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than any other god. He made the gods, and stretched out the heavens, and founded the earth; he was lord of eternity and maker of everlasting. The Egyptians affirmed of him that he was ONE, the ONLY ONE. In bronze figures
he stands upon a plinth, he holds the sceptre | in his left
hand, and on his head he wears the disk and feathers ;at
times he holds a scimitar (B.M. Nos. 28, 29). He is also represented seated on a throne, and the throne was sometimes placed inside a shrine, the top of which was ornamented with uraei, winged disk, etc., and the sides and back with hollow-work figures of Isis, Nephthys, and Osiris (B.M. No. 11,013). On the pedestals he is called "Amen-Ra, lord of the thrones of the world, the president of the Apts (i.e.,
Karnak), lord of heaven, prince of Thebes."
one of a triad consisting of Amen, Amsu, and Ra (B.M. No. 18,681). The faience figures of this god are similar to
The god of procreation.
Different forms of Ra.
the bronze Ml, and he appears together with the other
members of his triad, Mut and Chensu.
Ames or Amsu Q —TJ— —— cy!: ^, commonly read
"Chem," is a form of Amen-Ra, and represented "generation " or the productive power in nature: figures of him, in
bronze and faience, fl^, are tolerably numerous.
Ra <~=> O ^j, the Sun-god, was also the creator of gods
and men; his emblem was the sun's disk. His worship was very ancient, and he was said to be the offspring of Nut, or the sky. He assumed the forms of several other, gods, and is at times represented by the lion, cat, and hawk. In papyri and on bas-reliefs he has the head of a hawk, and wears a disk,
in froilt of which is an urseus Jj. When he rose in the
morning he was called Heru-chuti or Harmachis; and at night, when he set, he was called Atmu, or "the closer."
During the night he was supposed to be engaged in fighting Apepi, the serpent, who, at the head of a large army of fiends, personifications of mist, darkness, and cloud, tried to overthrow him. The battle was renewed daily, but Ra always conquered, and appeared day after day in the sky. Bronze and faience figures of this god represent him hawkheaded and wearing disk and uraeus.
Menthu-Ra t~~1 s=> \\ G J) in bronze figures is hawk- Rathe
-il I SU * warrior
headed, and wears the disk, in front of which are two uraei, and plumes; at times figures have two hawk's heads on a single body.
usually called "the avenger of his father," in reference to his defeat of Set. Figures in bronze and faience represent him hawk-headed and wearing the crown of Upper and Lower Egypt. This god was distinguished in name only from Heru-ur, the elder brother of Osiris.
Different forms of Chensu.
sun, in bronze or faience wears the crown of Upper and
Lower Egypt ^T, or the triple crown or the plumes (JJ,
or is quite bald; over the right shoulder a lock of hair falls, and the tip of a finger of the right hand rests on his lips. He is represented naked, as being in the lap of his mother Isis.
Chensu [1 ^ J) was associated with Amen-Ra and
Mut in the Theban triad, and was god of the moon. In bronze figures he is human-headed, and wears a crescent and disk; in fafence figures he is made like a mummy, and holds sceptres of different shapes in his hands. His second name was Nefer-hetep, and he was worshipped with great honour
at Thebes. Chensu-pa-chrat JJ^ 1 ^ % has all the
attributes of Harpocrates, and figures of him in bronze are not rare. A very fine specimen is B.M. No. 11,045
The night- of the day or night, usually represents the night-sun
wears the crowns of Upper and Lower Egypt; in the right
hand he holds and in the left |. Nefer-Atmu, the son of
Ptah and Sechet or Bast, represents the power of the heat of the rising sun. Figures of this god were made in gold, silver, bronze, and faience. In metal, he stands upright, wearing lotus flowers and plumes on his head, in his right hand he
holds I and in the left Sometimes each shoulder is inlaid
in gold with an ufat (B.M. No. 22,921). In faience he has the same head-dress, but stands on a lion; in faience, too, he is often accompanied by his mother Sechet or Bast (B.M. Nos. 250^, 260a).
Ptah D § U, the "Opener," perhaps the oldest of all the The oldest
o A Jl god of
gods of Egypt, was honoured with a temple and worshipped Egypt, at Memphis from the time of the 1st dynasty. He is said to be the father of the gods, who came forth from his eye, and of men, who came forth from his mouth.