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there are numbers of people now binding upon men.

And in New-England, who profess that there might now be themselves Christians, and yet doubt whether their obligation avow the opinion, that no com- had ceased, and whether all their mands in the Old Testament are ends as laws were answered, at present binding on men, un- God has been pleased to give us less such as are repeated in the express information, that they New Testament, and on account have answered their ends, and of such repetition. This a- are no longer laws to the world. mounts to the assertion, that the The whole typical and ceremoancient dispensation, like an old nial system of Moses is of this will, is set aside, or superseded nature, and the distinction beby the new.

tween meats clean and unclean, It is thought, that a short es- and between Jews and Gentiles. say on the obligation and perpe- The vision of Peter, when God tuity of the laws and commands directed him to go to Cornelius, of God, may be useful in discus- was given for this purpose. The sing this subject.

epistle to the Hebrews, and a 1. The obligation of all com- number of observations in the mands ceases, when all the pur- other writings of the apostle poses for which they are given Paul, teach us, that since Christ are known to be fully answered. the antitype has arisen from the Of this nature is a multitude of dead, these distinctions and shadivine commands, which are re-dows are out of use, as to any corded both in the Old Testa- present obligation. Let no marx ment and the New. They were therefore judge you in meat, or once obligatory on certain men, in drink, &c. which are a shabut they have long since an-dow of things to come, but the swered the particular purposes body is of Christ. It may be for which they were given, and incorrect to say that these laws their obligation has ceased. The are repealed, in any other sense commands to Noah that he than it is proper to say, that the should build the ark, to Abra-command to Noah to build the ham that he should offer up ark is repealed. It may be Isaac as a burnt offering, to Mo- more proper to say, that God has ses and Joshua that Israel should informed us, that having answerbe led from Egypt, and put ined their end, they have ceased possession of Canaan, and to to be laws. Thomas that he should reach 3. All laws and commands, his hand, and feelout the wounds which respect things which no of Christ, have answered their more exist, are no longer laws purposes, and are not now oblig- to men ; such are the commands atory on any men. There are which respected the service of numerous commands, which, on the tabernacle and temple. this account, are similar to those There are indeed useful injust mentioned.

structions to be derived from the 2. There are some commands, commands of God respecting which were a law to many suc- the temple, the ark, the types sessive generations of men, and the directions to Noah, Awhich have so answered all their braham and Thomas ; and on ends as. laws, that they are not this account they still answer valuable ends, and are by the the duties arising out of the rewisdom of God judged worthy lations in which we stand to God, of a place in his word, though as as good, as our Creator and our laws they are no longer of any Redeemer, and in which we obligation,

stand to our fellow men. They 4. There are no intimations, derive their authority, both from either in the Old Testament or the commands of God, and from the New, that any laws or com- the nature of those relations, and mands have ceased to be such, are as perpetual as the relations except those which either relate themselves. to things that no longer exist, 7. All positive commands, or of which the ends are already once enjoined, remain for ever answered. People indeed are binding, unless God repealthem, not under obligations to obey, as he did the command to offer where some natural impossibili. Isaac, or the reasons of them are ties withstand them. Such as certainly at an end, as the comsickness in relation to the com- mand to build the ark; for the mand directing us to attend pub- authority of God is perpetual, lic worship : but no repeal of and therefore where the reasons any other laws is suggested nor of his command or prohibition are any intimations given, that are unknown, and he does not they have ceased to be obligato- expressly revoke it, it would be ry. Nor is there any intima-arrogance in us to presume that tion that the New Testament we are absolved from its obligawas given to abrogate the Old, tion. only as by bringing the world 8. There is no instance in into different circumstances, ma- which the New Testament pro's ny of the ancient types are su- fesses to receive, confirm or reperseded by their antitype. enact any law of doctrine or

5. All laws and commands practice enjoined in the Old . are of perpetual obligation, res- Testament ; but when it has ocpecting doctrines which relate casion to speak of them it is as to God, his perfections and ad- of laws already in full force. ministrations, which relate to And it assures us expressly, that Christ and his mediation, and all scripture is given by inspirawhich relate to the natural state tion of God and is profitable, of mankind, their relation to that Christ came not to destroy God as his creatures, their re- the law or the prophets ; and it generation, and the only founda- often quotes the Old Testament tion of tireir final justification. as an authority, as Christ did They are the laws of our faith, when he said, it is written, thou and are immutable in their na- shalt worship the Lord thy God, ture and obligation, whether and when he su tomed up the found in the Old Testament or decalogue, not as re-enacting it, in the New, or in both ; and but explaining it, saying, Thou therefore their omission in the shalt love the Lord thy God New Testament, or the Old, with all tliine heart, &c. It in cannot affect their present au- no instance derogates from its thority.

authority, but always honors it. 6. The same is true of all When it supersedes its rituals, moral precepts, which respect it is by fulfilling their end, and

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hot by abrogating or repealing | A Dissertation on the Atonement. the Old Testament, either in whole or in part, and it ever (Continued from p. 166.)* acknowledges and asserts its excellence and authority.

II. The offering and sacri.9. There are some things fice which Christ hath made of commanded in the Old Testa- himself, on our account and for ment and not repeated in the our sins, answers the aforemennew, which are of such a nature, tioned purposes, which the penthat the very heathen, by the alty of the law was designed to light of nature, consider them answer; and so declares the as binding. Such are the pro- righteousness of God, that he hibition of marriages, where the can be just, and the justifier of parties are in the nearest rela- him who believeth in Jesus. tions of consanguinity, as those To illustrate and establish of mother and daughter, and the truth of this observation, it other unnatural alliances. may be proper to descend to

It therefore appears, that the several particulars, viz. commands of the Old Testa

1. Christ is truly a man, posment do not derive their present

sessed of all that is essential to authority from being re-enacted,

human nature ; and truly God in the New, but are as binding possessed of all divine attributes as the commands in the New and perfections, as fully as the Testament ; there is no differ

Father. “ For in him dwelleth ence in their obligation. Both all the fulness of the Godhead are equally not binding when the bodily.” He is the brightness ends for which they were given

of the Father glory, and the are clearly answered, as the di- express image of his person, rection to the fishermen to cast He assumed the human nature their net on the other side of into such union with his divinity, the boat ; both do not bind us,

that though he is both God and when the things or circumstan- man, yet his person is one-both ces respected in the command natures being so united in him. do not exist, or when by reason

as to constitute but one person. of sickness or other natural ina- | Therefore, although the divinibilities

, they cannot be obeyed; ty, abstractly considered, cannot: and both are binding in all other be supposed to have suffered ; cases whatsoever. •

yet the person that obeyed and

offered himself a sacrifice, was Hence it is plain, that those truly a divine person, and conse-, who disbelieve the authority of quently of more dignity and the Old Testament at present, worth than the whole race of are far advanced in the path of mankind, or even the whole, infidelity, and manifest a strong system of mere created intelliinclination to absolve themselves gences. as much as possible, from the 2. In conformity to the agreeobligations of divine authority. ment between the Father and

the Son, he was made under the MYRIS. law, and took on him the furry

Vol. VI. NO. 6.


of a servant. Psalm xl. 6, 7, 8. j rence of God the Father and Gal. iv. 4. and Phil. ii. 7. God the Son, the Son has taken

3. By the Father's appoint. the human nature upon him and ment and his own voluntary act, put himself under the divine he became an offering and a law in the form of a servant, and sacrifice, and was obedicnt unto in that form perfectly obeyed the death, on man's account law, through the whole of his life, · He became incarnate, was amidst the greatest trials and made under the law, and took temptations. Hereby it is proupon him the form of a servant, ved beyond contradiction, that and was obedient unto death, God hath an infinite regard to not for himself, but for us. This his law, as being holy and just the scriptores abundantly teach. and good in its requisitions, and Isai. šii. 5, 6. “ He was wound worthy of the highest honor and ed for our transgressions, he support. Yea, hereby it has was bruised for our iniquities ; been more amply honored than the chastisement of our peace it could be by the perfect obewas upon him ; and with his dience of ever so great a numstripes we are healed. All we ber of mere creatures, for ever like sheep have gone astray : ['so long a time. For it has been we have turned every one to his perfectly approved, exactly fulown way: and the Lord hath filled, and completely obeyed, by laid on him the iniquity of us a divine person-ma person of all.” Matt. XX. 28. “ The Son greater dignity and worth than of man came to give his life a all mere creatures put together. l'ansom for many."Roin. iv. The perfect obedience of such a 25. “Who was delivered for our divine person is of greater offences.”--2 Cor. v. 21. “ For worth, and doth more honor to he hath made him to be sin for God and his law, than the perus, who knew no sin." Gali fi. fect obedience of a whole sys13. “Christ hath redeemed us tem of creatures. Hereby it is from the curse of the law, being made to appear, that God is inmade a curse' for us.”_Eph. v. deed infinitely worthy of the 2. “ Christ also hath loved, and highest possible. love and the hath given himself for us, an of- most unreserved perfect obedifering and a sacrifice to God for ence. And in this respect his a sweet smelling savor."- 1 Pet. righteousness has been declared iii. 18. “Christ hath once suf- by Christ. Further, fered for sins, the just for the By the determinate counsel of unjust, that he might bring us to the Father, and by his own conGod.”_These passages, with sent and voluntary act, this dimany others, contain the fullest vine person has, in our nature testimony, that Christ became and for our sins, been delivered obedient unto death on our ac- f up to the cruel and ignominious count; and for our sins--the sins death of the cross. This death, of men. Upon the whole, then, these dreadful sufferings, this we may see, that for the express divine person has endured, to purpose of rendering it consist redeem us from the curse of the ent with justice for God to for- law, the Father refusing to forgive and save sinners of the liu-zive us on easier terms. Here. ruan race, by the joint concur- by it is made to appear, that in

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God's account sin is indeed in- curse of the law, no room is left
finitely criminal that his dis- for any such-like thought or
pleasure against it is infinitely pretence. The divine character
great that wherever it exists, stands as clear of all such im-
he will bear infinite testimony peachment, God's infinite dis-
against it--that his law is just in pleasure against sin is as fully
its threatening, and must and proved, and sin as highly dis-
shall at all events be supported countenanced and condemned,
and vindicated that God has as if the penalty of the law had
such regard to his holy, just been executed on the transgres-
and good law, to his own honor, sors, and no atonement made.---
and to the well being and happi- | Thus it may appear,
ness of creatures, and such ha- That the design of the atone-
tred of sin, the universal enemy, ment made by Christ was, by
as are essential to and mark the answering those purposes which.
character of an absolutely per- were otherwise to have been an-
fect being, an infinitely wise, ho-swered by the punishment of
ly, just and good moral govern sinners, to render it consistent
or of the world. Thus by with justice, and consequently,
Christ's obedience tinto death, with all the moral attributes of
the righteousness of God is de- God, for him to express and dis-
clared or manifested, and the play his infinite self-moved good-
way opened, and a foundation ness and mercy, in the recove-:
laid, for the exercise and display ry, forgiveness and salvation of
of his infinite goodness and mer- sinful men. These things, it is
cy in the free pardon and salva- conceived, contain a general an-
tion of sinners, in a consistency swer to the question under con-
with justice-without injury to sideration. Nevertheless,
himself, or to any creature. For In order to a more clear and
now, if God forgives sinners up- full illustration of the subject, it
on the consideration of what may be proper to state and an-
Christ hath done and suffered swer a few queries relative to it.
on their behalf, he will give no Query I. Was the atonement
occasion for creatures to think, made by the obedience, or by
that he does not hate sin with the sufferings, of Christ ?
perfect hatred, or that he will In answer to this, the follow-
not show and express infinite ing things may be observed.
displeasure against it. No col- 1. If we regard the forms of
orable pretext will be exhibited expression made use of in the
for any to imagine, that he does scriptures, as of any significance,
not perfectly approve and highly I think we shall find ourselves
regard his law ; or that he is not obliged to conclude, that a pecu-
unalterably determined to sup- liar stress is laid on the blood,
port it ; or that he has not such the sufferings, and the death of
a regard to his own honor and Christ, as essential to the ma-
authority and to the true inter- king of an atonement for sin-
ests of the moral world, as be as being in some peculiar man-
comes the supreme and abso- ner that by which the atonement
lutely perfect moral governor. was made,
Since Christ hath thus suffered The atonements under the
for sins, to redeem us from the Mosaic dispensation, were doubt-

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