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The chapter of the heart.

em er pau of the temples.

According to some copies of the 30th, or 64th chapter, at the end of which this statement is sometimes added, it was found during the reign of Hesep-ti, the fifth king of the first dynasty.

Chapter 30 B belongs to the Psychostasia, in which the heart of the dead man is weighed against the feather, p, emblematic of Law; in the vignette which sometimes accompanies this chapter, the deceased is seen being weighed against his own heart, in the presence of Osiris, the pointer of the scales being watched by the cynocephalus ape of Thoth. The text of this chapter, found upon scarabs with many variants, is as follows:

re en tem erţāt vesef

åben Chapter of not allowing to be repulsed the heart of [Name]

to je mim em neter xertt'et - f åb - á en s Here comes name Lim

} in the underworld. Says he, O Heart mine of I of deceased ] "

i Goodwin, On a text of the Book of the Dead belonging to the Old Kingdoni, in Aeg. Zeitschrift, 1866, p. 55; Lepsius, Das Todtenbuch, p. 12.

? Naville, Das Todtenbuch, bl. xliii.

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en

enn åm e m sexen ren en n

we there. Not may overthrow name our mm eller 0 S Line śenit áriu

re0 em ahẫu Shenit [who] make

firm.
1 Var.

Sot
a 1.l., the four children of Ilorus.
• Var. 899 a.

the

men

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Scarabs

The second class of scarabs, i.e., those worn for ornament, worn for exists in many thousands. By an easy transition, the custom ornament.

of placing scarabs on the bodies of the dead passed to the living, and men and women perhaps wore the scarab as a silent act of homage to the creator of the world, who was not only the god of the dead but of the living also. To attempt to describe this class of scarabs would be impossible in anything but a special work on the subject. The devices and inscriptions are very varied, but at present it is not

possible to explain one half of them satisfactorily. Historical

The third class of scarabs, i.e., the historical, appears to be

confined to a series of four, extant in many copies, which were phis III. made during the reign of Amenophis III., to commemorate

scarabs of Ameno

certain historical events. They are of considerable interest, and the texts inscribed upon them refer to :

I. The slaughter of 102 lions by Amenophis III., during the first ten years of his reign ; the text reads:

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Heru nub aa xepeś þu

sati Horus the golden, mighty of valour, smiter of foreign lands,

4. Zo oo o mm the

suten net Neb-maāt-Rā se Rā en xat-f { King of the North} Neb-maāt-, son of the sun, and South, s *

of body his,

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Amen-ḥetep heq Uast ţă anx suten hemtoi Amenhetep, prince of Thebes, giver of life, [and] royal spouse Thi.

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hesau fierce,

B. M.

saā sen one hundred and two.

II. The limits of the Egyptian Empire, and the names of the parents of Thi, wife of Amenophis III. ; the text reads :

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tā ānx suten ņemt urt ei giver of life, [and] royal spouse, mighty lady, Thi,

anxo living one

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