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and said he was afraid of Martin's great magician, to whom he (Martin) had been talking,' (when he was praying.)

"At another time, Sikkakoony gathered twelve small companies of soldiers, in order to kill a large number of converts who were gathered in the edge of a piece of woods. Martin was of the number, and the king hoped, this time, either to have him killed or to make him recant. The soldiers were ordered to kill the Christians by beating them with sticks, which they had brought from the woods. The Christians said to the heathen: "You use your weapons against us, and we will use ours against you; so they all fell down on their knees, and were left to pray for some time. At length the soldiers dragged six of them out, away from the rest, and beat them until their sticks were all used up, and they left all the six (one a very old man) for dead, and went to the woods to get new sticks. As they delayed a little, all the Christians fled and escaped. After this, in the night, the six who were beaten recovered enough to crawl away and hide themselves, until they could get out of the realm, except one, the oldest one, to whom Martin went boldly and carried him off for burial, but found him still alive. In a few days, he too was able to reach a place of safety, by creeping, for two days and a night, on his hands and knees.


Among the converts are two brothers of the king, also his wife, whom he loved very much, it is said. He has many concubines, but only one whom he calls his wife. He tried every way to make her deny her religion, and at length said she, too, must die. He built a room in which he fastened her, forbidding any one to go near her on pain of death. After a day or two he went and called, to see if she were dying; and getting no response he opened the door to find her—not dead, but gone. Some one had dug a hole for her from the outside. He sent in every direction for her, but she, after many narrow escapes, reached the house of a missionary, out of the king's realm, where she is both safe and happy, rejoicing in Christ. She left everything for his sake, and says she is now happier, a thousand times, than when with her former king. The mission 12


aries live on the borders of this kingdom, having been driven out by the king; but his people are rapidly learning the truth. The blood of the martyrs is proving fruitful seed. He has killed very many, but has not yet been able to kill Martin. Many of the people, who have escaped, on being asked · 'Did you not feel tempted, just for a moment, to deny Christ?' invariably say • We never knew that Christ could be denied by a believer. It would be a hundred-fold easier to die than to deny the Lord.""

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MR. BARNUM, of Harpoot, in a letter dated December 27, 1867, makes the following statements respecting views held, and preached, by the native pastor at that place, with reference to the self-support of mission churches:

"Yesterday was the annual Thanksgiving of the Protestants in Turkey. It was the anniversary of the grant of the Imperial Firman, which constituted them a separate and independent community, and thus secured their freedom. The day is observed here in a manner not dissimilar to an American Thanksgiving. The pastor of the church here preached an excellent sermon, upon the special claim which God has upon the gratitude of the Protestants in this country, especially for giving them the Bible in their own tongue. In the midst of his remarks he referred to a class of persons not here, that he was aware of, but in other places-who complain that the missionaries do not secure to the people all the blessings of civilization in their full development, a high grade of education, perfection in agriculture, the arts and sciences, and the comforts of refined society. He said: 'It is not possible to import these things from without. The missionaries have given us the fountain, the source of all these, in the Word of God. These things we are to seek for ourselves, from this fountain. They must grow up within us, must be developed. It is childishness to expect them in any other way. External force applied is not strength. That only is strength

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which inheres in the thing itself. You can do more real good to yourselves in one year than all the missionaries can do for you in fifty years. The Evangelical Union, by true harmony of spirit and of effort, can do more in one year to secure genuine, permanent progress in this part of the country, than all the Americans, with all the wealth and talent of America, can do in fifty years. For the development must be from within, and the result of personal endeavor. The tree must have root; it must be the source of its own strength.'

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"This is not a new utterance for him. have often heard him express the conviction, that aid from abroad is injurious when there is the possibility of getting on without it. He is strong in the conviction that no church should receive aid from abroad. As soon as there is Christianity enough to warrant the organization of a church, there ought to be strength enough, especially with the practice of self-denial, on the part of both pastor and people, to be wholly independent of foreign aid. If aid must be sought, he would have it sought from neighboring churches. The people will not lean as hard upon one another as upon a distant, unseen, and practically, to them, an impersonal power. They will develop strength by trying to stand alone. This pastor is the brother-in-law of pastor Thomas, who has gone to raise money for the building of a church in Diarbekir !”

services. Some of them are married, and have children of their own, so that the third generation is growing up around us. All these the Papists made strenuous efforts to secure, and with some success at first; but for two or three years past, they have nearly all come over on the Protestant side. Most of them speak English well, and all adopt foreign manners and dress. Besides these, we have from 100 to 200 Coolies on our Hilo plantations. These are ignorant, and much inclined to turbulence and vice. We are doing what we can to civilize and Christianize them all; but it is a slow and difficult work. Chinamen are increasing all over these islands, and they are forming an element in our population so large and important as to awaken much prayerful solicitude on our part."


MR. COAN, writing from Hilo, in January last, says: "We have, in Hilo, five stores owned and kept by Chinamen. These owners and keepers are all pleasant, polite, and honorable men in their commercial and social relations. We also have several active and intelligent Chinamen as owners and managers of sugarplantations; and some who have made a competence, and are now living easy lives among us. These have married (most of them) native wives, and are rearing up large families of children. Nearly all of these children come into our schools and Sabbath-schools, and attend our Sabbath


UNDER this heading, in the Herald for January last, brief reference was made to the testimony of Mr. William T. Brigham, respecting the Sandwich Islands' mission, before a meeting of the Suffolk Conference, (Unitarian,) at Boston, in November last. A full report of Mr. Brigham's address had not then fallen under the editor's notice. Such a report he saw afterwards, in the Christian Register, and found in it the following frank and generous state


"I confess to you that, four years ago, I believed, as many Unitarians believed, that foreign missions were useless and absurd; or, at least, were only useful to teach people how to open their purses. I thought that missionaries were a fanatical, narrow-minded set of men, who could get no parishes or societies at home, and went off to foreign lands because they seemed to have no other work. But a residence of a year and a half on the Hawaiian islands was enough and more than enough to undeceive me. I found there a band of missionaries who, in about forty years, have raised a whole people from the lowest depths of barbarism to a civilized condition that we might be proud of in New England. I had heard so many stories of the

holiest of Guru's that ever appeared in the world, notwithstanding his bitter opposition to his divine claims. By an arrangement of the judge, the discussion is to be hereafter carried on in writing, and the answers to the first series of questions I have finished this evening. The Manager has a great dislike to idolatry, and publicly declares his adhesion to the Brahmaism of Bengal.



deceit, hypocrisy, and tyranny that these missionaries practiced upon the unsophisticated natives, that I really believed them. I did not know then, as I do now, from what sources those stories came. then I have been in the houses, and have lived in the families of most all the thirty missionaries who, with their predecessors, have effected this great work, and can bear my testimony, and I do it gladly, and will do it anywhere, that I have never met a purer, more devoted, and truer band of men than these same foreign missionaries, sent out by the American Board. Of course I need not refer to the work they have done there. It is the grandest example of foreign mission work that the world has ever seen, perhaps, and might be the text for very many sermons; but I think it is familiar to you all."

"Persons of his description are increasing in the country, and our time is come already to contend, not with idolatry and its adjuncts, as we have heretofore done, but with Atheism, Deism, Unitarianism, Universalism, and what not. Kindly pray for us, that we may stand the heat of battle, and acquit ourselves like good soldiers of Christ."



Mr. Chandler also wrote, respecting the same matters: "There has been of late, in Madura, a very unusual state of things. Ponnusami Devan, the Manager of the Ramnad Zemindary, has been friendly, and invited the Christians to a discussion of the claims of Christianity. . . . Barnes, as always, was chief speaker for the Christians. The last public discussion was on the divinity of Christ, at the zillah All the educated natives school-house. of Madura were present, and I dare say Barnes never spoke of Christ to so large and intelligent an audience before. He did well, though several very unfair questions, on the decrees of God, etc., were sprung upon him. Others may write of this, and I will only add, that there is a very marked excitement through the town on this subject. Many are getting and reading the Bible. Ponnusami has said openly, to Judge Thomas and me, that he now accepts ninety-five per cent. of Christianity; and before more than fifty of the Brahmins and office-holders he said,


MR. TRACY, of the Madura mission, now in this country, has sent to the Missionary House extracts from letters received by him, confirming his views, previously presented, as to an increased interest in the subject of Christianity among the educated young men of India. He first gives the following, from a letter from "Barnes, one of the seminary teachers," at Pasumalie: "Among several items of news here which I should like to mention, I have time only to tell you of a new feature of religion, now making its appearance in Madura. Ponnusami Devan, Manager of Ramnad, who now resides in Mr. L's bungalow, some time ago sent for us teachers, and very kindly and hospitably allowed us to dine with him. He brought several discussions between us and his Brahmin pundits; paid a visit to Pasuma-Prove to me that Christ was divine, and lie, where we had a debate in the seminary hall; and recently took a prominent part at a public meeting, presided over by Judge Thomas, in which the divinity of our Lord was closely attacked.


I will be a Christian.'”

"The Manager thinks highly of Christianity, and would accept Christ as the

Mr. Tracy says of the man thus referred to: "Ponnusami is practically the head of the great Zemindary of Ramnad, and in wealth and influence is not equalled, probably, by any other native gentleman of the District."


MR. POWERS, writing from Oorfa, Central Turkey, mentions a want which might readily be supplied by some church or churches, when procuring new communion ware, and disposing of the old, which might be sent to the Missionary House for him. He states:

"In this Oorfa field there are four organized churches, but not one set of com



The Treasury. The receipts of the Board during the month of March were only - from donations, $26,866.67, and from legacies, $4,071.05; in all, $30,937.72. Last year, for the same month, they were, from donations, $30,908.14; legacies, $6,299.51; total, $37,207.65; showing a falling off, this year, of $6,299.51. For the first seven months of the current financial year, up to March 31st, the receipts have been, in all, $230,558.05, against $212,815.80 last year, - a gain of $17,742.25. This is by no means equal to the gain needed to meet appropriations for year. Will not pastors and churches note the facts, and see to it that deficiencies are made up?


munion ware. Four cups, by some means, have found their way into the field, but no plate, or tankard. For these churches, at the very least, four tankards, four plates, eight cups, and four baptismal basins are needed. Two plates for each church would be a convenience, but we can do with one for each. Can you, in some way, procure these articles for us, and thus subserve the good cause, and rejoice these churches.”


THE first quarterly meeting of this Society was held at Old South Chapel, in Boston, on the 6th of April. The occasion called out a large number of active Christian ladies, and the meeting was one of very great interest. Letters were read from different parts of the country, expressing lively sympathy with the object,-from Mrs. Edwards, soon to join the Zulu mission; from Miss Andrews, now on her way to China; and from Miss Parmelee, appointed to Mardin, in Eastern Turkey, -all of whom are to be supported by the Society;

from Mrs. Capron, of the Madura mission; Mrs. Wheeler, of Eastern Turkey; Mrs. Ladd, from Western Turkey, and others. A letter was also read, written thirty-one years ago, by Mrs. Champion, one of the first missionaries in South Africa. The letters read, remarks from different ladies, and devotional exercises, all combined to make this, in many respects, a model meeting, and to inspire hope for the future.

Beside the three ladies above mentioned, the Society assumes the support of ten native Christian women, employed as Biblereaders, two at Smyrna, two at Constantinople, two in the Nestorian mission, and four in India.

The receipts of the first quarter were $2,133.25. From the churches in Boston and vicinity, as follows: Old South, $448,25; Essex Street, $209.50; Park Street, $158; Mount Vernon, $166.50; Central, $125; Berkley Street, $25; Salem Street, $57; Shawmut, $212; Maverick, East Boston, $200; Phillips, South Boston, $66; Elliot, Roxbury, $40; Jamaica Plain and West Roxbury, $85; Chestnut Street, Chelsea, $58; Broadway, Chelsea, $108; a friend in Boston, to support a Biblereader in the Mahratta mission, $30. From "M.," Providence, R. I., $5; and L. S. R. H., Littleton, Mass., $5.

The following persons have been made life members by the payment of $25 each, during the last month: Mrs. Julius A. Palmer and Mrs. E. C. Parkhurst, of Mount Vernon church; Mrs. M. H. Simpson, Mrs. Ezra Farnsworth, and Mrs. J.

Kittredge, of Park Street church; Mrs. William B. Wright, by ladies of Berkley Street church; Miss Sarah E. Holland, and "a friend," Essex Street church; Mrs. C. W. Freeland, Mrs. S. Grover, Mrs. Elizabeth Kendall, Mrs. Linus Child, Central church; Mrs. Jeremy Drake, Phillips church, South Boston; Mrs. James Stone, Shawmut church; Mrs. William R. Lovejoy, Mrs. W. Bates Lovejoy, Salem Street; Mrs. E. B. Huntingdon, Elliot church, Boston. Mrs. Jacob Mitchell, Chestnut Street, Chelsea; Mrs. A. Sweetser, Broadway church, Mrs. J. A. Copp and Mrs. S. E. Herrick, by ladies of Broadway church, Chelsea; Mrs. N. G. Clark, Mrs. R. Pierce, and Mrs. Fiske, of West Roxbury; Mrs. Richard Borden, Miss Carrie Borden, Mrs. Nathan Durfee, Mrs. Hall Remington, and Mrs. Robert K. Remington, Fall River, Mass.


Greece. Dr. King wrote February 17: "Nothing further has been done with regard to my trial, before the criminal court." "The native laborers here, mentioned in my letter of December 7, [Herald for March, page 82,] are doing a great work."

Syria. The Syria mission sends an earnest appeal for a reinforcement of at least three men, giving urgent reasons for sending them at the earliest possible time, and showing that any long delay must "endanger vital interests."

A sad accident occurred, in February, in the new church-building at Beirut. By some mistake of the workmen, the necessary support of arches which were being erected in the inside was removed too soon, and they "fell with a terrible crash, killing two men and injuring three others."

Mr. Eddy wrote from Sidon, January 31, that the female boarding-school there had been in quite successful operation since the first of November. There were 13 pupils. The missionaries had been unable to procure suitable native teachers, and Mrs. Watson, a pious English lady, who has long had a very flourishing school in Shemlan, on Mount Lebanon, kindly

consented to spend the winter at Sidon, with her adopted daughter, and superintend the school, gratuitously, as "purely a labor of love." The boys' school at Sidon was also more flourishing than ever before; the Sabbath congregation was increasing; and there were "urgent calls for religious teachers and schools" from several places in the vicinity.

The report of the Beirut station, for 1867, notices "manifest tokens of the presence and favor of the Holy Spirit," and the addition of fourteen members to the church by profession. During ten months, the Native Evangelical Society had collected 7,000 piasters, expended chiefly in the support of a book magazine in the city, and a traveling colporter, who had found much to encourage him in his work. Young men of the church had sustained a Sabbath service, throughout the year, at Kefr Shima, six miles from the city, a monthly collection being taken in the church to defray the expenses. This collection had amounted to 463 piasters; and monthly collections for the poor, including the persecuted community at Safeeta, amounted to 3,648 piasters. The number of pages issued from the press during the year was 5,089,000, of which 508,000 were pages of Scripture. Number of volumes, 16,800.

Central Turkey. Mr. and Mrs. Adams removed to Adana in November last, where they were "warmly received by the brethren." Mr. Adams wrote, January 31st, that difficulties which had long existed in the Protestant community there, so that he "greatly shrank" from going to that field, had been apparently settled; the congregation had increased from 140 to 260, as an average number; and the women, who have heretofore strongly resisted the light, "now come to public worship in such numbers that, last Sabbath, there were more than could be accommodated in our little chapel." "Several Greeks have avowed themselves Protestants"; and the Armenians have "hurried one of their so-called eloquent preachers down from Constantinople, to stem the current setting so strongly in favor of an inquiry into Protestantism." "The little

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