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quest of the Pope, entered Italy, at has been shown, This likewise the head of a large army, and com- will be found equally significant pletely eradicated the horn of Lom- and proper. It was foretold to bardy; and bestowed great part of Pharaoh by Moses, that upon his dominions on the Pope. Thus, the very next morning there in the words of the author, were should be a grievous rain, atten. three of the first horns plucked up ded with hail and thunder. by the roots before an eleventh little This must have been a most in
credible circumstance horn which silently arose among
to an them, till it had supplanted the three Egyptian; for no country upon horns, which stood in its way and earth, to which we have access,
has so little rain as Egypt: and prevented its full expansion.
The sum of the argument is this, particularly the upper part of it. the little horn of Daniel's fourth The want of rain is supplied by
dews, and by the overflowing of beast symbolizes the papacy as a
the Nile. The Egyptians therespiritual power, because, the actions fore must have perceived themascribed to it were performed in that character; because, it is repre- these fearful events; which were
selves particularly aimed at in sented in existence as a horn pluck- so contrary to all experience. For ing up kingdoms by tire roots before they were witnesses to not only it became a temporal horn, and as deluges of rain, but hail minthe cause of its becoming a temporal gled with rain; and these attendhorn ; because, it is true of the ed with thunder and fire, to their 'papacy, and of no other power great amazement. whatever, that three of the primary It may be further observed kingdoms, into which the Roman with regard to this people, that empire was divided, were rooted up they were superstitious above all before it ; and because, the saints people, upon earth. They were were formally, and authoritatively, particularly addicted to the obdelivered into the hand of the little servance of portentous appear. horn, as a spiritual, but never as a ances. Every uncommon cirtemporal power.
cumstance was esteemed of this [To be continued.]
class. But as these were imaginary portents, which arose
merely from a superstitious An Atridgment of Bryant's 06- their blind credulity by bringing
dread, it pleased God to punish servations on the Plagues of upon them some real prodigies, Egypt, & c.
-some preternatural evils, to (Continued from p. 94.)
which they had never been wil
ness. Such was the rain and Seventh Plague. Rain, Hair, hail, and the fire which ran on AND FIRE, ATTENDED WITH the ground to their great amazeTHUNDER. Exodus ix. 13- ient and ruin. Its coming was 34.
determinately, foretold ; nor
could all the deities of Egypt N the foregoing instances, the prevent its fearful effects.
aptness of cach judgment Those of the people, who took s l'espect to the people of Egypt warning, were preserved: but
all who neglected the caution, their trade, and to their private and who did not shelter them- advantage. They had vines in selves, were destroyed. There Egypt; but instead of the juice seems farther a great fitness of the grape, they made a liquor and propriety in the Egyptians called barley wine, which was being punished by fire, and by particularly serviceable during water ; as they were guilty of the time that the Nile was turbici, gross idolatry towards these el. and not fit to be drank. These ements, and adored them as dei- advantages were lost to them ties.
now through the devastation We are further told, that the made by the rain, hail, and fire. flor and the barley was smit.
As this calamity came upon ten ; for the barley was in the them towards the time of barley ear, and the flax was bolled, harvest, we may forma judgThese circumstances may to ment of the monih when it hapsome appear of little conse- pened. We are told by modern quence. And it may be asked, travellers that corn in Egypt is
When it is intimated, that fit for reaping in March and men and cattle were slain, in April : that is, the barley comes great numbers,what occasion was to maturity first, and is cut there for adding this trivial 'ar- down in the former month, and ticle about flax and barley ?" It the wheat in the latter. The is by no means trivial, but of sacred writer says, that the great moment. The Egyptians barley was in the ear; though, were doomed to undergo many as is intimated, not quite fit to terrors; and besides these to be cut, but the wheat and the suffer no small losses ; and rye were not grown up. This scarce any thing could have dis- judgment therefore must have tressed them more than the ruin happened about the beginning of of their flax. It has been be- March, before the precise time fore mentioned that this people, of harvest ; so early as to leave above all nations, affected out room for the three succeeding ward purity and cleanliness. On plagues to take place. These this account the whole nation were over by the 15th, of Abib, wore linen garments; and the which answers to the first of priests never put on any other April, at which time the Israelkind of clothing. This linen was ites went forth from the land of manufactured from that fine flax, Egypt. The history by these for which the country was parti- means is wonderfully authenticularly famous. Hence thé de cated, and the divine purpose molition of the flax was atten- in each operation more plainly ded with great inconvenience, discovered. and must have proved a heavy loss; so that this judgment par- Lighth Plague. LOCUSTS. ticularly affected this people Exodus x. 3—19. above all otber nations; and their priests more especially In this instance, as well as in suffered.
others which preceded, the time The ruin of their barley was of the approaching calamity equally fatal, both in respect to was precisely foretold by God's
servants, which plainly pointed | these insects comes upon a counout the hand from whence the try. Though it were a parajudgment proceeded. To some dise before, it is soon rendered a however it may appear strange, desert. They devour to the that aftersuch a display of terror, very root and bark, so that it is as the preceding plague exhibit. a long time before vegetation ed, God should introduce the can be renewed. Scarcely any locust or grasshopper, seeming-misfortune can so effectually ly a poor instrument of divine damage a land, but that room vengeance ; whose effects after will be left for them to add to such a general devastation could the mischief. not have been very material, The prophets, in describing however they may be represent. cruel and destructive nations, ed. But the case was far other- often borrow their allusions from wise. A swarm of locusts is a locusts ; so great was the terror very fearful evil, though not out of them. Hence Joel, when he wardly accompanied with any mentions the inroad of the As. alarming appearance ; and the syrians and their confederates, consequences of their introduc. upon Israel, accompanies it with tion were very fatal to the Egyp- references to this purpose. And tians.
the prophet Nahum, describing We may observe that it was the ruin of the Assyrian mothe purpose of God to carry on narch, and the various nations these judgments in a series, and of his empire, makes use of the by degrees to cut off all hopes, same allusions. and every resource, upon which The Egyptians trusted much the Egyptians depended. By to the fertility of their soil, and the hail and thunder, and fire to the deities Isis and Sarapis mingled with rain, both the flax who were the conservators of all and barley were entirely ruined; plenty. They likewise placed and their pastures must have great confidence in other gods, been greatly injured. But the who were, as they supposed, the wheat and the rye were not yet directors of their times and seain ear ; and such was the fecun- sons. But these powers could dity of the soil in Egypt, that not stand before Moses, the sera very short time would bave vant of the true God. He bro't sufficed for the leaves of the upon them an host of enemies, trees, and for the grass of the who laid waste the fruits of their field to have been recruited. To ground, and rendered all their complete therefore these evils, confidence vain. As Egypt is and to confound the stubborn in great measure bounded to the prince and his magicians, it east and north by seas, and is pleased God to send an host of far removed from those regions locusts, to devour every leaf, in Africa, where locusts parand blade of grass, which had ticularly generate, it is not been left in the former devasta- much infested with them. Howtion; and whatever was begin- ever, at the time spoken of, an ning to vegetate. It is hard to east wind prevailed all day and .conceive how widely the mis. all night ; and the whole counchief extends, when a cloud of | lry in thc morning swarmed ple go.
with these insects. Before them | the things bestowed on them by there were no such locusts as the munificence of heaven; they, neither after them shall be also, by discontent with our own such. Hence Pharaoh called circumstances in life, all of for Moses and Aaron in haste, which are determined by infinite acknowledged his sin, and beg. wisdom. As there is not a ged to be delivered from this just man on earth, who doeth death. And the Lord turned a good and sinneth not, so there mighty strong west wind, which is not one to be found, who is look away the locusts, and cast not, at some time, uneasy with -them into the red sea. But Pha- the situation in which he is pla
raoh soon forgot this judgment, ced, although it be ordered by and still refused to let the peo- the infinitely wise providence of
God. Whenever this happens, [To be continued.] it is a virtual disapprobation of
divine sovereignty. The same opposition extends to the sove
reigniy of God in dispensing The Sovereignty of God spiritual blessings, and hence
comes those objections, to the THE divine sovereignty, in doctrines of revelation, which
dispensing favors to men, represent some to be subjects of is a truth with which they are grace, while others fail of eter· very liable to be discontented. nal life. In view of what shall There is a natural pride and take place, the sinful either deny selfishness in the heart, which a different end to men after incline: men to wish the divine death, or charge the Lord with will might, in all instances, be partiality in his government.accommodated to their own pri. It is my design to show, that vate interest. This principle the sovereignty of God, in the is so deeply fixed in our depra- different dispensation of his blesved natures, that nothing short sings, is consistent with infinite of almighty power can restrain, wisdom, justice and goodness. and nothing but the sanctifying To all his repining creatures, a grace of God can effectually holy God may fitly reply, " Is - remove it from the heart. . Al-it not lawful for me to do what
thougli, in some minds, its I will with mine own? Is thine · reigning power is overcome by eye evil because I am good ?". the grace of God, yet we see its I was led to these reflections remains, even in those who are by reading the parable of the best fortified by habits of recti- laborers in the vineyard, which tude, best instructed in the na- Christ spake to the Jews. There ture of Christian holiness, and cannot be a more proper motto, actually made partakers of di- for our remarks on divine sovevine grace. Few persons dare reignty, than the words aforeopenly deny the Lord's govern- mentioned, “ Is it not lawful for ment to be wise and perfect ; me to do what I will with mine yet, how often do our hearts rise own ?" A number of Christ's in opposition ? This is done parables were designed to inwhen we envy others, or covet I struct the Jews in the purposes Vol. I. NO. 4.
of infinite wisdom, concerning one hour, and thou hast made the visible kingdom of God in them equal to us, which have this world. As this nation was borne the heat and burden of first called, had long exclusively the day.” But he answered one enjoyed the ordinances of reli- of them, “ Friend, I do thee no gion, and been the keepers of the wrong.- --Is it not lawful for oracles of God; they had im- me to do what I will with mine bibed an opinion, that the heathen own? Is thine eye evil because nations would be always left in I am good?” This is a sufficient their ignorance. They had over- answer to every murmur against looked the prophecies, that the the sovereignty of God. No reafulness of the Gentiles should son can be assigned, why his difbe called to a knowledge of the ferent allotments, in temporal true God and his grace. Ex. things are less objectionable, than pressive of divine sovereignty, in his bestowment of spiritual they were told by our our divine blessings: But, in the former case, Lord, that many should come although the hearts of men may from the east and the west, from be uneasy, we do not hear them the north and the south, and sit cavilling; or if we did, it would down with Abraham, Isaac and at once be condemned as impiJacob, while the children of the ous. We should not suppose kingdom should be cast out. To that human pride would more assert divine sovereignty, we readily consent to divine sovefind Christ, at the conclusion of reignty in temporal than in eter. many of his discourses, repeat- nal allotments; and it can be ing the same prophetic words, accounted for, only by a feeling with which the parable both be- of present necessity ; while, gins and ends, “So the last the need of divine favor, which shall be first, and the first last : will be felt in the ages to come for many are called, but few is not realized. Let us rememchosen." These words of Christ ber that the duration of existence were doubtless prophetic of the will make that present, which, same thing, which the apostle' from the boundless term of etermeant, when he was considering nity to come, scarcely appears to the subject more largely, in the us, at this time, as real. eleventh chapter of his epistle That natural good is now disto the Romans, “ That blindness pensed,in very different measure, in part is happened to Israel, is a fact, which none will preuntil the fulness of the Gentiles tend to deny. All men are not come in.” The parable was de made with the same degree of signed to instruct the Jews in intelligence, nor with the same two points ; First, their own capacity for happiness. There danger: Secondly, the sovereign- is a great diversity in their unty of God in the bestowment of derstanding, powers of reason, his blessings. Therefore, at the memory and imagination, some conclusion, they are represented being more strong, and others, as murmuring, “When they weaker. Some are fitted for heard it they murmured against employments, which are both the good man of the house, say- more pleasing and honorable ; ing, these last have wrought but I while others must act in a sub