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18 bis possession, which the LORD gave unto them. Now rise

up, [said. I,) and get you over the brook Zered. 14 went over the brook Zered. And the space in which we came

from Kadeshbarnea, until we were come over the brook Ze red, (was] thirty and eight years ; until all the generation

of the men of war were wasted out from among the host, as as the LORD sware unto them. For indeed the hand of the LORD

was against them, to destroy them from among the host, until

they were consumed. 16 So it came to pass, when all the men of war were consumed 17 and dead from among the people, That the LORD spake unto 18 me, saying, Thou art to pass over through Ar, the coast of 19 Moab, this day : And [when) thou comest nigh over against

the children of Ammon, distress them pot, nor meddle with them : for I will not give thee of the land of the children of

Ammon (any) possession ; because I have given it unto the 20 children of Lot (for) a possession. (That also was account

ed a land of giants ; giants dwelt therein in old time ; and 21 the Ammonites call them Zamzummims ; A people great,

and many, and tall, as the Anakims ; but the LORD de

stroyed them before them; and they succeeded them, and 22 dwelt in their stead : As he did to the children of Esau,

which dwelt in Seir, when he destroyed the Horims from before them; and they succeeded them, and dwelt in their stead, even unto this day · And the Avims which dwelt in Hazerim, [even) unto Azzah, the Caphtorims, which came forth out of Caphtor, destroyed them, and dwelt in their stead.)

Rise ye up, take your journey, and pass over the river Arnon : behold, I have given into thine hand Sihon the Am

orite, king of Heshbon, and his land : begin to possess [it,] 25 and contend with him in battle. This day will I begin to put

the dread of thee and the fear of thee upon the nations (that

are] under the whole heaven, who shall hear report of thee, 26 and shall tremble, and be in anguish because of thee. And I

sent messengers out of the wilderness of Kędemath unto Si27 hon king of Heshbon with words of peace, saying, Let me pass

through thy land : I will go along by the highway, I will 28 neither turn unto the right hand nor to the left. Thou shalt

sell me meat for money, that I may eat ; and give me water

for money, that I may drink : only I will pass through on my 29 feet ; (As the children of Esau which dwell in Seir, and the

Moabites which dwell in Ar, did unto me;) until I shall pass

over Jordan into the land which the LORD our God giveth us. 30 But Sihon king of Heshbon would not let us pass by him ;

for the LORD thy God hardened his spirit, and made his heart

obstinate, that he might deliver him into thy hand, as (appear, -31 eth] this day. 'And the LORD said unto me, Behold, I have

begun to give Sihon and his land before thee: begin to pos32 sess, that thou mayest inherit his land. Then Sihon came 33 out against us, he and all his people, to fight at Jahaz. And the

LORD Our God delivered him before us ; and we smote him and 34 his sons, and all his people. And we took all his cities at that

time, and utterly destroyed the men, and the women, and the 35 little ones, of every city, we left none to remain : Only the

cattle we took for a prey unto ourselves, and the spoil of the 36 cities which we took. From Aroer, which [is] by the brink

of the river of Arnon, and [from] the city that [is] by the

river, even unto Gilead, there was not one city too strong for 37 us : the LORD our God delivered all unto us : Only unto

the land of the children of Ammon thou camest not, (nor) unto any place of the river Jabbok, nor unto the cities in the mountains, nor unto whatsoever the LORD our God forbad us.

CHAP. III.

THEN

The story of the conquest of Og king of Bashan ; Moses' prayer to

enter into the land, and permission given him to see it, 1

THEN we turned, and went up the way to Bashan :

and Og the king of Bashan came out against us, he 2 and all his people, to battle at Edrei. And the Lord said

unto me, Fear him not : for I will deliver him, and all his people, and his land, into thy hand ; and thou shalt do unto

him as thou didst unto Sihon king of the Amorites, which S dwelt at Heshbon. So the LORD our God delivered into our

hands Og also, the king of Bashan, and all his people : and we 4 smøte him until none was left to him remaining. And we

took all his cities at that time, there was not a city which we

took not from them, threescore cities, all the region of Ar5 gob, the kingdom of Og in Bashan. All these cities (were]

fenced with high walls, gates, and bars ; beside unwalled 6. towns a great many. And we utterly destroyed them, as we

did unto Sihon king of Heshbon, utterly destroying the men, 7 women, and children of every city, But all the cattle, and the

spoil of the cities, we took for a prey to ourselves. 8

And we took at that time out of the hand of the two kings of the Amorites the land that (was) on this side Jordan, from 9 the river of Arnon unto mount Hermon ; ([Which] Hermon

the Sidonians call Siron ; and the Amorites call it Shenir ;) 10 All the cities of the plain, and all Gilead, and all Bashan, unto

Salcah and Edrei, cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan. 11 For only Og king of Bashan remained of the remnant of gi,

ants ; behold, his bedstead [was] a bedstead of iron ; [is] it not in Rabbath of the children of Ammon? nine cubits (was)

the length thereof, and four cubits the breadth of it, after the

cubit of a man. 12 And this land, (which) we possessed at that time, from

Aroer, which [is] by the river Arnon, and half mount Gilead,

and the cities thereof, gave I unto the Reubenites and to the 13 Gadites. And the rest of Gilead, and all Bashan, [being] the

kingdom of Og, gave I unto the half tribe of Manasseh ; all

the region of Argob, with all Bashan, which was called the 14 land of giants. Jair the son of Manasseh took all the country

of Argob unto the coasts of Geshuri and Maachathi ; and

called them after his own name, Bashanhavothjair, unto this 15 16 day. And I gave Gilead unto Machir. And unto the

Reubenites and unto the Gadites I gave from Gilead even unto the river Arnon, half the valley, and the border even

unto the river Jabbok, (which is] the border of the children of 17 Ammon ; The plain also, and Jordan, and the coast (there

of,] from Chinneręth even unto the sea of the plain, (even]

the salt sea, under Ashdothpisgah eastward. 18 And I commanded you at that time, saying, The LORD

your God hath given you this land to possess it: ye shall pass

over armed before your brethren the children of Israel, all 19 [that are] meet for the war. But your wives, and your little

ones, and your cattle, ([for] I know that ye have much cat20 tle,) shall abide in your cities which I have given you ; Until

the LORD have given rest unto your brethren, as well as unto you, and (until] they also possess the land which the Lord your God hath given them beyond Jordan : and (then) shall ye

return every man unto his possession, which I have given you. 21 And I commanded Joshua at that time, saying, Thine

eyes have seen all that the LORD your God hath done unto

these two kings : so shall the LORD do unto all the kingdoms 22 whither thou passest. Ye shall not fear them : for the LORD

your God he shall fight for you. 23 24 And I besought the LORD at that time, saying, O Lord

God, thou hast begun to show thy servant thy greatness, and thy mighty hand : for what god [is there] in heaven or in

earth, that can do according to thy works and according to 25 thy might ? I pray thee, let me go over and see the good

land that [is] beyond Jordan, that goodly mountain, and Leb26 anon. But the LORD was wroth with me for your sakes, and

would not hear me: and the LORD said unto me, Let it suf27 fice thee ; speak no more unto me of this matter. Get thee

up into the top of Pisgah, and lift up thine eyes westward, and

northward, and southward, and eastward, and behold [it] 28 with thine eyes : for thou shalt not go over this Jordan. But

charge Joshua, and encourage him, and strengthen him :

for he shall go over before this people, and he shall cause 29 them to inherit the land which thou shalt see. So we abode

in the valley over against Bethpeor.

CHAP. IV.

'N

4 you.

Moses having recited the history of God's favours to the foraelites

in the wilderness, and their sins and punishments, proceeds in this chapter to exhort them to obedience.

OW, therefore, hearken, O Israel, unto the statutes,

the ordinances relating to divine worship, and unto the judgments, the laws relating to your private behaviour to one another, which I teach you, for to do [them,] that ye may live, and go in and possess the land which the Lord God of

your fathers giveth you, and not perish, as they did, by their 2 rebellions. Ye shall not add unto the word which I command you, by devising other doctrines or ways of worship than what I have taught or prescribed, neither shall ye diminish (aught] from it, by rejecting or neglecting any thing that I have com manded, though it seems never se small; he then adds, a motive,

that ye may keep the commandments of the LORD your God 3 which I cominand you. Your eyes have seen what the Lord

did because of Baalpeor : for all the men that followed Baal.
peor, the LORD thy God hath destroyed them from among

But
ye

that did cleave unto the LORD your God [are} alive every one of you this day, not one of so many thousands 5 have died since that time. Behold, I have taught you statutes

and judgments, even as the LORD my God commanded me,

that ye should do so in the land whither ye go to possess it. 6 Keep, therefore, and do [them ;] for this [is] your wisdom and

your understanding in the sight of the nations, which shall hear all these statutes, and say, Surely this great nation [is]

a wise and understanding people ; this will be most for your 7 interest and reputation. For what nation [is there so] great,

who (hath] God [so] nigh unto them, as the LORD our God [is] in all (things that] we call upon him [for?] What nation hath had such signs and miracles, a God ready to hear prayer, to defend us from evil, and to bestow blessings & No people had

more interest in heaven, such tokens of the divine presence, such 8 righteous statutes, and regular worship. And what nation [is

there so) great, that hath statutes and judgments (so] rights eous as all this law, which I' set before you this day. Only take heed to thyself, and keep thy soul diligently, lest thou forget the things which thine eyes have seen, and lest they

depart from thy heart all the days of thy life : but teach them io thy sons, and thy sons' sons ; [Specially the day, the great

and memorable day, that thou stoodest before the LORD thy God in Horeb, when the LORD said unto me, Gather-me the

• It was so in fact; Moses was applauded by the heathen nations; the Jewish laws were adopted by them; and their

oracles pronounced the Jews to be the wisest of men, bere cause they never changed their laws.

people together, and I will make them hear my words, that they may learn to fear me all the days that they shall live

upon the earth, and [that] they may teach their children, 11 And ye came near and stood under the mountain ; and the

mountain burned with fire unto the midst of heaven, with 12 darkness, clouds, and thick darkness. And the LORD spake

unto you out of the midst of the fire : ye heard the voice of

the words, but saw no similitude ; only [ye heard] a voice. 13 And he declared unto you his covenant, which he commanded

you to perform, [even) ten commandments ; and he wrote

them upon two tables of stone ; these he recommends to their 14 peculiar regard. And the LORD commanded me at that time,

to teach you statutes, and judgments, that ye might do them

in the land whither ye go over to possess it. 15 Take ye, therefore, good heed unto yourselves, beware of

idolatry, which you are in most danger of, from the corrupt in. clinations you brought out of Egyht, and the evil customs of your neighbours, for remember ye saw no manner of similitude on the

day [that] the LORD spake unto you in Horeb out of the midst 16 of the fire; Lest ye corrupt (yourselves,) and make you a grav

en image, the similitude of any figure, the likeness of male or 17 female, The likeness of any beast that [is] on the earth, the 18 likeness of any winged fowl that flieth in the air, The like

ness of any thing that creepeth on the ground, the likeness of 19 any fish that [is] in the waters beneath the earth : And lest

thou lift up thine eyes unto heaven, and when thou seest the sun, and the moon, and the stars, [even] all the host of heaven, shouldst be driven to worship them, and serve them, which the LORD thy God hath divided unto all nations under the

whole' heaven ; the heathens worshipped these, therefore the 20 Israélites are so expressly cautioned against them. But the

LORD hath taken you, and brought you forth out of the iron furnace, (a common phrase to express great misery) [even] out of Egypt, to be unto him a people of inheritance, as [ye

are] this day, and therefore it would be peculiarly ungrateful. 21 Furthermore, the LORD was angry with me for your sakes,

with me, his minister and servant, whom he so highly favoured, because I did not keep close to his directions ; and he sware that I should not go over Jordan, and that I should not go in unto

that good land, which the LORD thy God giveth thee (for) an 22 inheritance : But I must die in this land, I must not go over Jordan : but

ye

shall go over and possess that good land ; he grants you the favour which he hath seen good to deny me, and this lays you under the strongest obligations. Take heed unto yourselves, lest ye forget the covenant of the LORD your God, which he made with you, and make you a graven image, [or] the likeness of any [thing,] which the LORD thy God hath forbidden thee ; idolatry is the most direct breach of that covo

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