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voted servants to the Lord, are flaves to , works, binding the law upon you in its full sin and corruption; the oppofition shews | ftriétness, and that in your own strength, there is no mids, either we must yield our promiling no supply, nor pointing forth members unto sin, or else unto God. the way how supply shall be had: the law,

XVI. Believers through faith in Christ as thus managed by a covenant of works, are raised out of an estate of death and is not your master and lord, but you are damnation, and out of an estate of impo- under grace; ye are under a better and a tency, and are now living folks, having more gracious covenant, a covenant wherelife put in them, and growing in life and in whatever is required is promised also; trength; they are alive from the dead. therefore, seeing you are now under such

XVII. The confideration of this great a covenant as containeth promises answerchange that God hath wrought in and a. ing what is required, and holding forth bout them, in raising them from the

dead, the way how you may be able to do what and puting them into a state of life, should is required, you may have the more coube as a fpur in the fides of believers to rage to fight and be bold. This also press them forward to holiness, seeing proves the former thus, for if believers thereby the Lord has laid a great obliga- be in such a condition, and under such a tior on them, and has put them into a state covenant, they may be sure of the victory, of life, so as they are able to do something

OBSERVATIONS. that way, through his grace, and are not dead as before: Yield yourselves unto God, I. Tho' God was pleased to condescend as those that are alive from the dead. so far as to transact wiih Adam, as a com

XVIII. Folks devoting of themselves mon person, as representing all mankind, unto God, and employing themselves foul in way of a covenant, Gal. iv. 24. yet he and body in his service, to promote his so condescended as withal he keeped up interest and work, is a speaking evidence his sovereignty as Lord over man, comof a soul's being alive froin the dead: Yield manding and enjoining obedience in such gourselves unto God as those that are alive and such particulars; hence it is often fet from the dead, and your members as instru- forth under the name of a law, Rom. iii. ments of righteousness, unto God.

27. and ii. 14: 15.: Te are not under the

law : This covenant ftood much in comVERSE 14. For fin pall not have dominion mands, and little in promises. over you: for ye are not under the law, II. Tho' the Lord, in transacting with

fallen man in a new covenant of grace,

did also keep up his fovereignty in enjoinHis verfe containerh ojher two rea- ing the same by way of a law, wherefore

fons confirming the former exhort- it is sometimes so called, Rom. iii, 27. and ation, and the last of them doth confirm viii. 2. yet there was greater condescension the first. 1. For fin fall not have dominion used in this covenant of grace, and greater over you ; that is, Set to, and courageously sovereignty in the other, and therefore it fer to fight against sin and a body of death is here called a law, in opposition to the within you, and be not slaves to fin; for, covenant of grace: Ve are not under the make you fure of it, you shall obtain the law, but under grace. victory, your adversary shall not get the III. Tho' there did much free and unbetter of you, fin shall not tyrannize over deserved grace shine forth in God's tranfyou. And, 2. We are not now under the action with Adam at the begining, in his law, but under grace; therefore stand out: furnishing him with such graces and abiliJou are not now under a covenant of ties as he had, in promising such a reward

but under grace.

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únto fuch feckless and due service, and that without hope of recovery : 'e are not unby way of a covenant-engagement; yet der the law. See Rom. vii. 4. this second covenant smellerh more rank- VI Tho''the best of believers carry a-. dy of free and undeserved grace and love, bout with them a body of death, which in that it is made with such as not only de-Mall be a daily fad exercise unto them, fer veth no good, but with such as deserve Rom. vii. 24. and are thereby drawn 10 much evil, Ezek. xvi. 5. 6. 60. 61. 62: sin daily against Cod, Ecclef. vii. 20. i John Fía. Ivii. 17. 18. and xxx. 16. 18. Jer. xvi. i. 8. yet they are free from that slavery 12. 13. 14. 15. and xxx. 15. 16; in that and bondage which others are into, wherehe found out a Mediator, and laid help by they can do nothing but fin; they have on one that was mighty, and accepted of not that complacency and delight in acting what he did, 2 Cor. v. 2.1. John-iii. 16. fin which sometime they had, they are noi Rom. viii. 32. John iv. ... and entereth under the dominion, flavery, and tyran-covenant upon such easy terms, full of ny, and powerful swing of corruption, grace, promifing all that is required, nor do they follow the commands thereof Rom. iv. 16. Eph. ii. 8. 2 Thes. i. !3. with fult purpose of heart, and as their Eph. ii. 10. all offered most freely, lfa. trade and constant occupation, John iii 9. }v. 1. Rev. xxii. 17. and wholly contrived Sin fhall not have dominion over you. for the glory of free grace, Eph. i. 6. Rom. VII. This great delivery and freedom iv. 16. and therefore it is called grace by which believers have from the dominion, way of eminency; ye are not under the law, powe:)

, and tyranny of fin aud corruption

within them, is one of the great advan- . IV. Tho’the elect, by nature, and be- tages which they enjoy by the covenant fore that the Spirit of grace overshadow of grace, where it is promised that they their souls, be under a covenant of works; confederates shall never fully and finally no less than others, being children of wrath depart, Jer. xxxii. 39.40. and iji. 1. Pfalm by nature, Eph. ii. 3. without Christ, and lxxxix. 30. 34. 35. Ezek. xxxvi. 25. 27. without Gud, verse 12. because of that fin and xi. 19. where a stock of grace is. and guilt which is conveyed to all man- granted, Ezek. xxxvi. 26. and daily breathkind, Rom. v. 12. yet now, having thro' ings upon these habits, Ezek. xxxvi. 27. grace laid hold on the offered Mediator, Song iv. 16. Hof. xiv. 5. 8. for the reason and so fulfilled the condition of the co- why in shall not have dominion over them venant, and being in Christ, they have is, because they are not under the law, changed their state, and are now under but under grace; For ye are not under the the covenant of grace : Ye are not under law, &c. the law, but under grace.

VIII. Howbeit unbelievers may be kept V: Tho' believers are still under the free from many gross outbreakings, and law as a pedagogue to lead and drive to escape the pollutions of the world through Christ, as a rule to direct and square their the knowledge of Christ, 2 Pet. ii. 20. yer actions, as a curb to keep them from all such as are living in black nature, withbreaking loose, and as a glass to discover out the covenant of grace, they are still upto them their spots, that they may dai- bord-men and Naves to fin and wickedness, ly seek to the fountain; yet they are no Gal. iv. 22. serving the same, Tit. iii. 3. more under it as a covenant of works, it is only they over whom sin ihall not bave binding them to personal and perpetual dominion, who are not under the law, but perfect obedience, in their own strength, under

grace. under the pain of everlasting destruction, IX. So great is the essential difference berwixt the covenant of works (which was spiritual adversaries, should be so far from a covenant of friendship, a covenant full of lulling them alleep in security, thal, on the commands, wherein God was to deal ac. contrary, it should arm thein with relolucording to strict justice, Rom. ii. 6 7.9. 11. tion, and sharpen their endeavour against and which was inade wholly void upon the the fame; for this is the apostle's argument lealt escape, and now is become impossible wherewith he prefseth them to study holito be fulfilled by us, Rom. iii. 23. and viii. nels, Sin shall not have dominion over yoil, 3. a covenant coinmanding nothing but for ye are not under the law, but under works, Rom. iii. 27. exposing all to a curse grace. for the least breach, Gal iii. 10.; a covenant which hath not fuch excellent pro- | VERSES 15. 16. What then? mall we mises as the other hath, standing upon the fin, because we are not under the law, condicion of works, Roin. x. 5. 6. 9. and but under grace? God forbid. all works of obedience required, Gal. ii. Know ye not, that to whom ye yield your10. and so keeping man within himself for selves servants to obey, his servants ye righteousness, Phil. iii. 9. - without any are to whom ye obey; whether of lin unpromise made touching these conditions, to death, or of obedience unto righteousand such works as made the reward of


ness? debt, of justice, Rom. iv. 4. having no mediator ii). , (which is a covenant of , .

the v. 19. full of promises, Gal. iii. 18. in which the flesh, would make of this that he said. God dealeth in a way of mercy and free lalt, viz. That believers were not now ungrace, admiting repentance, Luke xxiv. der the law; and would hence infer, that 47. Heb. viii. 12. and so not voided by since they be not under the law, but under every escape, Jer. xxxi. 37. Pfal. Isxxix. grace, therefore they may take liberty to 30. 33. 34. a covenant poflible to us now, themselves, and fin as they think fit; the Rom. iv. 5. Psal. cüi. 18. and xxv. 10. re- law layeth no bonds on them, nor threatenquiring evangelical faith as contradistin-eth them with death for each tranfgressiguished from works, Rom. iv. 5. a cove- on; and therefore he removeth this obpant admitting of sincere uniform obedi. jection, 1. By saying, God forbid; and so. ence, 2 Cor. viii: 22. and withal sending a hewing the detestableness of such an inman without himself for righteousness, ference And then 2. By shewing the unRom. ix. 30. 3.1. 32. all the conditions reasonableness thereof, verse 16. saying, whereof are promised, Ezek. xxxvi. 26. 27. Know"

Know ye not, &c. as if he should say, it and so making the reward of mercy and f is an undeniable principle, that whatsoever grace,, Rom. iv. 5. always including a Me- master he. be that gets your service, his. diator, Isa. xlii. 6.) that it is impossible devoted servants you are; so that if lia get that any can, at the same time, be under all your service, you are devoted servants of both; it being impossible that man can be fin, and the fruit shall be death; but if you justified by faith and by works, by inher- walk. like such as are contending for. holi-ent and by imputed righteousness, by a ness, and designing obedience, then are you: Mediator and without a Mediator : for servants thereof, and the fruit of that shall these two are here opposed to other, ye be righteousness, and consequently life; are not under the law, but under grace. for without this righteousness, or holiness,

X. The consideration of the state where of which he speaks, and not of imputed in believers are now, whereby they are righteousness, there is no life; and so would' ascertained of the victory over all their 1 he lay, Seeing believers, and fuch as are

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not under law, but under grace, are now dage, Heb. ii. 15. but under a better coservants of obedience unto righteousness, venant, a covenant of grace, promising parand not servants of fin unto death, they don for escapes, in and thro' a Mediator should not now yield themfelves servants held forth there, and accepting of finceunto fin, but unto obedience.

rity, and requiring nothing in our own

strength: Therefore they may loose the. OBSERVATIONS.

reins to sin and iniquity, is a most abomi-, I. So strong desires have many to wallow nable, unreasonable and licentious inference, in the mire and puddle of sin, and lead a to be rejected by all Christians with delicentious life, that their corrupt hearts will teftation: therefore says he, God forbid. even draw encouragement thereto from V. Though believers be free from the such grounds, as, if rightly improven, candemning power of the law, being now would rather prove matter of discourage- under the covenant of grace; yet are they ment ; for from the apostle's argument, not the more of that ser loose from the law wherewith he laboureth to diffuade them altogether; the covenant of grace keeps from following fin, corruption is ready to still the law, as a rule according to which gather a strong argument to go on in fin; we ought to regulate our lives and square What then? mall we fin, &c.

our actions, that we may win to more conII. So strong is corruption in us, that formity with Jesus Christ in holiness : we are ready to turn the grace and good- fpall we fin, because we are not under the ness of God unto lasciviousness; and the law, but under grace? God forbid. more good and gracious he be unto us, to VI. Believers having now changed rake the greater liberty to sin against him; states, and being no more under the law, as if he were rich in his love to us, of as a covenant of works; so have they purpose that we might fight the more changed relations, and are not now serHoutly against him, and to think that we vanis of sin and corruption within them, may fin, because we are not under the law, doing all to please the Acth, and to fulfil but under grace; shall we fin, because we

the lusts thereof; sin is no more now their are not under the law, but under grace? master: Know ye not, that to whom ye yield

III. Guard as we will, in handling the yourselves servants to obey, his servants ye most excellent, sweet and refreshful cordi- are whom ye obey; whether of fin, &c. als of the gospel, men of corrupt minds,

VII. The miserable condition of these sworn flaves to their corruptions and lusts, who are unconverted, and not brough will be ready to abuse the same to their out of nature into grace, and under a coown pernicious ends: for tho' even a great venant of grace, is such, that do what apcíle here be unfolding the matchless they will, it is but fin, and serviceable to gospel mysteries, there are some who will fin, and to help forward the strength of be readiy to say, Shall we not fin, because fin and corruption in them, which is their we are not under the law, but under grace? only master, challenging a right unto all

IV. To conclude, that because believ- their service: his servants ye are; whether ers are not under the law as a covenant of of fin unto death; which is true of those works, exacting perfect obedience, and who are under the law. threatening death for the least escape, VIII. That which believers, being now and that without any hope of mercy or

under new relations, are leveling and aiming pardon, terrifying the foul with the appre- at, is conformity unto that perfect rule of hension of a dreadful Judge, Heb. x. 30. righteousness, and obedience unto his re31. peinting ai no Mediator, and so mak- vealed will, that they may win up unto ing them for fear of death to be in bon- I some greater degree of holiness and inher



ent righteoufness, which all must have who ers unto the further study of holiness, and have a mind to inherit life eternal; they maketh use here of a fixth argument, to are servants of obedience unto righteousness. this purpose; Tho' once ye were the ser

IX. Because the new covenant-tate of vants of sin, yet now ye are made free believers puts them under new relations, from that favery, and have chosen a new and turneth their faces to another airth master, ye are become the servants of righthan they were towards before; so that teousness, and therefore it becometh not they are to have another end and scope you to be serving the old master again, before them, even obedience unto righteo but to be serving bim whose servants you ousness: therefore the very new covenant

Now this he illustrates, verse 17. ftate of believers lays obligations upon 1. By telling, that they were once in anothem to follow after holiness, and to frame ther condition; ye were once the servants of all their actions thereunto; since they are sin. 2. By telling the way how the change under grace, and are now servants of o- came; ye bave obeyed, says he, from the bedience unto righteousness, they should heart that form of doctrine which was deDow yield themselves servants to obey him livered unto you; that is, you have unfeignwhose servants they are: Knowu ye not, edly and sincerely submited unto that gothat to whom y'e zield yourselves servants spel which we preach, and yielded yourto obey, bis servants are to whom ye felves up to that doétrine, which is as a obey, &c.

stamp to leave soine impression upon your X. Whatever advantage sinners think to hearts; ye have given up yourselves, as wax, attain to by following a trade of sin; yet to that feal; for fo the words may be read, death shall be found to be the upshot of that form of doctrine, or famp, to which all: whether of sin unto death.

je were given up and delivered. 3. By XI. There is no way to win to that in adding a word of thanksgiving at the meherent righteousness, which is called for mory of such a great mercy; saying, but from all such as are in the covenant of God be thanked, &c. and thereby leading grace, but by yielding obedience unto the them up to the fountain and spring of this holy commandments of God: of obedience excellent change. unto righteousness. XII. Let men profess never so fair, yet

OBSERVATIONS. their practice and daily walk will declare I. Believers, before they got grace to under whose colours they war, and whose flee in to Christ, were slaves to their own fervants they are : Know ye not

, that to lufts and corruptions, following the comwhom ye yield yourselves servants to obey, mands of the flesh, and runing with debis servants ye are to whom ye obey. So light and pleasure the ways of fin, no less that the trade and constant walk of a man than others: ye were the servants of fin. is a good mark to try in what state he is. II. So rich and admirable is the free

grace of God, that he will not stand to take VERSE'S 17. 18. But God be thanked, that by the hand, and bring into a new cove

ye were the servants of fin; but ye have nant-state, even fuch evil deserving crea. obeyed from the heart that form of doc- tures, as have been active against him, servtrine which was delivered you.

ing his adversary sin with great zeal and Being then made free from fin, ye became forwardness; even such as sometimes were the servants of righteousness.

servants of sin, have goten grace to obey

a new form of doctrine. H Aving, as we heard, removed the ob- III. Never should we call to mind the jection, he goeth on to press belier. wonderful goodness of God unto us in de


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