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That, bended end to end, and flerted from the

hand, Far off itself doth cast, so does the salmon vaut. And if at first he fail, his second summersaut He instantly assays and from his nimble ring, Still yarking never leaves, until himself he fing Above the streamful top of the surrounded heap.

DRAYTON—Poly-Olbion. Sixth Song. L. 45.


O scaly, slippery, wet, swift, staring wights,
What is 't ye do? what life lead? eh, dull goggles?
How do ye vary your vile days and nights?
How pass your Sundays? Are ye still but joggles
In ceaseless wash? Still nought but gapes and

bites, And drinks, and stares, diversified with boggles. LEIGH HUNT—Sonnets. The Fish, the Man,

and the Spirit. Fishes that tipple in the deepe, Know no such liberty.

LOVELACETo Althea from Prison. St. 2.



Cut off my head, and singular I am,
Cut off my tail, and plural I appear;
Although my middle's left, there's nothing there!
What is my head cut off? A sounding sea;
What is my tail cut off? A rushing river;
And in their mingling depths I fearless play,
Parent of sweetest sounds, yet mute forever.

MACAULAY-Enigma. On the Codfish.



O joy! that in our embers
Is something that doth live.
WORDSWORTH-Ode. IV. 53. (Knight's ed.)

Before, beside us, and above
The firefly lights his lamp of love.

BISHOP HEBERTour Through Ceylon.
Is it where the flow'r of the orange blows,
And the fireflies dance thro' the myrtle boughs?

MRS. HEMANSThe Better Land. And the fireflies, Wah-wah-taysee, Waved their torches to mislead him.


The fireflies o'er the meadow

In pulses come and go.
LOWELL —Midnight. St. 3.

Tiny Salmoneus of the air

His mimic bolts the firefly threw.

LOWELLThe Lesson. Now, motionless and dark, eluded search Self-shrouded: and anon, starring the sky, Rose like a shower of fire: SOUTHEY–Madoc. Pt. II. (Confounds the

firefly with the lantern-fly.) Many a night I saw the Pleiads rising thro' the

mellow shade, Glitter like a swarm of fireflies tangled in a

silver braid. TENNYSON—Locksley Hall. 9.


(See also ANGLING) Wha'll buy my caller herrin'?

The're no brought here without brave darin' Buy my caller herrin', Ye little ken their worth.

Wha'll buy my caller herrin'?
O you may ca' them vulgar farin',
Wives and mithers maist despairin'

Ca' them lives o' men.
Caller Herrin'. Old Scotch Song. Credited to

LADY NAIRN. Claimed for NEIL Gow,
who probably only wrote the music.

(See also SCOTT) 10 “Will you walk a little faster?” said a whiting

to a snail, "There's a porpoise close behind us, and he's

treading on my tail! See how eagerly the lobsters and the turtles all

advance: They are waiting on the shingle-will you come

and join the dance?" LEWIS CARROLL-Song in Alice in Wonderland.

11 Here when the labouring fish does at the foot

arrive, And finds that by his strength but vainly he

doth strive; His tail takes in his teeth, and bending like a bow, That's to the compass drawn, aloft himself doth

throw: Then springing at his height, as doth a little


Ye monsters of the bubbling deep,

Your Maker's praises spout; Up from the sands ye codlings peep, And wag your tails about. COTTON MATHER-Hymn.


Our plenteous streams a various race supply,
The bright eyed perch with fins of Tyrian dye,
The silver eel, in shining volumes rollid,
The yellow carp, in scales bedropp'd with gold,
Swift trouts, diversified with crimson stains,
And pikes, the tyrants of the wat'ry plains.

POPE-Windsor Forest. L. 141.


'Tis true, no turbots dignify my boards, But gudgeons, flounders, what my Thames

affords. POPE-Second Book of Horace. Satire II. L.



We have here other fish to fry.

RABELAIS—Works. Bk. V. Ch. 12.


It's no fish ye're buying—it's men's lives. SCOTTThe Antiquary. Ch. XI.



Master, I marvel how the fishes live in the sea.

Why, as men do a-land: the great ones eat up the little ones.

Pericles. Act II. Sc. 1. L. 29. (See also DE MORGAN, SWIFT under FLEA)


Blue, darkly, deeply, beautifully blue.
SOUTHEY–Madoc in Wales. Pt. V. (Referring

to dolphins.) BYRON erroneously quotes this
as referring to the sky.

(See also BYRON under SKY)









eaten rag,



They say fish should swim thrice * * * first If any one attempts to haul down the American it should swim in the sea (do you mind me?) flag, shoot him on the spot. then it should swim in butter, and at last, JOHN A. Dix-Speeches and Addresses. Vol. sirrah, it should swim in good claret.

II. P. 440. An Official Dispatch. Jan. 29, SWIFT-Polite Conversation. Dialogue II.

1861. All's fish they get that cometh to net.

When Freedom from her mountain height TUSSERFive Hundred Points of Good Hus

Unfurled her standard to the air, bandry. February Abstract. GASCOIGNE

She tore the azure robe of night,
Steele Glas.

And set the stars of glory there.

American Flag. St. 1.
Now at the close of this soft summer's day,
Inclined upon the river's flowery side,

Flag of the free heart's hope and home!
I pause to see the sportive fishes play,

By angel hands to valour given, And cut with finny oars the sparkling tide.

Thy stars have lit the welkin dome; VALDARNE. In THOMAS FORSTER'S Perennial

And all thy hues were born in heaven. Calendar.


American Flag. St. 5. Uncover when the flag goes by, boys, 'Tis freedom's starry banner that you greet,

A moth-eaten rag on a worm-eaten pole,

It does not look likely to stir a man's soul. Flag famed in song and story

'Tis the deeds that were done 'neath the mothLong may it wave, old glory The flag that has never known defeat. CHARLES L. BENJAMIN AND GEORGE D. SUT

When the pole was a staff, and the rag was a flag.

GEN. SIR E. HAMLEY. Referring to the The Flag That Has Never Known

Colors of the 43rd Monmouth Light InDefeat.


14 Hats off! Along the street there comes

Ay, tear her tattered ensign down!

Long has it waved on high,
A blare of bugles, a ruffle of drums,
A flash of color beneath the sky:

And many an eye has danced to see

That banner in the sky.
Hats off!

HOLMES-A Metrical Essay.
The flag is passing by.
HENRY H. BENNETT-The Flag Goes By.

Nail to the mast her holy flag,
United States, your banner wears

Set every threadbare sail, Two emblems one of fame;

And give her to the God of storms,

The lightning and the gale.
Alas! the other that it bears
Reminds us of

HOLMES—A Metrical Essay.

your Your banner's constellation types

Oh! say can you see by the dawn's early light White freedom with its stars,

What so proudly we hail'd at the twilight's last But what's the meaning of the stripes?

gleaming, They mean your negroes' scars.

Whose stripes and bright stars, thro' the perilous CAMPBELL—To the United States of North

fight, America. (1838)

O'er the ramparts we watch'd, were so gallantly (See also LUNT for answer to same)


And the rocket's red glare, the bombs bursting The meteor flag of England.

in air, CAMPBELL-Ye Mariners of England.

Gave proof thro' the night that our flag was still (See also MILTON under WAR)

there! Ye mariners of England!

Oh! say, does that star spangled banner yet wave, That guard our native seas;

O'er the land of the free and the home of the Whose flag has braved a thousand years,

brave! The battle and the breeze!

F. S. Ker-Star-Spangled Banner. CAMPBELL-Ye Mariners of England.

To Anacreon in heaven, where he sat in full glee,

A few Sons of Harmony sent a petition, 9 Fling out, fling out, with cheer and shout,

That he their inspirer and patron would be. To all the winds Our Country's Banner!

RALPH TOMLINSONTo Anacreon in Heaven. Be every bar, and every star,

Music by JOHN STAFFORD SMITH. Tune of Displayed in full and glorious manner!

The Star-Spangled Banner (between 1770 Blow, zephyrs, blow, keep the dear ensign

and 1775) to which F. S. KEY set his words. flying! Blow, zephyrs, sweetly mournful, sighing, sigh- Praise the Power that hath made and preserved ing, sighing!

us a nation! ABRAHAM COLESThe Microcosm and other Then conquer we must when our cause it is just. Poems. P. 191.

And this be our motto, "In God is our trust!”








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Might his_last glance behold the glorious ensign of the Republic still full high advanced, its arms and trophies streaming in all their original lustre. WEBSTER—Peroration of the reply to Hayne.

(See also MILTON)


"Shoot, if you must, this old gray head, But spare your country's flag,” she said.

WHITTIER—Barbara Frietchie.




A star for every State, and a State for every star. ROBERT C. WINTHROP-Address on Boston

Common. (1862)

“A song for our banner?”—The watchword

recall Which gave the Republic her station; "United we stand divided we fall!" It made and preserves us a nation! GEORGE P. MORRISThe Flag of Our Union.

Probably inspired by DICKINSON. See under

(See also KEY) The flag of our Union forever!

GEORGE P. MORRISThe Flag of Our Union. Your flag and my flag,

And how it flies today In your land and my land

And half a world away! Rose-red and blood-red

The stripes forever gleam; Snow-white and soul-white

The good forefathers' dream; Sky-blue and true-blue, with stars to gleam

arightThe gloried guidon of the day, a shelter through

the night. WILBUR D. NESBIT-Your Flag and My Flag.

10 This is the song of the wind as it came, Tossing the flags of the Nations to flame.

ALFRED NOYES-Avenue of the Alies.

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That thought her like her seeming; it had been

vicious It has been well said that "the arch-flatterer To have mistrusted her. with whom all the petty flatterers have intelli Cymbeline. Act V. Sc. 5. L. 63. gence is a man's self." Quoted by BACON-Essays X. Of Love. Why should the poor be flatter'd?

Variation in Essay XXVII. Of Friendship; No, let the candied tongue lick absurd pomp, LIII. Of Praise. From PLUTARCH-De And crook the pregnant hinges of the knee, Adul. et Amico.

Where thrift may follow fawning.

Hamlet. Act III. Sc. 2. L. 65. Assentatio, vitiorum adjutrix, procul amoveatur.

Let flattery, the handmaid of the vices, be By God, I cannot flatter: I do defy far removed (from friendship).

The tongues of soothers; but a braver place CICERODe Amicitia. XXIV.

In my heart's love, hath no man than yourself;

Nay, task me to my word; approve me, lord. Imitation is the sincerest of flattery.

Henry IV. Pt. I. Act IV. Sc. 1. L. 6. C. C. COLTON—Lacon. P. 127.

What drink'st thou, oft, instead of homage sweet, Of praise a mere glutton, he swallow'd what came, But poison'd flattery? And the puff of a dunce, he mistook it for fame; Henry V. Act IV. Sc. 1. L. 267. Till his relish grown callous, almost to displease,

But when I tell him he hates flatterers, Who pepper'd the highest was surest to please. He says he does, being then most flattered. GOLDSMITHRetaliation. L. 109.

Julius Cæsar. Act II. Sc. 1. L. 208.






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No adulation; 'tis the death of virtue;

'Tis an old maxim in the schools, Who flatters, is of all mankind the lowest That flattery's the food of fools; Save he who courts the flattery.

Yet now and then your men of wit HANNAH MORE—Daniel.

Will condescend to take a bit. 9

SWIFT,Cadenus and Vanessa. L. 769. Qu se laudari gaudent verbis subdolis,

22 Sera dant panas turpes pænitentia.

Where Young must torture his invention They who delight to be flattered, pay for To flatter knaves, or lose his pension. their folly by a late repentance.

SWIFT-Poetry, a Rhapsody. L. 279.
PHÆDRUS-Fables. 1. 13. 1.

Vitium fuit, nunc mos est, adsentatio.
By flatterers besieged

Flattery was formerly a vice; it has now beAnd so obliging that he ne'er obliged.

come the fashion. POPE-Prologue to Satires. L. 207.

SYRUS-Maxims. Their throat is an open sepulchre; they flatter Pessimum genus inimicorum laudantes. with their tongue.

Flatterers are the worst kind of enemies. Psalms. V. 9.

TACITUS—Agricola. XLI.





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attention without intention. Great fleas have little fleas upon their backs to Max O'RELL-John Bull and his Island.

bite 'em, And little fleas have lesser fleas, and so ad in From a grave thinking mouser, she was grown finitum.

The gayest flirt that coach'd it round the town. And the great fleas themselves, in turn, have Pitt-—Fable. The Young Man and His Cat.

greater fleas to go on; While these again have greater still, and greater Ye belles, and ye flirts, and ye pert little things, still, and so on.

Who trip in this frolicsome round, AUGUSTUS DE MORGAN—A Budget of Para Pray tell me from whence this impertinence doxes. P. 377.

springs, (See also SWIFT, also PERICLES under Fish) The sexes at once to confound? 2

WHITEHEAD Song for Ranelagh. "I cannot raise my worth too high; Of what vast consequence am I?”

FLORENCE "Not of the importance you suppose,” Replies a Flea upon his nose;

Ungrateful Florence! Dante sleeps afar, "Be humble, learn thyself to scan;

Like Scipio, buried by the upbraiding shore. Know, pride was never made for man.”

BYRON—Childe Harold. Canto IV. St. 57. GAY-The Man and the Flea. A Blockhead, bit by fleas, put out the light,

FLOWERS (Unclassified) And chuckling cried, “Now you can't see to Sweet letters of the angel tongue, bite."

I've loved ye long and well

, In Greek Anthology.

And never have failed in your fragrance sweet 4

To find some secret spell, — It was many and many a year ago,

A charm that has bound me with witching power, In a District styled E. Č.,

For mine is the old belief, That a monster dwelt whom I came to know That midst your sweets and midst your bloom, By the name of Cannibal Flea,

There's a soul in every leaf! And the brute was possessed with no other M. M. BALLOUFlowers.

thought Than to live and to live on me.

Take the flower from my breast, I pray thee, THOS. HOOD, JR.The Cannibal Flea. Parody

Take the flower, too, from out my tresses; on Poe's Annabel Lee.

And then go hence; for, see, the night is fair, 5

The stars rejoice to watch thee on thy way. I do honour the very flea of his dog.

Third 'Poem in Bard of the Dimbovitza; RuBEN JONSONEvery Man in his Humour.

manian Folksongs. Collected by HÉLÈNE Act IV. Sc. 4.


and ALMA STRETTELL. (Quoted by GalsThen mimick'd my voice with satyrical sneer,

WORTHY, on fly leaf of The Dark Flower.) And sent me away with a Flea in my ear. MOCHUSIdyl IX. Eunica. BEAUMONT AND

As for marigolds, poppies, hollyhocks, and FLETCHER—Love's Cure. Act III. Sc. 3.

valorous sunflowers, we shall never have a

garden without them, both for their own sake, Panurge auoyt la pulee en l'oreille.

and for the sake of old-fashioned folks, who Panurge had a flea in his ear.

used to love them. RABELAISPantagruel. Ch. XXXI. SIMON HENRY WARD BEECHER-Star Papers. A FORMAN-Notes to Marriage of Wit and

Discourse of Flowers. Wisdom.

Flowers have an expression of countenance as So, naturalists observe, a flea

much as men or animals. Some seem to smile; Has smaller fleas that on him prey;

some have a sad expression; some are pensive And these have smaller still to bite 'em,

and diffident; others again are plain, honest And so proceed ad infinitum.

and upright, like the broad-faced sunflower and Thus every poet in his kind

the hollyhock. Is bit by him that comes behind.

HENRY WARD BEECHER—Star Papers. A SWIFTPoetry. A Rhapsody.

Discourse of Flowers. (See also DE MORGAN)

Flowers are Love's truest language; they betray, FLIRTATION (See also COQUETRY)

Like the divining rods of Magi old,

Where precious wealth lies buried, not of gold, I assisted at the birth of that most significant But love_strong love, that never can decay! word flirtation, which dropped from the most PARK BENJAMIN-Sonnet. Flowers, Love's beautiful mouth in the world, and which has Truest Language. since received the sanction of our most accurate 19 Laureate in one of his comedies.

Thick on the woodland floor CHESTERFIELDThe World. No. 101. (LADY Gay company shall be,

FRANCES SHIRLEY referred to. Poet-Laure Primrose and Hyacinth ate, COLLEY CIBBER.)

And frail Anemone,







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