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sistrum, on her left arm she carries a basket, and in her left
No. 11,297); when seated she often holds a
^ [j (j o represented the
power of light or heat, or both; in faience
and uraeus; in her right hand is ■y, and in her left J
^, the " mother," was the wife of Amen, and the The
) V) universal
second member of the Theban triad; she is called the "lady mother, of Asher," h' tne name gjven to a district to the
south of the great temple of Amen-Ra at Karnak, where her temple was situated. She symbolized Nature, the mother of all things. In bronze and faience figures she is represented as a woman, seated or standing, wearing a head-dress in the form of a vulture, surmounted by the crowns of Upper and
Lower Egypt; she holds in her right hand, and J in her left.
or Neith, the " Weaver or "Shooter," was a The La<,y
counterpart of the goddess Mut, and was also identified with B. M. U
Hathor; she wears the crown of Lower Egypt ^ on her
head, and she is often represented armed with bow and arrows. In bronze and faience figures of this goddess are tolerably common.
The god- Maat , the " daughter of Ra and mistress of the
dess of 0 Vi
Right. gods," symbolized Law, and she is always represented with
j) maat, emblematic of Law, upon her head; in papyri two
Maat are shown together, each wearing ^, but sometimes
this feather alone takes the place of the head. In figures of bronze, lapis-lazuli, and faltence she is represented sitting down.
Hathor, in Egyptian j^j, or [^j ^ ^ Het-Hert, the
"house of Horus," is identified with Nut, the sky, or place in which she brought forth and suckled Horus; she was the wife of Atmu, a form of Ra. She is represented as a woman cow-headed, with horns and a disk between them, and shares with Isis and Mut many of their attributes.1 She is often represented as a cow coming forth from the mountain of the west. The worship of Hathor is exceedingly ancient, and The godshe was supposed to be the goddess of beauty, love, and joy, fine art. and the benefactress of the world. The forms2 in which she is depicted on the monuments are as numerous as the aspects from which she could be regarded. Full length figures of this goddess in bronze and faltence are comparatively few,3 but plaques and pendants of faience upon which her head is inscribed or painted are common.
For a fine example in bronze of Hathor, cow-headed, wearing horns, disk, uraeus and plumes, see B.M. No. 22,925. The British Museum also possesses two interesting bronze hollowwork portions of menats in which Hathor is represented in
1 A list of the gods with whom she is identified is given in Lanzone, Dizionario, p. 863, 864.
s On a pendant, B.M. No. 302, she is represented at full length, in relief. 'For a fine example, see B.M. No. 22,925.
profile. No. 20,760 shows the goddess wearing an uraeus on her forehead, and four uraei on her head; she has the usual head-dress of women falling over her shoulders. Beneath is a Hathor-headed sistrum, with pendent uraei, resting on fSS^. Beneath in an oval is the cow of Hathor, wearing \«y, standing in a boat. Above, on each side, is an uraeus. One
wears the crown of Upper Egypt, j^, and the other wears
the crown of Lower Egypt. This beautiful object was found at Der el-Bahari, and is inscribed with the prenomen of
Amenophis III. ^ ^r?J. No. 300represents the goddess
with a vulture head-dress, wearing \*y\ Below, in relief, are a figure of the goddess, and a floral ornament; it is inscribed
-7 F=i, " Hathor, lady of heaven."
Nut "" JH. the sky, the wife of Seb, and mother of Thegod
• * i-l dess of
Osiris, Isis, Set, Nephthys, Anubis, Shu, and Tefnut, was the sky. represented by a woman having a vase of water 0 on her head, and holding in her right hand and J in her left. She was painted on the outside of coffins, and was supposed