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Fram Bedford he was removed, in 1817, to Edinburgh ; and there, as in former circuits, diligently pursued, first, his own salvation, and, secondly, the salvation of those that heard him. He resided at Leith, and from Mr. John Ward, of that place, I have received the following account : “I believe when Mr. D. came to reside at Leith, his principal inquiry was, how he might render himself most useful and successful in winning souls to Jesus Christ. He studied his sermons well, in order that he might acquit himself as a man of God, and be able to say at the close of each discourse, It is done as thou hast commanded.' He also visited from house to house; collecting little companies together, wherever he found it practicable, and giving them advice adapted to their different situations and conditions. On these occasions, the careless were aroused, penitents comforted, and believers excited to greater diligence in the ways of holiness. I have seldom seen a man pay so much attention to the Poor as he did ; and that not only to the poor of Christ's flock, but to any whose case appeared to be necessitous. Here, indeed, we thought he sometimes erred; but, as he observed, if he did, it was on the safe side.—In August, 1818, I had a conversation with him on the subject of field-preaching. He did not, at that time, think that we were particularly called to take the fields and streets in Scotland, where, it was supposed, all the people regularly go to church. But I told him of a village, a short distance from Leith, viz. Newhaven, in which I was certain that hundreds of people might be found who never went to church, and which was proverbia) for wickedness; and added, that considering ourselves as a Missionary people, I thought we should not be clear of their blood, until we had caused the Gospel-trumpet to give a certain sound in their streets. When he heard this, he determined to 'go into the highways and hedges,' and, if possible, compel them to come in.' He continued to preach in Newhaven every week, until November, when the season of the year rendered it imprudent to persist in labours out of doors. By this time, however, his congregation were fully convinced that he preached the Truth of God; and his manner of doing it had so raised him in their esteem, that they determined to procure him a place for preaching. A very large schoolroom had been recently built by subscription; in which he was requested to pursue his ministerial labours. He readily complied; and in this place there has been preaching regularly ever since, to very attentive congregations.-With regard to MR. DREDGE's general usefulness in the circuit, the numerous testimonies to that point in our Love-Feasts, and the inerease of members in our Society, speak loudly. His preaching, both as to matter and manner, was particularly suited to the Scots."
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MEMOIR OF THE LATE MRS. ROWLAND,
Who died at Gravesend, March 20, 1821 : BY HER HUSBAND, THE REV. THOS. ROWLAND. CHARLOTTE MARGARET ROWLAND was born in Alderney, March £1, 1792. Her father, Nicholas BARBERSON, Esq., was a Magistrate, much respected, in the island which gave her birth. Her mother was a pious woman, universally beloved. Often have I heard her thank God for parents, who carefully instructed her in the principles and duties of Christianity, took her regularly, in her early days, to attend divine service in the Established Church, and frequently made her their almoner to the needy and afflicted,But, though devoted to God in baptism when a child, and favoured with much religious instruction, she was not yet a real Christian. She had not the Spirit of Christ, but the spirit of the world ; being a lover of pleusure more than a lover of God. Of this her conduct soon afforded sufficient proof. Before she left school, her mother died, rather suddenly. She had not been well for some time; and, when riding out on horseback, with one of her daughters, for the benefit of the air, complained of being ill, and desired to be led into an adjoining field. She was then gently lifted from the horse, placed on the grass, and immediately expired. “Many fall as sudden, not as safe." Sudden death to her, there is reason to conclude, was sudden glory. Miss B. was soon afterwards called to mourn the loss of her revered father. These events made a serious impression on her mind, and for a time she was led earnestly to consider her own latter end, and to pray for salvation. But her grief and her seriousness gradually subsided; and she became excessively fond of the vanities of the world, especially of dress and dancing. By attending balls, she greatly injured her constitution. Her usual rest being interrupted by these amusements, her blood over-heated, and her delicate frame gometimes exposed to the night-air, just after leaving a crowded room, she suffered a few of the many pernicious effects which might be expected from them. Deeply has she regretted the time wasted at these scenes of dissipation. Still, amidst all her gaiety, her conscience often made her uneasy, by proposing with a voice of terror such inquiries as the following: “Is this the way in which I ought to live? Am I going to heaven, or to hell? Can my formal prayers at home, during the week, and my sadly defective devotions in the sanctuary, on the Sabbath, be of any avail; while I am eagerly pursuing the pomps and vanities of this wicked world?"-Under a sermon preached by Mr. Toase, in 1809, she was pierced to the heart, and resolved on amendment ; but she stified conviction, and still adhered to the world.-In 1813, the death of a sister was over-ruled to the spiritual good of Miss B. Of this she writes as follows, in her diary :
ship, even among professors of religion, is too often, as it respects spiritual improvement, a chasm in their lives; to which, if they write their history, they refer as to a worthless blank. But it was no blank in the life of Miss Barberson. It was very much occupied in solemn prayer for divine direction. I believe that she may, through the mercy of God, in heaven itself look back on that period with great satisfaction, Marriage, in her view, was a serious affair; and none could ever feel more sensibly than she did the responsibility of becoming the wife of a Minister.
On the 12th Feb. 1818, she thus writes :
“At present an offer is made me to change my situation in life. But O my God, is it a call from thee? Forbid it, that I should take a step of such importance without thy direction and approbation. And although it is from one of thy servants, yet I cannot, 'I dare not consent, without asking thy guidance. O my Father and my God, counsel thy child, and direct me!”
Were it not for a fear of prolixity, and of incurring the charge of egotism, I might quote largely from her diary and letters, what would show her spirituality of mind, during this period, in the most interesting manner. She at length consented to the union, which has formed the happiest era in my checkered life. In obtaining her, I certainly obtained “favour of the LORD." On the 18th of June, 1818, she writes in her diary as follows: “On this day I was married. I believe I never felt myself nearer to God than on this important day. My mind was staid on the LORD, and kept in perfect peace."
From September, 1818, to February, 1819, we were placed in Jersey. During most of this time, Mrs. R. was an acceptable ClassLeader, and a useful Visitor of the Sick. While thus employed, she was not unmindful of the affairs of her family, or of the duties of her closet. Her Diary strikingly evinces, that she walked with God in private, and frequently prayed for purity of heart, and to be, according to St. Paul's language, “sanctified wholly." On the 18th of February, 1819, we left Jersey for Guernsey. On our passage we narrowly escaped being driven among some dangerous rocks by a violent storm. A number of French females, on board, alarmed at their perilous situation, rent their clothes, tore their hair, and cried bitterly to the Virgin Mary to save our vessel and our lives. Mrs. R., though in circumstances which rendered such a situation peculiarly trying, was quite calm and collected. She meekly resigned herself into the hands of the REDEEMER, and said, “she was persuaded that to die would be gain." It pleased God to abate the storm, and send us deliverance. Then, while our Catholic fellowpassengers, overcome with joy, danced, and made the air to resound with their merry but not pious songs, Mrs. R. sweetly whispered to me, with a smile, and in tears, “What shall we render unto the LORD for all his benefits?"
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THE WICKED DESCRIBED AND WARNED,
ON EZEKIEL XXXIII. 7-9:
BY THE Rev. JOHN FLETCHER, VICAR OF MADELEY.
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7. Will you give me leave, my Brethren, to lay before you another mark which shows that the man on whom it is found is certainly “wicked" before God, though in the account of men he may be religious and upright ;-I mean no less a sin than that of perjury, which implies, first taking an oath rashly, and then breaking it wickedly. I question whether any thing under heaven can be more solemn than taking an oath, and any thing on this side hell more abominable than falsifying it. And yet what is more common! How many perjured persons do the flaming eyes of Almighty God see throughout the kingdom ! “ Because of swearing the land mourneth,” said a Prophet of old; but had he lived in our degenerate days, he would have added, “because of perjury the land groaneth." To go no farther than that spot which we inhabit ;-how many of us, who have been from time to time entrusted with public offices, have wilfully broken the oaths administered unto us; I shall not say in one, but perhaps in a hundred instances? How many open and notorious drunkards, fighters, sabbath-breakers, blasphemers of God's word, cursers of men, and other notorious sinners, have escaped deserved censure, I shall not say by the accidental neglect, but by the downright perjury of officers? And if those that should repress wickedness make no conscience of breaking their oath, that is, of committing themselves the greatest piece of wickedness under heaven, how will they make conscience of repressing lesser abominations in others ? Nor does the generality of this atheistical and damnable sin make it more excusable in the sight of God. It would have been no excuse for Satan, or for the inhabitants of Sodom, to say that they hoped their rebellion was trifling, because thousands of wicked angels, or wicked men, shared in it. And it will be no cloak for the forsworn person to say, “I am not alone," and, “If perjury be a damning sin, God help us all!" The very heathen have punished perjury with death; and how the righteous God will punish it in professed Christians, I leave you to infer from these words of the Prophet, “I turned and lift up my eyes," says he, “and behold a flying roll. And he said unto me, What seest thou? And I answered, I see a flying roll; the length whereof is twenty cubits, and the breadth thereof ten cubits. Then said he unto me, This is the curse that goeth forth over the face of the whole earth; for every one that sweareth shall be cut off according to it. I will bring it forth, saith the Lord: it shall enter into the house of him that sweareth falsely by my name, and it shall remain in the midst of his house, and shall consume it, with the timber thereof, and the stones thereof." If you want to know what that roll of cursing is, according to which the perjured sinner shall be cut off, I answer, that it includes all the plagues written in the book of God. “ So help me God," says he who takes an oath; and then he bows and kisses the Bible : that is to say, “Let God so truly help me, according to the promises of this book, as I will be true to my outh ; ” which implies that if he falsify it, he prays that all the la.mentations, curses, and woes, written in that book, may fall upon his perjured head : and the angry God will answer his horrible prayer, if the perjurer do not speedily repent of his sin, and seek shelter in the wounds of a crucified Saviour.
8. For the sake of brevity, I shall crowd into another article many classes of wicked men; as the day would be too short to give you a particular account of their guilt and danger.
At the head of these I would put the Hypocrites; they that appear, or try to appear to be godly, out of vain glory, and for private interest, or some selfish and sordid end. These are the very spawn of the crooked Serpent, and, like him, attempt to transform themselves into angels of light, in order more effectually to promote the interests of the kingdom of darkness. From these pests, may God deliver our Church and State! These bring a curse upon us, as Achan did upon the Israelites of old. If any such be here, may the dagger of conviction make a wound in their seared consciences, and pierce their callous b.earts !
Next to these, I would put Enthusiasts; that is to say, those people who dare to talk of the workings of the Spirit of God on their minds and hearts, when yet, by their words or works, they show that they are possessed by the spirit of pride and malice, or of covetousness and lust, in short, by the spirit of the Devil. Wherever God begins to work, Satan will counterwork ; and he does it, often, by dressing up some of his children as Christians, teaching them something of the language of Canaan, and then putting them upon doing the works of darkness, that the children of the world may conclude that all pretenders to the workings of God's Spirit are either fools or knaves, mere enthusiasts, and no better than these deceived ones. 0 let none of us countenance these first-born of Satan : let us try to detect them, and turn out the wicked from among us; lest they make spiritual Christians stink for ever in the