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Luke vij.46. Mine head with oil thou didst not anoint: but this On a tou..

woman hath anointed my feet with ointment.
47. Wherefore I say unto thee, Her sins, which are many,

are forgiven, for she loved much : but to whom little is

forgiven, the same loveth little.
48. And he said unto her, Thy sins are forgiven.
49. And they that sat at meat with him began to say within

themselves, Who is this that forgiveth sins also ?
50. And he said to the woman, Thy faith hath saved thee;

go in peace.

Christ preaches again throughout Galilec.

LUKE viii. 1-3.
Luke viii, 1. And it came to pass afterward, that he went through- Galilee.

out every city and village preaching, and shewing the
glad tidings of the kingdom of God : and the twelve were

with him,
2. And certain women, which had been healed of evil

spirits and infirmities, Mary, called Magdalene, (out of

whom went seven devils ;)
3. And Joanna, the wife of Chuza, Herod's steward, and

Susanna, and many others, which ministered unto him of
their substance.

Christ cures a Demoniac S. Conduct of the Scribes and

Pharisees 6o.

MATT. xii. 22-45. MARK ii. 19-30. LUKE xi. 14-26.

And they went into an house l.

Mark jij. 19.


59 This miracle is placed by St. Mark upon the return of Jesus to the house. It is inserted in its present position in addition to this authority, upon the testimony of Lightfoot, Newcome, Pilkington, Doddridge, and Michaelis. Doddridge has observed, with great propriety, “it is one of the most important rules for settling the harmony of the Evangelists, that where any one of them has asserted expressly that he follows the order of time, we should in regard to him transpose others who do not assert equal exactness in that particular (a).

As the minute circumstances with which the casting out of the demoniac is described by St. Luke, agree so entirely, throughout, with the relation of the same event in the other two Evangelists, I have transposed the account of St. Luke; and am supported in this arrangement by Doddridge, Newcome, and Michaelis. Compare Matt. xii. 22-50. Mark iii. 20-35. Luke

Mark ii. 20. And the multitude cometh together again, so that they Capernaum.

could not so much as eat bread.
21. And when his friends heard of it, they went out to lay

hold on him : for they said, He is beside himself.
Mat, xii. 22. Then was brought unto him one possessed with a devil,

blind and dumb : and he healed him, insomuch that the
blind and dumb both spake and saw.

xi. 14–36. St. Luke, it will be observed, relates the event as
an isolated fact-as a circumstance wbich had taken place—but
he makes no allusion to its time or order; and it can be sepa.
rated from his narrative without injuring the context. It ap-
pears to have occurred to him by association. In ch. xi. 18.
he mentions the Holy Spirit, and this reminded him of the
blasphemy of the Scribes and Pharisees.

(a) Doddridge, Fam. Expos. vol. i. p. 185.
50 Schoetgen thus analyzes the address of our Lord to the

The occasion of our Lord's address was to reply to the words
(Matt. xii. 24.) and to the thoughts of the Pharisees, (v. 25.)
He effects the first of these objects by thus reasoning.

1. Satan could not fight against bimself, v. 25, 26.

2. The Jews believed that devils could be cast out in the same way, v. 27.

2. This action of Christ declared that the Messiah was among them, v. 28.

4. Ít declared also that Christ was more powerful than Satan, the spirit of evil, v. 29.

5. And that Christ was the enemy of Satan, v. 30.

6. Because blasphemy against the divine conduct was uppardonable.

He refutes their thoughts, secondly, by showing, 1. their mind was depraved, v. 33-35; and,

2. That their reasoning must be brought into judgment.Schoetgen, Horæ Hebr. vol. i. p. 123.

V. 36. This word, mãv pñua ápyov, seems to imply much more than the usual meaning. When it is considered with reference to the cause for which it was spoken, it must mean every reproacbful or blasphemous expression which man uses, &c.

61 The position of Mark iii. 19, 20, 21. has been a source of much discussion among the harmonizers. Michaelis cuts the knot, which he finds it difficult to untic, and omits the passage altogether. Doddridge places it before the account of the widow's son at Nain. But in this part of bis harmony, it appears that much embarrassment has been caused, by his adopting the supposition that the sermon in Matt. v. 6, 7. is different from that in Luke vii. Newcome, Pilkington, and Lightfoot, have inserted it after the scene of the female penitent. I have followed their order, the scriptural authority for which is given by Pilkington, ' who observes, that St. Mark takes no notice of any occurrence from the time of the election of the twelve till he went with them into an house, tus otcov, meaning probably the house in CaperDaum, where Jesus used to sojourn. The word is used in this sense by St. Mark in other places, (Mark ii. 1. vii. 17.) where one particular house seems to be referred to, though the article is omitted.

Mat. xii. 23. And all the people were amazed, and said, Is not this Capernaum.

the Son of David ?

24. But when the Pharisees
Mark iii. 22o and the Scribes which came down from Jerusalem
Mat, xii. 24 heard it, they said,
Mark iii. 22. He hath Beelzebub, and
Mat. xii. 24. This fellow doth not cast out devils, but by Beelzebub,

the prince of the devils.

25. And Jesus knew their thoughts, and said unto them, Mark iii. 23. and he called them, and said unto them in parables, How

can Satan cast out Satan? Mat. xii. 25. Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to deso

lation ; Mark iii. 24. that kingdom cannot stand. Mat. xii, 25, and every city or house divided against itself, shall not


26. And if Satan Mark iii. 26. rise up against himself, and Mat. xii. 26. cast out Satan, he is divided against himself, how then

shall his kingdom stand? Mark iii. 26. he cannot stand but hath an end. Mat, xü. 27. And if I by Beeelzebub cast out devils, by whom do

your children cast them out ? therefore they shall be your

28. But if I cast out devils by the Spirit of God, then the

kingdom of God is come unto you.
Luke xi. 21. When a strong man armed keepeth his palace, his

goods are in peace :
22. But when a stronger than he shall come upon him, and

overcome him, he taketh from him all his armour wherein

he trusted, and divideth his spoils. Mark ii, 27. No man can enter into a strong man's house, and spoil

his goods, except he will first bind the strong man, and

then he will spoil his house. Mat, xii. 30. He that is not with me, is against me: and he that

gathereth vot with me, scattereth abroad.

31. Wherefore, Mark iij. 28. Verily I say unto you, All sins shall be forgiven unto

the Sons of men, and blasphemies wherewith soever they

shall blaspheme: Mat.xii. 31. but the blasphemy against the Holy Ghost shall not be

forgiven unto men.

And whosoever speaketh a word against the Son of man, it shall be forgiven him; but whosoever speaketh against the Holy Ghost, it shall not be forgiven him, nei

ther in this world, neither in the world to come : Mark iï.29. but he is in danger of eternal damnation.

Because they said, He hath an unclean spirit.
Mat. xi. 33. Either make the tree good, and his fruit good, or else



make the tree corrupt, and his fruit corrupt: for the tree Capernaum

is known by his fruit. Matt. xii.34 O generation of vipers, how can ye, being evil, speak

good things ? for out of the abundance of the heart the

mouth speaketh.
35. A good man, out of the good treasure of the heart,

bringeth forth good things; and an evil man, out of the

evil treasure, bringeth forth evil things.
36. But I say unto you, that every idle word that men

shall speak, they shall give account thereof in the day of

37. For by thy words thou shalt be justified, and by thy

words thou shalt be condemned.

Then certain of the Scribes and of the Pharisees answered, saying, Master, we would see a sign from thee. 39, But he answered, and said to them, An evil and adul

terous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no

sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas :
46. For, as Jonas was three days and three nights in the

whale's belly, so shall the Son of man be three days and

three nights in the heart of the earth. 41.

The men of Nineveh shall rise in judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: because they repented at the preaching of Jonas : and behold, a greater than

Jonas is here. 42.

The queen of the south shall rise up in the judgment, with this generation, and shall condemn it: for she came from the uttermost parts of the earth, to hear the wisdom

of Solomon; and, behold, a greater than Solomon is here.
43. When the unclean spirit is gone out of a man, he walk-

eth through dry places, seeking rest, and findeth none.
44. Then he saith, I will return into my house, from whence

I came out: and when he is come, he findeth it empty,

swept, and garnished.
45. Then goeth be, and taketh with himself seven other

spirits, more wicked than himself; and they enter in, and
dwell there : and the last state of that man is worse than
the first. Even so shall it be also unto this wicked gene-

Luke xi, 27. And it came to pass, as he spake these things, a certain
woman of the



up her voice, and said unto
him, Blessed is the womb that bare thee, and the paps

which thou hast sucked.
28. But he said, Yea, rather blessed are they that hear the

word of God, and keep it.

MATT, V. ver. 29. and part of ver. 31.
29 Or else, how can one enter into a strong man's house, and
spoil bis goods, except be first bind the strong man ? and then
he will spoil his house.

31 -I say unto you, All manner of sin and blasphemy shall

be forgiven unto men-
MARK iii. part of ver. 22, 23, 24. ver. 25. part of ver. 26. 29. and

ver. 30.
22 -said-by the prince of the devils casteth he out devils.

23 And he called them unto him, and said unto them in pa-

24 And if a kingdom be divided against itself

25 And if a house be divided against itself, that house cannot stand.

26 And if Satan—be divided

29 But he that shall blaspheme against the Holy Ghost hath
never forgiveness
30 Because they said, He hath an unclean spirit.

LUKE xi. ver. 14-20. and ver. 23-26.
14 And he was casting out a devil, and it was dumb. And
it came to pass, when the devil was gone out, the dumb spake;
and the people wondered.

15 But some of them said, He castetb' out devils through
Beelzebub the chief of the devils.

16 And others, tempting him, sought of him a sign from heaven.

17 But he, knowing their thoughts, said unto them, Every kindom divided against itself is brought to desolation; and a house divided against a house, falleth.

18 If Satan also be divided against himself, how shall his kingdom stand? Because ye say that I cast out devils through Beelzebub.

19 And if I by Beelzebub cast out devils, by whom do your sons cast them out therefore shall they be your judges.

20 But if I with the finger of God cast out devils, no doubt the kingdom of God is come upon you.

23 He that is not with me is against me: and he that gathereth not with me, scattereth.

24 When the unclean spirit is gone out of a man, he walketh through dry places, seeking rest; and finding none, he saith, I will return unto my house whence I came out.

25 And when be cometh, he findeth it swept and garnished. 26 Then goeth he, and taketh to him seven other spirits more wicked than himself; and they enter in, and dwell there: and the last state of that man is worse than the first.


Christ declares his faithful Disciples to be his real

Kindred 62.
MATT. xii. 46. to the end. MARK iii. 31. to the end.

LUKE viii. 19-21.
Matt,xii.46. While he yet talked to the people, behold, his mother

and his brethren
Lukeviči.19. came to him-and could not come at him for the press.

62 The order of St. Matthew and St. Mark is followed in the placing of this section, and the authority of the five harmonizers,

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