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Why then may we not look for equally glorious things in any of our villages as those which have occurred at Shepik, the fame of which is world-wide?

"But the Erzroom field is much more extensive than the Harpoot field. Besides the villages of the Erzroom plain, there are those of the Pasin plain, lying east of Erzroom, in the valley of the Araxes River, not less than fifty or sixty in number. Armenian villages are also scattered all the way to the Persian border. A goodly number of Bibles and Testaments have already been scattered among these villages, and I confidently expect they will prove, many of them, the germs of living churches of Christ. To the south, we have the Khanoos district, where there is already one thriving church, and room for many more. To the west, we have the out-station Melikan, and still further west the city and plain of Erzingan, a region of so much importance that Mr. Dunmore spent one winter there; and even now it would be desirable, were it possible, for one or more missionaries to reside there. To the north, we have Baiboort and the villages surrounding it; and on the coast of the Black Sea, there are Trebizond, and numerous interesting towns lying east and west of that city. There is also the region of Kars, and many important cities and towns in Russia.

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fourths of all my touring. Besides, much of the touring in the Erzroom field is done on public thoroughfares, where the khans, or inns, are altogether superior to the accommodation one finds in the villages. But to do our work thoroughly, we must do a great deal more touring than was ever done at Harpoot. This, however, can be done in large part through native assistants, if we can have schools similar to the Harpoot schools, and can get a foothold in some of the nearer villages.

Capabilities. "This Erzroom region is capable of sustaining a much larger population. Before the great emigration to Russia, which followed the Russian war of 1828-'30, it was much more populous; and it will be so again. It will also greatly increase in wealth. Its two greatest curses have been, that it had no market for its grain, and no wood or coal for fuel. As a consequence, the people burn dried manure, and the land suffers for want of fertilizers. A wagon road is now in process of construction from Trebizond across the mountains. This road, though carried forward very sluggishly, will, I think, sometime be completed. And if so, Erzroom will be brought much nearer market, agricultural interests will be vastly improved, and the fuel question will be solved by the opening of coal mines, which exist, I doubt not inexhaustible, very near Erzroom. This will give new value to every thing, and wealth and population will greatly increase. This is an important consideration, and urges us to plant the gospel as firmly as possible before European influences begin to flow in, as they will when these changes take place.

Prospects. "But it seems to me it would be a mistake for any one to go to Erzroom, or anywhere else, expecting just such results as those at Harpoot. He may meet with results even more glorious. That will depend something on his zeal and energy and faith. He ought, however, to be prepared to enter the field, and work on, even if much less brilliant results follow. The results at Harpoot strengthen faith, and the direct influence of the work there will be more and more felt in Erzroom.

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"I should like to write much more, but am not able. I wish I could see any one who might be thinking of going to that field; I could then explain every thing so much more fully than with the pen."


MR. WILLIAMS has forwarded brief reports of several stations of the Eastern Turkey mission — Mardin, Diarbekir, Bitlis, Erzroom, and Mosul. Some paragraphs, respecting Mardin and its out-stations, should find a place in the Herald. It will be remembered that at that place, in the Arabic portion of the field, and which has been Mr. Williams's station, a very gratifying change was reported a year ago (in letters published in the Herald for June, 1867). Mr. Williams now writes:

Mardin. "Of the twelve months now under review I have spent just twentyfive days in Mardin. The opening year witnessed the organization of a church of nineteen members, its close finds it in the sole charge of its young pastor, who, from the day of his ordination, receives his whole support from the community to which he ministers. He is of them-so much educated that his people can look up to him, but not so as to be out of sympathy with and unhappy among them. From two full, manly, quiet letters, telling of the work there, just received, it is evident that he feels his responsibility, and is taking hold with vigor. The average attendance has, during the year, risen from 70 to 106, not withstanding some were 'offended' because they were not received to church membership, and withdrew. The church now numbers thirty members. The contributions have increased from $107 to $200 (gold), without counting the entire suit with which they clothed their new pastor and the watch they gave him; all which they did self-moved, without the slightest hint from us.

Out-stations - Sert. "The out-stations of Mardin are occupied this winter with

more encouraging prospects than at any former time. The proof of sincerity which the assumption of their own expenses by those already Protestants gives, is drawing others to their ranks, and outsiders are showing that they think a religion worth paying for is worth inquiring into. At Gole, at Kulaat, at Kulleth, a new interest is manifested.... But the chief interest this year centres in Sert. After the ordination in Mardin, the Evangelical Union, taking Elias with them, made the five days' journey to Sert, where they ordained him pastor over the poor people with whom and for whom he has so long and so faithfully labored. He had just refused the most earnest and pressing entreaties of the Mardin people to accept a charge every way preferable, in a worldly point of view; but he believed he could be more useful in Sert, and he chose to cast in his lot with the poor and oppressed who looked to him as their spiritual father. Seven presented themselves for church membership; of these the Union accepted six, and organized them into a church. All were deeply touched by the earnestness of their love, and their humble, self-sacrificing consecration. If such gold comes always of the fires of persecution, there are churches which would gain immensely though its flames should consume nine tenths of their earthly goods.

"Poor, even according to the standard of village Protestants in Turkey, they willingly assumed the half of the salary of their beloved teacher now pastor, and unhesitatingly covenanted to appropriate not less than one tenth of all their income to Christ; though when they so voted they understood it to be additional to all they are now doing! Though the whole community numbers but 23 male adults, their contributions the past year have amounted to 3,650 piasters, or the equiv alent, on an average, to forty-five days' labor from each. They have, however, this year, made a special effort for their chapel. Their hospitality to the Union was as liberal as it was hearty, and it was worth a journey across the weary intervening waste to find so fragrant a flower in the desert. At present they 'have rest' from their persecuting enemies, and with

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out molestation worship in the house they have (with help from us) purchased for chapel and parsonage."

The ordination of a pastor at Bitlis, and the gratifying condition of Diarbekir, were referred to in a letter from Mr. Barnum, published last month. The church at Diarbekir now numbers 127, of whom 21 were received in February, 1867. Nine were also added to the Cutterbul church during the year, making the present number of members 30. Encouraging appearances are noticed at several other out-stations, and at places occupied for the winter by theological students from Harpoot. Respecting Mosul it is said: "For the present winter, one of the pupils of the training-class is stationed there, to see if the infusion of young blood will quicken life. He writes that he was pleasantly received and had begun his labors. His wife, a lovely Christian, accompanies him. May the Lord make it a blessing. An appeal from this community for a missionary to reside among them has been already forwarded."



Voyage of the "Morning Star." This communication from Mr. Bingham, as Captain of the Morning Star, gives a full account of his voyage from Honolulu, to and from the different stations of the Micronesia mission, and some other islands. The vessel left Honolulu July 1st, 1867, and the next day took on board Rev. Edward Johnson, of Waioli, who had been designated by the Hawaiian Board to act with Mr. Bingham as a deputation, visiting the Micronesia stations. Before going to those stations, however, a visit was paid to several islands of the Ellice group, south-easterly from the Gilbert Islands. Interesting statements, respecting the commencement of missionary operations in some of those islands, were published in the Herald for July 1866, pages 193-196; and a few extracts from Mr. Bingham's narrative, respecting the suc

cess of such operations, will be given here. The Morning Star called also at several islands of this and the Gilbert groups, where there were no Christian laborers, the missionaries endeavoring, at interviews with chiefs and people, to prepare the way for such laborers.

Visit to Waitibu. The first island visited (July 21st) was Waitibu, or Tracy's Island, (lat. 7° 28′ S., long. 178° 44' E.) Mr. Bingham writes: "Much to our joy, we were soon boarded by Pen, a native missionary from Samoa. From him we learned that he had been on the island one year and eight months; that its inhabitants were three hundred and eightyfour; that half of them had already destroyed their idols and embraced Christianity; that all the children and younger people had learned to read; that their language was the same with the Samoan; that quite a number were hopefully converted, whom he expected to baptize, in case he was so advised, when visited by their missionary vessel. Our short visit on shore deepened our impression of the blessed work so well commenced. A large and well-built church, about fifty-seven feet by thirty-six, with its neat pulpit, built by the gratuitous labors of the natives, was an object of special interest; and the large and scrupulously neat dwelling of the teacher was a model for the docile and quiet people about him. Pen spoke English; and though his wife could not converse directly with us, her intelligent face, warm welcome, and very tidy appearance, gave us a pleasing idea of what the Samoan female missionaries might generally be. The fluency of the readers, and their independence in singing, were truly gratifying.

"We found several people from Nui, speaking the Gilbert Islands' language, who were able to read readily in the new books which we brought out from Boston and Honolulu. You can imagine my pleasant surprise at seeing a copy of a reprint of our little Hymn-Book, done at Samoa for the benefit of the Nui people, and also one of the sixty-four original copies of the Gospel of John, printed on newspaper on our little press at Apai

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ang, in 1864. It was no little pleasure to Mrs. Bingham to find two Nui women able to read fluently in our new books, who had been instructed by two of her own pupils. We shall not soon forget this delightful visit; though the contrast of the results of one year and eight months' missionary labor here with those of six years and a half at Apaiang, could not be other wise than, I had almost said, painful.... Through inquiry, we learned from Pen, that neither food nor money were sent them from abroad, but only clothing and some utensils."

Visit to Nui. The next day Nui (Netherlands, or Egg Island) was visited, (lat. 70 27 S., long. 177° 15' E.,) where the people use the Gilbert Islands' language, and where they found "Kirisome, a Samoan teacher, left on the island by the missionary vessel Dayspring, in November, 1865." Here, in a large room used as a chapel and school-room, (in one end of a building, a part of which was also the missionary's dwelling, "the whole erected by the gratuitous labor of the people,") Mr. Bingham, speaking their language, addressed a company of "some 200, nearly the entire population of the island," whose "behavior was unexceptionable." He found "the number of fluent readersmen, women, and children-perfectly surprising;" left some books with them; and learned that there were "27 women and 19 men whom Kirisome regarded as truly the friends of Jesus." Returning to the vessel Mr. Bingham wrote: "Thus ended one of the happiest days of our lives. We had been permitted to see a people 'born in a day.' Not two years since, the first Christian missionary came to dwell amongst them, and from the first have they furnished him and his family all necessary food without pay. One Christian feeds them one day, another another; and if by any means there is a failure, near neighbors see that the missionary and his wife and child have something to eat. The island produces no bread-fruit, a poor variety of pandanus — scarcely edible, a species of taro, a little sugar-cane, an abundance of cocoa-nuts, and one or two banana-trees were noticed; yet this mis

sionary depends on no provisions from abroad. He seemed happy and contented in his work, hardly knowing when he should be visited by an English missionary! With reference to the work on Nui, it is no more than justice to state, that previous to the arrival of a missionary, not a little religious instruct had been given the people by a Mr. Robert Waters, an English trader."

The Morning Star reached Tarawa, (Gilbert Islands,) a station of the Micronesia mission, August 8th, and took the Hawaiian missionaries from there to Apaiang, (Mr. Bingham's old station,) for a meeting of the Gilbert Islands laborers. There, "the welcome from the brethren was most cordial"; a business-meeting of the missionaries was held, and various religious services attended; the Lord's supper was administered, and five candidates were examined for admission to the church, whom it was proposed to baptize on returning from Ponape. Here Mr. Johnson became unwell.

After returning the mission families to Tarawa, the island of Butaritari (Pitts Island) was visited. From this island, it will be remembered, the Hawaiian missionaries felt it necessary to retire, on account of the drunkenness and violence of the king, in 1866. The results of this and a subsequent visit were satisfactory; the king attributed his former violence to intoxication, and Kanoa and Maka were returned to the island in December, where they found every thing safe in their houses, except some hard bread " consumed by worms," and a garment which had "fallen on the floor and rotted."

Death of Mr. Johnson. From Butaritari the vessel sailed for Ebon, and on the passage, "at about a quarter to nine o'clock, Sabbath morning, September 1st," Mr. Johnson's "spirit took its flight, we doubt not, to that Saviour whom he loved and honored." His disease was typhoid fever.

Other islands occupied by mission laborers, American and Hawaiian, were visited, the missionaries were taken to Ponape for the general meeting, in October, and afterward returned to their several homes, as

the Morning Star passed back and forth on its missionary work. On the 27th of December this work, for this voyage, was finished, by landing a Hawaiian missionary and his wife on Namerik; "a prayer of special thanks was offered," Mr. Bingham writes, "and with joyful hearts we 'braced forward' for Honolulu, which port we reached after a quick run of twentyeight days and a few hours." Mrs. Snow and her children came in the vessel to Honolulu, on the way to the United States; Mr. Snow remaining alone at his post.


LETTER FROM MR. SNOW, December 3, 1867.

SOME previous letters from Mr. Snow seem never to have reached the Missionary House, and he now repeats former statements respecting additions to the church at Ebon, as follows: In November, 1865, eleven; in 1866, - May, 10; August, 7; November, 10; and in January, 1867, six. "The result of monthly concert contributions," he says, "I am unable to state, as they were mostly in oil, measured and sold at Honolulu."

His opportunity to visit his old station on Kusaie, (now without an American missionary,) in February, 1867, was noticed in the Herald for September last. The Morning Star, on its voyage, found him there in September, and took him to the meeting of the mission at Ponape, and thence to Ebon. He now writes, that before going to Kusaie he had completed a translation of the Acts, in the Marshall Islands' dialect, and had printed 400 copies-all that he had paper for- of a small primer. At Kusaie, he "got off an edition, of 300, of a primer of 48 pages," in the Kusaie dialect, on his hand-press, which he took with him; and he has now sent to Honolulu, to be printed there, revised editions of Mark and John, in the Kusaie dialect. He has also printed a number of hymns, in the two dialects, and some other things, "making in all about 35,000 pages."

The Work at Kusaie. Respecting the

mission work at Kusaie Mr. Snow writes: "A few weeks before we reached Kusaie, Kanoa had received 61 to the church, and baptized 23 children. On Sabbath, August 11, 21 were received, and 6 children baptized. August 25, two young women, on a remote part of the island, were received. October 27, we received 9 more, and baptized 3 children. Thus you see the little remnant continue to be gathered in, and the good work still prospers. Of the 20 who died while we were there, 8 were members of the church, and 5 others hoped that they had passed from death unto life. During our visit, 22 gave in their voices, for the first time, as the friends and followers of Jesus. Two of these were chief women, of high rank, and past middle age. Five came out publicly on the Lord's side, at one of our evening prayer-meetings.

Greetings Gratuitous Labor. "On our returns to our old home, at Dove Island, we never fail to get a greeting that it would do your heart good to see, as it does ours to experience. As we enter the harbor, the tide begins to set towards the old homestead. By the time we reach it, warm hearts and smiling faces fill the place. During our last absence, the old house was taken down and a new one put up in its place, by the people, at their own expense; though there were some among them who thought I ought to pay them for their work. In speaking of it at one of our meetings, I told them, as I was lying in bed one morning, looking up to the roof, and thinking of the labor which had been expended, in some places I saw written on the work 'Love,' 'Love,' 'Love!' On other places I saw written 'Pay,' 'Pay,' 'Pay'; and I said I thought the young man (a church member) who was very earnest for pay, but who died before we returned, if he could come back after seeing what had been done for him in the Father's house on high, would want to write 'Love' over all he did on my house. It was not unpleasant to see their eyes moisten with emotion, and the subject of pay was dropped.

Chapel Building. "They have been

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