the sinner and his of holiness in the soul of man. That Savior. The other puts the priest charge we are told by an official or. there, and the church, and the sa. gan, “ was received as it were with craments. The great idea of the acclamation by every one.” And one is individual responsibility and in the charge now before us, we spiritual freedom. The great idea find another prelate, the most learn. of the other is organized unity and ed of his order, and, if we may spiritual dominion. These two gos- judge from this specimen, one of pels are now in conflict, not here the most eloquent, declaring ex caand there, as factions, for ascend. thedra that the body of Christ is a ency in a parish, a city, or a na. a visible organization, united and tion; but every where, as princi. sealed as Christ's body by sacraples and systems of thought, for do ments; and that membership in that minion over the world. The world's organization is the revealed plan of destiny is to turn upon the issue of salvation ; and this charge is “ pubthis conflict.
lished by order of the convention." The author of the charge before We know there are Episcopalus quotes from that speech, and vir- ians—laymen, ministers, bishopstually acknowledges that the ques. who have no sympathy with these tion was fairly put. He tells us, anti-evangelical teachings. But what that “individual responsibility' sep. can they do? Time will show arated from organized unity,' be. whether they can counteract the comes a fearful source of danger, tendency which in their half rea snare and an undoing, to those formed communion is developing who thus virtually put man out itself so rapidly. of Christ, to stand before God
REVIEW OF THE MAYFLOWER.*
The author of this little volume is and bearing an unassuming title. one of that numerous class of mat- But no less a person than Dr. Johnrons who were “born and brought son once said, “Books that you may up” on the hills of New England, carry to the fire, and hold readily in and who have, on reaching more ma- your hand, are the most useful after ture age, helped to swell the mighty all. A man will often look at them, tide of emigration, which flows and and be tempted to go on, when he will continue to flow towards our would have been frightened at books western borders. And grateful in- of a larger size and of a more erudeed should that portion of our coun- dite appearance." We remember, try be, that, amid the throng of hair. also, that the most valuable goods brained speculators, and lazy, rest often come to us in the smallest less, or impoverished men, of all packages, and that puffs and recomages and professions, who wend their mendations are too often, like bolway to the El Dorado of the Missis. sters and swathing-bands, the indisippi valley, there are mingled such cations of weakness rather than of as our author, persons of strong strength. hearts and sound heads, who take We have so much to say in praise their position upon an eminence, of the Mayflower, and so little in and looking down on the turbulent the way of fault-finding, that we movements of society about them, shall notice at the outset some things with an honest purpose and a judi- which have seemed to us to be blemcious selection of means, do their ishes, and then trust to make our part to “calm the angry storm,” to way to the end of this article in percherish in their growth the seeds of fect harmony and good humor with freedom and true happiness, and to the author. repress or eradicate whatever is in A serious fault, yet one by no its natural tendency disorganizing means uncommon in writers of this and hurtful. It is by this class of age, has sometimes exhibited itself, persons that the already teeming po- as we have turned over these pages. pulation of the west, which, in the The fault in question is that of emexpressive language of one of her ploying words of uncommon usage, most eloquent divines, is “rushing or those which are derived from the up to greatness,” is to be molded less known languages, as the Latin aright, and made to assume a true and Greek, rather than those of Sax. and well-founded greatness; a great- on origin. This we regard as deci. ness arising from honesty, liberty dedly the most glaring blemish of and truth.
the volume before us. We have In this view, we hail with delight said that this is no uncommon fault every token of the working of the in writers of our time. So far is healthy mental and moral materials this true, that it is already a matter of our western states : and in this of serious complaint on the part of view, we greet with special joy the readers. Nor is this complaint con. volume before us. It makes its ap- fined to the lower class of readers pearance in an unassuming form in point of refinement and classical
learning. If these dislike, when pe. The Mayflower: or Sketches of Scenes rusing an off-hand tale or sketch, or and Characters among the descendants of the Pilgrims, by Mrs. Harriet Beecher
a political squib, to be knocked down Stowe. New York: Harper and Broth or stumbled by a long jaw-cracking
word of ten syllables, which has
been raked up from the charnel. In some cases, as in common news. house of Grecian or Latin antiquity; paper and magazine stories, it really so, on the other hand, does the scho- seems as though the writer had re-. lar and the man of ripe and polished sorted to a dictionary of quotations, accomplishments find something in and hunted its pages with a diligence such a use of words, which violates worthy a better direction, in order propriety and shocks his taste. Our that he might, if possible, spice up mother tongue, it should seem, is his vapid stuff with an air of learnrich and copious enough to accom- ing or classic nicety. To such an modate all the wants of the writer extent does this charge lie against or speaker. Such, it is found by the authors of the present day, that the best masters of style in our own
it has become necessary, if one time, and such any one will find it would fully comprehend a writer of ever to have been, who will take the English, so called, that he should trouble to turn er such authors of make himself acquainted at least a former age as Addison, South, with the French, German and ItalJeremy Taylor, Barrow, and nume. ian languages, to say nothing of the rous others. That brilliant review. Spanish and Dutch, the gibberish of er, Macauley, speaking of Bunyan's the Northmen, or the works of the “ Pilgrim's Progress," and passing masters of hoary antiquity. Indeed judgment upon its style, says :- a distinguished living writer of Eng. “ There is no book in our literature land, in treating the subject of feon which we could so readily stake male education, declares it is requithe fame of the old unpolluted Eng. site that ladies should be able to read lish language, no book which shows French and Italian, and assigns as so well how rich that language is in the reason, that they may be able to its own proper wealth, and how little understand their own writers ! Such it has been improved by all that it writings as we have now under conhas borrowed.” No: our own“ well templation, remind us, by the variety of English undefiled” is enough for of materials used in their composiour wants, and to display under such tion, of Virgil's description of one of circumstances the fondness which the thunderbolts of Jupiter, as manmany do for terms of foreign use, ufactured by the Cyclops : renders them, as to this subject,
" Tres imbris torti radios, tres nubis aquose justly obnoxious to the apostle's
Addiderant, rutili tres ignis et alitis Austri. charge of being “ without natural
Fulgores nunc terrificos, sonilumque, meaffection."
Miscebant operi, flammisque sequacibus While we are upon this fault, we
iras." will take the liberty to dwell for a little space upon one which is akin. We have always supposed that the to it, although not one of frequent great object of writing is conviction. occurrence in the book which we Certainly it may be said to be conhave made the subject of the pres viction or amusement. But how is ent notice. What we mean here to one to be convinced by words which condemn, is that propensity so often he does not understand ? The enexhibited in nearly every kind of deavor to convince by such means, writing, and upon almost every sub- is as judicious and as likely to sucject, to make numerous quotations, ceed, as an attempt to check the fury not only from the ancient and dead of a wild bull by a long chain of syltongues, but from the modern lan. logistic reasoning, or to govern the guages of the west and south of Eu- whirling planets by the ten comrope. Hardly any popular writer, mandments. Or, how is a man to be much less any writer who is below amused by quotations from Dante's mediocrity, is exempt from this fault. Inferno, Moliere or Rochefoucauld,
Cervantes or Homer, when he knows is thrilled again with the sound nothing of the languages of those of the martial strains which swell authors ? True, at times these quo- from the hosts of Cyrus or Alexantations are little else than gracefulder, as they go forth to battle against expansions of the thought which has the world; or his soul is subdued just been expressed in homely Eng- and melted by the same high and lish, and in such cases we can not solemn chorus which enchained the say that we are unable to compre- “ fierce democratie" of Athens. hend the writer. But sometimes the When such as these are the ef. very pith and meaning of a para- fects produced by the use of quograph is made to hang on some quo- tations, no one can object to them. tation from a foreign author, in which On the contrary, they become a high case the poor reader, if he is not embellishment of style, adding not master of a dozen tongues, is left to only elegance and interest, but real beat his brains in vain for the wri. and permanent value to the writings ter's meaning
which they adorn. But no such reaNow this fault of our writers is sons as these can be alledged in dereally
fense of the practice of making quo
tations upon subjects and occasions -“most tolerable and not to be endured."
which make their appeal not to the The great mass of written produc- classic mind, but to the comparativetions are for the unlearned, -forly uneducated alone. In the latter those who have been initiated into case, instead of rendering the topic the mysteries of their mother-tongue treated of more plain and intelligialone, and to the apprehension of ble, writers too often but make "conthis class of readers the mass of wri- fusion worse confounded." Like the ting ought to be adapted. It is only common cuttle-fish, they make use a waste of time and learning on his of their ink only to darken and obpart, and a waste of time, patience scure what was before clear and and good temper on the part of the transparent. reader, when a writer cuts up his With the two above specified, we piece to intersperse it with extracts dismiss the faults of the book before from foreign works. In a professed us, and take pleasure in coming to a essay, oration or review, which is part of the subject where we can not aimed so exclusively at the com- speak in terms of the highest praise. mon and lower stamp of mind and The great characteristic of Mrs. education, a spice of the authors of Stowe, in a literary point of view,
is antiquity, as they have come down her descriptive power. Though we to us mellowed by age, is not amiss. doubt not that her pen would be exIt gives a richness and freshness to tremely felicitous in other departthe discourse that effectually secures ments of authorship, yet we deem the attention, and prevents any feel this peculiarly her proper field. She ing of tediousness. It sends back the has, in the present volume, confined mind of the hearer or reader to the herself more particularly to the detimes of old, and brings before him lineation of New England character, once more the memorable scenes manners and scenery. In this our which have been witnessed in the author stands without a superior, and world's history, and causes him to with no equal, if we except perhaps live over again with pleasure his Washington Irving. In the descrip:
. school-boy days. It places him per- tion of scenes in “ Yankee land," haps at the table of the suburban Mrs. Stowe seems to be emphativilla of Horace, or makes him one cally “at home,” and treads the of the guests in the banqueting-hall soil of her native hills with a step of the princely Sallust, or his heart as free as that with which Sir Wal