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Why then may we not look for equally fourths of all my touring. Besides, much glorious things in any of our villages as of the touring in the Erzroom field is done those which have occurred at Shepik, the on public thoroughfares, where the khans, fame of which is world-wide ?
or inns, are altogether superior to the « But the Erzroom field is much more accommodation one finds in the villages. extensive than the Harpoot field. Besides But to do our work thoroughly, we must the villages of the Erzroom plain, there do a great deal more touring than was ever are those of the Pasin plain, lying east done at Harpoot. This, however, can be of Erzroom, in the valley of the Araxes done in large part through native assistRiver, not less than fifty or sixty in num- ants, if we can have schools similar to the ber. Armenian villages are also scattered Harpoot schools, and can get a foothold in all the way to the Persian border. A some of the nearer villages. goodly number of Bibles and Testaments have already been scattered among these Capabilities. “ This Erzroom region is villages, and I confidently expect they will capable of sustaining a much larger popprove, many of them, the germs of living ulation. Before the great emigration to churches of Christ. To the south, we have Russia, which followed the Russian war of the Khanoos district, where there is already 1828-230, it was much more populous; and one thriving church, and room for many it will be so again. It will also greatly in
To the west, we have the out-sta- crease in wealth. Its two greatest curses tion Melikan, and still further west the city bave been, that it had no market for its and plain of Erzingan, - a region of so grain, and no wood or coal for fuel. As much importance that Mr. Dunmore spent a consequence, the people burn dried ma one winter there; and even now it would nure, and the land suffers for want of ferbe desirable, were it possible, for one or tilizers. A wagon road is now in process more missionaries to reside there. To the of construction from Trebizond across the north, we have Baiboort and the villages mountains. This road, though carried forsurrounding it; and on the coast of the ward very sluggishly, will, I think, someBlack Sea, there are Trebizond, and nu- time be completed. And if so, Erzroom merous interesting towns lying east and will be brought much nearer market, agriwest of that city. There is also the re- cultural interests will be vastly improved, gion of Kars, and many important cities and the fuel question will be solved by the and towns in Russia.
opening of coal mines, which exist, I doubt “Now in all this field, which by ac- not inexhaustible, very near Erzroom. curate calculation we have found to be This will give new value to every thing, larger than the three States of New and wealth and population will greatly Hampshire, Vermont, and Massachusetts, increase. This is an important consider or nearly as large as the whole of New ation, and urges us to plant the gospel as England except Maine, there is a popu- firmly as possible before European influlation of not less than 500,000 souls, - ences begin to flow in, as they will when probably more, of whom from 150,000 these changes take place. to 200,000 are Armenians; the remainder being in small part Greeks, but chiefly Prospects. “But it seems to me it would Turks.
be a mistake for any one to go to Erzroom,
or anywhere else, expecting just such reAccessible. “ All this population is per. sults as those at Harpoot. He may meet fectly accessible, and touring in this field with results even more glorious. That will is not as difficult as in the Harpoot field. depend something on his zeal and energy In the latter, the roads are all so bad that and faith. He ought, however, to be prethe natives make no attempt to use wheels. pared to enter the field, and work on, even On the contrary, wheels are used by the if much less brilliant results follow. The natives in nearly every part of the Erz- results at Harpoot strengthen faith, and room field, and I hope to be able, with the direct influence of the work there will my touring wagon,' to do at least three be more and more felt in Erzroom.
“ I should like to write much more, but more encouraging prospects than at any am not able. I wish I could see any one former time. The proof of sincerity which who might be thinking of going to that the assumption of their own expenses by field; I could then explain every thing so those already Protestants gives, is drawmuch more fully than with the pen.” ing others to their ranks, and outsiders are
showing that they think a religion worth paying for is worth inquiring into. At
Gole, at Kulaat, at Kulleth, a new interest STATION REPORTS.
is manifested. ... But the chief interest
this year centres in Sert. After the ordiMR. Williams has forwarded brief nation in Mardin, the Evangelical Union, reports of several stations of the East- taking Elias with them, made the five days' ern Turkey mission — Mardin, Diarbekir, journey to Sert, where they ordained him Bitlis, Erzroom, and Mosul. Some para- pastor over the poor people with whom graphs, respecting Mardin and its out-sta- and for whom he has so long and so faithtions, should find a place in the Herald. fully labored. He had just refused the It will be remembered that at that place, most earnest and pressing entreaties of in the Arabic portion of the field, and the Mardin people to accept a charge which has been Mr. Williams's station, every way preferable, in a worldly point a very gratifying change was reported a of view; but he believed he could be inore year ago (in letters published in the Her- useful in Sert, and he chose to cast in his ald for June, 1867). Mr. Williams now lot with the poor and oppressed who looked writes :
to him as their spiritual father. Seven pre
sented themselves for church membership; Mardin. “Of the twelve months now of these the Union accepted six, and orunder review I have spent just twenty- ganized them into a church. All were five days in Mardin. The opening year deeply touched by the earnestness of their witnessed the organization of a church of love, and their humble, self-sacrificing connineteen members, its close finds it in the secration. If such gold comes always of sole charge of its young pastor, who, from the fires of persecution, there are churches the day of his ordination, receives his which would gain immensely though its whole support from the community to flames should consume nine tenths of which he ministers. He is of them their earthly goods. much educated that his people can look “Poor, even according to the standard up to him, but not so as to be out of sym- of village Protestants in Turkey, they willpathy with and unhappy among them. ingly assumed the half of the salary of From two full, manly, quiet letters, telling their beloved teacher — now pastor, and of the work there, just received, it is evi- unhesitatingly covenanted to appropriate dent that he feels his responsibility, and is not less than one tenth of all their intaking hold with vigor. The average at- come to Christ; though when they so voted tendance bas, during the year, risen from they understood it to be additional to all 70 to 106, notwithstanding some were they are now doing! Though the whole offended' becau:e they were not received community numbers but 23 male adults, to church membership, and withdrew. The their contributions the past year have church now numbers thirty members. The amounted to 3,650 piasters, or the equivcontributions have increased from $107 to alent, on an average, to forty-five days' $200 (gold), without counting the entire labor from each. They have, however, suit with which they clothed their new this year, made a special effort for their pastor and the watch they gave him; all chapel. Their hospitality to the Union which they did self-moved, without the was as liberal as it was hearty, and it was slightest hint from us.
worth a journey across the weary inter
vening waste to find so fragrant a flower Oul-stations Sert. “ The out-stations in the desert. At present they have resto of Mardin are occupied this winter with from their persecuting enemies, and with.
out molestation worship in the house they cess of such operations, will be given here. have (with help from us) purchased for The Morning Star called also at several chapel and parsonage."
islands of this and the Gilbert groups,
where there were no Christian laborers, The ordination of a pastor at Bitlis, and the missionaries endeavoring, at interthe gratifying condition of Diarbekir, were views with chiefs and people, to prepare referred to in a letter from Mr. Barnum, the way for such laborers. published last month. The church at Diarbekir now numbers 127, of whom 21 Visit to Waitibu. The first island viswere received in February, 1867. Nine ited (July 21st) was Waitibu, or Tracy's were also added to the Cutterbul church Island, (lat. 7° 28' S., long. 178° 44' E.) during the year, making the present num- Mr. Bingham writes : “Much to our joy, ber of members 30. Encouraging appear- we were soon boarded by Pen, a native ances are noticed at several other out-sta- missionary from Samoa. From him we tions, and at places occupied for the winter learned that he had been on the island by theological students from Harpoot. Re- one year and eight months ; that its inspecting Mosul it is said : “ For the pres- habitants were three hundred and eightyent winter, one of the pupils of the train- four; that half of them had already deing-class is stationed there, to see if the stroyed their idols and embraced Chris infusion of young blood will quicken life. tianity; that all the children and younger He writes that he was pleasantly received people had learned to read ; that their and had begun his labors. His wife, a language was the same with the Samoan; lovely Christian, accompanies him. May that quite a number were bopefully conthe Lord make it a blessing. An appeal verted, whom he expected to baptize, in from this community for a missionary to case he was so advised, when visited by reside among them has been already for- their missionary vessel. Our short visit warded."
on shore deepened our impression of the blessed work so well commenced. A large and well-built church, about fifty-seven
feet by thirty-six, with its neat pulpit, Micronesia.
built by the gratuitous labors of the naLETTER FROM MR. BINGHAM.
tives, was an object of special interest;
and the large and scrupulously neat Voyage of the “Morning Star.” This dwelling of the teacher was a model for communication from Mr. Bingham, as the docile and quiet people about him. Captain of the Morning Star, gives a Pen spoke English ; and though his wife sull account of his voyage from Hono- could not converse directly with us, her lulu, to and from the different stations of intelligent face, warm welcome, and very the Micronesia mission, and some other tidy appearance, gave us a pleasing idea islands. The vessel left Honolulu July of what the Samoan female missionaries 1st, 1867, and the next day took on board might generally be. The fluency of the Rev. Edward Johnson, of Waioli, who had readers, and their independence in singbeen designated by the Hawaiian Boarding, were truly gratifying. to act with Mr. Bingham as a deputation, “ We found several people from Nui, visiting the Micronesia stations. Before speaking the Gilbert Islands’ language, going to those stations, however, a visit who were able to read readily in the was paid to several islands of the Ellice new books which we brought out from group, south-easterly from the Gilbert Isl- Boston and Honolulu. You can imagine ands. Interesting statements, respecting my pleasant surprise at seeing a copy of a the commencement of missionary opera- reprint of our little Hymn-Book, - done tions in some of those islands, were pub- at Samoa for the benefit of the Nui peolished in the Herald for July 1866, pages ple, - and also one of the sixty-four orig193 – 196; and a few extracts from Mr. inal copies of the Gospel of John, printed Bingham's narrative, respecting the suc- on newspaper on our little press at Apai
ang, in 1864. It was no little pleasure to sionary depends on no provisions from Mrs. Bingham to find two Nui women able abroad. He seemed happy and contented to read fluently in our new books, who in bis work, hardly knowing when he had been instructed by two of her own should be visited by an English missionpupils. We shall not soon forget this de- ary! With reference to the work on lightful visit; though the contrast of the Nui, it is no more than justice to state, results of one year and eight months', mis- that previous to the arrival of a missionsionary labor here with those of six years ary, not a little religious instruction had and a half at Apaiang, could not be other. been given the people by a Mr. Robert wise than, I had almost said, painful. ... Waters, an English trader.” Through inquiry, we learned from Pen, The Morning Star reached Tarawa, that neither food nor money were sent (Gilbert Islands) a station of the Micro them from abroad, but only clothing and nesia mission, August 8th, and took the some utensils."
Hawajian missionaries from there to Apai
ang, (Mr. Bingham's old station,) for a Visit to Nui. The next day Nai (Neth- meeting of the Gilbert Islands laborers. erlands, or Egg Island) was visited, (lat. There, “the welcome from the brethren 70 271 S., long. 177° 15' E.,) where the was most cordial"; a business-meeting of people use the Gilbert Islands' language, the missionaries was held, and various reand where they found “ Kirisome, a Sa- ligious services attended; the Lord's supmoan teacher, left on the island by the per was administered, and five candimissionary vessel Dayspring, in Novem- dates were examined for admission to the ber, 1865.” Here, in a large room used church, whom it was proposed to baptize as a chapel and school-room, (in one end on returning from Ponape. Here Mr. of a building, a part of which was also the Johnson became unwell. missionary's dwelling, “the whole erected After returning the mission families to by the gratuitous labor of the people,") Tarawa, the island of Butaritari (Pitts Mr. Bingham, speaking their language, Island) was visited. From this island, it addressed a company of “some 200, nearly will be remembered, the Hawaiian misthe entire population of the island," whosesionaries felt it necessary to retire, on acu behavior was
unexceptionable.” He count of the drunkenness and violence of found “the number of Auent readers - the king, in 1866. The results of this and men, women, and children - perfectly sur- a subsequent visit were satisfactory; the prising;” left some books with them; and king attributed his former violence to inlearned that there were “ 27 women and toxication, and Kanoa and Maka were re19 men whom Kirisome regarded as truly turned to the island in December, where the friends of Jesus.” Returning to the they found every thing safe in their houses, vessel Mr. Bingham wrote: “Thus ended except some hard bread “ consumed by one of the happiest days of our lives. We worms,” and a garment which had “fallen had been permitted to see a people born on the floor and rotted.” in a day.' Not two years since, the first Christian missionary came to dwell Death of Mr. Johnson. From Butariamongst them, and from the first have tari the vessel sailed for Ebon, and on they furnished him and his family all nec- the passage, “ at about a quarter to nine essary food without pay. One Christian o'clock, Sabbath morning, September 1st," feeds them one day, another another; and Mr. Johnson's “spirit took its flight, we if by any means there is a failure, near doubt not, to that Saviour whom he loved neighbors see that the missionary and his and honored." His disease was typhoid wife and child have something to eat. fever. The island produces no bread-fruit, a Other islands occupied by mission laborpoor variety of pandanus — scarcely edible, ers, American and Hawaiian, were visited, a species of taro, a little sugar-cane, an
the missionaries were taken to Ponape for abundance of cocoa-nuts, and one or two the general meeting, in October, and afterbanana-trees were noticed ; yet this mis- ward returned to their several homes, as the Morning Star passed back and forth mission work at Kusaie Mr. Snow writes: on its missionary work. On the 27th of “ A few weeks before we reached Kusaie, December this work, for this voyage, was Kanoa had received 61 to the church, and finished, by landing a Hawaiian mission- baptized 23 children. On Sabbath, Auary and his wife on Namerik; “ a prayer gust 11, 21 were received, and 6 children of special thanks was offered,” Mr. Bing- baptized. August 25, two young women, bam writes, “and with joyful hearts we on a remote part of the island, were re.braced forward' for Honolulu, which port ceived. October 27, we received 9 more, we reached after a quick run of twenty- and baptized 3 children. Thus you see eight days and a few hours.” Mrs. Snow the little remnant continue to be gathered and her children came in the vessel to in, and the good work still prospers. Of Honolulu, on the way to the United the 20 who died while we were there, 8 States; Mr. Snow remaining alone at bis were members of the church, and 5 others post.
hoped that they had passed from death unto life. During our visit, 22 gave in
their voices, for the first time, as the EBON.
friends and followers of Jesus. Two of LETTER FROM MR. Snow, December 3, 1867.
these were chief women, of high rank,
and past middle age. Five came out pubSome previous letters from Mr. Snow licly on the Lord's side, at one of our evenseem never to have reached the Mission- ing prayer-meetings. ary House, and he now repeats former statements respecting additions to the Greetings — Gratuitous Labor.
" On church at Ebon, as follows: In Novem- our returns to our old home, at Dove Islber, 1865, eleven; in 1866, — May, 10; and, we never fail to get a greeting that August, 7; November, 10; and in Janu- it would do your heart good to see, as it ary, 1867, six.
“The result of monthly does ours to experience. As we enter the concert contributions,” he says, “ I am un- harbor, the tide begins to set towards the able to state, as they were mostly in oil, old homestead. By the time we reach measured and sold at Honolulu." it, warm hearts and smiling faces fill the
His opportunity to visit his old station place. During our last absence, the old on Kusaie, (now without an American house was taken down and a new one put missionary,) in February, 1867, was no up in its place, by the people, at their own ticed in the Herald for September last. expense; though there were some among The Morning Star, on its voyage, found them who thought I ought to pay them for him there in September, and took him to their work. In speaking of it at one of the meeting of the mission at Ponape, and our meetings, I told them, as I was lying thence to Ebon. He now writes, that be- in bed one morning, looking up to the fore going to Kusaie he had completed a roof, and thinking of the labor which had translation of the Acts, in the Marshall been expended, in some places I saw writIslands' dialect, and had printed 400 cop- ten on the work • Love, Love,' • Love! ies — all that he had paper for- of a small On other places I saw written • Pay,' primer. At Kusaie, he “got off an edition, “Pay,' *Pay'; and I said I thought the of 300, of a primer of 48 pages,” in the young man (a church member) who was Kusaie dialect, on his hand-press, which very earnest for pay, but who died before he took with him ; and he has now sent we returned, if he could come back after to Honolulu, to be printed there, revised seeing what had been done for him in editions of Mark and John, in the Kusaie the Father's house on high, would want to dialect. He has also printed a number write · Love' over all he did on my house. of hymns, in the two dialects, and some It was not unpleasant to see their eyes other things, “ making in all about 35,000 moisten with emotion, and the subject of pages."
pay was dropped.
The Work at Kusaie. Respecting the
Chapel Building. "They have been