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A. D. 59.

1 COR. 11. 14—16.—111. 1—3.

is life and peace. Because the carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be. So then they that are in the flesh cannot please God, Rom. viii. 5-8.

c For the preaching of the cross is to them that perish foolishness; but unto us which are saved it is the power of God. For it is written, I will destroy the wisdom of the wise, and will bring to nothing the understanding of the prudent. Where is the wise? where is the scribe? where is the disputer of this world? hath not God made foolish the wisdom of this world? 1 Cor. i. 18-20.

d See on John vi. ver. 45. clause 1,2.

VER. 15.

A. D. 59.

All things that I have heard of my Father I have made known unto you, John xv. 15. I have manifested thy name unto the men which thou gavest me out of the world, xvii. 6. For I have given unto them the words which thou gavest me; and they have received them, and have known surely that I came out from thee, and they have believed that thou didst send me, 8. But I certify you, brethren, that the Gospel which was preached of me is not after man. For I neither received it of man, neither was I taught it, but by the revelation of Jesus Christ, Gal. i. 11, 12.


Καὶ ἐγώ, ἀδελφοί, οὐκ ἠδυνήθην λαλῆσαι ὑμῖν ὡς πνευπατικοῖς, ἀλλ ̓ ὡς σαρκικοῖς, Ὁ δὲ πνευματικὸς ἀνακρίνει μὲν πάντα, ὡς νηπίοις ἐν Χριστῷ, αὐτὸς δὲ ὑπ ̓ οὐδενὸς ἀνακρίνεται.

a But he that is spiritual judgeth all things, yet he himself is judged of

no man.

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you as unto spiritual, but as unto carAnd I, brethren, could not speak unto nal, even as unto ↳ babes in Christ.


a See verses 3, 4.

b I write unto you, little children, for his name's sake, 1 John ii. 12. because your sins are forgiven you

VER. 2.

Γάλα ὑμᾶς ἐπότισα, καὶ οὐ βρῶμα· οὔτ πω γὰς ἐδύνασθε, ἀλλ ̓ οὔτε ἔτι νῦν δύνασθε,

a I have fed you with milk, and not with meat: for hitherto ye were not able to bear it, neither yet now are ye able.

a For when for the time ye ought to be teachers, ye have need that one principles of the oracles of God; and teach you again which be the first

are become such as have need of milk, and not of strong meat. For every one that useth milk is unskilful in the word of righteousness: for he is a babe. But strong meat belongeth to them that are of full age, even those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern good and evil, Heb. v. 12-14. As new-born babes, desire the sincere milk of the word, that ye may grow thereby, 1 Pet.

ii. 2.

VER. 3.

Ετι γὰρ σαρκικοί ἐστε. Ὅπου γὰρ ἐν ὑμῖν ζῆλος καὶ ἔρις καὶ διχοστασίαι, οὐχὶ σαρκικοί έστε, καὶ κατὰ ἄνθρωπον περιπα τεῖτε ;

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Ephesus. This man was instructed in the way of the Lord; and being fervent in the spirit, he spake and taught diligently the things of the Lord, knowing only the baptism of John. And he began to speak boldly in the synagogue: whom when Aquila and Priscilla had heard, they took

* Or, factions.

+ Gr. according to man.

a See on chap. i. ver. 11.

b See on Matt. vii. ver. 11. clause 1. him unto them, and expounded unto

VER. 4.

Οταν γὰρ λέγῃ τις· Ἐγὼ μέν εἶμι Παύ λου· ἕτερος δέ· Ἐγὼ Ἀπολλώ· οὐχὶ σας

κικοί ἐστε;

For while a one saith, I am of Paul; and another, I am of Apollos; are ye not carnal?

Now this I say, that every one of you saith, I am of Paul; and I of Apollos; and I of Cephas; and I of Christ, 1 Cor. i. 12. And these things; brethren, I have in a figure transferred to myself and to Apollos for your sakes; that ye might learn in us not to think of men above that which is written, that no one of you be puffed up for one against another, iv. 6.

VER. 5.

him the way of God more perfectly, Acts xviii. 24-26.

But by the grace of God I am bestowed upon me was not in vain ; what I am: and his grace which was but I laboured more abundantly than they all: yet not I, but the grace of God which was with me, 1 Cor. xv. 10. Except the LORD build the house, they labour in vain that build it: except the LORD keep the city, the watchman waketh but in vain. It is late, to eat the bread of sorrows: for vain for you to rise up early, to sit up so he giveth his beloved sleep, Psal. cxxvii. 1, 2. For as the rain cometh down, and the snow, from heaven, and returneth not thither, but watereth the earth, and maketh it bring forth and bud, that it may give seed to the sower, and bread to the eater;

Τίς οὖν ἐστι Παῦλος, τίς δὲ ̓Απολλώς, So shall my word be that goeth forth

ἀλλ ̓ ἡ διάκονοι δι ̓ ὧν ἐπιστεύσατε, καὶ ἑκάστῳ ὡς ὁ Κύριος ἔδωκεν ;

Who then is Paul, and who is Apollos, a but ministers by whom ye believed, even as the Lord gave to every man?

a See on Matt. xxv. ver. 14. clause 2.

VER. 6.

Ἐγὼ ἐφύτευσα, ̓Απολλὼς ἐπότισεν, ἀλλ ̓ ὁ Θεὸς ἤυξανεν.

I have planted, b Apollos watered; but God gave the increase.

a According to the grace of God which is given unto me, as a wise master-builder, I have laid the foundation, and another buildeth thereon. But let every man take heed how he buildeth thereupon, ver. 10. Am I not an apostle? am I not free? have I not seen Jesus Christ our Lord? are not ye my work in the Lord? ix. 1. See also on chap. i. ver. 2. clause 1.

And a certain Jew named Apollos, born at Alexandria, an eloquent man, and mighty in the Scriptures, came to

out of my mouth: it shall not return
unto me void; but it shall accomplish
that which I please, and it shall pros-
per in the thing whereto I sent it,
Isa. lv. 10, 11. For as the earth bring-
eth forth her bud, and as the garden
causeth the things that are sown in it
to spring forth: so the Lord God will
cause righteousness and praise to
spring forth before all the nations,
Ixi. 11. And the Lord added to the
church daily such as should be saved,
Acts ii. 47. When they heard these
things, they held their peace, and
glorified God, saying, Then hath God
also to the Gentiles granted repent-
ance unto life, xi. 18.
And a cer-
tain woman) named Lydia, a seller
of purple, of the city of Thyatira,
which worshipped God, heard us:
whose heart the Lord opened, that
she attended unto the things which
were spoken of Paul, xvi. 14. Ye
are our epistle written in our hearts,
known and read of all men: Foras-
much as ye are manifestly declared to
be the epistle of Christ ministered by
us, written not with ink, but with the


A. D. 59.

1 COR. III. 6-12.

Spirit of the living God; not in tables of stone, but in fleshy tables of the heart. And such trust have we through Christ to God-ward: Not that we are sufficient of ourselves to think any thing as of ourselves; but our sufficiency is of God, 2 Cor. iii. 2-5.

VER. 7.

Ωστε οὔτε ὁ φυτεύων ἐστί τι, οὔτε ὁ ποτίζων, ἀλλ ̓ ὁ αὐξάνων Θεός.

So then neither is he that planteth any thing, neither he that watereth; but God that giveth the increase.

VER. 8.

Ὁ φυτεύων δὲ καὶ ὁ ποτίζων ἕν εἰσιν ἕκαστος δὲ τὸν ἴδιον μισθὸν λήψεται κατὰ τὸν ἴδιον κόπον.


Now he that planteth and he that watereth are one: and every man shall receive his own reward according to his own labour.

A. D. 59. bTherefore whosoever heareth these which sayings of mine, and doeth them, I will liken him unto a wise man, built his house upon a rock, Matt. vii. 24. Who then is a faithful and wise servant, whom his lord hath made ruler over his household, to give them meat in due season? xxiv. 45. Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth, 2 Tim. ii. 15.

c See on ver. 6. clause 1.

d Now if Christ be preached that he rose from the dead, how say some among you that there is no resurrection of the dead ? 1 Cor. xv. 12.

e And say to Archippus, Take heed to the ministry which thou hast received in the Lord, that thou fulfil it, Col. iv. 17. Take heed unto thyself, and unto the doctrine; continue in them for in doing this thou shalt both save thyself, and them that hear thee, 1 Tim. iv. 16. As every man hath received the gift, even so minister the same one to another, as good stewards of the manifold grace of God. If any man speak, let him speak as the oracles of God; if any man minister, let him do it as of the ability which God giveth: that God in all things may be glorified through Jesus Christ, to whom be praise and doAmen, minion for ever and ever.

a Then came the first, saying, Lord, thy pound hath gained ten pounds. And he said unto him, Well, thou good servant: because thou hast been faithful in a very little, have thou authority over ten cities. And the second came, saying, Lord, thy pound hath gained five pounds. And he said likewise to him, Be thou also over five cities, Luke xix. 16-19.

VER. 9.

Θεοῦ γάρ ἐσμεν συνεργοί· Θεοῦ γεώργιον, | 1 Pet. iv. 10, 11. Θεοῦ οἰκοδομή ἐστε·

For awe are labourers together with God: b ye are God's * husbandry, c ye are God's building.

* Or, tillage.

VER. 11.

Θεμέλιον γὰρ ἄλλον οὐδεὶς δύναται θεῖναι παρὰ τὸν κείμενον, ὅς ἐστιν Ἰησοῦς ὁ Χρισ


a For other foundation can no man

a See on Matt. ix. ver. $7. clause 2. lay than that is laid, which is Jesus b See on ver. 6. clause 3.

• See on Matt. xvi. ver. 18. clause 3.

VER. 10.

Κατὰ τὴν χάριν τοῦ Θεοῦ τὴν δοθεῖσάν μοι, ὡς σοφὸς ἀρχιτέκτων θεμέλιον τέθεικα, ἄλλος δὲ ἐποικοδομεῖ· ἕκαστος δὲ βλεπέτω πῶς ἐποικοδομεῖ.


a See on Acts iv. ver. 12. clause 1. and Matt. xvi. ver. 18. clause 2.

VER. 12.

Εἰ δέ τις ἐποικοδομεῖ ἐπὶ τὸν θεμέλιον τοῦτον, χρυσὸν, ἄργυρον, λίθους τιμίους, ξύλα, χόρτον, καλάμην·

Now if any man build upon this founa According to the grace of God which is given unto me, bas a wise master-dation a gold, silver, precious stones, builder, I have laid the foundation, d and another buildeth thereon. But let

every man take heed how he buildeth thereupon.

a See on Rom. i. ver. 5. clause 1.

wood, hay, stubble;

a If thou put the brethren in remembrance of these things, thou shalt be a good minister of Jesus Christ, nourished up in the words of faith, and

A. D. 59.

stormy wind shall rend it. Lo, when the wall is fallen, shall it not be said unto you, Where is the daubing wherewith ye have daubed it? Therefore thus saith the Lord God, I will even rend it with a stormy wind in my fury; and there shall be an overflowing shower in mine anger, and great hailstones, in my fury to consume it. So will I break down the wall that ye have daubed with untempered morter, that the foundation thereof shall be and bring it down to the ground, so discovered, and it shall fall, and ye shall be consumed in the midst thereof: and ye shall know that I am the LORD. Thus will I accomplish my wrath upon the wall, and upon them that have daubed it with untempered morter; and will say unto you, The wall is no more, neither they that daubed it; To wit, the prophets of Israel, which prophesy concerning Jerusalem, and which see visions of peace for her, and there is no peace, saith the Lord GOD, Ezek. xiii. 10— 16.

VER. 14.

Εἴ τινος τὸ ἔργον μένει ὃ ἐπῳκοδόμησε, μισθὸν λήψεται·


If any man's work abide which he hath built thereupon, he shall receive a reward.

A. D. 59.

1 COR. III. 12-17.

of good doctrine, whereunto thou hast | attained, 1 Tim. iv. 6.

The prophet that hath a dream let him tell a dream; and he that hath my word, let him speak my word faithfully. What is the chaff to the wheat? saith the LORD, Jer. xxiii. 28. But in vain they do worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men, Matt. xv. 9.

VER. 13.

Εκάστου τὸ ἔργον φανερὸν γενήσεται· ἡ γὰρ ἡμέρα δηλώσει· ὅτι ἐν πυρὶ ἀποκαλύπτεται· καὶ ἑκάστου τὸ ἔργον ὁποῖόν ἐστι, τὸ πῦρ δοκιμάσει.

a Every man's work shall be made manifest: for the day shall declare it, because it shall be revealed by fire; b and the fire shall try every man's work of

what sort it is.

*Gr. is revealed.

a Therefore judge nothing before the time, until the Lord come, who both will bring to light the hidden things of darkness, and will make manifest the counsels of the hearts: and then shall every man have praise of God, 1 Cor. iv. 5.

» To the law and to the testimony: if they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them. And they shall pass through it hardly bestead and hungry and it shall come to pass, that, when they shall be hungry, they shall fret themselves, and curse their king and their God, and look upward. And they shall look unto the earth, and behold

trouble and darkness, dimness of anguish; and they shall be driven to darkness, Isa. viii. 20-22. Judgment also will I lay to the line, and righteousness to the plummet; and the hail shall sweep away the refuge of lies, and the waters shall overflow the hiding-place, xxviii. 17. Is not my word like as a fire? saith the LORD; and like a hammer that breaketh the rock in pieces? Jer. xxiii. 29. Because, even because they have seduced my people, saying, Peace, and there was no peace; and one built up a wall, and, lo, others daubed it with untempered morter. Say unto them which daub it with untempered morter, that it shall fall: there shall be an overflowing shower; and ye, Ο great hailstones, shall fall; and a

a See on Matt. xxiv. ver. 47.

VER. 15.

θήσεται αὐτὸς δὲ σωθήσεται, οὕτω δὲ ὡς Εἴ τινος τὸ ἔργον κατακαήσεται, ζημιω διὰ πυρός.

If any man's work shall be burned, he shall suffer loss: but he himself shall be saved; yet so as by fire.

VER. 16.

Οὐκ οἴδατε ὅτι ναὸς Θεοῦ ἐστε, καὶ τὸ Πνεῦμα τοῦ Θεοῦ οἰκεῖ ἐν ὑμῖν;

a Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?

3 See on John vi. ver. 56.
b See on John xiv. ver. 17.

VER. 17.

Εἴ τις τὸν ναὸν τοῦ Θεοῦ φθείρει, φθερεί τοῦτον ὁ Θεός· ὁ γὰρ ναὸς τοῦ Θεοῦ ἅγιος ἐστιν, οἵτινές ἐστε ὑμεῖς.

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* Or, destroy.

a Flee fornication. Every sin that a man doeth is without the body; but he that committeth fornication sinneth against his own body. What? know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost, which is in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own? For ye are bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God's, 1 Cor. vi. 18

20. And I will set my face against that man, and will cut him off from among his people; because he hath given of his seed unto Molech, to defile my sanctuary, and to profane my holy name, Lev. xx. 3. But the man that shall be unclean, and shall not purify himself, that soul shall be cut of from among the congregation, be. cause he hath defiled the sanctuary of the LORD: the water of separation hath not been sprinkled upon him; he is unclean, Numb. xix. 20.

VER. 19.

A. D. 59.

παρὰ τῷ Θεῷ ἐστι. Γέγραπται γάρ
Ἡ γὰρ σοφία τοῦ κόσμου τούτου, μωρία
δρασσόμενος τοὺς σοφοὺς ἐν τῇ πανουργία

For the wisdom of this world is foolishness with God. a For it is written, He taketh the wise in their own crafti


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b For all things are your's:
Therefore let no man glory in men.

VER. 18.

Mndels laurov ikatatáтw' sï ti; doxe σοφὸς εἶναι ἐν ὑμῖν ἐν τῷ αἰῶνι τούτῳ, μωρὶς γενέσθω, ἵνα γένηται σοφός.

Let no man deceive himself. a If any man among you seemeth to be wise in this world, let him become a fool, that he may

be wise.

a For the preaching of the cross is to them that perish foolishness; but unto us which are saved it is the power of God. For it is written, I will destroy the wisdom of the wise, and will bring to nothing the understanding of the prudent. Where is the wise? where is the scribe? where is the disputer of this world ? hath

not God made foolish the wisdom of this world? For after that, in the wisdom of God, the world by wisdom knew not God, it pleased God by the foolishness of preaching to save them that believe, 1 Cor. i. 18-21. And if any man think that he knoweth any thing, he knoweth nothing yet as he ought to know, viii. 2. Woe unto them that are wise in their own eyes, and prudent in their own sight, Isa.

v. 21.

a Now this I say, that every one of you saith, I am of Paul; and I of Apollos; and I of Cephas; and I of Christ, 1 Cor. i. 12. That your faith should not stand in the wisdom of men, but in the power of God, ii. 5. And these things, brethren, I have in a figure transferred to myself and to learn in us not to think of men above Apollos for your sakes; that ye might that which is written, that no one of you be puffed up for one against another, iv. 6.

See on Rom. viii. ver. 28. clause 1.

VER. 22.

Εἴτε Παῦλος, εἴτε ̓Απολλὼς, εἴτε Κηφᾶς, εἴτε κόσμος, εἴτε ζωὴ, εἴτε θάνατος, εἴτε ἐνεστῶτα, εἴτε μέλλοντα· πάντα ὑμῶν


a Whether Paul, or Apollos, or Cephas, or the world, or life, or death, or things present, or things to come; all are your's;

a For though I be free from all men, yet have I made myself servant unto all, that I might gain the more. And unto the Jews I became as a Jew, that I might gain the Jews; to them that are under the law, as under the law, that I might gain them that are

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