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students, with special distinctness to the examined, certain written on any particular topics, would uno questions, and to request that the doubtedly accomplish their object. answers to the same might also be This course we are informed was in writing. Instantly, the suspicion taken ; but nothing appears to have seems to have filled the minds of been elicited either to prove or to the council, that written questions disprove the suspicions which had and written answers were designed been excited. Drs. S. and A. were to be the materials of an appeal to not satisfied with the manner in the public; and this mode of ex. which the resolutions moved by amination was strenuously opposed. them had been disposed of. Still The decision of the Bishop was, less were they satisfied the next that the written questions might be day, when a third resolution, re- proposed ; and that though the canquesting that the sermons which the didate should not be required to members of the senior class had answer in writing, the questioners handed to the professor for inspec. might write down his answers, and tion, might be laid before the com- read their record to the candidate mittee-shared the fate of its prede. in order to ensure its correctness. cessors, and was laid to sleep with Thus conducted, the examination them, like anti-slavery memorials seems to have been attended with on the tables of Congress.

considerable excitement among the By this time, all parties, and par- the presbyters, on both sides, with ticularly Drs. S. and A., seem to frequent interruptions, especially by have felt that matters were verging Dr. Seabury, and with some confutowards a crisis. “The two Doc- sion. It seems to have been the tors," as the Churchman calls them, object of Drs. Smith and Anthon, to were plainly in a minority ; the draw from the candidate either an ruling influences were against them. explicit avowal, or a recantation, of Mr. Carey, having passed through the opinions which he had expressall the canonical formalities, bad ed in conversation, and which had presented his regular testimonials been recorded in the “document" to the bishop, notwithstanding the which we have transferred to our refusal which he had met from his columns. In this they were not own immediate pastor. The Bish. unsuccessful. The difference beop, either because he desired a far- tween the record of the young ther investigation for the satisfac. man's answers as written down by tion of his own conscience, or be- Drs. Smith and Anthon, and the cause he felt that some deference representation of his answers and was due to the gentlemen in oppo- explanations as given by Drs. Seasition, determined to hold a special bury and M*Vickar, and Messrs. examination of Mr. Carey, with the Haight and Higbee, does not seem aid of a council of his presby- to us to be very material. ters. Friday evening, June 30th, The examination having been the council was assembled. There completed in such fashion as was were in attendance on the Bishop, practicable under the conditions as his counselors, Drs. Smith, An- which have been described, the thon, Berrian, M.Vickar, and Sea. presbyters of the council were seve bury, and the Rev. Messrs. Haight, erally called on for their opinions Higbee, and Price. Into the details as to the fitness of the candidate. of that examination, we do not pro- Drs. Smith and Anthon objected to pose to enter. “ The two Doctors” his ordination, and intimated the began with stating, in words which probability of their making written they had written down beforehand, communications on the subject to that they had resolved to propose the Bishop; the others unanimously, and some of them strenuously, ad. St. Stephen's, for the purpose of vised that the candidate be ordained. obtaining an interview with the The Bishop declined pronouncing Bishop and renewing the disavowal a decision at that time; and after in person. Thus, at the last mo. some words of mutual explanation ment, they obtained the information and concession among the presby. that Mr. Carey was to be ordained. ters, and some unsuccessful efforts In the Sunday school room, wbere to obtain from the two who were the information so earnestly and dissatisfied, a pledge not to publish humbly sought had been at last their notes of the examination, the vouchsased to them, they took leave company separated; the “two Doc. of the Bishop. Thence they went tors having agreed with the Bishop, into the church, habited in their that if they had any communica- official robes, and seated themselves tion to make, it should be made in among the people. Morning prayer writing by one o'clock the next day. was read in the usual form, the

Accordingly, on the next day, protesting Doctors uttering the reSaturday, July 1st, each of those sponses duly with the responding gentlemen addressed a communi- people, as set down in the book. cation to the Bishop, protesting The sermon was pronounced ; and against the ordination of Mr. Carey, to that they gave a becoming attenand desiring to be informed of the tion. Next came, according to the Bishop's decision as early as might arrangements of the day, the ordibe, or at all events, early enough nation service. That we may see to enable them, “if needful”-in precisely what was said and done, Dr. Smith's language" to take the let us open the Prayer-book at the last and most painful step pointed form and manner of making deaout by the church."

cons.” The Bishop is “ sitting in Sunday morning came, the morn. his chair near to the holy table.” ing of the day on which the candi. The candidates, “ each of them bedates from the Theological Semi- ing decently habited," are presented nary were to be ordained at St. to him by a priest, “ saying these Stephen's church ; but no reply words,” from the book, had come from the Bishop to tell

" Reverend Father in God, I present the protesters whether Mr. Carey

unto you these persons present, to be adwas to be ordained with the rest. mitted deacons. At an early hour, therefore, notes were addressed to the Bishop, ask

The Bishop “sitting in his chair," ing once more for information on

as aforesaid, reads from his Prayerthat point. The reply was in the book, in reply, same words to each :—" It pains “ Take heed that the persons whom me to be obliged to say that the ye present unto us, be api and meet for attitude of threatening which you

iheir learning and godly conversation, to

exercise their ministry duly to the honor thought proper to assume at the

of God, and the edifying of his church." close of your letter of yesterday, precludes the propriety of my re

The priest from his book replying to it. Yours very truly.” sponds. A written disclaimer of the con- “I have so enquired concerning them, struction which the Bishop had put and also examined them, and think thern

so to be." upon their suggestion of a reason for asking information, was hastily Then the Bishop, still reading dispatched from each of the pro- from the book, said “ unto the peotesters; and then, as the hour of ple,” who till this precise moment public worship was already drawing had not been consulted in the premnear, they proceeded together to ises at all,

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“ Brethren, if there be any of you who " The accusation now brought against knoweth any impediment," or notable one of the persons presented to be orcrime, in any of these persons presented dered deacons, has recently been fully to be ordered deacons, for the which he investigated by me, with the knowledge ought not to be adınitted to that office, and in the presence of his accusers, and let him come forth in the name of God, with the advantage of the valuable aid and show what the crime or impedi- and counsel of six of the worthiest, wisest, ment is."

and most learned of the presbyters of

this diocese, including the three who are Up to this point in the proceed. assisting in the present solennities. The ings, every thing was regular and result was, that there was no just ground

for rejecting the candidate's application rubrical. But immediately after for holy orders. There is consequently these last words had been uttered no reason for any change in the solemn by the Bishop, there was a response,

service of the day, and therefore all these of which nothing appears in the persons, being found meet to be ordered,

are commended to the prayers of the conPrayer-book. Drs. Smith and An- gregation.”—Full and True Statement, thon arose “in one of the pews in pp. 5, 6. the middle aisle," and read each a separate “protest” from a written Immediately upon the utterance paper. Dr. Smith's protest was in of the last word, Bishop Ives of these words, (True Issue, p. 35.) North Carolina, who was assisting

the diocesan of New York in the “ Upon this solemn call of the church, solemnities of that day, commenced made by you, reverend father in God, as one of its chief pastors, 1, Hugh Smith, the reading of the litany; and at Doctor in Divinity, a presbyter of the

the same moment the protesting Protestant Episcopal church in the dio. presbyters“ took their hats,” as cese of New York, and rector of St. Pe.

we are informed by a writer" whose ter's church, come furth, in the name of God, to declare, before Him and this con

opinion,” the Churchman says, “is gregation, my solemn conviction and be- entitled to the highest consideralief, that there is a most serious and tion”-and then, as we are told by weighty impediment to the ordination of Dr. Seabury himself, " turned their Mr. Arthur Carey, who has now been presented to you to be admitted a deacon,

backs on the altar, [O tempora !] founded upon bis holding sentiments not

and the bishops, [O mores !) and conformable to the doctrines of the Pro- walked out of the church." Yet it testant Episcopal church in these United States of America, and in too close con

was done “respectfully,” accord. formity with those of the church of Rome, ing to their account of the matter, as more fully set forth in a protest from and under the conviction, that the me, placed in your bands yesterday. just effect and force of their protest Now, therefore, under a sacred sense of would be impaired by their remainduty to the church, and to its Divine head, who purchased it with his blood, I ing in the house, and that their do again, before God and this congrega

" withdrawing would be a protest
tion, thus solemnly and publicly protest in acts not less than in words.
against his ordination to the diaconate.
Dated this 2d day of July, 1843.

It happened most unpropitiously for
Hugh SMITH." the loved repose and reserve of the

Episcopal church, that just at the Dr. Anthon's paper, though not time of these occurrences, the ediin precisely the same form, was to tors of the newspapers in the city the same effect, beginning, “ Rev. of New York, were looking about erend Father in God, I, Henry An. them with more than ordinary sothon, Doctor in Divinity, a pres- licitude for some new thing. No byter," &c.

election, national, state or munici. The ordinary course of proceed- pal, was near enough to be a subject ings on such occasions having been of daily and engrossing interest. thus interrupted-not unexpectedly, No debates in Congress, with oc

. we may presumethe Bishop rose casional interludes of fisticuffs and in his place and replied as follows, challenges among members from

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the more chivalrous regions, filled the boldness, skill, and manfulness the public capacity of excitement. with which they have conducted No new paroxysm of commercial their defense. The Churchman of distress, no murder uncommonly the week following the ordination mysterious or horrible, no astound. contained a communication signed ing series of forgeries, no great N. E. O., (Novi-Eboracensis Oncriminal trial with endless disquisi. derdonk?) which as it speaks with tions on insanity, was aiding the authority, and is certified by the eddaily sale of newspapers.

The itor to have proceeded" from a Bunker Hill celebration had just source entitled to the highest rehad its day; and Mr. Dickens' new spect," may be properly regarded as work had proved so flat a thing that the Bishop's own statement. In the no body was inquiring what would be same sheet, the editor, Dr. Seabury, in the next number. Consequently, gave his account of the protest at such an occurrence as the ordina. St. Stephen's, which he entitled, a tion of Mr. Carey with the protest “ Disturbance of public worship.” of two eminent clergymen against In both these articles the protesters him, on the ground of his being in are severely handled; though the effect a Roman Catholic, became editor having as yet much less per. the town's talk, and filled the news- sonal feeling than N. E. O., tries to papers, not only in the city of New treat them respectfully. Nothing York, but every where else. Nor was said respecting the merits of the did the arrivals from Europe just charge against Mr. Carey; but the about those days help to divert the attention of readers was adroitly public attention from these matters. directed towards another question, The astounding progress of O'Con- namely, whether Drs. Smith and nell's movement for giving to Po Anthon had a right to interrupt the pery its natural ascendency in Ire. ordination service, at the call of the land—the admired secession of one Bishop, with their protests. half of the established church in It was now time for the protesters Scotland—the universal agitation in to be heard. They immediately England about Tractarianism, to published a note in the daily papers, gether with the University censure saying that though they had intendof Dr. Pusey, himself, at Oxford- ed to be silent, the attacks made gave to an ecclesiastico-religious on them in the Churchman, left them question of this kind a

new and

no alternative between a silence surprising power of interesting the which might be misinterpreted and whole people.

a full disclosure,”—and that, there. Thus the Bishop and his advising fore, “ they would lay before the and consenting presbyters were sud- public in a few days a full statement denly put upon their defense. A of the case.” Their “ full statematter adjudicated and disposed of ment" was accordingly published, by the authorities of the diocese, had entitled, “The True Issue for the somehow got itself appealed as it True Churchman.” As for the were to a general council; and un- publications which followed in the less the Bishop and his counselors Churchman, both editorial and from should appear and plead, their cause correspondents far and near, we would go by default. Disapproba. have no room to trace their succestion of what they had done was be. sion. Suffice it to say here, that as ginning to be uttered semper, ubique, collected in the “Full and True ab omnibus ; and unless they could Statement," they make a bulky, but do something to turn the tide of by no means stupid pamphlet. Out opinion, they were likely to be over- of these two pamphlets, together whelmed. We give them credit for with Mr. Haight's " Letter to a Pa.

rishioner,” we have collected with once casual and trivial.” This is some labor the foregoing narrative, not the language of men who have which we are sure is impartial, and been surprised into a controversy which we think is fair.

with those whom they have all along We now propose to express in the regarded as of the same opinion in briefest manner possible, some in- all things with themselves. So, on quiries and impressions of our own, the other hand, the manner of the touching the subject matter of this writers in the Churchman towards history. This we do in the hope of these gentlemen, is very much like subserving in our humble way the the venting of an ancient and long great interests of " evangelical truth festering dislike. Dr. Seabury, in and apostolic order.”

his first editorial was evidently reThe first impression which this straining himself and laboring to be controversy makes upon our minds, courteous. But as the controversy is, that it is a sudden manifestation proceeds, he gradually forgets his of divisions which have heretofore reserve. He almost calls Dr. Smith been studiously veiled from the public a fool. He pronounces him “ineye. Such controversies as this competent to apprehend, and much so serious, so impassioned, so in- more to express the operations of a volved in great principles—however mind so vastly superior to his own suddenly they may break out, do as Mr. Carey's.” He tells of " the not break out among those who up weakness and vanity, and fidgetito that moment are entirely agreed. ness, and gossiping propensities of Undoubtedly, Drs. Smith and An- Dr. Hugh Smith.” To Dr. Anthon thon are both Churchmen-high he imputes some personal prejudice, Churchmen, if they please to be pronouncing him the very last man called by that name. Undoubtedly whom Mr. C. would have chosen for they both believe in baptismal re. his judge.” The key to this enigma generation, and in the exclusive va. we find in the very last sentence of lidity of Episcopal ordination, and the pamphlet, where a correspondof ordinances administered by Epis- ent of the Churchman tells us that copalian clergymen. We dare say Mr. C. “entered Columbia College they have had little sympathy with in the Sophomore class, in which at the thoroughly evangelical party– the time, a young man of great talsmall enough this side of Philadel. ent and worth, the son of the Rev. phia—of which the late Dr. Bedell, Dr. Anthon, held the highest rank, may be taken as a representative. and Mr. Carey carried off the palm At the same time, nothing can be at the conclusion of the course.' plainer to the reader of these pamph. We quote this, not to pronounce lets, than that for some time past upon the meanness that uses such Drs. Smith and Anthon have been weapons in such a controversy, but anticipating the arrival of a crisis in only to say that the dislike which the affairs of the communion with vents itself in this way is of no sud. which they are connected. They den or accidental growth. talk about the Church as she was, Much has been said within a few and“ a growing indifference to those years past, to set forth the harmony great principles, for which, at the and “repose" of the Episcopal era of the Reformation, martyrs church. Other great Christian comdied.” They ask, “ shall a stand at munions have been agitated with last be made, and will Churchmen questions and strifes.

But " our finally rally in defense of their own church,” it has been said, enjoys principles and standards ?” They peace in all her borders ; such is the say, a great issue has been joined efficacy of an episcopal government through circumstances apparently at and a venerable liturgy. Here and Vol. I.




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