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her washing or sewing, and carrying it to Influence of the Girls' School. “Though their homes to do.

we visited thirteen villages, we have seen

but a small part of the whole. Fifty-eight Large Families. “We took two meals villages are occupied, and eighty helpers at a house which numbered forty persons. employed, not including the wives. Many Only two men and the son of one of them of these latter have been educated in the ate with us. After dinner I went into an- girls'-school, and show that the labor beother room, of not very large dimensions, stowed on them has not been in vain. As where there were perhaps thirty assem- we went from village to village, and saw bled, of all ages and sizes, from sixty years how they were endeavoring to put in pracdown to the infant of a few months. But tice the teachings they had received, I felt they told me they dwelt together in bar- as though I should, on coming home, conmony, and would on no account be sepa- gratulate and encourage those who are rated into several families. There is a preparing to be teachers in the girls'family of sixty in Kompk, but as the helper school ; and Miss West, who has labored there remarked, it is a type of the world in it so faithfully these last three years. of woe; for the gospel has not yet shed Surely hers will not be a starless crown. one ray of light and peace upon them.

Persecution. “ Letters are constantly Lodging in a Stable. “ The work in coming in from different parts of the field. Haboosi is more encouraging than in any Not a day but Mr. Allen has letters, previous year. We stopped in a stable sometimes as many as six. Some speak while there. I have had that privilege of persecution, some of great encouragebefore, but this time felt that I was more a ments, others of discouragements. There martyr than ever before, for the weather is a persecution going on at Malatia. One was not cold. There were horses, don- girl, a member of the girls'-school, has been keys, cows, oxen, buffaloes, and calves. driven from her home by her mother. A Strange to say, we slept, though the fleas vartabed, who was there two years before, and the strong odor frequently made us and did all in his power to annoy the litconscious that ours was not a bed of down, tle flock gathered there, has this year reand early in the morning we were awak- turned, and is redoubling his efforts to deened by the cock-crowing near our heads. stroy the work. But he is only hastening The place was not raised, but on a level the downfall of that kingdom he is endeavwith the stable floor. Perhaps it was a oring to build up. The people of God say little higher. ...

they are growing stronger, and the con

gregation is increasing. Tithes. “ A second matter about Ichmeh I forgot to speak of. Lately, fifteen Native Missionaries. “ One of the mishave pledged themselves to pay tithes. sionaries (native) from Koordistan reports The blind preacher, or, as he is called, great encouragement. He has a congre“the preacher of tithes,' has been there, gation of thirty. Others are going from stirring them up to good works. One village to village, trying to find an enman, who gave tithes last year, remarked trance. Three more of these Koordishto me: “I never was so prospered. I have speaking Armenians wish to come to the not room to bestow my grain, - a thing seminary this year, and the funds for their which has not bappened before.' •He support have been pledged. A member which soweth sparingly shall reap also of the church at Diarbekir wishes to assparingly, and be which soweth bounti- sume the entire support of one. Thus fully, shall reap also bountifully.' In this missionary enterprise, of such small Haboosi, also, several are pledged to pay beginnings, has already begun to enlarge tithes. This preacher proposes to visit its operations. Perhaps it is destined to other out-stations, and bring the subject be a second A. B. C. F. M. of tithe-paying before the minds of the people.

Self-support. "I cannot but regret

.

sometimes, that so much time has been village on the road, where we have from lost in not putting in operation, years be- time to time, on our way to and from Gu. fore, the system of self-support. But if it run, sold Bibles, Testaments, and Spellinghas been a failure, as we believe it has, to books, I had a most interesting visit. No encourage the churches in their depen- sooner had I reached the edge of the vildent and helpless condition, thus hinder- lage than I was recognized, and the peoing their growth in grace and in num- ple came in crowds to welcome me and bers, we may hope that good may come out ask for books. I found dozens of men and of the evil. The effect of comparison is boys learning to read, and my room was giving new impulse and energy to those filled, the evenings I was there, with as churches which were founded with the eager pupils as I have ever seen. Had idea that, in order to secure their spirit- duties permitted, I should have spent some ual growth and permanent existence, the days with them; but this was impossible, streams of benevolence must flow out from and I could only commend them to God, the church itself. Those who maintain praying him to send a teacher, which they that self-support is necessary to develop so much needed. At Gurun I was visited the power and enlargement of the church, by most of the leading men, Turks as well see how enervated and feeble are those as Armenians. The week of prayer was which exist by the charity of others; and observed with a good degree of interest, for their own prosperity, and for the sake and the congregations on the Sabbath of example, they feel like redoubling their steadily increased. I had scarcely a minefforts for the support of the institutions of ute to myself the whole time I was there. the gospel.

From morning to night my room was

crowded. Many came to me in private, Contentment. “Truly the lines have who had not the boldness to be seen in fallen to us in pleasant places. What the chapel. Numbers of books were sold, opportunities, what encouragement to la- and the brethren showed a commendable bor. Pray much for us, that we may be zeal in giving for the support of a preacher. found faithful."

“For the first time, men came to me of their own accord, bringing their subscriptions. I am waiting impatiently for the

preacher from Harpoot to go to Gurun. It CWestern Turkey Mission. has been a most bitter disappointment that

he could not be there this winter. I was SIVAS.

assured, over and over again, and my own (About 400 miles S. of E. from Constantinople.) observation confirmed the statement, that

there were at least 150 houses in the city LETTER FROM Mr. Livingston, February 11, of Gurun, which would this winter have

declared themselves Protestant had there Encouragement at Gurun. In a letter been a good native preacher there. There from Mr. Livingston published in April, he are men who have no faith in the Armementioned the urgent need of a preacher nian religion; many of them never go to for Gurun, and his own intention of go- the services of their church; still they are ing to that place, for a time, with one of not infidels, but earnest inquirers after the Sivas students, as teacher. He now a religion which will meet their wants. writes:

Some come together by themselves, to read "I mentioned in my last to you, that I the Bible and talk on matters of religion. was about to visit Gurun. I returned from Could they see that the Protestants had a there some ten days ago, after an absence preacher capable of instructing them, and of a month. I saw much to encourage me who was to remain with them, there is in that part of our field. Had we efficient

no question in regard to the course they native preachers to send in that direction, would take. My great fear is that the we could gather large congregations, and time for reaching them will pass before schools in all the villages. At one large the preacher will go there. We have

1868.

The power

encouraging news too from Zara. More seemingly the life, of the Protestant movethan 60 pupils in the school, and a largement in that place, died about a year ago. attendance at chapel on Sunday. Many said then, that our brethren would

“I am sorry I cannot report progress be scattered, but, to their surprise, no such here, in Sivas. Matters here are much as result has followed. Others have stepped when I last wrote you. There was a good forward to take the place of the fallen, attendance at the meetings during the week and we were never so strong, probably, in of prayer, but since their close the prayer- Soongoorli, as now. The number of Protmeetings are much as before. I am afraid estants is seventy, and many others are the preacher must leave, for want of suffi. almost persuaded to join us. cient support."

of the gospel has appeared especially man. ifest among the Elekgees, a sort of gyp

sies, of whom there are some three or four CESAREA.

hundred in Soongoorli. Some years ago, (370 miles S. S. E. from Constantinople.)

one of their number, Uncle John, became

interested in the New Testament, and LETTER FROM MR. FARNSWORTH, March 4, though an old man, he took his spelling1868.

book and went to school with the children. MR. FARNSWORTH, when he wrote, was People laughed at him, and said, “If a "just in from a tour of twenty-five days, bear learns to read, then may Uncle to Yozgat, Soongoorli, and other places John’; but he persevered, and now reads in the northern portions of the field,” on very well, to the astonishment of Armewhich he was accompanied by the “good nians as well as gypsies. native helper, Garabed.” They encoun

“We bad a meeting on a week-day at tered a severe, “ blinding" snow-storm, the the house of this brother, when some fifty second day, and Mr. F. found the impor- gypsies were present, and seemed much tance of having an experienced traveler interested. Inquiry showed that only such with him. Some passages from the letter, as have become Protestants could read. respecting different places visited, will interest the reader.

Yozgat. “We spent two Sabbaths at

Yozgat. The state of things there is not A Blind Disciple. “At Koom Konyon, so favorable as my letter of January 29th or Sandy Well, two miles from Alenja, we represented. Things will not stay setsaw a very interesting blind man. He has tled. The wounds are deep, and though had the reputation, in years past, of being at times they seem healed they soon break a very pious man, and in all the villages out again. Yet there has been some inaround he is much respected. He seems crease in the number of Protestants, as I now to have received the gospel of Je- found by a careful enrollment; the brethsus into a good and honest heart, and a ren are raising more money for a preacher crowd of villagers were astonished that than ever before, and most of them seem day at the gracious words that proceeded ready and anxious to follow after the things from his mouth; especially the first eigh- which make for peace, and things whereteen verses of the seventh chapter of Mat- with one may edify another. But both thew, his morning lesson. We spent one time and patient training will be necesnight at Injirli. Here I found, including sary to bring the church and community children, forty-eight Protestants, about one into a good, healthy condition. fifth the entire population of the place. “ The depth of the snow and the seThey have been without a preacher most verity of the weather prevented our comof the time for the last three years, but we pleting the tour, by visiting villages farhope the Lord has been with them. ther east and returning by Gemerest and

Moonjasoon. We saw one poor fellow. Soongoorli. “We were more pleased frozen to death, and others perished on with Soongoorli than we dared hope to the roads that we passed over, but the be. The brother who has been the leader, Lord preserved us.”

14

VOL. LXIV.

MISCELLANIES.

ENLIGHTENMENT OF TURKEY.

A KOORDISH EXILE TO SIBERIA - REMARK.

ABLE CASE.

centuries of degradation, almost of obliv

ion, the light of Christianity is dawning “ CARLETON," in a letter from Tur

upon this region, bringing civilization in key, to the Boston Journal, says: “Under its train.” outside influences Turkey has made some progress.

What has been done may be seen from the following statement, given me by the Rev. Isaac G. Bliss, of the American Bible Society. Twenty years ago, the American Board of Foreign Mis- MR. H. N. BARNUM, writing from Harsions had five stations and four churches, poot, Eastern Turkey, in February last, with 116 members. In 1857 the mustard- translates the following narrative, received seed had become quite a tree, with 18 cen- by him from Pastor Simon, of Bitlis :tral stations, 37 out-stations, 28 churches with 800 members, 51 preaching places,

“ A Persian Kuzzelbash Koord has re50 schools with 1,500 pupils.

cently returned to Erivan, in Russia, from Step over ten more years, to the pres- a twenty-three years' exile in Siberia. ent hour, and you may count 22 central He has remained for these twenty-three stations, 138 out-stations, 152 preaching- years without petition or complaint. The places, 56 churches with 2,484 members. Russian officials had an examination of the The congregations have an average at- exiles. When they came to this man tendance of nearly 11,000 persons. There now 84 years old — they asked, “For what are 165 schools, with 5,500 scholars, 4 theo- crime were you sent here?' He replied, logical seminaries and 4 female seminaries. “I have great guilt.''But what was your This does not include Syria, and only ein- particular crime ?' “I am a great sinner.' braces the work done by the American ‘But what have you done against the EmBoard. About 30,000 copies of the Bible peror ?' *Nothing.' His fellow-exiles tesare sold per annum. It is estimated that tified, that during the twenty-three years not far from three hundred thousand Bi- of his exile they had not heard a wrong bles are in use every day in the Turkish word from his lips, but that he had empire. Mr. Bliss, not long ago, in a passed his time largely in reading and journey through Eastern Turkey, passed prayer. twenty-three nights in the country, stop- Many in Siberia have been moved ping with the peasants, and in twenty-one by his example. The Russian Examiners of the houses he found Bibles ! In the wrote to the chief court of the empire that town of Cesarea, three native women, em- this man is not guilty, and that he was exployed as Bible-sellers, out of 860 families, iled without just cause. The Government found the Bible in 763 !

conferred a pension of 800 monets, [equal, " There is great desire among the people, perhaps, to $700,] but he declined it. He old and young, to learn to read. There is said – “What service have I rendered the no opposition to missionary effort, but on Government that I should receive this ?' the contrary the people look upon the mis- The Government gave bim his liberty, tosionaries as their best friends. There is gether with full permission to worship God also a desire, especially among the young according to his own conscience. He now people, to acquire the English language. lives in Erivan, and preaches freely to all

neither to The old opposition to the instruction of who come to see him. He women has ceased, and now there is no church, mosque, or synagogue. His temobstacle in the way of their elevation. ple is his own house. The chief topic of This is in Eastern Turkey, the oldest address to those who come to see him is — country of the world — the land of Mount Whosoever has not the spirit of Christ Ararat, of Noah, and Abraham. After cannot understand the Word of God and is not in the way of salvation.' Moslems

goes

BIBLIOGRAPHICAL. come in companies to discuss with him,

Ten Years on the Euphrates; or Primitive but he does not engage in discussions. Missionary Policy Illustrated. By Rev. C. H. He exhorts them to go and pray to God, WHEELER, Missionary in Eastern Turkey. through the mediation of Christ, and re- With an Introduction by Rev. N. G. CLARK, ceive his Spirit, so that they may be pre- D.D., Corresponding Secretary of the American pared to talk about the Scriptures and ex-.

Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions. ainine them. He also says that the Koran Cornbill, Boston.” 16mo. Pages 330.

Published by the American Tract Society, 28 does not oppose the divinity of Christ, nor the inspiration of the Bible; and they say

This is a very instructive and valuable, that he can repeat nearly the whole of the as well as interesting book. In our (ediKoran, and of the Old and New Testa- torial) judgment it has faults. It would ments, by chapters and verses. Many have been improved by the omission of Moslems have become his pupils. His la- some passages which may appear censoribors are chiefly among the Moslems. Who- ous; by the omission, indeed, of all referever beats him, or wrongs him in any way,

ence to the supposed mistakes, in policy he neither complains nor demands satis- and practice, of other missions. The story faction. They say that his co-religionists of the course pursued and the results atmay be found in America. This man has tained at Harpoot, would have been more been the occasion of a good deal of excite- effectual for good without any such allument and discussion upon matters of faith, sions. Unfortunately, also, the objectionin and about Erivan. Our Bitlis mer- able passages are in the earlier portions of chants marveled greatly at his appearance

the volume, and may excite prejudice, or and conduct."

at least occasion unpleasant feeling on the “ Mr. Barnum adds, “In these days part of some, at the outset; and thus prethe Lord is using new and unlooked - for vent a candid and profitable reading of instruments. May this aged Moslem be what follows. For some readers it might clothed with power from on high, and lead be well to pass by the first four chapters, many souls into the kingdom of light.”

and commence with the fifth. But with comparatively small faults the book has great merits. Dr. Clark says of it, in the Introduction : " It is an earnest, practical work, by an earnest, practical man.” “ No

thoughtful man can rise from its perusal A SINGLE number (that for March) of without new faith in the power of the gosan excellent English monthly magazine, pel, and new hope of its speedy and final which in this connection shall be name- triumph.” “ The economy of men and less, has no less than seven articles, occu- means here illustrated will be a surprise pying in all about four and a half of the even to most who claim to be familiar with large magazine pages, taken froin one the history of missions; while the results number of the Missionary Herald (that attained will furnish most unmistakable for January last), without a word of ac- evidence of the presence and power of our knowledgment, or any reference to this Lord, fulfilling the promise coupled with publication ! The editor is glad to see his last command.” these pages doing good service abroad, but Rev. H. H. Jessup, of the Syria mission, Americans, certainly, are not prepared to (now in this country,) in a letter just reconsider such methods of appropriating asceived, says of the volume: “It is a timely in accordance with the highest standard contribution to our missionary literature. of Christian courtesy, or morals. More I wish that a copy might be sent to every than once, inatter first published in the Christian missionary of every Missionary Herald, and reproduced in some English Society throughout the world. The Bosperiodical without credit, has appeared ton Tract Society could not make a better again in some American Journal credited use of its benevolent funds than this. The to the (supposed) English source. facts in the history of that Eastern Turkey

THE HIERALD OVER THE SEA.

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