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23,606. Whole number of persons under Continent of Europe there were received instruction, 70,311.

51,425 thalers; from Great Britain, 38,687; “5. The Financial Statement. The to- from America, 10,164. [The German doltal receipts, from all sources, during the lar, or thaler, is at the present time equal past year, were 100,280 German dollars; to about one dollar in our currency].” the total expenses, 118,072. From the

MISCELLANIES.

WHAT DOES THE WITNESS KNOW!

as to the general effects that have been

produced." In an address before the meeting of An article was published some time since the (English) General Baptist Missionary in the Foreign Missionary with reference Society, in June last, General Sir Arthur to this matter, — unfavorable statements Cotton said : " During many years, when through ignorance, — which states: “Many. I was traveling over the Madras Presi- are sadly, and not a few wilfully, ignorant dency repeatedly, and over parts of Bom- of the great missionary movements of the bay and Bengal, I was brought into con- age. ... This ignorance characterizes not tact with missions and missionaries, and on a few who have abundant opportunities to this ground I have a sort of right to bear become conversant with both the workers a testimony on the subject. Many come and the work. Among this latter class, are home, I know, who have not acquired one travelers who pass through the very region single item of information respecting mis- where missionaries are toiling and churches sions, but who set themselves up to en- gathered, who either pay no attention to lighten other people. In respect to other them, or speak disparagingly of what has matters, such as irrigation, I find that long been done. Thus the opinions of Taylor, series of letters are sometimes written by Burton, Reade, Melville, and many others men absolutely without information, who who could be named, as to the fruits of have never seen the works, and have never missionary effort, are but little worth. conversed with the people. In the same One of them stated in his letters respectway opinions are passed upon missionary ing a heathen city where thousands of operations by those who have no knowl- youth were daily under Christian instrucedge of the matter, and are entirely ad- tion; where native ministers were reguverse to the whole thing. ... As to the larly preaching the gospel, and several missionaries employed in various districts, churches had been organized; — he beI have met with a very great number, and lieved there were some missionaries in have known many of them very intimately, that place, but he could not hear that and have resided where they labored, and they had made a single convert. this I can most fully testify, that almost

“ There are others sojourning for years without exception they were faithful, de- at mission stations, for trade and gain, who voted, earnest men, men of God, who have the best opportunities of knowing really knew the truth themselves, and what has been achieved, yet having no knew how to communicate it to others; – sympathy in such endeavors, and keepsome of them men of first-class abilities ing wholly aloof from them, have and give and administrative power. I don't know wrong opinions to others of missions and a case of a mission-station where converted missionaries. In the letters of one of this heathens are not to be found, persons af- class, a charge of extravagance and display fording satisfactory evidence that they are was brought, some years ago, against certrue disciples of the Lord; yet, in estimat- tain missionaries, because in their houses ing what has been done, we must not look they had mahogany doors, when the paso much to cases of individual conversion trons of the society were content with

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VOL. LXIV.

THE OPEN FIELD IN CHINA.

pine. The charge was true, but upon

in. vestigation it was found that as mahogany was so common in that country, and pine MR. BLODGET, of the North China miswould have to be imported at great ex- sion, sometimes sends to the Missionary pense, the latter would have been extrav. House what he styles “occasional notes.” agance in their case. ...

In those, on the 14th of January last, he “ There are again, Christian ministers wrote from Peking : “ Yesterday, two men and laymen pushing their way to the East from a distant place, came four or five for health, relaxation, or other causes, but times to the chapel inquiring for me, and whose statements are not always reliable desirous to obtain books to take home with as to what missionary work has been ac- them. Ascertaining this fact in the evencomplished. At a late anniversary of the ing, I sent for them at once. One of them Turkish Missions Aid Society, Dr. Bliss soon appeared. He was a young man of mentioned a case in point, which is not some official rank, whose residence is in confined solely to Syria : “ He knew an Manchuria, one thousand miles northeast American clergyman who, in visiting Syria, from Peking, and about eighty miles from met a friend of his, the Rev. Mr. Wash- the Amour River. He was entirely ignoburn, one of the American missionaries. rant of Christianity – whether as taught This clergyman remarked to Mr. Wash- by Protestants or by Roman Catholics — burn, that he did not think it was worth and expressed his desire to learn, and for while for missionaries to be employed in this end, to take books with him to his Syria, as they did not seem to accomplish own home. He leaves in a day or two anything Mr. Washburn said to him: with a train of twenty carts. They will • Did you hear Dr. Thomson preach this journey perhaps thirty miles each day. morning ?' •No,' was the reply, “I did “ Some idea of the magnitude of the not know that there was any service.' work to be done in China may be gained • O, yes there was,' said Mr. Washburn, by following this young man in thought, he preached in English this morning.' through towns, cities, and villages, wholly • Indeed !' said the clergyman, 'I should ignorant of the gospel, to the end of his like to have heard him.' The conversa- long journey of 3,000 li; then, in thought, tion was continued as follows: •Did you taking a longer journey to the west, and hear Dr. Van Dyke preach in Arabic this still another to the southwest, and a fourth · afternoon ?' No; you don't mean to say

to the south, each of them along the great that he preached in Arabic ?' • Yes; and lines of travel, through a densely populated he has a congregation of two hundred country which is open to the messengers persons every Sunday morning.' • Did you of truth, and now waits, in the plan and visit any of the schools at Beirut ?' providence of God, to hear the word of • Schools ! Do you mean to say that

you

life.” have got schools here? I am glad to hear that you are going on so well.' see the printing-press ?' • Printing-press ! Have you got one ?' O, yes; we have MR. Calhoun, of the Syria mission, in a printing establishment in which as many a recent letter, referring to the need of as twenty persons are employed.' Thus, men for mission service, says: “We need but for this conversation, that clergyman, self-denying men, men who will give themwho was really a good man, might, when selves to the work of saving souls, and he got back to America, have told people to nothing else; who will be ready to go there that the missionaries had never done anywhere where duty calls. We need anything."

men who make no reserves, who conseIt would be easy to multiply instances crate the whole life to the service of the like these. False witness” is very often Master. Others will assuredly faint by borne against missions and missionaries; the way. The man who consecrates but sometimes through malice, and sometimes half his life will very likely ere long find through in xcusable ignorance.

that too large a sacrifice; while he who

6

• Did you

THE MEN WANTED.

A NATIVE PASTORATE.

fully consecrates the whole, will ever be not only their lives, but their purses (with deeming his sacrifice too small. The one nothing in them perhaps) in their hand. will work with a heavy, grudging heart, But under this present dispensation, there the other hopefully and joyfully. are wives, and houses, and native help

* We need men who know Christ; who ers, and teachers, and children's shoes and know him as a personal, intimate friend; clothes, all of which involve the idea of acand who, ever conscious how little their counts, and so of a moderate knowledge of knowledge is, are ever striving after more. book-keeping.” Such will be at home in the market-place and in the desert. Thankful for the privileges of Christian fellowship, they can still live on Christ when that fellowship is wanting. Lo, I am with you,' has with them a ANOTHER illustration (of which we have meaning. He is with them, and they know so many) of the happy results of putting it. I am fearful that we are associating too natives in the mission fields into the full much of our religion, and too much of our work of the ministry, as pastors of churches, Saviour, with the everlasting future — with appears in the annual report recently rethe rest and the blessedness of heaven; ceived from Ceylon. Some readers will reand too little with the conflict and the toil member letters of much interest, published of this mortal pilgrimage. The missionary in the Heralds for September and October cannot be strong, the private Christian last, respecting the ordination of such a pascannot be strong, the church cannot be tor at Batticotta. The report now received strong, but in the life hidden with Christ says: “ Though the desirableness of havin God. We shall need Christ in heaven ing a native pastor had been brought be- heaven will be a blank without him; fore that church in previous years, they but we need him almost inore as a per seemed not ready for it. Now, however, sonal, living, present, and so felt to be, it was a movement started and urged on friend, in the midst of our efforts to save by themselves, and the result has been in the perishing souls of our fellow-men. God advance of our expectations. There was grant that all our young brethren who go a cordial unanimity throughout the whole forth may be strong in the Lord and in the movement, which indicated a higher than power of his might. And may those who human guidance; and since the ordination send them forth, ministers and people, be of the pastor, there has been apparent an always "praying with all prayer and sup- increasing satisfaction and confidence in plication in the Spirit, that utterance may him on the part of the church. His salary be given them, that they may open their has thus far been paid promptly, without mouth boldly to make known the mystery he delay of a day, and without care or of the gospel.' I would commend this thought on his part. Both the pastor and chapter, the sixth of Ephesians, from the the members seem to rise to meet the re10th verse to the 20th, to all Christian sponsibilities assumed, beyond expectation. people.

It is instructive as well as encouraging to “I don't just like to turn here to a sec- see them throwing out new thoughts, and ular qualification, but perhaps it is well. themselves originating plans of action, I would recommend to all young mission, which bad in former times been urged aries to study book-keeping, at least in some upon them with apparently little or no simple form. They will find the benefit effect. The church seems now to be in and the comfort of it all along. It is a a position to increase in strength and very awkward and a very embarrassing numbers, till it shall become a great power matter, this not knowing how to keep ac- for good in the land. On the last Sabbath counts. If there be accounts, great or in the year, eleven were added by professmall, they should be kept; and it is easy sion of faith. It was a precious ingatherto keep them. The time may come, for ing; and we trust but the beginning of aught I know, when missionaries will take many more and greater accessions.”

five dollars each for this grand object. A MONTHLY CONCERT IN INDIA.

May the Lord of the harvest raise up an MR. CHANDLER writes from Madura: army of laborers, and open the hearts of ** Our last monthly concert, on Sunday his children to fill tbe treasury of our afternoon, was a meeting of unusual in- Board." terest. A young man who was educated in our geminary, and for a time a teacher, A PASTOR writes from New York: but who is now a pleader in the civil “ Last Sabbath morning, just as I was and sessions court in Madura, took part going into the pulpit, a sealed note was in the meeting, giving a very clear ac- banded me by one of my congregation. count of the growth of Christian missions I inclose it to you, with its contents. from the beginning. All were much in- It tells its own story. Aunt P-, as terested in his lawyer-like statements. we all call her, is quite old and infirm, Another reported in regard to the mission and is seldom able to be at church; but in Madagascar, and one described the she remembers the missionaries, both in great movement in the north of China. her prayers and offerings." The statements of each one were fol. The inclosed note was as follows: "Dear lowed by a prayer. Singing was also Brother,– Inclosed you will find one bank interspersed.

bill of twenty dollars, which I wish you to “ It was one of the most interesting forward to the American Board of Foreign meetings of the kind I have ever attended Missions. Also ten dollars for those lone in India. We have determined to spend widows and unmarried ladies, that bave the afternoon of the first Sabbath of every left parents and native land to tell the month in prayer for missions, and in com- glad tidings of a crucified but now risen municating missionary intelligence." Saviour. Your compliance will much

oblige your friend, - P-"

SLIPS FROM THE TREASURER.

The following comes from Nebraska,

inclosing five dollars : “ Please find a small An unknown lady recently left the fol- remittance from an aged friend of the lowing at the Treasurer's office, with five cause of missions, who has been for fifty hundred dollars : “For the A. B. C. F. M., years a subscriber to the funds of the from a friend."

Board, and for more than forty years a

subscriber for the Missionary Herald. We A LADY writes from C, Ohio: "I would gladly do more, but seventy-four send ten dollars for the China mission

years for myself and sixty-nine for my five for my little daughter Florence, and companion have so undermined our health five for myself. It is but a little pittance that we are hardly able to keep up with that I can give, but it is given very will. this fast-moving world. But the Lord ingly. Would it were in my power to looketh at the heart." make it a hundred-fold more. I hope to give it every year, until China is redeemed

The following came from an individual to the Lord. My whole soul is stirred in Illinois, with $20. “ Friends of Miswithin me when I read the urgent appeals sions: In view of the Financial Prospects for mon and means, that are made by our of the Board,' as presented in the Herald Board. If our churches were awake, as for June; in view of the glorious prospects they should be, money would be poured of success opened up for the church in the into the treasury of the Lord, as it was in mission fields, and the terrible consequences the days of old, when the Israelites brought which will follow the neglect to improve their offerings for the tabernacle in such them; in view of the fact that from ocean rich abundance that Moses was compelled to ocean the tide of emigrants, not only to restrain them from bringing more. Can- from nominally Christian lands, but from not the two millions for China be raised ? heathenism, will soon flow in upon us by Surely our church members can average thousands — and if we do not save them they will destroy us; shall we not respond A PASTOR in Vermont sends one dolto this appeal - not merely from the Board, lar, as the widow's mite for some poor heabut from the Master of the Board, whose then,” stating, in regard to the donation : last command has been neglected for so “ A good Scotch woman, a member of my many ages.

church, now in her seventy-second year, “ One third to one half added to our earning a living by washing, has laid aside regular contributions for the year would one dollar, and requests me to forward it, relieve the Board from its embarrassments. that it may be used in telling the heathen Brother, sister, will you make it? Will the story of the cross. She hopes next we regret it when we give up our final year to be able to send more. I am sure account ?"

her prayers accompany the gift.”

MONTHLY SUMMARY.

HOME PROCEEDINGS.

long," but also, "unusually spiritual, prof

itable, and harmonious.” The last year is New England Women's Foreign Mis said to have been “one of blessing, though sionary Society. The Treasurer of this not of signal success.” “ The important Society reports the following receipts since measures adopted by the previous annual the report in July: Mrs. Dr. Marland, meeting, in the natter of self-support, have Boston, 10; Eliot Church, Boston High- been carried out with a good degree of suclands, additional, by Mrs. R. Anderson, cess.” “One new church bas been organ. 18; Williamsburg, Mass., Mrs. C. S. Swift, ized, making the present number 22, and 5; South Dartmouth, Mass., ladies in Rev. 67 persons have been added to the total Mr. Wilson's parish, 1.50; Grafton, Vt., membership.” $2,564 were contributed Mrs. C. B. Aiken, 1, Mrs. Geo. M. Barret, for religious and benevolent purposes, an 2, Mrs. S. Pettingale, 1, - 4; Tremont, increase of about $130 upon the contribuOhio, a friend, 1; Shullsburg, Wis., by tions of the previous year.

66 The increase Rev. A. M. Dixon, 5; Galesburg, III., in the number of students in the theoladies of Dr. E. Beecher's church, 48; logical seminary at Marsovan, from 6 to Charlestown, Ill., Miss M. H. Nichols, 5; 24, and their progress in study, have been Ladies' For. Miss’y Soc., St. Albans, Vt. specially gratifying.” The brethren labor(auxiliary to the N. E. W. F. M. S.), 100, ing specially for the Turks have not met to constitute the following persons life with great success; yet “all the members members, viz., Mrs. Eliza W. Merrill (by of the mission agree with them, that now her Bible-class), Mrs. Mary A. Smith (by is the time, not for less, but for more labor her Bible-class), Mrs. Maria W. Smith, in this department." and Mrs. Mary Gorham. The following persons are also constituted life members

Central Turkey. A letter from Mr. by the payment of $25 each, - Mrs. J. V. Adams, to the Turkish Missions Aid SoC. Smith, and Miss Caroline Sutton, New ciety, at page 244 of this number of the York City; Mrs. Caroline C. Kent, Galena, Herald, will be found to present a very III.

cheering view of progress, and results, thus Total for the month, $272.50. Total far, at several stations of that field. receipts, $3,315.25.

Eastern Turkey. A letter from Mr. Barnum (page 246), and some statistics from the Harpoot station report (page

248), present gratifying facts in regard Western Turkey. A general letter from to the work of student helpers and native the Western Turkey mission speaks of their pastors; and Mr. Willirons (page 248) annual meeting, in May, as “ unusually gives notice of “many encouraging ac

MISSIONS OF THE BOARD.

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