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The interest of the meeting was the crisis had not passed. The farther heightened by the attendance churches had contributed more than of an unprecedented number of one hundred thousand dollars above ministers and other friends of mis. the contributions of the year presions. At the lowest estimate there ceding. But it might prove to be a were not less than six hundred stran- spasmodic effort. It was known, gers present, a majority of them that in some instances at least, clergymen.
donations had been made, which But the grand source of interest would not be repeated; and that an lay in the financial condition and interest in domestic missions was prospects of the Board. The pre- rising in the churches, which would vious anniversary, in 1841, found a direct an unprecedented amount of deficiency in the treasury of more their charities to that channel. In than fifty thousand doliars. The this, all rejoiced ; but it was feared friends of the cause were alarmed. that the cause of foreign missions An unparalleled state of embarrass. might be left to suffer. ment in the business of the country, It was, therefore, with contending was the manifest cause of this defi- feelings of hope and fear, that the ciency ; but the cause was still in Board convened at Norwich. The full operation, with no immediate problem to be solved was, can the prospect of relief. What could be Board expect to be sustained the done? This question was answer. ensuing year, by an amount of coned by a nearly unanimous pledge tributions equal to that of the year on the part of those who attended just ended. The main objects of the meeting in 1841, to increase the meeting were to ascertain, by a their subscriptions at least twenty free expression of opinion, the views five per cent. on those of the year of the friends of the cause on this previous, and to use their influence point, and if possible, to awaken in to induce the churches, with which the hearts of that great assembly of they were connected, to adopt the ministers and Christians, a more arsame course. The reports of the dent and intelligent missionary spirit, monthly receipts of the Board were which, through them, might extend thence forward anticipated with trem- to all the churches. These objects, bling solicitude, until the certainty it was hoped, were accomplished. of liquidating the debt of the Board The reports from the various parts became apparent.
The churches of the country were, in general, came up nobly to the work ; so that highly encouraging. It appeared at the close of the financial year in that the pastors had labored to preAugust, 1842, it appeared that the vent the impression from prevailing expenditures of the year, including among their people, that the liberal. the debt of the previous year, were ity of the last year was called for three hundred and eighteen thousand by an emergency, and not by the nine hundred and fifty five dollars and constant wants of the cause. And ninety three cents; and the receipts many of the speakers expressed a three hundred and eighteen thousand determination, for themselves and three hundred and ninety six dollars their friends, to equal, if not to surand fifty three cents, leaving the pass, their last annual contributions. Board indebted only to the amount Thus far, however, the monthly reof five hundred and fifty nine dol- ceipts of the Board have not equallars and forty cents. It was in these led the receipts of the correspondcircumstances, so full of joy, and ing months of the previous year. calling for the profoundest gratitude The next annual meeting of the to Divine providence, that the Board Board is appointed to be held in met at Norwich. But it was felt Rochester, N. Y.
THE AMERICAN EDUCATION SOCIETY. conviction, that the reason for its
establishment remains in undiminA special meeting of this society ished force, and that the system can was held in Park street church, be so modified as to secure the end Boston, October 19th, 20th, and in view, and command the fullest 21st. The directors were induced confidence of the Christian public. to call the meeting by the finan. We cannot but hope that the able cial embarrassments of the society, committee, to whom this important which, in the opinion of some, were subject is thus referred, will embody owing, not so much to the commer. the three following rules in their plan: cial distress of the country, as to a 1. The aid of this society shall want of confidence, extensively pre. be extended only to members of col. vailing, both in the necessity of such lege. This rule would oblige the an institution and in the wisdom student in the first and last stages of of its management. The directors his education, in the academy and thought it not best to make a new theological seminary, to look to othappeal to the Christian public for er sources of assistance. In his funds, without first submitting the theological course he should be aid. fundamental principle of gratuitoused to the extent of his necessities, aid to young men preparing for the by the permanent funds of the in ministry, and all the specific regula- stitution of which he is a member. tions of the society, to the reconsid. In other words, our theological semeration of the members.
inaries should be endowed with the After a long and able discussion, means of furnishing to every indi. it was unanimously decided by the gent student his board, lodging, and meeting, that the principle on which fuel, without charge. And these the American Education Society is privileges should be granted to evefounded, is correct, viz. “That indi. ry member, on his own declaration gent young men, of piety and suitable of indigence, or inability to pay for intellectual promise, ought to receive them. We have no doubt our the. pecuniary assistance in obtaining an ological seminaries, each in its own education for the ministry.” The sphere of influence, would not ap. question, whether any general or peal in vain to the Christian public ganization ought to exist for this for this object. Benevolent men of purpose was also discussed at length, affluence would be raised up to and unanimously decided in the af- found scholarships, by immediate firmative. A committee, afterwards donations, and by legacies, until all appointed on the principle of gratu- our seminaries would be adequateitous aid, and the expediency of a ly endowed. In the course of study general organization, reported to the preparatory to college, some aid same effect. A committee on the might be rendered by well endow. present organization of the society, ed academies, by churches, and by next reported in favor of a revision benevolent individuals.
But hapof the standing rules of the society ; pily, a young man of doubtful and after discussion, a resolution promise, would not be likely to obwas passed to the effect, that the tain encouragement from any of constitution and regulations of the these sources.
None but young society need revision, and referring men of sound judgment, of studithe whole subject, as it had been be- ous habits, of quick perceptions, of fore the meeting, to a special com- Christian gravity, would awaken mittee, to consider and report at the sufficient interest. If any persons next meeting of the society. In a of dull parts, or of equivocal char. brief statement of the results of this acter, were brought forward, it meeting, the society expresses its would only be by the aid of their family friends. This rule would to the college committees in sums therefore guard the entrance to the varying with the number of students ministry, through the Education in each entitled to patronage. The Society, against unsuitable persons. responsibility of bestowing the patThis it would the more surely ef- ronage would rest on the several fect, because a much safer judg- college committees; and upon them ment can be formed of the capaci- would come both the honor of sucties and main characteristics of a cess and the disgrace of disappointyoung man, after he has entered ment. The effect on the students college, than at an earlier period of would also be happy. Greater athis education. On the other hand, tention would be paid to a thorough the rule might possibly prevent preparation for entering college. some from preparing for the minis. And as the aid of the society would try, who would have adorned the partake very much of the nature of sacred profession. Not many such a reward for literary and scientific instances, however, would be likely attainments, it would be so far dito occur. The class of young men vested of an eleemosynary characfrom which we wish to draw our ter, and constitute a motive, like ministers, will find sufficient en- those of active life, for the greatest couragement for their enterprising intellectual exertion. minds, in the prospect of aid in col. 3. The aid of this society shall lege; and they will press through a be a free gift. The great body of course of preparatory study, by our ministers are unable to save their own unaided efforts, if aid can- from their small salaries the means not be had from others.
of refunding the expenditures of a 2. The aid of this society shall nine years' course of study. But be conferred on all young men of if they were relieved from the ne. piety in our colleges, who sustain a cessity of paying their college bills, specified rank or standing as schol. they might generally be able to ars, on a declaration by them of liquidate any debts that they may their need of such assistance, and of be obliged to contract, while pretheir intention to be ministers of paring for college, or in a theologi. the Gospel. A certain rank in the cal seminary. class should be fixed upon as the lowest grade of scholarship, for which the aid of the society should be granted. Whoever fell below A special meeting of this society this point, would be obliged either was held in the Broadway Tabernato leave college, or to go on by the cle, New York, on the 25th day of aid of his friends, until he could October. It was called by the extake the necessary rank. The dis- ecutive committee, for the purpose tribution of the quarterly appropria- of laying before the society the urtions should be entrusted, we think, gent wants of the cause, and of obto a committee in each college, taining a full expression of views where there are students entitled to respecting the various operations aid ; and be distributed by them ac- and plans of the committee. They cording to their best judgment, either wished particularly to ascertain in equal sums, or in proportion to whether they should be sustained the necessities of the several ap- by the churches, in making such plicants, or in a compound ratio of appropriations to the missionary their wants and their merits. The boards as would enable them to society would then be a mere finan- place at least one Christian tract in cial agent, whose sole business it is the hands of every accessible indito collect funds and pay them over vidual of the present generation of
THE AMERICAN TRACT SOCIETY.
THE STATE OF THE CHURCHES.
heathen ; in extending liberal aid to to be done to plant churches, with the system of colporteur operations an educated ministry, in all the in Europe ; and giving at least one new states of our country. This small volume of the society's publi- conviction has yet failed to do its cations to every accessible family proper work, by opening the hearts in the United States, particularly at of Christians to contribute the ne. the West, who are either unable or cessary funds, while it has directed unwilling to pay for it? These, the attention of a greater number with many other topics of minor of ministers to that field, than the interest, came before the meeting, society has had means to send out. and were discussed with great abil. We look with confidence for speedy ity and effect. From the printed and decisive expressions of unpreaccount of the proceedings, and cedented liberality to this cause. reports of speeches, we judge that the result of the meeting cannot fail to realize the most sanguine expectations of the committee. The The past year is not distinguished application of the colporteur sys. by any striking degree of prosperity tem to this country will be viewed in our churches. Some colleges, with universal approbation by evan- and some other institutions of learn. gelical Christians. There can be ing; some cities and some villages, no better method of carrying the few compared with the whole numGospel to the Catholic and other ber over the wide face of our coundestitute population of the West. try, have been the happy scenes of No wiser appropriation of funds can a deep and sanctifying religious inbe made, than to send at once a terest and influence.
Some new hundred pious laymen into the west churches have been gathered; some ern states, to sell and give away as that had gone to decay, have been they are able, the publications of resuscitated; many new houses of the society, and to embrace every worship have been erected ; old opportunity of prayer and religious houses have been repaired; numer. conversation with the families which ous destitute churches have received they visit.
pastors ; fewer ministers have been dismissed than in some former years; and the ministry has in general been well and cheerfully supported by
the people. Union, peace, and The conductors of this noble in. fraternal confidenc
have at no pestitution have been, and still are, riod of our history, prevailed to a pressed far beyond their means, by greater extent among the ministers the growing conviction of the Chris. and churches of New England. tian public, that fourfold more ought
THE AMERICAN HOME
An event which promises well man Catholic bishop, relating to the for the cause of religious liberty, oc- appointment of a successor to the curred in New Orleans within the lately deceased Abbe Monie, curè last half year. A controversy arose of the cathedral. The bishop apbetween the wardens of the cathe- pointed a successor, and the wardens dral church St. Louis, and the Ro. declared the appointment null and
void. And they even questioned Catholic priests, the education of the legality of the title of the bishop, the poor, and the endowment of contending that the authority to ap. charitable institutions in the colopoint to that office, rests not with nies. We do not think it necessary the pope but the sovereignty of the to describe, more minutely, this country. At a subsequent election Quixotic scheme ; but it deserves of wardens, the strength of parties notice as an exponent of Catholic was tested, and the opponents of the zeal, striving to take advantage of bishop triumphed by a majority of the “swarmings" of Irish popula. five hundred votes out of one thou. tion to plant the papal heresy in this sand four hundred. Why cannot land ; and to beguile, into a support they advance another step, to the of its measures, every gullible class, discovery that the appointment of by holding out to each some delureligious teachers rests, not with any sive bait suited to its taste. This civil power, but with the churches zeal never tires. And the materials, that are to be served by them? out of which it is now hoping to
weave new chaplets for the pope, A project for planting Irish Cath. are not to be despised. An annual olic colonies in the western states, emigration to our shores of hundreds has been proposed by an English of thousands of ignorant Catholics, Catholic gentleman. His plan is set will put both religion and liberty in forth in a pamphlet published last serious peril among us. The Gossummer, in London and Dublin. pel is our sole defense. It is only He proposes to form a General Em by a prompt supply of our whole igration Society, or a sort of stock country with Christian books and company, having in view the re- teachers, that we can maintain the moval from Ireland of the surplus ascendency. Catholic population, in a way to promote the pecuniary interests of the Case of the Rev. Mr. McQueen.stockholders, to advance the Catho- The Presbyterian church in the lic religion in the United States, to United States, represented in the open a new market for British man. annual General Assembly, has ufactures, and to afford an asylum been deeply agitated by the susto the younger sons of the English pension from the Christian ministry nobility and gentry, and other genof the Rev. Mr. McQueen, by the tlemen who are unable to live at presbytery of Fayetteville, N. C., home in a style becoming their rank. for the alledged crime of marrying The society or company is to pur- a sister of his deceased wife, conchase, of the United States, portions trary to the last sentence of the 4th of prairie land, to erect thereon section of the 24th chapter of the suitable dwellings for the emigrants, Confession of Faith, which is as to pay their passage to this country, follows: “ The man may not mar. and in return, the emigrants are to ry any of his wife's kindred nearer pledge themselves to labor for the in blood than he may of his own; society, not less than three years, at nor the woman of her husband's reduced wages, under the direction kindred nearer in blood than of her of their priests. This plan, it is own.” The abstract question of supposed, will yield a large profit the lawfulness of such marriages upon the investment, eight per cent.' was brought before the General Asof which is to be paid to the stock sembly at its last annual meeting, holders, and the surplus is to be add- and decided agreeably to the Con. ed to the capital, for the continued fession of Faith ; thus affirming the export of pauperism from the pa- propriety of the sentence pronounrent state, and for the support of ced in the case of Mr. McQueen.