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the mummy-like collector of old timonials of its sanative effect upon books, and chips, and stones, stand consumptions, dropsy, and bilious full before us, and move and speak fever. and act, as they did of yore, in " Ten Thousand a Year," has their own proper time, their own met its death already; and we proper circumstances. Who, that should be surprised, after only the ever read one of the numerous vol. brief period which has elapsed since umes of the “great novelist,” can its publication, to find any one who not recall each person of the drama, could give even a tolerable account see the very shape and color of of its plot and incidents. their clothes, and hear the very Far different from this and kin. words that are uttered by them? dred works, as our extracts we trust We should like, had we time, to have abundantly shown, is the volcompare at length with these works ume by Mrs. Stowe.
Here we are of Sir Walter Scott, one of a living again, in a living, breathing world. English writer, which was so highly Nothing is to be believed, because, praised in our own and other lands. forsooth, Mrs. Stowe says so. DeaWe praised it, according to our con Enos and his brother, Deacon usual custom, because some review. Abrams, Susan Jones and her sister ers on the other side of the Atlantic Silence, Uncle Jaw and Joe Adams, did. Written for political effect, James Benton, Grace Griswold and just before the late election in Eng. Uncle Tim, Uncle Phineas and Aunt land which changed the ministry Kezzy-all these, and others who of the Queen, the work of a popu- bear them company in our little lar author, and pushed by political volume, are alive, the living pic. friends, it was eagerly swallowed tures of the thousands of good dea. by the distensible gullet of the pub. cons and uncles, kind-hearted aunts, lic. But where was the life of it? and free pure-hearted damsels, who We were told that Mr. Clear was bless our New England firesides. very lucid in his efforts at the bar, But these sketches derive not that Mr. Subtle was sly and cun. their value from their lifelike real. ning, Mr. Gammon shrewd and over. ity alone. There is a deep fund of reaching, and so on, throughout the thought underlaying all this paintlist of dramatis personæ.' But the ing of manners, as there will be in author's declaration, with our own every picture which faithfully copies too ready fancy, were the only evi. nature. There are lessons in this dence of Mr. Crystal's clearness, or unpretending little book, lessons of Mr. Snap's ferocity. Nothing that earnest truth, which might nourish any of the personages either did or minds of every class; lessons which said, could fairly entitle them to will be the more readily received the characters which were attribu. by many, from the very fact that ted to them. Like the various pills they come in this unpretending way, patented and vended by some mod. in this free and flowing dress. There ern druggist, they were all made is more of deep wisdom, more food of the self-same bread, aloes, gam. for thought in it, than in all that Bul. boge, and liquorice, only sent forth wer ever wrote. to the world differently labelled, one There is also running throughout sort bearing numerous certificates its pages, a high and healthy moral from worn-out clergymen, gouty old tone. A descendant from the old gentlemen, and ancient women, tes- Puritan stock, a removal from her tifying to its curative power in cases Puritan home has not eradicated of bronchitis, inflammations, and from our author's heart, the reli. nervous derangement; and another gious faith of her ancestors. Nor displaying equally satisfactory tes- does she convey moral sentiments in a cold and forbidding manner, or right and duty, of love to God and deem it necessary to tell her story love to man, are constantly starting first, and then hang out in staring into view throughout the progress letters the word · moral,' as a sign; of the narrative ; and while they for that word, as a little boy once are not formally obtruded upon our said, “is a great convenience, it notice, they are nevertheless retells us what to skip.” Nor yet vealed with a clearness not to be does our author make a baby-house mistaken-like the productions of matter of religion, or deem it a bit- the loom, whose beautiful figures ter pill, which must be gilded over and designs arrest the attention and before the squeamish delicacy of a please the sight, but do not consick world will swallow it. On the ceal the fabric upon which they are other hand, the great principles of woven.
Noah WEBSTER was born in West mer of 1779 he resided in the famHartford, Connecticut, on the 16th ily of Oliver Ellsworth, afterwards of October, 1758, and died in New Chief Justice of the United States, Haven, on the 28th of May, 1843, in and father of Governor Ellsworth, the 85th year of his age. He was the son-in-law of Dr. Webster. It a descendant of John Webster, one was here that the friendship of the of the first governors of Connecticut; two families commenced. Not havand on his mother's side, of William ing encouragement, in the impova Bradford, the second governor of the erished state of the country, to enter Plymouth colony. Until the fifteenth immediately on the practice of his year of his age, he was occupied in profession, he took charge of a gramthe usual employments of farmers' mar school at Goshen, in the state sons; in 1772 he commenced the of New York. Here he compiled study of the classics under the in- his spelling book, which he publishstruction of the Rev. Nathan Per- ed on his return to Hartford in 1783, kins, D. D., and in 1774 was admit- and soon after an English grammar ted a member of the Freshman class and a compilation for reading. All in Yale College. In his Junior year these works, particularly the spellhe joined the revolutionary army asing book, have had a wide circulaa volunteer, under the command of tion, and contributed more than any his father, who was captain in the other cause to uniformity of lanalarm list, a body of militia compo- guage and pronunciation in this counsed of men above forty-five years of try. It was at this time in 1783, that age, who were called into the field Mr. Webster commenced his career only on emergencies. All the male as a political writer. He published members of the family, four in num- a series of papers in the Connecticut ber, were in the army at this time. Courant, under the signature of HoNotwithstanding this interruption of norius, in vindication of a grant made his studies, he graduated with repu. by Congress to the army, of half pay tation in 1778. He then engaged for life, which was afterwards com. in the instruction of a school in Hart- muted for a grant of full pay for ford ; and in connection with this five years beyond their term of sermeans of subsistence, pursued the vice. This measure was so unpop. study of the law, and was admitted ular, that public meetings were held to the bar in 1781. During the sum. throughout the state, and finally a convention at Middletown, to prevented his celebrated pamphlet on the its being carried into effect. But so Revolution in France, which will ev. great was the influence of the arti- er remain a monument of the aucles referred to, that in April, 1784, thor's remarkable wisdom and forea majority of the members elected sight. In 1795 he published a seto the legislature were supporters of ries of papers under the signature of the act of Congress. So highly were CURTIUS, in support of Jay's Treaty his services appreciated, on this oc. with Great Britain. He published casion, that he received the thanks also, in 1799, a work of two volof Governor Trumbull in person. umes octavo, on pestilential diseases, In the winter of 1784–5, Mr. Web- which has had a high reputation as a ster published a pamphlet entitled repository of facts and valuable infer“ Sketches of American Policy,” ences. In 1802 he published a trea. which is said to contain the first dis- tise on the rights of neutral nations tinct proposal through the medium in time of war, which is justly conof the press for a new constitution sidered the most able of all his pamof the United States, in place of the phlets. The same year appeared Articles of Confederation. Mr. Web- also his Historical Notices of the orister made a journey to the South in gin and state of Banking Institutions 1785, one object of which was to and Insurance offices, a part of which petition the state legislatures for the was incorporated into the Philadelenactment of copy-right laws, and phia edition of Rees' Cyclopædia. to him the country is mainly indebt. In the spring of 1798, Mr. Webster ed for the protection which has sub- lest New York to reside at New Hasequently been extended by Con- ven, Connecticut, where he remain. gress to the labors of artists and lit- ed until 1812, when he removed to erary men.
The summer of 1785 Amherst, Massachusetts, and after a Mr. Webster spent in Baltimore, residence of ten years in that beauwhere he prepared a course of lec- tiful town, he returned again to New tures on the English language, which Haven. It was owing to his influ. he delivered in the principal Atlan- ence, while living at Amherst, that tic cities in 1786, and published in a flourishing academy was establish
While teaching an academy ed there, and soon after a college, in Philadelphia, in 1787, after the which now stands, in the number of close of the convention which fra students, among the first in our coun. med the constitution of the United try. On his return to New Haven, States, he wrote a pamphlet recom- he received, in 1823, the degree mending the new system of govern. LL. D. from Yale College. In 1807ment to the people. In 1788 he 8, he entered on the great work of made an unsuccessful attempt to es. his life, the compilation of the Amer.
, tablish a periodical in New York, ican Dictionary of the English lancalled the American Magazine. It guage. This work, which he was was published only one year. In twenty years in completing, contains 1789, Mr. Webster was married to twelve thousand words, and between a daughter of William Greenleaf, thirty and forty thousand definitions, Esq. of Boston, and for four years which are not contained in any preengaged successfully in the practice ceding work. It is superior to all of law at Hartford. In 1793 he es. other English dictionaries, in the tablished a daily paper in New York, beauty and accuracy of the definidevoted to the support of General tions, and in the department of ety. Washington's administration—a pa- mology. He devoted a number of per which is still published under the years to an inquiry into the origin title of the Commercial Advertiser. of our language, and its connection While editor, he wrote and publish with those of other countries. The
results of these labors are embodied on salted meats, but I rarely or nevin an unpublished work, about half er ate any. I have so strong an anthe size of his dictionary, entitled tipathy to the fat part of animal food, " A Synopsis of Words in Twenty especially to pork, that I have never Languages.” In June, 1824, Dr. eaten any, and I know not whether Webster went to Europe, spent two I could swallow a piece of salted months in Paris, examining authors pork if I would. The consequence in the royal library, to which he was, that before I left my father's could not gain access in this coun- house, my food consisted almost try. He then spent several months wholly of milk, vegetable and fariat the university of Cambridge, Eng. naceous substances. After I left land, where he had free access to home, I had usually fresh meat bethe public libraries, and there he fin- fore me, and I have eaten a small ished his dictionary in 1825. Be piece of the lean part, about the size sides the works already mentioned, of three fingers, at dinner, rarely Dr. Webster has done an invaluable more than that quantity, once a day. service to the youth of this country, I eat any thing set before me, exby his History of the United States, cept fat meat, and my stomach reand his Manual of Useful Studies. fuses nothing. I speak of articles Just before his death he put to press of our plain American cookery; for “A Collection of Papers on Politi- as for oil and other French dresscal, Literary and Moral Subjects," ings, I can not endure them. comprising many of the essays men- I have never been a hard student, tioned in this sketch, and several not unless a few years may be excepted; before published. He also publish- but I have been a steady, perseveed a revised edition of the English ring student. I have rarely used Bible, “ in which some phraseology lamp or candle light, except once, of the common version which is of when reading law, and then I paid fensive to delicacy is altered, and dear for my imprudence, for I insome antiquated terms and forms of jured my eyes. My practice has
, expression are changed, 'in accord usually been to rise about half an ance with present usage.” This hour before the sun, and make use work has merits and faults, the chief of all the light of that luminary. fault being a change of Saxon for But I have never, or rarely, been in Latin words and idioms.
a hurry. When I first undertook We are happy to be able to close the business of supporting General this brief outline of Dr. Webster's Washington's administration, I lalabors, with an account from his own bored too hard in writing or translapen, of his “mode of life,” extract- ting from the French papers for my ed from a letter written by him in paper, or in composing pamphlets. 1836, to Dr. Thomas Miner. A co. In two instances I was so exhausted py of this letter was furnished by that I expected to die, for I could Dr. Miner to Joseph Barratt, M. D. not perceive any pulsation in the rafrom whom we received it.
dial artery; but I recovered. While
engaged in composing my dictionaNew Haven, Nov. 21, 1836.
ry, I was often so much excited by Dear Sir,--You inquire respect the discoveries I made, that my pulse, ing my mode of life. It is shortly whose ordinary action is scarcely this. I am a farmer's son, and la 60 beats to the minute, was accel. bored on land till about fifteen years erated to 80 or 85. of age. Probably labor gave me My exercise has not been vio. some additional strength of constitu- lent nor regular. While I was in tion. As I lived where there was no Amherst, I cultivated a little land, market, our family subsisted chiefly and used to work at making hay, and formerly I worked in my gar- sitting at my table in Cambridge,
I den, which I can not now do. Un England, January, 1825. When I
. til within a few years, I used to make arrived at the last word, I was seized my fires in the morning, but I never with a tremor, that made it difficult or rarely walked before reakfast. to proceed. I however summoned My exercise is now limited to walk. up strength to finish the work, and ing about the city to purchase sup- then walking about the room, I soon plies for my family. For a part of recovered. my life, the last forty years, I have Since my voyage to Europe, my had a horse of my own, but I never health has been better than it was rode merely for health ; and a part from twenty to twenty five years of of the time, more than half, I have age, the functions of my stomach not been able to keep a horse. My being better performed. eyes have from a child been subject My eyes have been weaker the to a slight inflammation, but the sight last two or three years than they had has been good. I began to use spec
been before. tacles when fifty years of age, or a In 1798 I had the yellow fever, little more, and that was the time after visiting New York, and after when I began to study and prepare my recovery, I had, from imprumaterials for my dictionary. I had dence, two or three relapses into the had the subject in contemplation ague and fever. I have had no some years before, and had made other sickness except a slight attack memorandums on the margin of of intermittent fever after my reJohnson's dictionary, but I did not turn from Niagara in 1830. set myself to the work till I wore Accept the respects of spectacles.
Your sincere friend,
n. Porter, for
CONGREGATIONALISM IN NEW ENGLAND.
New ENGLAND is the home of place in the respect of the commuCongregationalism. It is true, there nity-in its hold on the intelligence, are Congregational churches else- the cultivation, and the wealth of where, They are numerous in
the population. These churches England, Wales, and Scotland, as are the true genii loci. In their well as in many of the states of separate and confederate strength, our own Union, and most of these they are felt to be the glory of New do honor to the name which they England at home. They have made bear, and are living witnesses to the her to be a fountain of health to our excellence of the polity after which land—and this land itself through they are ordered. There is her, to be the light and hope of the place however which Congregation- nations. . alism calls her own, with such man- Not only is Congregationalism ifest propriety, as New England. most at home in New England, but Few are the communities in New this is the place of her nativity. England in which a church does Her soil was possessed in the name not exist, founded on this platform of a free spiritual church; a church -few, in which such a church does which should be free that it might not stand foremost, in its spiritual be spiritual, and which was to be beauty and fruitfulness—in the en- spiritual, that it might continue
— ergy of its moral influence in its free. Her colonists reared upon